The sum and substance of Song of Solomon is Christ as a bridegroom loving the Church—the true
born again believers—and the love of the people to the bridegroom. How do Oriental people love their
sweethearts and what language do they use with them.
Verse 1 Here the love of Christ for the Church and the love of the Church for Christ is shown. The
symbols of the bride and bridegroom or a husband and a wife are used. As an Oriental husband would
talk to his wife and give her all his love and attention so Song of Solomon uses those phrases which the
Orientals used in order to apply that to Christ. It applied to God's relationship to the people.
Verse 2 The wine in this chapter is just grape juice. Grape juice is sweet and when it says sweeter than
wine it means sweeter than grape juice which is already sweet. "Kisses of his mouth"—usually it is
kisses of lips. This shows deeper love, depth of love which God manifest to his people.
Verse 3 The ointments of the Eastern people, especially the women, are very precious and sweet,—the
finest there is. Ointments are perfumes, "...ointment poured forth..." means perfumes poured forth. The
boys love the virgins because of the excellent perfumes so by the excellency of the name of Jesus Christ
all people love Him. In verse 2 the Church is speaking to Jesus.
Verse 4 The Church is talking. "The upright love thee" should be "They love thee uprightly."
Verse 5 Jesus speaking, "" should be translated "dark." "Comely" should be "beautiful."
Translation: "O ye daughters of Jerusalem, although I am dark, I am beautiful,..." "O ye daughters of
Jerusalem. As the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon, although I am dark, yet I am beautiful."
Kedar is a providence. The tents of Kedar are black. The curtains of Solomon also look black.
Verses 5, 7, 10 Jewels (See also marriage (betrothal) #9). During heat of day, flocks were gathered
under one tree. He wanted to be a part of the flock of Jesus Christ. V. 10, Jewels are worn on cheeks.
Hindus very vain. He was paying compliment here. Husband gives bride chains and jewels. Gold chain
around neck means he not only loves but honors her. Diamonds on cheeks symbolic of love. Pharaoh put
his own signet ring on Joseph's hand—symbolic of transferring authority. He also put a gold chain
around his neck to signify honor. Genesis 41:42.
Verse 6 Jesus might have been asked to look after the vineyards from the time he was 12 years old till
he was 30.
Verse 7 It's a young man wanting to know where she keeps her flocks because he wants to visit with
her. "...why should I be as one that turneth aside..." means "...why should I be as one which has failed."
It also means why should you be veiled, I want to see you. Many of the girls take the sheep out to the
pastures. Sometimes they wear veils.
Verse 8 He is telling her to be nearer so he may court her. He wants the sheep fed close to the
shepherd's tents in contrast to being fed in the wilderness.
Verse 9 The horses that pulled the Pharaoh's chariots in the East were very specially chosen horses.
Verse 10 The Eastern women wear jewels going under the cheeks and on the foreheads also.
Verse 11 Means he is going to beautify her further.
Verse 12 The King is Jesus, " spikenard..." is the church. From the spikenard comes the smell of perfumes.
Verse 13 Myrrh is a sort of gum taken from a tree. They take a bundle of sticks, and make them like a
bouquet. It should read bouquet instead of bundle.
Verse 14 Church talking. The campore grows in the vineyards. "My beloved is unto me as a cluster of
cypress trees." (Translation)
Verse 15 Jesus talking to the church.
Verse 16 Their beds are decorated with green stuff. They like green. Their cot which they lie on is
decorated with green. Green is for wisdom.
Verse 1 Sharon is a place. Of all the roses, the rose of Sharon is special. There are one or two insects
inside all the lilies when you look. But it does not appear in the lilies of the valley. So Jesus is the rose of
Sharon, (the best rose there is), and the lilies of the valleys, where no insects or corruption are.
Verses 2 thru 4 If you open up a rose or a lily you will find a few little insects. Rose of Sharon and lily
of the valley have no insects. Bishop says Christ is showing how spotless he is. V. 3—Apple in the Bible
is always some kind of an orange, a little bigger than a grapefruit. It's grown in the East but must be eaten
right away and can't be exported. They make sherbet out of it. It has a very sweet taste and is very
refreshing for people who are tired. It's gold in color. Drinking the juice is very relaxing.
Proverbs 25:11 These oranges are placed in a tray and it is very beautiful. Then you drink the juice,
it's refreshing and soothing. That's what a word appropriately spoken does for people.
Song of Solomon 2:3. As the orange tree of this kind (kichilika is the Sanskrit word for it) is among
the trees of the wood, so is my beloved.... It is so soothing, hope-creating and uplifting. So is Jesus
Christ. Among the sons of men who are drab and down, some are walking dead, etc. The words of Jesus
are light and spirit. They refresh and relax like an orange. He is God's own tree among the sons of men.
Verse 4: The banner should be a canopy about six yards long and two yards wide made with white
cloth held by sticks - two in front and two in back. If a man is saved from an avenger of the blood, he
puts a canopy over the man in whose name he was saved. The man who was saved walks in front of the
canopy telling everybody to come and see what I am because of the man under the canopy.
In the East during the ten day marriage they eat all the meals in the bride's home at the expense of
the bridegroom. When the marriage is over on the tenth day there is a final reception at a big hall (like
city hall) that can hold everybody. The bride and groom walk under the canopy from the bride's house to
the hall on red carpet, or their good friends put their coats down for them to walk on just like Mark 11:7,8,
to show affection. The bride and groom walk hand in hand under the canopy for the only time in their
marriage. After that the woman walks behind the man. Our way of walking arm in arm would make a
Hindu say, "The poor woman, she has no liberty at all, the fellow can't trust her so he hangs on to her."
Spiritualization: The canopy was love. Bishop goes into Jesus being our bridegroom walking hand in hand.
Verse 2 As the lily is among thorns, so is the Church to the rest of the world.
Verse 3 Whenever they see apple tree they think of "kitchili," which is a king of the orange. It's fruit is
big and beautiful and the color is gold. As soon as they are ripe they should be eaten. Very pleasing to
the eye to look at, very pleasing to the taste, very soothing and comforting. Apple tree should be "kitchili."
Verses 3 and 4 Apple tree should be orange tree. "Orange of one kind" for which there is no word in
English, is about the size of a grapefruit, smells very sweet, gold in color wonderful smell. You can smell
it at a distance. Fruit refreshes and quenches thirst. (Compare this to the church.) V. 4, (church talking
about Christ) canopy = 4-5 feet long, 2-3 feet wide, white cloth. Held over heads of married couple as
they walk to banqueting house from bride's house after ceremony. Two people in front and two in back
support it with four posters. This canopy should be here instead of "banner." Woman's veil is removed at
banqueting house and everyone can see her. Man leads woman by his right hand (strongest) under the
canopy during the walk. We are led by the right hand of the Lord's righteousness because his love is over
our head and he is leading us by the right hand of his strength. Must believe it and experience it. His
canopy over us is love not a cloth.
Verse 4 "Banner" should be "canopy "
See Psalms 20:5
After 10 days marriage they go to banqueting house for final supper. Bride and bridegroom walk
under a canopy, 18' long, 6' wide white cloth held by two in front and back. In the East man and woman
walk hand in hand. Love takes the place of the white cloth.
The word banner should be canopy. The bride and bridegroom receive presents there and then split
for their honeymoon. Relatives go with them on the honeymoon until they come together. The time of
coming together is set by the elders.
Here, (banqueting hall), everybody can greet the bride and see her unveiled. They give her presents.
This is somewhere in the city—perhaps in a restaurant. Bride and groom will walk under a canopy to the
banqueting hall—3 X 5 ft. attached to the cloth. Eastern bride and groom walk hand in hand, not hand in
arm or arm in arm. "I lead thee by the right hand of my righteousness." His canopy over me is love. As
we go on we're led by His hand and protected by His love.
"Canopy", should be canopy instead of banner. Banner—short, no one walks under a banner. Must
understand here the eastern point of view for setting up canopy. We rejoice in salvation and therefore in
the name of our God we set up our canopy.
Background: Tells of avenging for blood that can go on for 3,4,5 generations. If great—great—
grandsons, one is caught by the others. Two things he can do: Kill or forgive. Two choices: One: put
up his hands and call on the name of someone highly respected and loved, and ask pardon in his name and
the other may completely pardon. Two: May run to one of six cities of refuge and remain there until high
priest dies. Once in city, no man can kill you. The Lord is the high tower.
Our city of refuge is Christ! If pardon I saved by calling on someone's name — They must thank
person whose name they used who didn't know anything about what had happened. Put garland on his
neck. Have him walk under a canopy, so that they can praise God for his life, so all will know that I am
saved because of you. Boy goes before and announces to people what has happened, how he has saved
his life and for all to come and see. Thousands (!) of people come, go to village after village. We call on
the name of Lord Jesus Christ and we are saved. We rejoice, but do we set up canopy for the Lord? We
should not forget about being saved. Should tell people the joy of salvation—not just within ourselves.
Set up a banner in the name of our God! Find joy, peace of God, Blessed Assurance that my sins are
forgiven, I'm happy and content. This must be a living reality. When Jesus Christ is in you, have all the
resources of heaven and earth in you. Christian—look to Christ to help. We will not be judged for sins,
but for rewards. Christ took all of our sins.
The wedding ceremony ends with a meal at the banqueting house. Bride and groom walk to it under
a canopy, white cloth that is 4 or 5 feet long, it is held by two people in front and two in the back, the
couple walk hand in hand under it. They hold hands to walk to the banqueting house but they do not hold
hands after this.
Verse 5 "Flagons" means "wine." "Stay me" means "sustain me." Apples should be oranges. "Sick of
Love" should be "For I am overflowing with love."
This means strengthen me with cakes of pressed grapes (raisins).... I am fainting under excessive
love. "Apples" should be oranges (Prov. 25:12) Eastern's believe that pressed raisins will strengthen the
heart of man. Grape juice is symbolic of God's blessing. They plant vines in their courtyard because they
believe that where the vine is, God is. (John 15:1 "I am the true vine") Rice is symbolic of food. When
they throw rice on people at an Eastern wedding they are wishing them an abundance of food.
"Stay me with flagons, comfort me with apples, strengthen me with cakes of raisins." Apples —
type of orange (from the beginning of time.) U.S. apples are only about 300 years ago. II Samuel 6:20-
23. Uncovered himself and danced before the arc—people will take off most of their clothing and dance
before their god. David here dances before the arc — expresses the joy of the victory. Will also pay
people, mostly men, to do this same thing—they are called vain fellows. Michal insulted David — so she
insulted David — she insulted God.
Not "sick" of love. It means "I am fainting under the ecstasy of love." "Stay me with flagons,"
flagons of wine, is not so—strengthen me with flagons, the cakes of raisins—pressed grapes. Raisins do
strengthen. Grapes are symbolic of prosperity. Blessing and strength to the Orientals. Newly married
couple is usually presented with a glass of grape juice. Orientals usually plant a grapevine in the
courtyard. Where the vines are, God is. Jesus Christ said, "I am the true vine." John 15:1. All other
vines are false that we plant. But the wine, grapes, grape juice are symbolic of the presence of God. Has
strength and blessing in the cakes of raisins.
"Comfort me with apples," a king of orange is referred to in Proverbs 25:11. They are as large as
grapefruits which grow only in Egypt and India. You can smell the fruit from a distance when the fruit is
in the tree. It's juice is delicious, it is comforting, consoling, sustaining and refreshing. It is gold in color.
It is referred to as an "apple" in the Bible because there is no corresponding western fruit. So this fruit is
referred to or is symbolic of encouragement, cheerfulness, hopefulness, refreshingness. This is what the
Word (fitly spoken) of God is!
If the Eastern person is afraid of something always make a jewel like an American quarter and
engrave a grape vine in that. Then they stick it in the nose. As long as they carry the vine branch in the
nose, they believe that God is with them. Since God is present with them, nobody can attack them.
Ezekiel 8:17. Vine branch in the nose. Jesus Christ is the "true" branch; vine.
Eastern drink doesn't mean liquor like it does in West. In the eaten and I am drink, means I've
finished my meal because Easterners don't drink liquids with meals, only afterwards.
"Sick of Love" means I am fainting under excessive love. "Flagons"—cakes of pressed grapes.
Grapes are symbolic of prosperity, blessing and strength. Vine is symbolic of the presence of God.
"Apples" this should be oranges. These are as large as grapefruit, gold in color, very refreshing to drink
the juice. (Proverbs 25:11, a word fitly spoken)
Verse 7 He does not want to be awakened until he wants to be.
Verse 8 This verse means he has unlimited power. Hill, valley, and mountains mean nothing to him.
Verse 10 Jesus talking to the Church.
Verse 11 All the trouble and weather is gone.
Verse 13 The Church must come away from the things that bindeth.
Verse 14 The doves build their nests in the rocks.
Verse 15 "Take us the foxes,..." should be "capture us the foxes. Prevent the foxes..." The foxes
especially the little ones, when they get in the vineyards they not only eat the grapes but also root the
vines out. "...for our vines have tender grapes and flowers,"
Foxes. When the vineyard put forth fruit for the first time the little grapes are very tender. A
watchman builds a little cottage hut in the vineyard and keeps an eye out for foxes and thieves.
He builds a hedge all around vineyard but is not hard for the baby foxes to climb through little holes
in the thick hedge. They not only eat the grapes but they uproot the vines in order to get to the young
grapes. Little foxes represent false teachers and those who are governed by the devil. If devil infiltrates
the mind he will destroy confidence in God and will bring fear, worry, animosity with him. The little
foxes represent negative thoughts-failure, doubt, destruction, frustration, etc. They destroy the fruitfulness
of the mind. Foxes do not come when the grapes are ripe-only when young and tender. (This is like our
minds when we have little believing.) We must shut our mind against the little foxes, build a very thick
hedge by renewed mind. The mind is the hedge to the soul. Is it strong or full of holes? Jesus said when
we pray, shut ourselves in a closet and close the door-close the door of our minds. Foxes are cunning and
crafty-negative thinking from devil. "Take out" means "keep out."
Foxes, little foxes are more dangerous than big ones which can't get in through the fence. Before the
young grapes begin to develop, a hedge is built around the vineyard to keep out thieves and foxes. But
the little foxes can easily climb through even small openings in the hedge. When the grapes are young
and tender the little foxes go in and uproot the vine, destroying it, to get to the grapes. The worst part is
the uprooting of the vine.
"Take us" should be "keep out" or "catch for us." The little foxes represent false prophets and
teachers who come in and upset the believing of the believers in the church. Also, the foxes are negative
thoughts. They are treacherous and subtle. They need only a small space to enter in and they widen the
gap and infiltrate. They uproot the mind and destroy it. They destroy the root, as well as, the fruit.
We are spoon fed on negativism in this culture. Brought up from children to look for negatives and
listen to them. Children hear it first from parents. Bishop Pillai tells some of his missionary experiences
in India. He used to go to villages that had long been abandoned by other missionaries because of an
experience 25 years before. The missionaries had taken water from their well which was not supposed to
be touched by anyone but certain people. When Bishop went there, the people stood around the well with
sticks. Bishop just held forth the Word and comforted them. Then the villagers, even the high caste,
invited him into their homes and fed him, etc., which was very, very unusual. He sought God first and
then he was blessed abundantly. He did not allow little foxes (negatives) to creep in by thinking that the
villagers would still be unreceptive to the Word.
Close the door of your mind so that not even the first foot of the little fox can get in. Keep mind
open only to positives: thoughts of success, blessedness, plenty, peace, victory, etc. Saying that the devil
did it (caused negatives) will not make him run. Must make him run in the beginning by confessing the
Word. Use the will and be steadfast. Do not accept negatives.
Small foxes. Little foxes get in through the small cracks and get into the vineyard. They eat the
tender grapes AND destroy the vine. Little foxes are compared to false prophets. They destroy the faith
people already have and uproot them, too.
See Isaiah 1:8.
See also: Isaiah 1:8.
"Little foxes"—little foxes are compared to the false prophets who come in and root up the believing
of the people.
The cottages protect them from the heat of the day. Ripe grapes are full-fledged believer, well
trained in the Word, then false prophets cannot deceive you. (Little foxes come for tender grapes, thieves
come for ripe grapes. Thieves will not come for tender grapes.)
"Lodge"—like the cottage but the watchers sit down (5' X 5'), room for one man to sit down. Lodges
are built of same materials as cottage but are smaller. After the harvest the lodge and the cottages are
abandoned, wind and rain comes and the bamboo sticks and straw are thrown this way and that and the
scene becomes one of destitution (poverty, want), despair, abandonment. It is a bother to take them down.
Eastern idiom—cottage and lodge are used as a representation of spiritual despair and poverty.
"Little foxes." The little foxes are not satisfied with just the grapes but they root out the vine also.
As soon as the harvest is over (these huts take 10 minutes to put up and cost no money) the owner will
leave the cottage as it is. He does not bother to tear it down. When the wind comes the sticks are blown
every which way and it makes a very sorry picture, a picture of destitution.
See Isaiah 1:8.
"Take us the foxes, the foxes." That spoil the vines for the vines have tender grapes. "Take us"
means keep away. When vineyard begin to produce, build a little hut where man stays as he is watching
over the vineyard. A hedge around vineyards to keep animals out. But when grapes are producing, the
slim little foxes can work their way through small openings. Only eat tender grapes, but also dig out the
roots of the vine. Big foxes only eat grapes, but don't destroy the vine. Little foxes far more dangerous,
for they destroy the vine. Little foxes like false prophets, who are like wolves in sheep's clothing. They
go into church which is God's vineyard and infiltrate under false pretenses. Uproot faith by false theology
and doctrine. Cause quarrels, differences and dissensions. Why a church should be careful who they
have in church to speak to congregation.
Foxes in vineyards. Keep the foxes out, the little ones who spoil the vines. When the vines put forth
the tender grapes, a very thick fence is constructed. Only small foxes come in through small openings in
the fences. If they eat grapes and leaves that would be okay. But they usually dig up the roots and flatten
the vineyard. Don't let the foxes in. If you leave a small opening for them, they will destroy the entire
vineyard. Figure is -VINEYARD- human head, foxes come in—thoughts of fear, dread, gloom destroy
vineyard—cause wrong attitudes and thinking; upset you, make you mad, make you worried, make you
depressed and distressed, and destroy your confidence, your mentally perfect attitude. Mentally, keep out
of the foxes. This is renewed mind.
See Isaiah 1:8.
Verse 17 Means remain steadfast, keeping mind in tact. Then young hart are happy, etc. The results of
keeping the foxes out.
Verse 1 Most of the time the Oriental people mediate from their beds. The Church is crying here.
Verse 2 The Church is trying to find the Lord in the night in their bed, and they can't find him.
Verse 4 "...brought him into my mother's house..." is the first year of the marriage.
Verse 5 The religious leaders in the East always look upon the roes and the hinds as symbolic of God's presence.
Verse 6 When you come from the wilderness, you have no powers there, so Jesus Christ has a rose from
the dried ground, yet he is full of the beautiful sweetness about him.
Verse 7 Solomon's bed was guarded by sixty soldiers of Israel.
Verse 10 "... the midst thereof..." means having a sheet upon which the word love is written. "Spread"
instead of "sheet."
Verse 11 When the boys get married in the East the mother makes a crown of flowers through which is
laced gold. The mother puts it on the son's head as he sits to get married. That means, "Son, I brought
you forth, and I am crowning with glory everything in your married life, thus shall you be the rest of your
life." Every person in the Orient has a crown that mother has given to them.
The whole book of Song of Solomon has never been understood in West because it is oriental love
story between husband and wife. There is lots of spiritual understanding in it. There are lots of scriptures
that are hidden till you know marriage custom. Day of his espousal = day of his marriage. Day of
gladness of heart = marriage day. Crown wherewith mother crowned him = marriage takes place in
bright sun with few exceptions.
On night of marriage groom comes to bride's home. Marriage begins at midnight. When they reach
bride's home, groom is in another apartment with all his friends. Before they sit down for marriage proper
at midnight the groom's mother goes to groom's apartment and puts a crown on bridegroom's head. She
takes a few ladies (mostly relatives) with her. Then the groom is guided by best man to place of marriage.
Symbolism is mother is first god of oriental people, then father, teacher is third, God is fourth.
Everything for the boy is what does mother say. They listen to father after hearing mother. If you
dishonor her God's wrath will be on you. She crowns him and says "Now you will be king of your bride
and rule your house." He is called Lord and whole household is subject to him.
Behold King Solomon is figure of speech.
Verse 1 The goats on Mount Gilead have beautiful hair. Black and plentiful.
Love story, breasts, veil. Story of husband and wife, love story. Relation between Christ and Israel
Need to understand oriental style of love.
Verse 2 Beautiful teeth, all equal and white. This kind of flock of sheep all bear twins. That means the
Church shall be prosperous.
Verse 3 Scarlet is the blood extracted from an insect that sits on the leaves of the oak. The lips of the
Church will be many times better than lipstick, because they have better scarlet. "Pomegranate" means
"the vail." "Temples" should be "eyes." "...thy eyes are like the inside of a pomegranate." (Translation)
The inside of a pomegranate is a beautiful rose color.
She had just gotten to bed.
Verse 4 "...David had an armoury, whereon there hang a thousand bucklers,..." "Thousand bucklers"
means instruments. The bucklers are all glittering and shining, shields of mighty men. The neck was so
full of ornaments that it looked like an armoury. An empty neck is nothing.
Put hand through hole in door to reach key.
Verse 5 The roes that ate twins are small, beautiful, upright, straight, equal in size, and equal in shape.
The Eastern Church will be like that.
Breasts. She is graceful and resourceful, perfumed herself.
Verse 6 This means "Until it gets cool and nice I will be in the mountains where it is cool and beautiful.
She was too lazy and he left.
Verse 7 The Church. "There is no blemish in thee" instead of "spot in thee."
"The keepers..." (Veil stands for protection of God) and men beat her. Last phrase of verse should
be first.
Verse 9 "Thou hast ravished my heart..." should be translated "Thou hast captured my heart..." The
women wear so many chains. The bridegroom puts a chain around the bride's neck. Chain is symbolic of
exaltation. They will not only love her but exalt her. "...thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine
eyes, with one chain of thy neck." Translation: "...with one eye and one chain you have captured me."
Look how much more it would be if you used both eyes and all your chains. If one aspect of the Church's
life could please Jesus so much, how much more if the whole Church did her best all the time. The
woman's dress is called a sari and they drape it so you can see all their chains. The Eastern women are
bashful. If they look at you with one eye that is suppose to be modesty.
Verse 10 The "wine" refers to "grape juice." The sweetness of the Church is better than all wine and all spices.
Verse 11 "Honeycomb" should be just "honey." "From thy lips honey is leaking; milk and honey flows
from your tongue..." You have all the property you want by saying it. You say it and it is there.
Verse 12 "A garden inclosed is my sister, my spouse;..." should be translated "You are like a garden
shutting out all wrong." "A spring shut up,..." should be "a wall round about." "...a fountain sealed..."
should be "are well sealed." Translation: "You are like a garden which is beautifully enclosed, and like a
spring around which walls are built, and a well which is sealed so that no dirt may get in, no thieves may
get in the garden and steal, nothing bad will get in." Such is the condition of the Church.
Verse 14 Spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, are the things they burn for incense. They are
all mixed together. The Church has that quality, that beauty, that wonderful sweetness and love.
Verse 15 A well of spring water always streams from Lebanon. Never dries up.
Verse 16 This is the bridegroom. He must come to the Church and eat the fruits of the Spirit.
Verse 1 Christ is talking to the Church. "...I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey..." Honey with
honeycomb is purer than just plain honey without the honeycomb. They usually drink wine with milk in
the marriage feast on the day the bride and bridegroom become man and wife. The sister of the bride
brings the wine and milk. It means the bride and bridegroom are starting off with milk and honey which
is symbolic of trust-worthiness, abundance, and land of goodness which they are going to live on. The
wine is mixed with milk.
Story of husband and wife, love story. Relation between Christ and Israel. Need to understand
oriental style of love.
Verse 2 " head is filled with dew,..." means he is waiting outside. Being it is night, his head is
filled with dew. The Eastern people have long locks of hair, especially the men, even today, "...drops of
the night" is not only dew but also rain, just a slow drizzle. "...and my locks with the sprinkling of the
night." (Translation.)
" love, my sister, dove undefiled...." These are some terms used by an oriental of his wife—
sister because she's a sister in the Lord.
"My locks"—Orientals have long hair because they are dedicated to the Lord that no razor should go
on their head, no liquor in their mouth, and they shouldn't eat meat. They keep their hair in a turban.
Samson's mother promised this to God so he had long hair. Bishop says Jesus did too because he was a Nazarene.
"Undefiled"—The believer must be loyal to God and no others.
"Dew drops of the night"—Dew comes at certain times and at other times (they say between 3 and 4
a.m.) it becomes bigger drops. If you are outside then you'll get it on your head.
Verse 2 is what the husband calls from outside.
Coat-dressing jacket (bathrobe). Must wash feet before bed. Here she was too lazy to want to do it
again. Concerned with self rather than call of Christ. Hole in door so can unlock from within. Only
owner of house can know the technique. Not just anyone can open the door. Christ knows the door of our heart.
Verse 3 Woman in bed puts off her coat. Her beloved is at the door and she says I just got in bed, now
if I get up, I will have to put on my coat and then I'll have to wash my feet again. She uses it as an
excuse. The Church is asking. It should read "I am undressed" or "I have put off my clothes." "how
shall I put it on..." should be "...must I put them on again..." In the East they bathe before they undress
and put on their sleeping cloths and before getting to bed, because that washes their feet. If they don't
bathe they wash their feet just before they go to bed. If they get out of bed and walk to the door the feet
get defiled because they don't walk with sandals inside the house, they walk barefoot. If you walk to the
door you must wash again before you get into bed.
She had just gotten to bed.
"Put off coat"—The Eastern women (when Bishop says "oriental person" he means the high class
Hindus and Jews - the intelligentsia; when he means the low class people he says "Indians" or "Arabs")
bathe in the morning at 4 a.m. They always bathe before cooking. They go to sleep at 6 p.m. They have
clothes for praying, different ones for cooking. The prayer clothes are silk. They all sit down and pray
and the mother-in-law is in charge. She handles the money and buys clothes, etc. It's a one-purse system.
That's how the family takes care of each other. If someone's a widow, she's cared for. After getting up
they bathe and pray. Then they get money from the mother-in-law and put 1/10 aside. At night they
bathe and put on sleeping clothes. The women put scents and spices on their body and hands. When they
get in bed they take off a coat (sounds like a glorified bathrobe) and wash their feet before they get into
bed. If she gets out of bed, even though she's walking in her plush bedroom in expensive slippers and has
already bathed three times that day, she'd have to wash her feet again.
Verse 4 The beloved puts his hand from outside through a hole on the outside next to the door to reach
around and get his key. Only the master knows where the key is hanging and therefore he could reach in.
Put hand through hole in door to reach key.
Bowels moved - she became afraid.
He waited and called her while she was grumbling inside (Bishop says we keep the Lord waiting). Then
she put his hand by the hole of the door. By the side of the door is a hole that's so built that you can reach
in if you know how and reach a key that's in a special place (only husbands and people acquainted could
reach the key). While she was waiting she got scared and moved for him, "Oh, the poor dear, I should
have gotten up."
Verse 5 When she went to open and put her hands on the lock to open the door perfume also got on the lock.
Perfumed herself.
She was beautiful, undefiled, spotlessly clean. She had these scents on her hands.
Hands were perfumed. When she answered the door he was gone and she went out in search of him
during the night.
Verse 6 He wasn't there, she couldn't wait, he was too late.
She was too late. Jesus Christ won't force his way in. He wants you to open up to him by your free will.
Verse 7 "Watchman." His duty is on the walls. One family is in charge of the watchmen's duty for so
many months. The veil signifies protection. When they took it away she lost her protection. When Christ
was not there she went to look for him she looked on her own without his protection. You miss the first
opportunity and you seek when he isn't.
"The keepers...(veil stands for protection of God) and men beat her.
She asked for it by refusing to let the husband in. (Bishop made an analogy to us not going to God
first and getting into trouble). Taking away her veil was the worst thing. The veil is a symbol of
protection and sustenance. The Eastern men don't want anyone to look at their wives so they put veils on
them. Bishop says you can't dictate to a woman. You better trust her then she'll be safe. After the tenth
day of marriage the husband unveils her before going to the banquet house. They say to the husband,
"Take you wife now" (he has not seen her before). He lifts the veil and puts it on his shoulder for a
minute. Her sustenance, safety and security which the veil signified is now on his shoulder. Any veiled
woman won't be robbed because the thief thinks it is God-given protection.
The keepers of the gate took the veil off this woman. Why? She should have been with her
husband. She came alone in the night where no woman should come. With that went her protection.
"The keepers of the wall took away my veil from me, and the watchmen that went about the city
found me, they smote me, they wounded me." This is the correct rendering of the verse. Phrases must be
switched. The veil was a protection given by God to the young woman. If rob or beat woman with veil
on, it is same as robbing or beating God. The keepers of the walls cry together to wake up city when
thieves, etc. are present. Mentioned in Isaiah. Keepers took away her veil because she had no business
out then. Disobedience takes away protection. She was in a mess because she did not heed the call of her
lover at first. Same thing happens to us when we do not heed the call of Christ. Too engrossed in self.
We become defenseless through disobedience and then experience, misery, defeat, fear, etc. The
watchmen go around inside the city (sort of like police, check shops, etc.)
This verse is upside down, should read "The keeper of the walls took away my veil from me; the
watchmen that went about the city, found me, they smote me, they wounded me. Why comes first: veil is
symbolic of protection safety, security, sustenance. Veiled woman protected by God so if you hit or rob
her, you are fighting with God. First keepers took away veil, and then the watchmen smote or wounded
her. Can't smite a woman with a veil. Watchmen go about city, checking to see if all is all right. Very
special. Keepers of the Walls keep watch for thieves or fires. Same way we are called watchmen for
Lord Jesus Christ—watch and see preach the gospel. God has entrusted it to us. If watchman sees
something wrong he wakes us the people to put out fire. We are watchmen, warn and to free people from
the wrath that is to come.
Verse 8 "...sick of love,..." means not discussed but overjoyed with it.
Verse 9 "Charge us" should be "ask us."
Verse 10 "...white and ruddy" means good looking. In the East they wash the eyes with milk, meaning
purity. Whenever they wash anything with milk it is significant of purity.
Verse 11 "Bushy" should be "curled."
Verse 2 "Beds" should be "cots."
Verse 4 "Banner" is a "flag" in this case.
Verse 2 "The navel looks like a round goblet, which is full of grape juice..." (Translation of first part of verse.)
Verse 3 breasts. Spiritual resources followed by material resources.
Verse 5 While walking the King is confused in the places he walks.
Verse 7 A palm tree is always straight. It never has a bend, is never crooked, never has a blemish, etc.
Verse 8 "Apples" should be "Oranges."
Verse 13 A mandrake is like a carrot, broad at the bottom. If you pull it they say it is like a man,
because when people eat it, women are suppose to conserve it for children. They grow wild. "The
mandrakes give a smell" means "You know where the mandrakes are."
Verse 1 "I wish you were my own brother, who sucked the milk of our own mother..." In that case
when I see you I could kiss you, greet you, than nobody would criticize us."
Verse 5 Should be "orange tree" instead of "Apple tree." "Who is this that comes leaning on the bosom
of her beloved from the wilderness?" (Translation.)
Apple tree-orange tree of a kind.
After the marriage is arranged and date set, the betrothal or engagement is set (maybe a few hours or
a day or a week or so before marriage). Bridegroom and family comes to bride's home bringing all the
jewels promised to her from groom's father-jewels that fall on the cheeks, gold chains, hair jewels (hair is
plaited down to ankles; in each plait is a gold sovereign or jewel), rings etc.—see "Jewels." Also 10
pieces of silver given-on one side husband's coat of arms, on other side date, about size of quarter. Go to
back yard of wife's home where there is planted many trees and flowers used in service of God. All this
is promised by groom's father to bride. Spread carpet under this kind of orange tree. Couple sits facing
each other but girls still has veil on. She is taught that man who places the 10 pieces of silver in her hand
will be her husband. She cups her hands for it. They have never seen each other before but love is
inspired in their hearts here. She places silver pieces aside and cups her hands again and receives the rest
of the jewels. Her mother then takes these for her and the bride takes up the silver again. These are the
same silver pieces in the record in the gospels of the woman who lost one of them. They are not money
and are actually not worth much monetarily (about 14¢ a piece). But if one is lost, the wife is put out
forever because they believe that God's blessings are withdrawn from the family. The woman who lost
one piece and found it again rejoiced not because she needed the money, but because she was saved from
the terrible consequences. That's why Jesus said that there is joy in heaven over one sinner that repents as
over the finding of the lost piece of silver.
Bridegroom "raises" bride up under the orange tree because that is where betrothal which starts the
chain of events of marriage, childbearing, etc. takes place. Jesus Christ redeemed us by hanging on the
tree. We beheld him from under the tree, figuratively speaking. We love him though we have never seen
him. He raised us up from under the tree. The redemption price was his blood, not gold and jewels.
Some girls needed a veil because they aren't good looking. How do you think Jacob got deceived?
He loved Rachel but he got Leah. He never saw her till the night.
The father and mother get to choose the bride. They look at her face first and if there are any
wrinkles in the forehead it's a sign of inward unbelief and worry. So they think she'll worry their son to
death. Girl with no wrinkles is okay. She has faith—her parents taught her faith—she was not born in
worry. That's why Job 16:8 was written, and Ephesians 5:27.
When the bride is chosen the agreement is made between the fathers of the bride and groom (the boy
still hasn't seen her), then they fix another date for betrothal, for the jewels they agree to give—nose rings,
throat rings, anklet bangles and the ten pieces of silver worn on the bride's forehead. This is among some
of the Orientals—not all of them. The ten pieces are handed down property of the bridegroom's house.
The jewels are the bride's property but not ten pieces of silver. If husband dies she must give it back to
husband's family and it will be by somebody else. If she loses one she will be thrown out, that's why she
searched so hard in Luke 15:8-9.
The bridegroom's parents take jewels to the bride's home when they go back again at this appointed
date. This time they take the groom who carries all the jewels in his hands. They have a dinner and after
dinner they spread a carpet in the garden under the orange tree. Bride and groom sit across from each
other with relatives around and he gives her jewels, ten pieces of silver first. Once she receives it she has
been taught that they are eternal and the man that puts them in her hand is the man who is going to marry
her and the love is inspired here, even though she hasn't seen him yet. That's why the Word says, "We
having not seen him, yet we love him."
Eastern marriages are spiritual. After this ceremony every time she hears his name or talks about
him till the marriage she is inspired. Bishop relates this to our not having seen Jesus but we still love him.
After the ten pieces of silver, he gives her the rest of the jewels, then they depart. That's called the
betrothal—the marriage may take place after 6 months or maybe 3 months, then the groom goes to her.
Apple should read orange. It refers to this ceremony. That was the beginning of the love—had that
not happened the marriage would not have taken place and the children wouldn't have been born. That's
the picture here. The orange tree is symbolic of presence of God—they have them in every garden.
Spiritual application—the bridegroom redeems the bride with gold and silver and inspires love.
Jesus is our bridegroom and redeems us with his blood on the tree. Just like the orange tree. The bride is
raised up under the tree just like we were.
The marriage takes place in the bride's home. The bride and groom sit together on a beautifully
erected throne of flowers. It is in the bride's home not the temple because the home is God's place. Never
in the groom's house because he must go for her and come to buy her. Like Jesus came for the Church.
Now he is coming back again.
After the marriage they honeymoon for 12 months, 2 in bride's house, 2 in groom's, etc., and they do no work.
In Eastern marriages the bride is chosen by the parents of the bride. They believe in marrying
someone, then loving them. They marry relatives and go by birth and background.
"Apple" should always be read as a kind of orange for which there is no English name. Sanskrit
word exists but no Hebrew word. Apples came from China about 300 years ago.
Before marriage bridegroom and brides father promise certain amount of jewels to the bride. A day
or week before marriage the bridegroom goes along with parents and takes all the jewels, (along with ten
pieces of silver) after dinner they spread a carpet under the orange tree.
Ceremonial trees in backyards: 1. Pomegranate. 2. Plantain. 3. Fig tree. 4. Orange tree—can smell
at a distance beautiful smell, make juice in summer. Fruit larger than grapefruit.
Bride comes with veil and sits opposite bridegroom on the carpet. Bridegroom places 10 pieces of
silver in her hands. Bride has been taught "the man who places ten pieces of silver in your hand is man
who will marry you." They believe love is created in her heart at this point. Then rest of jewels are
placed in her hands. She has been betrothed.
"Thy mother brought thee forth" means she began to be redeemed, began to be saved under the tree.
Spiritual application: Jesus Christ, bridegroom, came and died on the tree and Israel has been redeemed
by his death on the tree. His price was not jewels and bracelets but His blood shed on the tree, (under the
tree love is conceived in her heart) (Bridegroom raises bride from under the tree)
Eastern people redeem their brides from under the tree. Israel is redeemed from the tree.
...I raised thee up under the apple tree... Idiom. Apple tree is orange tree—kitchilika — Sanscript for
this type of orange. It's as big as a grapefruit. Trees in gardens of houses are used in services of God.
A week before a marriage, the bridegroom goes with all the jewels promised to the bride by
bridegroom's father—for the engagement. They eat—girl and boy and parents sit under tree. Spread a
carpet - boy and girl sit opposite (girl has veil on). The boy places 10 pieces of silver in girls cupped
palm. She has been taught that boy who gives 10 pieces of silver first, that's the boy going to marry.
Kitchilika—tree spoken of that they sit under she is never to loose them.
Means: that love is inspired in heart of girl for first time when she receives the 10 pieces of silver.
Why brides are raised from up under the tree. The engagement and betrothal is under the tree. Contrast
to Christ who died on the tree for us. He inspired love in our hearts, because he first loved us. He paid
the price—as boy and 10 pieces of silver.
There under this tree there is spread a carpet and bride and bridegroom go and sit down and face
each other the boy will put 10 pieces of silver in her hand is the boy who's going to marry you. This
silver is passed down thru the family. She'll hold her hands cupped in front of her and he'll put the silver
in them. After this she'll get her dowry—under the tree—where love was first conceived in the girl's
heart. Our Lord died on a tree—where love was first conceived. He gave his life for us because he just loved us.
"Raised thee up under the orange tree". Sometimes there is an engagement. The boy will go the
girl's house with his parents. There is an orange tree and they will spread a blanket on the ground and boy
and girl sit on it with the relatives around them. Bride and groom face each other (she has a veil on) and
the groom will place 10 pieces of silver in her hands. Next he will give her some of the jewels of her
dowry. At the time she receives the 10 pieces then love is inspired in her heart for the man.
Verse 8 He thinks this is the church talking about some other church who are not fully grown up. Their
own part in the church is concerned about that little sister.
Verse 8 Breasts, symbolic of grace and resource from God. If no breasts, hard to get her married.
Grace—unmerited favor. Resource milk for children.
Verse 10 "I am a broken wall." As soon as I was put right then I found favor.