Verse 4 In the East, they always write paragraphs with the opening paragraph. In all their letters they
always start with "Om" or another spelling is "Aum" before they start the letter. It means God. The
Greeks discovered their own term for the word, "Om." "Om" was a Calcassian property. "Rokha" means
spirit, also wind. It is symbolic of presence. The Word of God spreads as if carried by the wind. "Seven
spirits, (seven winds) standing before the throne..." means ready to receive God's Word and to carry it to
the uttermost parts of the earth. "Seven spirits" completeness of the wind.
The church began in Asia first (the East). There was Christianity in the East first and then came to
the West. The East has given the world: religion, philosophy, understanding, wisdom, culture; the West
has sent missionaries and food to the East. Number 7 symbolizes completeness. Ruach is Aramaic for
"spirit, wind" symbolic of omnipresence. (Matthew 5:22 Raca is different. It means "I'll spit in your
face.") The wind is everywhere present. Jesus Christ is called omnipresent, omniscient, omnipotent;
omni comes from derived from: Sanskrit. Om = in the beginning, God, the Word. Om means "all" now.
God was in the beginning and always will be. Krishna = Om became flesh...Christ. God is able to save
to the uttermost because He is omnipresent. "Standing before the throne" shows his willingness and
readiness to receive God's command and to carry them to the uttermost parts of the earth. One wind, 7:
Verse 8 "Alpha and Omega" are Greek words, meaning the beginning, and the ending.
Verses 12 and 13 The angels and prophets have golden girdles. Those that are messengers have leather
girdles. Candlesticks, symbolic of truth. Other people wear silver girdles. Seven candlesticks are
symbolic of seven luminary's or churches. Each church is called a luminary. God is symbolic of purity.
Paps is the same as waist. Golden girdles implied power.
Verse 14 "White like wool" and "white as snow" means the same thing. Talking about the whiteness of
his hair. "Eyes were as a flame of fire." They decide a man's character by looking in his eyes. If he is a
sincere, strong character, within him, they say his eyes burn as fire. White is symbolic of light and purity.
They say "you can't make white from a black material." Black is symbolic darkness, disaster and grief.
Green is symbolic of wisdom. Mohammedan priests wear a green turban. The long beard and white hair
are symbolic of knowledge. To them, the eyes are the window of the soul and they reveal the inward
secrets of the soul.
Verse 15 " unto fine brass,...." Use "lemanon" instead of brass. Lemanon is fine brass. If you put
the brass in the furnace it looks like gold. Brass is symbolic of strength and endurance. Before steel was
known, brass was considered one of the strongest metals in the East. It was as valuable as copper. Fine
brass is symbolic of the strength of the message of Jesus. Just as burnt brass appeals to the eye, so the
gospel appeals to the minds of the people whose religions are inferior. "Water" is symbolic of light,
"...soul of many waters." Was an announcement that the gospel of Christ was to go through the world.
Verse 16 "...out of his mouth went a sharp two-edged sword..." This means what he says is complete,
and what he says he'll do. Seven planets light the heavens, just as seven candles light the temple. New
translation: "Seven stars" means the angels of the seven churches. Angels means ministers.
Verses 16 and 17 Seven stars were seven planets which lighted the heavens just as seven candles lighted
the temple.
Sharp two-edged sword means two things: The Word of God. which is a sharp two-edged sword,
and (2.) an eloquent speaker that can answer any questions.
The sun here is symbolic of power and light.
Right hand of God is symbolic of power and righteousness.
First and last—"I am the only messenger." Prevalent saying in East. There were other messengers,
but they were false.
Verse 17 "I am the first and the last" is an Eastern saying meaning I am the only messenger." This
phrase is only a religious saying.
Verse 1 Seven stars mean seven ministers in charge of seven churches. Right hand means power.
Seven candlesticks mean seven churches.
Verses 1 and 2 "Seven stars" stand for the seven ministers who are in charge of seven churches. The
right hand is symbolic of power and authority. "Seven golden candlesticks" are the seven churches.
Verse 11 "...second death" is the death of the soul. "First death" is that of the body. This death is
caused by sin.
Second death—of soul of unbeliever, caused by sin.
Verse 17 See John 19:16,17
White stone. If a young man commits adultery with a young woman, he is either stoned to death or
he pays "blood money" to the girl's father. The "blood money" may be $2,000. Once he has paid, a white
stone with the adulterer's name on it is placed in front of his tent. This means that the elders have
forgiven him after he paid the blood money. He must ride on a white donkey, symbolic that he had
committed a crime and the elders had forgiven him. Because the man's name is on the stone, everyone
reads it and is still in disgrace although he has been forgiven. People see the stone, ordinarily, "Ah, this
rascal, although forgiven, has escaped by the skin of his teeth, by paying money." God says He puts a
new name on the stone, represented of absolute forgiveness of the new creation. The woman corrupted
by adultery will never marry. So the father is compensated. The girl will never be able to marry
following this unless the father dishonestly gives her in marriage.
When someone has committed a terrible crime and is caught, if he is not killed, then they are given a
white stone which shows he has been freed from the crime but the people will always remember that he
committed a crime when they see the stone.
If a man commits rape, he is brought before the elders of the gate. The girl will not be desirable for
marriage and she must be given a large sum of money. They will collect blood money from the man and
give him a white stone to place near his tent with his name on it. This will absolve the man of all guilt.
Everyone will know that he has paid for his crime.
When we get the white stone from the Lord, it has a new name so no one can read it or know who we
were. This saves us from disgrace and dishonor.
A white stone in front of the tent tells you that the man inside the tent committed an evil crime,
possibly along the lines of doing it with a young woman. He was caught, the elders of the gate and the
people determine his punishment. Then an amount of money, called "blood money" is determined for the
father of the girl because she cannot marry now. Nobody would marry her. Once he pays this bill, the
man is no longer near stoning. He is still under fear until he pays the fine. Then he is no longer in
danger. Yet, the white stone stands like this, outside, declaring (1) freed!, and (2) that at one time he did
commit a crime.
Verse 1 "And unto the angel of the church in Sardis..." That means the angel or the minister of the
Sardis church. "Thou livest and art dead" is a common saying of that which is finished. The minister of
the church in Sardis was physically alive, but spiritually dead. He did everything he could do for the
people, but inside he was dead.
"Thou livest and art dead" means you are done, when a man's influence and power wanes, he is
considered dead; physically alive and spiritually dead.
Angel = elder, overseer in Church.
This minister in Sardis was physically alive, but spiritually dead.
Verse 12 They use this to prove reincarnation—when become a pillar of God, you don't have to come back.
Verses 14-18 Church of Laodiceans. Laodicia was in the province of Phrygia in Asia Minor. It was a
commercial city. Long before Rome came, this was the leading business place, when they became
Christians they were very humble, very sincere, very loyal to God. They gave tithes and offerings, they
witnessed. They had sheep with black wool and they made clothing from their black wool and they made
3 great fortune from selling this clothing. Next they discovered a powder called Phrygian powder. This
powder healed the blindness of the people. Most Eastern people with eye trouble suffer from short
sightedness because of the sun and moon light which strikes their eyes (Psalm 121:6). The workers who
sleep on the threshing floor at night will cover their eyes to protect themselves from the moonlight.
The wool clothing and powder made the Laodiceans wealthier than they were before. This great
wealth caused them to loose sight of God. They became lukewarm, cold and indifferent.
Verses 17, 18: "Gold tried in the fire" means faith in God.
"Buy" in the Bible means exchange (Proverbs 23:23. Buy the truth and sell (exchange) it not.)
''Rich"—the truly rich man believes in God.
"White raiment"—this is symbolic of the robe of righteousness.
"Anoint thine eyes with eyesalve"—they were trying to cure other people's eyes and yet were
themselves blind to God. (John 3:19) Here the eyesalve is the holy spirit which heals our understanding.
Verse 18 "Gold tried on the fire" means faith. ...anoint thine eyes with eyesalve..." means and get
saved. "Amen" is derived from the Arabic objective "Amina." It means faithful, truthful and trustful. A
messenger that is called "amina" is a trustworthy servant of the Lord.
Verses 14-20 Laodicea, Powder, Raiment, Materialism.
There were seven churches to which God gave messages; one to each church. Laodicea was one of
these churches. Laodiceans were humble, sweet, gracious, good, loveable, loving. When they were poor
they obeyed God, they were dependent of God, they walked on the Word of God, they were happy,
powerful witnesses in the beginning of the church. Then they "prospered overnight." They had a breed
of sheep which produced black wool, and people loved clothing made from this wool. They also made a
powder called "phrygian" powder, named after their province "Phrygia." This powder was to heal the
diseases of the eye (ophthalmia). These two things brought great wealth to the Laodiceans. These
material things began to be their dependency, rather than God. So God spoke to them in verse 17—how
could people with such riches be naked, miserable, etc? Because of Luke 12:15. They were spiritually
diseased. Verse 18, the gold that they had was not true riches. God wanted them to buy "gold tried in the
fire," meaning the faith of God. This is "true" riches. They were clothed beautifully, yet they needed
white raiment of salvation. Also, they were to anoint their own eyes with their salve (Phrygians). They
were healing others with their salve, but they were themselves blind. They needed "eyesalve" which
represents the holy spirit.
"Spew thee out of my mouth"
"The angel of the church" —the body of believers.
"Spew thee out of my mouth"—this means I will reject thee. This is like eating something which is
rotten which we spit out of our mouths.
Verse 17: Historically Laodicea was in the province of Phrygia in Asia minor. There are five
continents where people live. Civilizations: Africa, Australia, Europe.
1. Indus valley—came from Persia
2. Nile valley—came from India
3. Greek—came from Egypt
4. Roman—came from Greece
5. British—came from Rome (Caesar)
Races (or culture)—race and culture are the same.
1. Aryan—straight eyes
2. Semitic
3. Mongolian—broad face, high cheek bone
4. Negroid
Every nation must come under one of these cultures. Color has nothing to do with race.
Shem, Ham, Japheth are three sons of Noah. All four races come from these.
Mongolians, Semitics (Arabs & Jews) come from Shem.
Verse 20 Jesus Christ is our intimate friend. There is no fear. He will meet your needs and solve your problems.
In the East, guests who are mere acquaintances sit down and the host serves them. If the guest is a
personal, real, loving and intimate friend, then the host will eat with his guest. This is the comparison in verse 20.
"I stand at the door and knock." Christ makes us equal with him, intimate friends.
No Eastern host will eat with the guest unless he is a particular, definite, intimate, personal, beloved friend.
"Behold I stand at the door." The Greeks are the wisdom of the West. The Hindus are the wisdom
of the East. The Hindus do not eat with their guests unless the guests are personal friends. They will
serve the guests who are not friends and when the guests are gone to the next room to have desert, then
the family will sit down to eat. When Jesus Christ comes in he eats with us, our personal, intimate friend.
Stand at the door and knock, hospitality.
Jesus says, "Behold I stand at the door and knock..." No Oriental host will sit down and eat with a
guest, unless the guest is a particular, definite, intimate, personal, beloved friend. Jesus our blessed
lord...for whom the world was made, who shed his blood from head to foot for you and me—rebels and
criminals throughout the world. He says, "If you open your heart to me, your business to me, your home
to me, I'll come in and sup with you and you with me. I'll make you my first intimate friend, because we
will sup together. We won't be strangers or aliens. Once you open your heart to me, I will treat you as
my beloved brother. Once you open your heart to me, I'll be your intimate friend. Who will be crowned
in your home, have preeminence, you will then eat with me as personal friends. We will solve problems
together, we will fight issues together, there will be no lack for you; all things will be possible for you.
The enemies come, I will fight them for you, I will be by you; I will be in you; I will be round about you;
no plague shall come nigh thy dwelling; I will see that all things work together for good once you let me in."
When he is in, give him all the keys to the house. Don't close any doors to him. He will cleanse us
inside out. He will defend us, he will make us a new creation, old things will pass away, behold all things
become new. He will pay your bills, he will heal your body. He will fill you with holy spirit and with joy.
Verses 2-4 Each stone has a meaning in it. When the people come and kiss the stone the bishop is
wearing, they are supposed to receive peace. It is an "amethyst" stone, purple in color. Every bishop has
one. When you wear it, it means you carry with you the peace of God. The people are supposed to find
the peace of God through the Good Shepherd, the Shepherd of the church, to whom Christ committed and
trusted the peace. Most of the people don't know what they are doing when they kiss the stone. They just
kiss because they were taught to. The priest's wear black because their master is away and they are
serving him until he comes back. The priest's are the disciples and the bishops are the shepherds. They
wear purple representing the fact that they have washed in the blood of Jesus Christ. They are made kings
and priests unto God in the church. "Black" is an inferior rank. The throne is symbolic of the power of
dominion. In the East, the emperors and king are on the thrones when judging the people and also on
feast days. Small thrones were prepared for princes on a platform next to the throne so everyone could
see. On feast days, the sons, daughters, and wives all sat next to him, but on smaller thrones. That way
all his subjects could look upon him. The one sitting on the throne is God. The precious stones are
symbolic of a purity and holiness. The thrones are usually ornamented with costly stones of many colors
and gold. The rainbow suggests the ever presence of God, and the everlasting peace. The stone is
symbolic of the glory of God. At the time, on the judgment day, all darkness will be dispelled and the
brilliance of the glory of God will shine through all the universe. Jasper and sardine stones are green, also
the emerald. God represents the prosperity, power and happiness that are waiting for those who are
saved. The twenty-four seats represent the old and the new covenants. White is symbolic of judgment,
purity and sanctification. The priests put on white garments and sat down. The priests in the bishop's
church dress up their robes. They say a prayer for each piece of garment they wear. They wash their
hands in holy water before they go to the altar. Before priests go to the altar, they put on white garments
and sanctify themselves.
Verses 3 and 4 Throne, ephod. Throne is symbolic of power and dominion. In East, kings sit on throne
when judging the people and on feast days. Small thrones are provided for princes on platform next to
king. God is sitting on this throne. The reference is to the judgment day. The precious stones represent
holiness and purity. The thrones are usually ornamented with many colorful costly stones and gold.
Solomon had a throne with steps of gold leading up to it. The ephod which Jewish high priest wore on
his bosom, had 12 precious stones representing the 12 tribes. The rainbow represents the omnipresence of
God and everlasting peace. The colors of the stones in the ephod represent the glory of God. Green
represents wisdom. Certain men of wisdom wear turbans of green cloth. Emerald, pardis, and jasper are
green. God represents prosperity, happiness, and power that is waiting for those who are saved. Crown
symbolizes honor and glory which belongs to God alone.
Verse 4: Four and twenty = 24. The twenty-four seats represent the old and new covenant (12 heads
of the tribes of Israel, 12 apostles). They are the elders. White represents purity, judgment and sanctification.
Verse 6 "...full of eyes before and behind." This means he knows the past, present and future. It means
a man knows everything from the end to the beginning.
Verse 8 "Four beasts" means living creatures in this case. "Full of eyes" means they could see in all directions.
Verse 7 The "lion" is symbolic of dominion, "calf" is symbolic of threat, "man" is symbolic of intellect,
and "eagle" is symbolic of presence. The eagle is everywhere, is a Hindu idea. Authority, strength,
intelligence and presence for the temple of Jesus Christ.
Verse 1 "Book" does not mean a bound book. In India, they have palm leaves about two inches wide,
ten to twelve inches long. They stake them up one on top of the other about 200 of them, and make one
or two holes on one side of them and then put a kind of steel-like thing on each side to hold them
together. Then they put ropes on the sides. They must take the rope and steel things off when they open
it and then they write on one side of it. Scriptures are maintained in India on palm leaves. They don't
fade at all. Pen of iron is used only on palm leaves because it must be engraved on. They also kept it on
straws which were secondary. If they were writing scripture on either palm leaves or straw, they wrote on
only one side. Other things they wrote on both sides. When they wrote on both sides, they rolled it up
and sealed the end. "...written within and on the backside...," this means it was not a scripture but a
decree of God of what was to happen. The importance of the message was sealed with notes. Whenever
a king sent a proclamation and sealed it, that meant nobody could open it except a man of authority. It is
opened before nobility, and masses of the subjects. When it is being opened, people usually get scared.
They fear it may be sad news. The books in the Bible were in the form of scrolls. Usually the scrolls in
the East are opened by representatives or someone near the king. No one can open the scroll except
Jesus. "Seven" means the completeness of the message." "Seal" shows the importance of the message,
"seven" the completeness. Translation: "And I saw in the right hand of him(Jesus) who sat on the throne
a scroll written on both sides, sealed with seven seals."
Verse 2 "Yuga" means a circle or cycle. The last yuga he will come on a white horse, that's a final
journeyman, and restore the righteous, bring a new kingdom. He will sit and talk to those who are
disciples, who have been faithful with him. This is that part of the yuga. Yuga of grace. When a king or
conquering general enters the city, he always rides in on a white horse. It is a sign of submission of the
king that has conquered them. White is symbolic of purity and power. The one who sat on the horse had
a bow and arrow.
An Oriental potentate always rides on a white horse. In the East during the end of a battle, the
conquered will bring a white horse before the conqueror to honor and welcome him. He rides on the
horse and the people lead him into his conquered territory. White—purity, power and sanctification;
bow—strength, conquest, expansion of realm.
Verse 4 In the East, red horses are ridden by soldiers, symbolic of blood. No king rides a red horse.
The king's bodyguards were scarlet. The idea is they are out to fight even to shedding blood. "Black
horses" are symbolic of death, famine and destruction.
The red horse symbolizes blood, great destruction of life. In East, soldiers sometimes wear red
clothes or a red heart to mean they are ready to give anything, even their life.
Verse 5 Balance of scales are symbolic of justice, scales of God.
The black horse symbolizes death, famine and destruction. Balances or scales symbolize justice.
Verse 6 In time of war, the prices go up because of feeding the soldiers and lack of work. When the
war is over, prices go down. A measure of wheat for a penny, expresses abundance, "...see thou hurt not
the oil and the wine" means see that you do not disturb the peace. It means do not hurt the trees from
which the oil comes. II Kings 7:1 is a reference expressing abundance.
"Measure of wheat for a penny" symbolizes abundance. Oil means extracted from several kinds of
trees. Wine means food of the people.
Do not destroy these things that are needful for the people even if you have conquered them and they
are enemies. Do not destroy their trees and vines. See 7:3.
Verse 8 "Pale horse" is symbolic of death, deception. A pale horse isn't any particular color, or any
lines in it. It is no good for anybody.
The pale horse, like black horse, also symbolizes death, famine and destruction.
Verse 9 A seal is a place where all those who died in Christ go to wait. Those that are slain seem to be
under the altar of God. The one's that were slain for the Word of God, don't seem to be with the other
people. They seem to be in a special place. It is not oriental. In the East, the doves and birds make nests
under the altar of God. They don't drag them out. Psalm 84:3 shows where the birds build their nests
under the altar. No one will hurt them under the altar. If the birds build a nest in anyone's home, they kill
them but when they build in altars, they don't.
Those who were slain for the Lord are waiting under the heavenly altar for the resurrection. See
Psalm 84:3. Birds build nests in temple and are not harmed. Sometimes they build under the altar.
Sacrifice is always made on the altar, i.e., the soul of those who were slain for the Lord.
Verse 12 Sackcloth is made of goat's hair and goat's hair is always black. In the East, murders are
usually attempted at night. Calamity means sin, sin means darkness.
Sackcloth is made of goats' hair or camels' hair. Goats' hair is black so in this case, it is goats' hair.
Most sackcloth is made of goats' hair.
Earthquake symbolizes war, disturbance, uprising. A red moon means bloodshed. All wars are
caused by ignorance and misunderstanding. There is no "righteous" war. If a man has faith in God, he
does not need to war because God battles for him. Because of lack of trust in God, men take up arms
themselves and kill themselves.
Verse 1 The "four winds" are the four corners. That is all he could get out of it.
4 winds means 4 corners of the earth.
Verse 17 "Tears"—in the East, people use the hand instead of the handkerchief to wipe away tears
because it shows more affection. God shall wipe away our tears with same affection, same tendency.
Living fountains of waters—means running streams. The shepherds depend on brooks and rivers to
water their flocks. Living water is symbolic of eternal life. Water is always scarce in Arabia and other
Eastern countries. The rain water is caught and stored under the house.
Isaiah 25:8, God shall wipe away all tears.
Verse 13 "...and heard an angel..." Angel should be eagle. "Eagle" symbolic of sickness. If the eagle
appears, you are alright, but if they don't, there will be bloodshed.
"Flying through the midst" was an eagle, not an angel. In the Eastern text it says, "an eagle with a
tail red as it was blood." An eagle symbolizes swiftness.
Verses 9 and 10 How can anybody eat the book up? The book represents mysteries of coming errors
which are ready to be revealed. The book being eaten and digested like food is symbolic of the prophet
receiving God's message and making it a part of his very life. Honey is symbolical of temporary joy. It is
only sweet until you swallow it. It is symbolical of temporary joy which is followed by bitterness and
sorrow. The apostle was glad to receive the revelation from God, but the predictions of destruction upon
the earth made him sad. Bitterness denotes immediate action. When we say, "My belly is sore," it means
a man has a secret which he cannot keep any longer.
Sweetness is never felt in the stomach. Sweetness is a taste. Its effect is felt in the stomach,
however. The book represents events, mysteries concerning coming events which are ready to be
revealed. The book being eaten and digested like food is symbolic of the prophet receiving God's
message and making it a part of his very life. Most of us let spiritual things go through us and avoid
making it a part of our very life. Honey is symbolic of temporary joy, which is followed by bitterness and
sorrow. The taste of sweet lasts but a short while. The apostle was glad to be worthy to receive the
revelation of the mysteries of God. But the predictions of destructions to come upon the earth made him
sad and sorrowful. John was eating up the words, which were sweet to him, to be able to receive
instruction from God. But once he ate it up and saw it, the coming dreadful events, he became sorrowful.
Bitterness denotes immediate action. When an Easterner says, "My stomach is sore," he means he has a
secret which he cannot keep any longer. He is sorry that since he has "eaten the book," learned of all of
the destructions and judgments, he became sad and sorrowful. He was biting at the bit to tell it.
Verse 1 You can measure the temple of God and the altar, but how can you measure the people who
worship? Instead of the word "measure" it should be anoint. Those anointed are to be preserved. The
Arabic word "meshck" which means to anoint and also to measure. One word means so many things. So
the people who write, if they don't know the usage, they put wrong word. The reader must be guided by
the context. The translators interpreted the word reed and rod as meaning measuring. Thus the Arabic
word was thought to be measure. The bishop has a rod whenever he blesses people. It is the authority by
which you bless. Jacob blessed leaning upon the staff. No bishop gives the benediction in any church
without holding on to the staff or rod in his hand.
In India, they sit down in the examination hall and the papers come all sealed up from somewhere
which nobody knows. Even the superintendent of the examination does not know where they come from.
He must open them in the presence of all the students. He should not read the questions himself, but give
them out as soon as they are open.
What is the need to measure the temple? And how can you measure the people? The word
"measure" should be "anoint." To anoint the people is to place the people under God's protection. It is
the same with the temple.
Verses 1-3 The woman here is symbolic of the Jewish religion. The sun means deity, truth and light.
The sun is worshipped as god. The moon represents the things of the earth. Glory and worldly power
which were to be conquered by the spirit and the truth. The twelve stars represent the twelve apostles.
Judaism shown for many ages like a thickening light in the midst of a world dominated by hatred and
darkness and ignorance. Then Jesus came. "Woman clothed with the sun"—Mary was clothed with the
holy ghost and bore Jesus.
Revelation 12:3. Dragon means opposition. The twelve apostles shine like stars in the sky. They
are like the costly jewels in the great crown. Twelve is symbolic of Christian gospel.
Verse 2 Woman is symbolic of the Jewish religion. "Sun" means deity, truth and light. The sun is
worshipped as a god by the Eastern people. "Moon" represents the things of the earth, glory and worldly
power. The "twelve stars" represent the twelve apostles. They were representative of the twelve apostles
as lights in a world of drunkenness and moral decay. The apostles shine like stars in the sky. They are
like the costly jewels in a rich crown. Paul was symbolic of the Christian gospel.
Verse 13 "Dragon" symbolic of earthly power, opposition and envy. "Wings" are symbolic of
omnipresence and divine presence. "Floods" are false accusations, gossip, slander. Christians have
denounced enemies of mankind and the empire. It is still so in the East. In India they call a Hindu who
becomes a Christian a degenerate, enemies of the country, because they accepted a religion which was
brought by the white man. You see, to us religion means life, it is our blood, our flesh, our bones, our
business. What your religion is, is your life. The Christians were denounced as enemies of mankind
under the empire. It was so before Constantine in Europe. Constantine was converted and then things
changed. Persecutions of a serious nature started under Nero in 69 A.D. This went on until the
conversion of Constantine in 318 A.D. In the third century, Christianity was wonderful.
Verses 13-15 Dragon is symbolic of earthly power, opposition and enmity. The first persecution began
under King Agrippa.
Wings are symbolic of omnipresence and divine presence. Flood means charges and accusations.
Christians were denounced as the enemies of mankind of the empire. Persecutions under Nero were
worse. 69 A.D. Nero was called the "Mark of the Beast." He lasted until 318 A.D. Time is "year," times
are "months," and last a time is "days."
Verse 14 "...for a time, and times, and half a time,..." means years, months and days.
Verses 1 and 2 In India and Egypt you will find a lot of statues of this kind. Beast with ten horns is
similar to vision seen by Daniel, about 1500 or 2000 years before this. The vision is similar to that seen
by Daniel relative to the four kingdoms. The four kingdoms are: Babylon, Persia, Greece and Rome.
Persia is the kingdom of the Hindus from which the Hindus went to India. Daniel 7:3-8. This Rome
refers to the empire of Rome, not the Roman Catholic Church. The ten horns are the ten kings.
Blasphemy was the title the emperor got. "Dragon" means anti-Christ, heresy, deception and evil. Rome
was replaced by Constantinople as the world empire. It was a small place, but tremendous power there.
318,000,000 people were ruled by Constantine. After it became capital of the empire, Constantinople
became a large and prosperous city. Then Rome once became head of the empire and the church was
constantly threatened with heresies, isms from that time on.
The beast with ten horns—the vision is similar to that seen by Daniel, relative to the 4 kingdoms. (4
important kingdoms in history are: BABYLON, PERSIA, GREECE AND ROME). The fourth beast is
described as being dreadful and terrible (Rome). The seven heads are seven imperial wizards (emperors).
The ten horns are ten small kingdoms under them. (Herod the tetrarch is a small horn among the ten.)
The "name of blasphemy" is a divine title by which the emperor is called.
"Dragon" = antichrist, heresy, deception and devil. The dragon gave power to the beast, emperor,
who had authority to suppress the truth of the gospel of Jesus Christ and to supplant it with pagan
doctrines and clothed them with worldly power. (This is Rome.) Rome lost its political power over the
world. The city was replaced by Constantinople as the capital of the world empire in the East. Rome
was, for a time, stripped of power and glory. But the wounds were healed and Rome regained its political
influence over the world when Mussolini gave the power over to the pope. The church was constantly
threatened by heresies, rivalries, schisms. (Martin Luther is a schism according to Roman Catholics.)
Some popes misused their power and authority and the opposition was powerless against him.
Verses 17 and 18 In Arabia and Indian languages you can write the name of people in numbers as well
as letters. Poor writing was common in the East in the Biblical days and before. It is common now.
Every letter in the alphabet also has a number which means the same thing. Someket is equal to 60 and
with a dot over it, it becomes 600. And "waw" and it becomes 666. N equals 50, R equals 200, 0 equals
6, N equals 50, K equals 100, S equals 60 and R equals 200. Add up all the figures and you get 666. This
is the number of the beast. "Nronksr" is another name for Nero Caesar. The Arabic and Hebrew also is
spelled this way.
This number implies? Every Aramaic letter (second oldest language next to Sanskrit) is a number.
"A'' would also mean a figure. "Alpha" No. 1. "Beth" 2. "Gamal" 3(g). "Dalath" = 4(a). "He" 5(h).
"Waw" 6(w). "Yudh" 10(y). "Kaph" 20(k). "Lamadh" 30(1). "Mim" 40(m). "Qoph" 100(g). "res"
200(r). "Tau" 400(t).
Code writing was popular in the East. Western world got it from the East. It's thousands of years
old. Any person's name can be written in figures. It is a kind of code in Biblical times. "Semkath"
60(s). "Semkath" with a dot over it = 600. "Waw" 6(w)...
Nero Caesar, in Aramaic is spelled "N-R-O-N-K-S-R". N = 50. R = 200. 0 = 6. N = 50. K = 100.
S = 60. R = 200. 666 is his name! It is the number of the beast. It must fit with history as well. There
were more Christian persecutions in the reign of Nero Caesar than in any other time of the history of the
church. Nero was a beast alright.
Verse 20 "Blood"—blood of the grapes, juice of the grapes coming from the winepress. Not real blood.
10' in diameter and 2 ½ to 3' deep. Made of bricks and cement. Usually men walk on them with their feet
and mash them. They wash their hands and feet about every two minutes. They are very clean. Much of
their food is handled with hands. It is caught in skin containers or bottles made out of goat skin. The
bottles are hung up in the kitchen with water in and all the heat of the kitchen goes into the bottle and
after a time it becomes scarred with the heat. Psalm 119:83. Sometimes instead of men treading the
winepress they use a huge stone tied onto the horses and they go round and round. When the horses keep
going around, the grape juice humps up and the bridles get all wet.
"Winepress" is about 10' in diameter, and 2 ½' deep. It is constructed of bricks and inlaid with
cement and clay. Grapes are put in it and trodden by the feet of men. The juice drains out a narrow
passage and is caught in earthen jars or skins.
Verse 12 Vial is like a container, a bottle. Kings of the East means Chinese and Japanese. The River
Euphrates was dried up, means that there was a large army encamped on the banks of the river and they
used a terrific amount of water. When the campaigns of a successive general are reported they often say,
"And the rivers dried up before him." He had such a large army that they swallowed all the water.
Verse 15 "Behold I come as a thief." In the temples of India, the idols have precious gems and there are
special men appointed to watch over these. One of the temple officials will come at night to check on the
watchman. He comes as a thief to check and see if they are sleeping. He comes with a torch in one hand
and a stick in the other. If man is sleeping, he will strike him with the stick and set fire to his clothes with
the torch. The man will throw off his clothes and run naked and people will know he has been sleeping.
Verse 1 Babylon is built at the junction of the two great rivers, Tigres and Euphrates. In olden times
they were considered as being the two great bodies of water. In those days other rivers were unknown.
Babylon is often used to show corruption of political power. They were drunk with worldly powers.
Babylon means confusion. There was political confusion.
Verse 5 Reference to Babylon is symbolic. Babylon fell before the Persian armies about 539 B.C. We,
the Persians and the Hindus, took Babylon. The prophets had predicted its doom. Isaiah 30:9-20. Rome
was the world power when John saw the vision. Rome is built on the Tibet River, on seven hills. This
vision does not apply either to Rome or Constantinople.
"Babylon Mystery": The reference to Babylon is symbolic. Babylon fell before the Persian armies
about 539 B.C. The prophets predicted its eternal doom. Isaiah 13:19,20. Rome was a world power
when John saw this vision. (Rome close to the sea and built on 7 hills on the river Tabor.) The vision
does not apply or refer to Constantinople or Rome, but Babylonia. A country of confusion and chaos is
referred to as Babylonia from Babel.
Verse 12 Horn is symbolical of temper or power. Alexander the Great had a golden horn, meaning his
rule was crowned with glory. He came to India with his army and couldn't fight us. He went into the
Himalayas to the holy men who had been there for 300 years eating herbs and fruit, long beards, sitting on
the rocks and praying. He went and stood there and wondered why these holy men didn't get up and bow
down to him. They just looked at him, and he said, "Look, don't you know that I am the emperor of
Rome. I have conquered the world?" The men just sat there. Again he said, "Look, don't you know that I
am the emperor of Rome and have conquered the world. Is there anything else for me to do?" And the
holy men said, "You conquer the whole world, you fool. Sit down on that rock and conquer yourself now."
Daniel 2:38—head of gold. In the Hindu temples we have five vessels tied up to ceiling in the
middle of the temple with four chains. Made of five metals. Nobody can see how much money you put
in because it is just low enough for you to be able to reach it and drop something in. Cannot see into it at
all. That is why Jesus stood in the temple while men were casting into the treasury and he said, "A
woman cast two mites." How did he know she cast two mites? No human being could ever know. He
knows all things. Beautiful example of the divinity and majesty of our lord and savior, Jesus Christ. The
four metals is symbolic of the four world empires. Gold was the glorious Babylonian empire; brass, the
powerful Grecian empire; iron, the durable Roman empire. The four mighty empires were broken to
pieces by the stone cut without hands. The stone is the messianic kingdom which triumphed by the power
of God. The iron and clay feet art the Eastern and Western empires under Rome. The ten horns are a part
of the fourth beast, the Roman empire. These ten kings are defeated by the Lamb, which is Jesus Christ.
The "horn" is symbolic of temporal power. Alexander the Great was said to have had a golden horn,
meaning that his rule was crowned with glories. (Daniel 2:38, Nebuchadnezzar was called "head of
gold.") "Four beasts" symbolic of 4 great empires. "Gold" was symbolic of "glorious" Babylonian
empire. "Brass" was the "powerful" Grecian empire. "Iron" the "beautiful" Roman empire. These 4
empires were broken by the stone cut without hands. Stone is a messianic kingdom which triumphed by
the power of God. Iron and clay feet are the Eastern and Western empires' end at Rome. Ten horns
correspond to the vision of four wings. The "four great beasts" are: a lion, a bear, a leopard, and the
beast with iron teeth. The Roman empire is the iron kingdom. These ten kings are defeated by the lamb,
Christ. "One hour" means just a brief reign.
Verse 10 In this verse, it is talking about Constantinople and Rome. Constantinople built under the
name of Constantine was one of the empires of Rome. He moved his headquarters from Rome to
Constantinople. It was a great center of commerce until the 17th Century, largest in the world. Britain
became the rival in the 17th Century and took it over. Rome has never been a great commercial city.
Verses 11-15 The merchandise of gold and silver and precious stones and pearls and fine linen and
purple and silk and scarlet and thyne woods and vessels of ivory and of most precious wood and brass and
iron and marble, and cinnamon...of verse 12 were all sold at the market. Why will they be holding
(controlling) the world market in that power? Constantinople was a great commercial city until the 17th
Century before Britain became its rival. Since its foundation in the 1st century, Constantinople has been
the world market. Constantinople is the mother church of the Eastern Orthodox church, as Rome is the
mother church of all of the Roman Catholics. Constantinople was the headquarters of all Christendom for
all of the East. St. Sophia cathedral is for all Eastern Orthodox people. Constantinople Patriarch (parallel
to Roman pope) lives there and handles the 380,000,000 Eastern Orthodox; he has no authority over the
people, like pope. He is a brother on the level with the people.
Rome has never been a great commercial city. London eventually replaced Constantinople as the
world's greatest commercial city. Britain cannot feed its own people from its farms.
Verse 12 "Thyne wood" should be sweet wood. The sandal tree in India, from which sandal soap is
made and sandals are made, is called a sweet wood tree.
Verse 4 Twenty-four elders are twelve representatives of the Old Testament and twelve of the New.
The "four beasts" here are the 4 living creatures, angels. They should not be confused with the
"wild" beasts, mentioned in Revelation. The 24 elders are 12 representatives from the Old Testament and
12 from the New O.T. are the 12 patriarchs. New Testament are 12 apostles.
Verse 7 "Lamb's wife." The Lamb is Jesus Christ and is symbolic of gentleness, meekness and purity.
He did not fight back. He was taken as lamb to the shearers and would not open his mouth. Lambs in the
Orient are used as gifts. When you go to India, the first thing they give you is garlands and then lambs.
The wife of the lamb is the church purchased by his blood.
"Lamb" is Jesus Christ. He is symbolic of gentleness, meekness and purity. All of the
characteristics of the lamb were in Jesus Christ, and such was needed for sacrifice for the salvation of the
world. The wife of the lamb is the church, which he purchased with his blood. The church is likened to
a bride, also.
Verses 20 and 21 This is the destruction of the vicious beast and his host. Symbolical of the destruction
of the earthly powers. The prophet represents false doctrines, dictatorships. "Sword which proceeded out
of his mouth" means that the truth will destroy the earth.
The destruction of the vicious beast and his host is symbolic of the destruction of earthly powers.
The prophet is false doctrines of dictatorship under the guise of religion. The false prophets deceived the
people to accept the mark of the beast and receive his political power. "The sword proceeded out of his
mouth" means that the truth will destroy the era.
Verse 1 The first book was the one which prescribed punishments for crimes and the rewards for our
gallantry and good deeds. Another book is a book of deeds and records where every man's acts are
written down, as in the case of Mordecai—Esther 6:1-11.
Verse 12 The first book of the law which prescribes punishment for crimes and reward for gallantry and
good deeds. Another book is the book of deeds and records, where every man's record and accounts are
kept. (Just as Esther 6:1-11.) Both books are opened when we appear before Christ. We won't be thrown
in hell fire because we are saved. Nevertheless, we must be careful what happens, and what is written
down. The believers' thrill is for those who have done much for the savior, and have high rewards.
"Cup of cold water" given in his name shall cause a man to lose his reward. Let's do something that
we may get a good account.
Verses 1-3 Jerusalem is used in symbolical sense. Typical of peace, righteousness and holiness. Means
"place of peace."
Verses 2 and 3 Jerusalem is used in a symbolic way, even as Babylon. Jerusalem symbolizes peace,
righteousness, and holiness.
Get up early. Hindus get up at 4 a.m.
Jerusalem is often condemned as a rebellious city.
Verse 14 "Twelve foundations" symbolic of twelve apostles. The teaching of the apostles is the
cornerstone of the Church. The Church is as a large city with many gates which all lead to the city.
"12 foundations" means 12 apostles. Each one is a builder of the spiritual kingdom because they
went out to preach the gospel. Their teaching is a cornerstone of the church. The church, like a large
city, has many gates to lead to it. (12 apostles, 12 gates, 12 foundations, 12 builders.) When all preached
we were all led to one city, Jesus Christ. (Maker and builder is God.) All that accepted the gospel which
they preached went to one city.
Verse 16 8 furlongs equal one mile. Twelve thousand furlongs would be 900,000 square miles.
The area of the whole "New" Jerusalem is 12 furlongs. A furlong is 1/8 of a mile. It should not read
"12,000 furlongs." The area would be 9,000,000 square miles. It should read 12 furlongs. Bishop
believes it should be 12,000 paces. The previous verses indicate reference to the "real" Jerusalem, as
opposed to the "heavenly" Jerusalem, heaven.
Verse 15 See I Samuel 17:43