Verse 8 "...myrtle trees..." It is a bushy tree that grows in the valley, and it doesn't have any fruit worth
talking about.
Verses 1-5 Wall of fire. v. 5, promise of security to God's children. Nothing harmful can touch us. He
continually watches us. We are secure because of His Word.
Sheep are taken out to manure a field. A temporary hedge is set up around them. Fires are set at
various places around the hedge so the shepherds can warm themselves all night and harmful animals will
be frightened away by the fire. It also gives light. The shepherds sleep all day and stay awake all night.
This wall of fire affords light, protection, and warmth. The sheep rest inside without any care. God is our
confidence and security—our wall of fire.
Verse 8 "... for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye..." When you touch a man that is
anointed by God you are touching the apple of God's eye. This is a figure of speech.
"he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye." If we touch an ambassador from a foreign
country then we are touching that country. Anyone who touches (insults) us is really touching the Lord
Jesus Christ.
Verse 5 "...fair mitre..." It should be clean turban.
Verse 10 "...plummet..." It is a fancy head dress like our horses wear on parade, plumage.
Verse 2 "See a flying roll..." The word roll should be parchment.
Verse 6 "Bastard" has a spiritual meaning. They were children without God. Therefore, they were
bastard children.
Verse 11 In the olden days there were prisons in the pits. They threw men in the pits and there was no
Verse 12 Strong hold is faith in God. From hope if you turn to faith in God, which is a strong hold, God
will give you twice as much blessing.
Verse 3 quoted III—Anger against shepherds—punished the goats. The shepherds are symbolic of the
children of God. The goats represent the people of the world—They won't have anything to do with the
Christ, nothing to do with Christianity, they want to rule themselves their own way. God says let them go
ahead now, but the day of judgement is coming. There are three kinds of folds for sheep:
1. male of the 1st year (lamb—cared for by children
2. female of the 1st year (lamb—cared for by children
3. rest of sheep above 1 year—cared for by the Father of the family. The first 2 groups are
taken care of by the shepherd children around the shepherds home where a special grass is grown
(because the male and female of the first year are used for the Passover). Sheep used for the Passover
cannot have any bruised or blemish on the body. Therefore, they're not taken care of out in the jungle, but
at home by shepherd children.
(Exodus 12:1-3). Exodus 12:3—The Orientals clean their teeth with bitter herbs. It kills germs and
makes gums and teeth stronger. Passover lamb—without blemish. There are three flocks—male lambs
and female lambs and sheep. Both flocks of lambs are taken care of right near the house in a field cleared
of stones with a special fountain to drink from. Jesus Christ was our lamb without blemish. Jesus Christ
was the only sinless religious leader. After the first year the lambs are put into the fold in the woods, etc.,
with the sheep.
The first month for the Jews is our April. On the tenth day they take from the lamb or the goat fold.
The difference between lambs and goats: the goats have no leader when they feed in the wilderness, they
look after themselves. One of the he-goats leads. The sheep are led and looked after by the shepherd.
People of the world are like goats, they lead themselves and are judged by works. The sheep have been
Zechariah 10:3—Because the goats assume the responsibility for their own leadership—works.
On the tenth day of the month a lamb is separated from the fold which is not far from home (20
yards). It is brought home where there is a place for it. It is fed and comforted (maybe two lambs,
according to the number of people) and is kept until the fourteenth day. In the evening it is killed.
In the East they don't count days. If a man is born today they'll say he is one year old, the same with
a man born ten months ago. According to the Eastern calendar, Jesus Christ was crucified in the fourth
year of his ministry (according to the West, after three years on earth). They sprinkled blood on the upper
and side door posts—the Hindus cross themselves when going outside and it represents both sides and
upper door posts. The sould is inside the house needing cleansing. It's not the cross of the trinity but the
sprinkling of blood.
Unleavened bread—in the East it is used for communion with grape juice (not wine). There are lots
of quarrels about it. If the pastor is a smoker they won't take communion from him. They also like to
know when they buy food in the market who made it. Did he bathe before he cooked it? Bathing is very
important. They used to wash drinking cups fifteen times a day.
See Proverbs 27:27.
Verse 7 ''two staves" "Beauty" means graciousness. "Bands" means binding, union.
Verse 9 "And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and
will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people:
and they shall say, The Lord is my God."
Silver is refined—it is melted and when all impurities have risen to the top these are skimmed off
until only the pure silver remains.
Gold is tried—the gold is rubbed upon a stone and examined for color and quality, therefore, the
jeweler is able to determine the carat quality (purity) of this material.
Spiritual Application: This is how the children of God are put to the test to see whether they will
complain, murmur and rebel against God or whether they will submit to His will—trials in our life only
determine how pure and strong we are—just as the gold is tried.
"refining silver and trying gold"—silver is refined by melting it, gold is tried by taking a stone and rubbing it.
"refined silver, tried gold" To refine silver it is melted first. Gold is tried by a goldsmith who rubs
the gold with precious stones. The people of God are tried by being put to a test.
Verses 20, 21 "bells of the horses" "In that day"—refers to the second coming of Christ.
"bells" should read bridles, reins. Even this insignificant thing like the bridles will be "holiness unto the Lord."
Pots and bowls are in the Lord's house but the bowls are more sacred because they are placed before the altar.
"the Canaanite"—in Bishop's Bible this should read foreign businessmen.