Verse 3 The word "perfect" should be "clearly, definite."
Verse 9 In the temples some burn incense, some put it or place it. Some light the incense, some put the
incense powder. The Bishop, the highest man in office, puts the incense powder. Next to him they set
fire to it. The lowest man in the Church burns incense. It should be his worth instead of his lot. The
priest also sprinkles the congregation with the incense.
Verse 10 All the people kneel down and pray for all to stand up.
Verse 17 "Essenism" is a way of life. They just sit down and talk to God. They don't fast, or have
priests, etc. In India, it is called "Advaiteism." There are two groups in the Hindu religion. One is high
and the other low. The low worship in the temples and fast, yell, cry and jump and the highest don't go to
the temples, they believe they can contact God right away.
Verse 20 "Dumb"—If he had not been made dumb, he would have talked negatively.
Verse 23 In this case the ministration may be for a fortnight. If they have the services of consecration
they may last for two or three weeks.
Verse 25 Barren women are not allowed to take part in any religious services, marriages or big
functions. Barren women and widows are unclean and secluded. They are in the company but they don't
touch anything because they think God has not favored them. Barren women are despised by men.
Usually when a bride and bridegroom get married they go and fall at the feet of every relative except
widows and barren women before they go on the honeymoon, asking blessing. "...take away my reproach
among men" means, "...I am free now."
"Reproach among men." A woman without children is a barren (verse 36) woman. She is looked
upon with reproach in the East. A married woman who has not borne children is looked upon as a curse
from God. The same is true for a woman who bears only girls. The husband may divorce his wife if she
does not bear a son. In the East, men look for younger women to marry.
Verse 27 Virgin is a good word here. Espoused means engaged. They could be engaged for a long
period of time.
Verse 36 "And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth she hath also conceived a son...." They don't need to know
much about men, but they must know about women. Whose daughter is she, from what tribe did she
come, whose wife is she, etc. Girls marry at about 14, a boy of 16. At first they don't live together as
husband and wife. When they come together to live as husband and wife, they have a ceremony. On
their honeymoon, the girl takes along 5 or 6 virgins and the boy about 7 men. These people prevent them
from coming together. The day when they may come together as husband and wife is set by their elders.
Verse 42 Only place in the Bible where a baby was born and filled with holy spirit. Elisabeth was also
filled with the spirit.
Verse 59 The eighth day is an accepted day for the dedication and circumcision of the Jewish children.
The 12th year is the Mohammedan children. The first year the Hindu children are dedicated. In India, all
the people come to see the baby at a certain time. They come and bring gifts and at a ceremony they
name the baby.
Verse 61 Naming a child. The Easterners will search out a name which is already in the family. They
will not give a name which is not in the family. They questioned her on the name John and turned to
John's father to make sure this was okay with him.
Verse 63 "Writing table..." was a slate, writing slate. The relatives all have part in naming the child in
the Orient. When the father writes the name he would have the child called on the writing board, that is
"Asked for a writing table..." John's father was dumb and could not speak, that is why he needed a
writing table. "Table" should be a slate like a small writing slate made of stone and written on by slate
Verse 65 "Fear" should be reverence, respect and awe.
Verses 68 and 69 The horn of salvation is an Eastern term. The Old Testament and the New Testament
contain these Eastern phraseologies. The sayings among Eastern people which were being used at the
time the Bible was written and before the Bible was written are still being used. The horn was used as a
musical instrument and was also used in battles. They blew the horn up to the sky to show victory and
down to the ground to show distress. The women wear a little bit of horn on their headdress. The idea is
"I walk as a victor."
Horn of salvation. A horn is either of a goat or ox or ram. At the thinner point of the horn a hole is
made and blown to the larger part of the horn. They blow these in the temples (during sacrifices) and at
war when soldiers enter a city as a conquering army—song of victory! Everyone knows that they have
conquered that city.
This is what God says that Jesus conquered the devil, the world, the flesh and sin, by dying on the
cross at Calvary. And then raised up an horn of salvation for us as the conquering army! (The defeated
army also blows a horn to the ground rather than up in the air like victors. Then the defeated turns and
runs.) Christ defeated the foe! He has cleansed us, and he will continue to bless us.
Verse 69 Raised up horn of salvation (scripture not stated). Already into teaching. This expression is a
very typical one from the Oriental battlefield. God raised up a horn of salvation for us in Jesus Christ
when he won the victory for us against the Adversary. Many people believe that salvation ends with
being saved from sins. We can lift the horn of salvation high by our testimony of Jesus Christ. We
should demonstrate our salvation by our walk on the Word. (Bishop talks a long time about this point.
He tells much of his experience.)
God keeps us in perfect peace by one thing. When our mind is stayed on Him. We are not peaceful
just because we are saved or go to church. We must put the Word on. No one is saved just by knowing
about Christ—must know him to be saved.
Verse 76 "Going before." Servant always goes before ruler and warns people of his coming.
Verse 80 "And the child grew...and was in the deserts...." "Desert" is an Oriental term, refers to place
that is open country. Almost all Eastern children, from the time they are 5 or 6 until they are 15 or 17 are
sent up with the sheep to the wilderness, or desert. After he is 16 or 17 he comes back to the village to do
whatever his parents choose for him to do.
Verse 1 "All the world..." is just the empire of Augustus Caesar.
Verse 7 Swaddling clothes is silk or linen, beautiful cloth, about 2" wide, yards of it. They bandage the
baby, beginning with the forehead and on down to the feet. This symbolizes uprightness. They only
leave them wrapped in swaddling clothes for about 20 or 30 minutes.
"Swaddling clothes." These were not rags.
"Manger." The cowshed is not where the cows are kept. The manger is where the food is kept for
the cows. It is a stone building.
"Swaddling clothes." These are many feet of linen cloth, 2" wide—it is like a bandage. The baby is
wrapped from head to foot in these clothes for about 15 or 20 minutes or up to an hour depending upon
distance to be traveled by people coming to see the baby. The swaddling clothes are a sign of freedom
from crookedness (Ezekiel 16:4).
Covenant of salt, swaddling clothes. Once entering the roof of a man and exchanging the covenant
of salt means there is trust and protection available under that roof—always. No man can deal with a man
in any way when he is under the roof of a man with whom he has exchanged the covenant of salt. See
Genesis 19 about Lot. Lot offered his daughters and not his guests. The host never betrays his guests.
The protecting party on the covenant will feed his guest, hide the money, watch out all night for thieves,
etc. This is the result of all salt covenants.
Rajahs, princes of high caste rulers and chieftains, do something rare when a child is to be born to
them. They build a grand celebration party. If the baby is a son, the midwife hits the ceiling three times
with a stick and begins singing: "For unto the chief a child is born, unto the chief a son is given,
wonderful counselor, etc..." This is what Isaiah sang about the birth of Christ. Isaiah 9:6. The difference
here is that the midwife, while singing, says "Nixon" for instance. "For unto chief Nixon a child is
born...." Isaiah says unto us: because King of Kings, the Lord Jesus Christ for all the world, King of
Kings. These kings spoken of in midwife situations are only in small community areas. This shows the
sovereignty of our Lord. This song continues outside.
All of the people in the family take incense, frankincense, myrrh, gold, coconut, fruits, etc., and
come to the palace. As all are gathered there to see the newborn king, the priest comes and leads them.
The baby is washed in water with a pinch of salt in it. Then the baby is bandaged with linen cloth, silk. 2"
wide, starting at the forehead, all over the body. They are with the child 5-10 minutes. This is the
"swaddling clothes" our Lord Jesus Christ wore. His family was not poor. After a while they take off the
cloth and clothe the baby with beautiful clothes.
The significance of swaddling clothes is that they are symbolic of uprightness with man and God.
Why start at the forehead in the swaddling? Because when a man is upright, he should have no wrinkles
in the forehead, no fear, no worry and no wrinkles. The swaddling says that the baby is so righteous, free
from worry and wrinkles. Job said wrinkles were a witness against him. Job 16:8. Paul said, Jesus
Christ shall present us before God without spot or wrinkle. Ephesians 5:27. Salted swaddles means
unbreakable. Salted to lead a life in alignment and harmony.
Pray five times daily, give 10% of income, never go to work without praying. God in head, in mind,
in heart, in everything! This is the teaching in childhood. If the child complains the mother says, "Look
you, we've been salted to do this, we as parents are responsible for you and you are responsible for
yourself. Remember you are bound with God by this covenant of salt. If you want troubles, insult God
and break the covenant. If you want to live joyously, properly, then you fulfill the covenant which we
made for you." People are caring for God first rather than anything else. Colossians 4:6. We who are not
salted do not mean what we say. We lie.
Verse 7ff Verse 8: "Shepherds keeping watch by night." To fertilize the land they would bring in a
flock of sheep at night. This is done during the summer. The shepherds would stay up all night.
The Eastern shepherds have always been considered as very diligent and very alert and trustworthy.
The shepherds would publish good news. The angel appeared to them because they were trustworthy and
would publish the good news. The birth of a monarch's son is good news only to those people ruled by
the monarch. The birth of Jesus Christ is good news to the whole world.
Verse 16: A manger is the place where cows are kept. People when traveling will often ask to stay
in the straw in the manger and sleep next to one another to keep warm. Mary, Joseph and babe were lying
in a manger. Eastern child sleeps with the mother until he is five or six years old.
Verses 36, 37: In verse 34, Simeon is mentioned and nothing is said about him; however, in these
verses much is said about the woman prophet, Anna. This is because the position of a widow in the East
is very precarious. Once she has lost her husband, she can't attend any marriage ceremony, any religious
function, can't wear jewels, good clothing—she is secluded. She lives in a very simple way to show her
loyalty to her husband who has died. In order to serve in the temple the girl must be:
1. Unmarried (16 to 18 years old);
2. She must have been married for seven years from her virginity; and
3. "Young widow" (one who has been married only a short time before husband dies) cannot serve
in the temple until they are 60 years old (I Timothy 5:9).
There are seven kinds of widows to the Eastern thinking.
What is written in verses 36 and 37 shows that the woman was trustworthy, for the man Simeon,
they would just accept his word.
Verse 8 "Country" should be province or neighborhood. In the East, not all the shepherds stay in the
fields at night. Just certain seasons of the year, especially during the summer months. During the
summer, one man will have all the sheep in his field. They pay for that. Jesus wasn't really born on
Christmas. About the latest he could have been born is September 20-25. Temple sheep are let go in the
street in the day. The sheep are only in the fields at night. They have the sheep in the fields to help
fertilize the fields.
"Shepherds keeping night." The sheep flocks are used for fertilizing the land after the
harvest. The sheep are put on the land at night for two or three nights. They put a small hedge around the
sheep and dogs also. Then shepherds will stay up all night singing. This is done only in summer. They
would freeze if they did this in the winter. They only have to watch at night for fear of the jackals and tigers.
Verse 9 "Angel of the Lord came upon them." Why did the angels come to the shepherds rather than go
into town and wake some people up? The Eastern shepherds are considered to be very diligent and alert,
they go with little sleep, they are trustworthy. If they hear some good news, they will go and publish it in
the street. They listen very well and because of these things, the angels came to them.
Verse 10 "Good tidings." When an Eastern monarch has a son, it is good news only to those who are
ruled by him. But with Jesus Christ, it is good news to all people.
Verses 11 and 12 "Manger." The manger is the place where the straw for the cows is kept. Among poor
Eastern people, a mother and child are placed on sheets which are placed on top of a pile of straw.
See Luke 2:16.
Verse 12 Could not be very far away. The babe was still in swaddling clothes.
"Swaddling clothes." If the baby is wrapped in swaddling clothes, then it is a foregoing conclusion
that he has been salted. The baby is first washed with salt water or salt is rubbed on him then he is
swaddled. Not clothes, but bandages.
Verses 13-15 "Let us go now." The shepherds were very alert and spiritual people and so they went as
soon as they heard the message.
Verse 16 "The babe lying in a manger." Until an Eastern child is five or six years old, he will sleep
with the mother and father.
Verses 21-24 Taking Jesus to the temple. Every male child when he is eight days old is taken to the
temple and an offering is made. A lamb must be given for every boy as a sacrifice. If you can't afford a
lamb, then two turtledoves are given instead.
Verse 22 Purification lasts 40 days. The women don't walk, do a bit of work, touch anyone, enter their
kitchen, touch any vessels of the Lord or bake any bread. They have a separate room for themselves and
the child, and have servants looking out for them. After the 40 days the mother and child are taken to the
temple and the child is dedicated to the Lord. They then return home and the mother is again allowed to
work and touch things as usual.
Verses 24-40 The choir is boys chosen from the "audience" when they arrive, a "pick-up" choir. The
choir sits. The food which is sacrificed to the Lord, which was given to the priests, the priests and choir
eat together as the sacrificial meal. This is where Jesus Christ began at 12 years old (when he was able to
speak to elders) to talk to the priests. Jesus Christ probably sang in the choir. At the feast, the group
travels to it in companies. Men, women, young men, young girls. The leader of the group is very quiet.
"I would rather lock my mouth up and suffer and fast so that my children who are under my guidance, if
they have committed adultery or other sin which you know God, but I do not." Because every idle word
and sin must be punished. Which means the leader's people are punished and he as the head of the family
must suffer. The priest is the head of all the families in the East. He is responsible to God for all the
members in the family. On the pilgrimage, they slept on the floor, they could not visit people, they eat
and cook what they can (this is where "pilgrim" and "strangers" comes from), and go on marching. The
distance between men and women might be a mile. Yet, for meals and sleep they are all together. After
the pilgrimage and Joseph and Mary discovered Jesus, they said they had been looking for him. Luke 2:27-40.
Verses 25, 36 and 37 Women, serving in temple. When Jesus Christ was born, there were two people
who blessed the child. These were Simeon (not to die before seeing the child) and Anna. There is very
little background on Simeon, yet a great deal of background for Anna. Widows in the East can be
admitted for service in the temple if she is unmarried, who will promise never to marry. If a woman was
married for one year and her husband dies, at 26 years old, a widow, she cannot be accepted for service in
the temple. As a young widow, she must have lived with her husband seven years or she is not qualified
to serve. She must wait 60 years before being eligible. If she were 33 years old when her husband died,
then she would be qualified, having been with her husband at least seven years. Then she could serve.
This is why all of this information is given on Anna, because it identifies her. All of this information is
necessary. In the East, if this information were not given, then no one would pay attention to her (they
accept no one who is not qualified). Anna is very acceptable.
Verse 35 "Sword" should be "dagger."
Verse 36 See I Corinthians 7:36.
"The prophetess Anna." Younger widows must wait until they are 60 before they can serve in the
temple, if they had not been married for seven years before they were widows.
See Judges 11:35.
Verses 36 and 37 Widow serving in temple. She was in the temple when the lord was presented in the
temple. She took the lord and blessed him. She was a widow! With 7 years of marriage, she was fully
acceptable to serve.
Anna, temple, woman. Two people blessed the Christ child. First, verse 34, Simeon. Second was
Anna, the prophetess. There are no details on Simeon. Why does Anna have all her particulars listed?
(See teachings on Jephthali's daughter!) Eastern people do not accept the testimony of a woman,
especially a widow, unless she is fully qualified. She must have lived with her husband at least seven
years from her virginity and be at least 60 years old. Otherwise, her testimony would not be accepted as real.
If a 16 year old girl married an 18 year old man (or a 21 year old female married a 21 year old male),
and if the husband dies before they come together, she is still a widow even though she never lived with
him. If such a woman wants to join the temple into the ministry, she will not be accepted until she is 60
because she is classified with the younger widows. (See I Timothy 5:9)
Suppose a woman lived with her husband for seven years, he died and she wants to be a member of
the temple. She is accepted at 30 years old (or however old she is now). Because of those seven years
she is qualified to be a testimony in the temple.
Anna was 84, had been married seven years, and she did not just walk into the temple. She had been
there night and day. This is why Anna's credentials are spelled out, because of the Eastern culture.
If a woman takes up a ministry, people are suspicious, so must know all the facts about her integrity.
(Full record of the widow is given in Luke so people will trust her.)
See also Judges 11:35-40; I Timothy 5:9.
"Anna a prophetess." There were two people who came to see the baby Jesus in the temple. One
was Simeon whom little is said about (verse 34). The other was Anna. Why was so much said about her?
In the East, the position of a widow is very precarious. Once she has lost her husband, she can't take part
in any ceremony, social function, she can't wear jewels, good clothing, she is secluded. She lives this
simple life to show her devotion to her husband. To serve in the temple a woman must be:
1. Unmarried girl, 16 to 18 years old.
2. Not a "younger widow"—if a girl has not been married for seven years before her husband dies,
then she is a "younger widow." Younger widows must wait until they are 60 years old before they can serve.
Explanation of seven years. For a woman all her pedigrees must be given. People in the East would
say—"What kind of woman is this?" For a man, his name is enough. This woman was 84 years old,
married more than seven years, she is acceptable, she's been in the temple praying since she was
widowed. Young women can be accepted at 20; older women at 60.
Sometimes children—girls of eleven years of age, will marry a boy, say 13, but this is against the
law. But suppose her mother is sick and about to die, then she may say to her son, "Let me see my
daughter's marriage before I die." In order to please her, you will get a special license and get a boy of
her own kind and marry them. After this, they go back to school and don't see each other again until they
become of age—say 18—then they have another ceremony and they are married and the date is set by the
elders and the priest as to the time of their coming together. They don't come together in marriage until then.
Verses 36-38 I Timothy 5:9. Widows, temple service. Gave much information about Anna the
prophetess: how old she was, her father's name, husband's name, tribe, how long she was married, what
service she did in temple, etc. This information was given because she was a widow. Otherwise, no one
would believe her word. A man under the age of 30 is not believed to have reliable wisdom either. If a
virgin (unmarried) of 21 wants to join the temple for service, she may do so, but if she is a widow under
60 she may not do so if she did not live with her husband at least seven years. She is a "younger widow."
In I Timothy 5:9, Paul says not to take in a widow under 60 years old. It was believed that younger
widows were too inclined to follow after the world. A woman of 60 has better wisdom. Anna was 84
years old, and all that information was given on her to assure people of the reliability of her word. A
"widow indeed" is one over 60 years old or one who lived with her husband for at least seven years.
Temple service; woman. When Jesus was presented in the temple as a baby, there were two people
who blessed him. One was Simeon (verse 34) and the other was Anna. Notice the details given about
Anna, while none were given concerning Simeon.
The Eastern people do not accept the testimony of a woman, especially if she is a widow, unless she
is fully qualified. In the Eastern opinion, a fully qualified woman must have lived with a husband at least
seven years from her virginity or must be at least 60 years old. If a woman becomes a widow before she
has lived with her husband for seven years, she cannot join the temple to do service there until she is 60
years old because her testimony is not accepted. She may join the temple at any age if she is a widow
after having lived for seven years with a husband. Anna more than fulfilled these requirements and her
integrity was accepted.
Verse 40 The child grew and was strong in spirit.
Verses 41-49 Jesus in temple (age 12), children. Why did Mary and Joseph not miss Jesus for a whole
day's travel? Why had they not looked for him before? In the East, people travel on pilgrimages in large
groups (companies). All the girls travel in one group, all the boys in another, all the older in another, all
the middle-aged in another. Old men go first, then other groups on down the line.
Joseph and Mary returned to Jerusalem to find Jesus. When they found him in the temple, he asked,
"How is it that you sought me?", because it was established that any children who were separated from
parents should go to the temple to wait for them. The next sentence should be, "Know ye not that I must
be about my Father's house?" (not "business"). Jesus' ministry began when he was 30, not when he was
12. Jewish children are taught spiritual things from the time they are able to understand them—at least by
age 3 or 4. They are grounded at home night and day for teaching. The mother and father teach them
culture, civilization, good conduct and manners, etc., at home because it is their responsibility.
Verse 43 "The child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem...." When they go on journeys to the temple, they
usually travel with quite a few families together. All of the men go first, the women next, followed by
the boys and girls. The only time the families get together is when they eat or sleep. They must eat on
the road. If they are passing some other relatives house, they may not go eat with them. They have to
cook on the road and sleep near the road. In the temples the men stand first, the boys next, followed by
the girls and then the women. There are no chairs, everyone stands. In the Christian churches the women
sit, but in the Hindu and Jewish temples, they stand during the worship. There is a choir and sometimes
some of the boys are selected for it. After the service is over, some of the choir boys join the deacons and
have a sacrificial meal another place. That which is offered in the temple none should partake of it, so
those that take part in the service of God must go somewhere else. During the meal, they discuss the
things that were said in the church. The boys may question the priest and the priest may question the
boys, and the assistant priest may question and they become one in eating the meal. The choir boys are
permitted to take part because they have robes on. In the temples, there is a place where the missionaries
say and give good to the people.
Verse 44 "In the company." When family goes on a pilgrimage the grandfather leads—all the boys are
one company, all the girls are one company, all women same, all men. It puzzled Bishop why they went a
full day's journey because they always got the family together at meals.
Verses 44-49 Young Jesus in the temple. People usually traveled in companies in going to or from
Jerusalem. They walked in groups divided according to age and/or sex. That is how Mary and Joseph
could travel a day's journey without knowing that Jesus was not with them. They supposed he was
walking with the group of other young boys. Jesus was not disobedient to his parents. He was obedient
in every way. In verse 49, "business" is the wrong word to use. It should read, "where else can I be?
You can find me in the house of God." The temple is always a central meeting place if a group gets split
up. Children are instructed that if they should get lost or separated, to go wait in the temple for the
parents to pick them up. Many boys about 12 years old discussed with the priest because they were in the
choir. Only those in the choir could eat sacramental meal with the priest or discuss with him.
Verse 49 "...Wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business?" The Eastern translation is. "...Don't
you know that I would be in the house of God?"
Waiting in the temple. When the family travels with the company, if anyone gets lost or gets away
from the group, he will go to the temple. The others will go there to look for him.
Verse 51 The Bishop's translation says Christ went home with them and was obedient to his parents.
Verse 7 "Generation of vipers" should be "generation of black scorpions."
Verse 8 John called these people a generation of vipers (black scorpions). The father of the black
scorpion dies when the scorpion is born. Also, the mother dies because of birth. He is, therefore, left
without any parents to teach him or guide him. John says here he must see real repentance before baptism.
Verse 11 "Coats" should be shirts.
Verse 14 The soldiers in the olden days were different from the soldiers of today. They got a small
salary for the month and so, they would falsely charge the subjects, prosecute them, charge them more
money, etc. They did it in order to make up their wages and show their power.
"Be content with your wages." The Eastern soldiers are paid very little. The soldiers will rob the
people to make up for their small wages or they'll falsely accuse people to get money. The Hindus learn
to be satisfied with what they have—makes life happier.
Verse 15 Instead of the word "mused" it should be "thinking." Still not a good word.
Verse 16 The shoes in the olden days were tied from the foot to the knee, with leather straps. They took
a long time to unloose. Only slave servants did that work.
Verse 17 See also: Matthew 3:12. After the threshing is through, they will take the ears of the corn to
one side leaving the kernels which they gather together. Then they take the instrument, a fan, put the corn
in a pan and pour it out so that he may blow all the chaff from our life.
Verses 3 and 4 "It is written." Jesus was quoting from God's Word when he said this. Moment of
time—mental pressure.
Verse 8 "For it is written"; renewed mind. When the devil tempts, what is your arguments against him?
You cannot win a point with the devil by arguing with him or by showing your fist or your intelligence.
The only thing that the devil fears is your sword, the Word of Cod. It is a double-edged sword.
Whenever the devil attacks with unbelief, fear, animosity, etc., do not submit or argue. Rather use the
Word of God. The devil cannot be defeated with the flesh. He fears only the Word of God. A Christian
using the Word of God scares the devil quicker than he can scare the Christian. Mentions Philippians
4:19 during teaching.
Verse 16 They always stand up to read the Bible and sit down to teach. Sometimes they stand up to teach.
Verse 18 "Bruised" should be "pressed."
Verse 19 To accept the time of the grace of God. (Translation.)
Verses 1-11 Fisherman, nets. Fishermen in the East live on the seashore in little mud huts which wash
away when the storms come. Their only property is the net. They have no furniture, etc. They cook in
mud pots. The nets cost only about $10-15, but when they forsook their nets (verse 11) to follow Jesus, it
was more than forsaking a million dollars because it was all that they had. There is a great sentimental
value to the nets because they are handed down from father to son for many generations. The net is their
capital on which they have lived for generations. They live from day to day. If they do not catch fish,
there is starvation. These men caught nothing all night, so they were washing their nets. Once they have
washed their nets, even if all the angels came and told them to try again, they would not because it was a
bad sign for them. It was against culture and tradition. When Jesus spoke to the fishermen, they broke all
tradition and obeyed his voice. Their nets were filled. Likewise, we should not come to God with our
tradition, but rather obey the Word and our nets will be filled. It is impossible for God to bless us when
we do not do what He says.
Verses 2-5 Fishermen. The Eastern fishermen are very poor. They live from hand to mouth. If they
don't catch fish, then they have nothing to eat. They have no land or possessions. They will build their
hut on the sands. They move their hut from place to place on the seashore. Their nets are their only
property. If a fisherman forsakes his net, it is more than a rich man giving all his wealth. The net is
sentimental, sacramental, the very life of the fisherman. When they catch fish, the wife will take it into
the market and sell it to buy rice and other food. They have no food laid up. Once a person washes his
net in the morning, he will not use it until that night. Washing the net is a ceremony. But Jesus Christ
said cast it so he did, when the Lord says—you do it.
Verse 8 ''Knees" should be "feet."
Verse 18 The bed is a quilt, sheet and a pillow. It is like a stretcher carried by four people.
Verse 19 "Tiling" is really a kind of window made of wood. "Tiling" should be window made of wood.
Verse 24 "Couch" should be bed.
Verse 27 The publicans are tax collectors in the East. This is a very disgraceful position in the East. No
man will eat with a tax collector because they are cruel. They beat the people, take away their property
and treat people very disgracefully. They hate a publican worse than an untouchable as far as eating is
Verse 31 Even today the physicians are mostly religious men. They don't know anything about
medicine at all, but they just expect the patient to have faith in whatever they give them. The people are
healed, not because of what he gives them, but because of the confidence or faith in the holy man.
Verses 33-35 Children of bridechamber, fasting. "Children of bridechamber" is the name given to the
invited guests to the marriage ceremony. While the guests are with the groom, they enjoy all the
pleasures in the marriage home and do not fast then. But the days come when the groom is taken away
and then begins their fast. The bridegroom is spirit. Fasting is flesh. When a person forsakes walking
after the spirit, then he follows the flesh. Fasting is a man made idea (not God-ordained). There are two
kinds of fasting: (1.) man ordained fasting-going without food for two or three days. He feels that he will
feel healthy. Then also he feels he will be able to concentrate better on an empty stomach. The mind
wanders on a full stomach. (The idea was not that God will have pity on him, or that God will forgive him.)
Verse 34 "The children of the bridechamber" means all those that are guests at the wedding. The people
that go to the wedding don't fast until after the wedding. When the bride and bridegroom go on the
honeymoon then they begin to fast.
Verse 36 Translation needed.
Verses 36-39 New garment upon old. "No man will put a piece of new garment upon an old."
"Garments" are thoughts. One cannot put a new thought, a material thought, with the old or spiritual
thought. They would not agree. We cannot serve two masters. Spiritual and material thoughts will not
mix. This is the warfare that Paul had in him. "Wine" also is thoughts: new wine is material thoughts.
Old wine is spiritual. Bottles are our consciousness inside. Both old and new must be separated but both
are preserved. No man can serve two masters. We are foolish to walk by the flesh. (II Corinthians 6:15.)
Verses 37 and 38 "Bottles"—goatskin bottles.
Verse 1 The Pharisees did not complain why they picked the ears of corn that belonged to someone else,
because you are permitted to eat the food of someone else as long as you are passing there. They were
questioning the rubbing in their hands. You have to rub the corn to get in to eat. Rubbing the corn in
their hands is working and so they were complaining about the work.
Verse 20 "Poor" should be "humble."
Verse 21 Translation: "Hunger for righteousness sake." "...that weep..." means those that are
persecuted and oppressed by the wrong governments and kings.
Verse 24 Translation: "But woe unto you that are rich deceitfully." Refers to those who have gotten
rich in a crooked way.
Verse 25 Translation: "Woe unto you that have an abundance of things...." They shall hunger for Christ.
Verse 28 Instead of "despitefully use you" it should be "force you to do work for Him." Compel you to
carry baggage. In this passage the word "curse" means curse.
See I Samuel 12:17.
Verse 29 "Unto him that toucheth thee on the one cheek..." it should read. Touching the cheek is an
insult in the Oriental countries. Cloak and coat go together. If a man wants to take your cloak, give him
your coat also because that will give him a full spirit. "Cloak" should be robe.
See also: Matthew 5:39. "Smite thee on thy right cheek"—to touch someone on the cheek is a great insult.
Verse 30 "Give to every man that asketh of thee." If you have it to give then give it. All that we have is
not our own. We are only trustees of it. It all belongs to God. Give and it comes back.
Verse 38 "...pressed down and running over...." The measure they use to measure wheat in is about 8"
long, about 3" or 4" in diameter. He shakes the measure and then puts some more on top of it. They take
time to press it together, shake it down and then fill it up. It is like a jug, open at the top and closed at the
bottom. Used to measure oil, wheat, corn, etc. Made of wood or steel. "Bosom"—when a person buys
these things, they open their veil or garment into a pouch in the front and the grain is poured in. Ruth
3:15, "...bring the veil that thou hast upon thee, and hold it...."
"Good measure, pressed down." Rice, wheat, salt are all given out by measure and not by weight.
They measure a lot of things in a measure 6" long and 3" wide. When someone wants to have a measure
of something, they will fill the measure, shake it, press down the grain and then fill it to running over.
With the first measure the man gives out he will say—"Blessing of God be with you." He will say this
instead of, "one" then "two," "three." Second measure is not pressed down as much.
Verse 40 It should be "perfect in understanding, or perfect in spirit."
Verse 41 "Mote and beam." Oriental figure of speech. "Mote"—this is a little fault, a little speck.
"Beam." This is a big fault. Get rid of our sins before we try to help someone else. Try to correct
ourselves first.
Mote in brother's eye. Do not criticize a brother for a little fault (mote) unless you are willing to take
out the big fault (beam) in your life. Be gracious, kind, generous, loving to help brother remove the mote
from his eye. Qualify yourself by getting rid of the beam in your own eye. Unbelief in a believer is the
biggest beam there is. Every believer that is suffering has that beam in his eye. Assassinating the
character of a man is a great sin. If he has a fault, go tell him—do not tell everybody else. Things that
are said against the believers are from the devil. Praise God there are those who would lay down their life
for the believers.
Verse 7 "You say the word from where you are" is a common thing.
Verse 12 The people in the East have sympathy for the widows.
Verse 14 The "bier" is like a hospital stretcher. It stands on four wheels. They put the dead bodies on
it. The Christians and Mohammedans put them in a casket. They dress the body in their best clothes and
jewelry and four of the relatives carry it. That is what they call a "bier." The whole city likes to look at
the man for the last time. They don't close the casket because everybody must see the dead body.
A wheel is on an open hospital stretcher type thing which carries the dead body, so everyone on the
street can see the dead man's face. It is rolled on four wheels. They did not use coffins; they remembered
the record of Jesus touching the bier and raising the widow's son in Luke 7:14. After the body is buried,
the bier is broken, despite its beauty. Whatever belongs to the dead man must not return home with anyone.
Verse 23 Instead of "offended" it should be "those that don't misunderstand me."
Verse 24 The reeds are in the sugarcane family but they are not sugarcane. They grow five or six feet
long in the wilderness wherever there is a little water. About 12 o'clock during the day, the reeds fall
down to the ground and about 4 or 6 o'clock in the evening, they rise up again.
Reed. People went out to the wilderness to hear John speak. Reed: species of sugar cane which
grows wild, about 4' tall, hollow. Bend down during heat of day. At 5:00 p.m., when east wind comes,
they rise up again and people go to watch. Jesus wanted to know if the people went just to see this sight
or to hear John teach. What are our eyes on now? They should be on Christ rather than the world.
Where is our attention focused?
Can insult a person by beating-with a reed. Does not hurt physically, but humiliates. Jesus was
given vinegar sponge on a reed at the cross. Same insult with beating a man with palms of hands. Jesus
was beaten in such a manner.
"Reed shaken in the wind." These reeds are a member of sugarcane family. They grow where there
is little water. They grow to be about 4' to 5' tall. During the heat of the day, they all lie down almost
touching the ground. In the evening, they all gracefully rise up. The people go out at about 5:00 or 6:00
to watch them.
Reed shaken in the wind. Reeds are a species of sugarcane, they grow up wherever there is a little
water, in the woods, jungles and bushes. They grow by the thousands. They are 4' to 5' long and the
leaves are like sugarcane leaves. During the heat of the day they all lie down and bend down; almost
touching the ground. During the evening the reeds all gracefully by themselves, rise up. People run to
watch this happen around 5 or 6 o'clock in the evening. Jesus wanted to know if the people went into the
wilderness to see the reeds shaking in the wind, or did they go there to hear what John the Baptist had to
say about Christ? Do we go to church to see the stained glass windows, the organ, the choir or to keep
our eyes on the Lord? Reed "shaken" or "reed rising up."
"A reed shaken in the wind." John sent messengers to Jesus Christ. Jesus answered and told the
messengers what to tell John. Then he spoke to the people about John. Not a reed "shaken" in the wind.
"A reed rising up by the wind," is the correct translation. In the East, in the wilderness, reeds grow by the
thousands, wherever there is a little water. It is not planted, it grows wild. From these reeds, they make
flutes. In the heat of the day, the reeds all bend down, close to touching the ground. In the evening, they
all rise up by themselves. It is a beautiful sight, and people go to watch them. "When you went to the
wilderness to hear John, what was the purpose? Did you go to see the reeds shaken? Did you go just to
watch the reeds rising up? Or did you keep your eyes and ears on what John the Baptist said? Did you
only see the sight or did you go to listen?"
Verse 25 John was not clothed in soft raiment. He was clothed in goats' hair.
Verses 31-34 Children in marketplace. In the East, outside of the marketplace, there are some boys
anywhere from 14 to 18 years old. One sits at entrance of marketplace and several boys gather around
him. He has a flute in his hand made of reed pipe and he plays a song on it. He begins with the song of
joy and then changes to the song of mourning. The people respond to the songs. If anyone did not, then
those who did respond would go after them saying, "Have you become so engrossed with material things
that you do not have heart enough to respond to the songs played by the boy?"
"We have piped unto you and you have not danced"—song of joy. "We have mourned to you and
you have not wept"—song of mourning.
Verses 33, 34: John the Baptist and Jesus Christ both came with the song of joy, but many did not
respond, yet nobody would go against them and ask why they did not respond. The world is too busy to
respond to the song played by Jesus Christ. If a person did not respond to the children in the marketplace,
everyone got angry at them.
Verse 32 "Children" means not only those of five and six years old, but also those of 16 and 18. It is an
Eastern tradition that the people in the market must stop buying and selling to respond to the song.
See Isaiah 55:1.
That's why Jesus said in the Bible, "They are like children in the market. We have piped, unto you
and ye have not danced." Matthew 11:17, Luke 7:32. Then as you come inside there is a baker's boy
going around selling bread, open basket with bread that his mother or auntie made, he may have fish to go
with it. He has a feather to fan to keep the flies out. Whenever there is a congregation of people in the
East, there is always a baker's lad.
See Isaiah 42:3.
Verse 36 Washing of feet, tear bottle, gift. This woman knew that she was a sinner and she knew that
Jesus was eating at Simon's house. So, she went to see him and obtain forgiveness. According to the
custom, she could not go to a man of God (guru) empty-handed. To three people one cannot go emptyhanded:
priest, pregnant woman and a person sick in the hospital. In the Old Testament, God says to take
a pot of honey when visiting the prophet. When a man of God visits the home, he is offered a silver tray
of flowers, fruit and nuts as he leaves. He chooses a few things off of it. If money is given it is laid at his
feet in an envelope (i.e., Acts 5). Easterners love perfumes and this woman brought her costliest to Jesus.
She stood at his feet behind him. Woman could not stand equal with men. Easterners do not sit in chairs,
they sit on a carpet with their legs crossed and eat food with fingers. The woman began weeping and
washing Jesus' feet with tears. Remember, she was standing behind him but she could do this because he
was seated on the floor.
How long would it take for her to cry enough tears to wash his feet with. Especially in Jewish homes
and homes of some of the primitive tribes that live on the mountains, a tear bottle is kept for each member
of the family. It is about six inches long and about an inch and a half wide. It is made so that liquid in it
will not evaporate. Whenever a person cries, he collects the tears in the bottle. The bottle is closely
protected because when a person is buried, the tear bottle must be buried with him. They believe that any
tears shed for a spiritual cause will be rewarded by God. Those are the only tears which go into the
bottle. If the house is on fire, the tear bottles are saved first—not the furniture. In Psalm 56:8, David
mentioned the tear bottle. It is a disgrace to be buried without the tear bottle. It is the most precious thing
to sacrifice because they believe that the tears shed for the glory of God help them get into heaven.
Why did the woman use her hair to wipe Jesus' feet? A woman's hair is the glory of her head. She
was indicating to everyone there that her own glory was good enough only to wash Jesus' feet with. She
showed extreme humility. Then she kissed his feet. Eastern men and women are allowed to kiss each
other on the forehead, crown of head, cheek, but a kiss on the feet implies confession of sin—even among
men when one has wronged another. Any other kiss would be a display of respect or affection. Psalm
12:2 says to kiss the son (Jesus Christ). It refers to kissing the feet to ask for forgiveness. Not a word
needs to be said when the feet are kissed—both parties understand. Jesus knew the significance of kissing
the feet and he said to her, "Thy sins are forgiven."
Verses 36 and 38 Psalm 56:8. Tears; washing the feet. How could the woman stand behind Jesus and
wash his feet and kiss them? It is because Easterners do not sit in chairs like Westerners do. They sit on
the floor. The woman could stand by his side and reach his feet.
Why did she bring a gift (alabaster box of ointment)? In the East, a person would never go empty
handed to visit a doctor, priest, sick person or pregnant woman. In this case, the woman was visiting her lord.
How did she get enough tears to wash his feet? She could never accumulate enough by crying just
once. Easterners keep "tear bottles" in their homes. Whenever they cry for something concerning God,
for which they expect a reward, they collect the tears in the bottle and preserve them there. These are
tears from weeping and praying. Each member of the household has his own bottle which is buried with
him at his death. It is a disgrace among some Easterners to be buried without the bottle. They believe
that the bottle goes with them to heaven and they will receive a reward for each tear in the bottle. If a
woman sacrifices her tear bottle, it is more than giving all the millions of dollars in the world. It is a
custom to do for a holy man that one respects very much.
See Psalm 56:8—David was telling God that whatever he did for God was recorded in God's book.
He did not have to bring the tear bottle to remind him.
In Luke again, the woman wiped Jesus' feet with her hair. An Eastern woman's hair is her glory and
is very long. She was showing her humility and submission. She was saying that her glory was good
enough only to wash his feet.
She kissed his feet. Easterners are entitled to greet one another with a holy kiss—a kiss on the hand,
forehead or cheek which shows respect and affection. It was significant that she kissed his feet instead
because it meant that she was ready to confess her sins to him. It is an act of asking for forgiveness.
(Psalm 2:12) She showed a desire to be reconciled.
Verses 36-38,48,50 Women are not invited to dinner alone in the East. Everyone knew she was a
sinner, bearing of gifts is for four people:
1. Pregnant woman; 2. Sick person; 3. Prophet of God; and 4. A king.
Eastern way to show honor is to walk a little behind the guest—woman stood behind Christ.
Tear bottle—Eastern people are buried with their tear bottle. 6" long, 2" wide, designed so tears will
not evaporate. There is a reward for every tear which is shed before God, only tears shed for kingdom of
God; disgrace not to be buried with it. If their house was burning, the first thing they would save is their
tear bottle.
See also: Psalm 56:8.
Alabaster box of ointment. This woman invited herself. She bought a box of alabaster ointment.
Custom says when you meet a holy man you must carry something in your hand: flowers, fruit, money,
anything. You cannot meet them with an empty hand. In the East, you cannot go see empty handed: (1.)
priest; (2.) pregnant woman in the family way; (3.) person sick in the hospital; and (4.) own doctor. This
woman paid a lot for this highly priced perfume. She could have bought something cheap. She didn't
because her love was great for a master she'd never seen. So, she gave much. She stood behind Christ.
Women always stand behind the men—a sign of respect showing that he was the head of the family. He
must increase, I must decrease. He's God's man. Submission to the husband. She wept, washed the feet
of Christ with her tears. How long do you think she must have cried to wash his feet? She had a tear
bottle, 6" long x 2" wide, so that the water doesn't evaporate. Each member of the family kept a tear
bottle. Any time the people wept for tears of joy, they put them in the bottle. When they're dead, the tear
bottle is buried with them. It's a disgrace to bury them without one (just as it's a disgrace for son not to be
at the funeral). Only "good tears" go into the bottle—tears for the glory of God which you expect a
reward for the good of mankind you've done. Psalm 56:8— David knew he didn't need a tear bottle.
The Orientals will sacrifice these tear bottles for holy men. "Since you're here, holy man, I don't
need any rewards in heaven. You are my salvation." When this much respect is evident, they'll give up
their tear bottles. This woman loved Jesus enough and was prepared to be buried in disgrace. She
believed in him. She was willing to suffer the consequences. The long hair of the woman is the glory of
her head. She brought her glory down in order to wash his feet. "Lord, my glory is only good enough to
wash your feet." Shows extreme humility. She kissed the feet. Shows confessions of sins and willing to
be reconciled to the wronged person (story of the daysmen). You don't have to say a word asking for
forgiveness. When you kiss one's feet, it implies that. Verse 48: "Thy sins are forgiven thee."
If we have faith, we should demonstrate it even as she. She was centered in Christ—her only care.
God knew her heart, just as He knew the others. As Paul said, "I count everything but dung for the
excellency of the knowledge of Christ."
Verses 36-38, 44-50 "Wash his feet with tears." Women do not usually go into where men are if they
are uninvited, this woman went any way to meet Jesus. "An alabaster box of ointment" is the highest
priced perfume. When a king's son is born all must bring gold or frankincense as a gift. You must also
take something for the priest, rabbi, prophet, doctor, pregnant woman or a person in the hospital who is
sick. At the meal the people sit on a cushion. When the man and woman are walking, the man walks a
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little before the woman. Also, if a man has great respect for another man, he will walk shortly behind
him. That's why she stood behind Jesus. John 3:30 refers to this walking behind.
Some of the tribes in the East keep a tear bottle. If they weep for joy or something that has to do
with God, then they will put their tears in this bottle. The bottle is very precious. When they die, this
bottle is buried with them and they are rewarded according to the number of tears which they have in their
bottle. It is a disgrace to be buried without the tear bottle. Only righteous tears go in.
Verse 38 "...and began to wash his feet with tears...." Many people think, how could this woman get so
many tears? They think that she must have been at the feet of Jesus long enough to get enough tears to
wash his feet. That is not a good translation. The answer is, she brought the tear bottle with her. Every
person has a tear bottle with them and every family, when they cry, let the tears flow into the bottle. Then
if they want to make a sacrifice and they are supposed to give the tears, the bottle is buried with them
when they die. The tears represent all their heartaches and headaches. The tear bottle is the biggest
sacrifice they can make. Many a woman sacrificed her tear bottle to Gandhi. They bring their tear bottle
to the holy man of whom they have greatest respect and whom they think will forgive sins. In other
words, through whom they think they will find the peace of God. This woman brought her alabaster box
of ointment and tear bottle to sacrifice. The hair of a woman is her glory and she put her glory at the feet
of Jesus. In the East, men and women can kiss each other at parties—man and wife also. In the big
functions the host kisses everybody—men and women alike. That is why it says, "Greet one another with
a holy kiss." Here in the West, they like the Bible, but they are afraid to practice it. Why did this woman
kiss the feet of the lord? Why did she not kiss in the middle of the forehead like the custom was? First,
because she was confessing sin and second, it signified consecration to him. They kiss many times in the
street where many people will see them and it knocks his pride down.
"Wash his feet." She gave the tears from her tear bottle to wash his feet, when you love, no price is
too high. She wipes him with her hair, hair is a glory of a woman. This showed humility. Hindus
believe in the third eye in the forehead and the holy kiss is given to the woman on her forehead or on the
crown of the head or the hand. Women do the same for men. This woman could have kissed Jesus on the
hand, but she kissed him on the feet. Kissing the feet is confessing the sins that a person has committed
against the one he is kissing (Psalm 2:12, "kiss the son"). To kiss the feet is to ask for forgiveness.
Reconciliation if you are a guest, especially close relative, they pour oil on you the first day with message
like in Psalm 133:1, 4 refers to.
"Anointed the feet." This is a sign of respect. She did not care what others would think, she was
centered on Christ.
See Psalm 56:8.
Verse 45 "Kissing the feet" implies the woman was confessing a sin. She was willing to be forgiven.
Verse 3 Scrip. Easterners carry bed wherever they go. Do not believe in sleeping in other people's
beds. Carry quilt, sheets, pillow. Scrip = bed. Staves = sticks to ward off things such as snakes and
scorpions. Carry only what wearing. God will supply all needs and will be protection (stave). Don't be
like worldly people loaded down with things as if they have no one to help them.
Verse 58 See also: Matthew 8:20.
"foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests." When male and female fox or bird get together,
they make a home for themselves. When Jesus says he has "no where to lay his head," he is saying he
does not have a wife and a home.
Verse 59 Matthew 8:21,22. Jesus said to the man, come, follow me. He said, "I must go and bury my
father." Matthew 8:21,22; Luke 9:59. "Let the city bury their dead." If you don't come home to carry out
this act, you will be disgraced when you do go home, humiliated. Jesus told them this is the price they'd
have to pay to follow him. To bear the shame and humiliation.
Verse 62 "Put his hand to the plough." Small wooden plows are used for cultivation. They cut about 2"
of ground each time. The man holds the plow with one hand. He holds two-foot long goad in the other
hand. He uses the goad to keep the oxen straight so the furrows will be straight. If he looks back, the
oxen will stray off a straight course.
See Acts 26:14.
"Put his hand to the plough." You need two oxen, cows, buffaloes or donkeys to work a plough.
You can't use one of one kind and another of a different kind. (Be not unequally yoked together.) They
hold the plough in one hand and a goad in the other. When the animal is pricked, it will kick. The harder
it kicks, the more it gets pricked.
Cultivation in the East is done by small plows. They have a pair of bullocks. The wooden plow
won't do more than 2" ground at a time. The man holds a goad—stick (2' long, needle at its end) in one
hand; he holds the plow in the other. If the man doesn't goad the oxen, they won't go straight. If they
won't go straight, the furrows go all wrong. We must look forward with our eyes ahead, on Him. If we
refuse to follow God, looking back, there is no plowing. Our victory is in our walk, with a forward
outlook and this is where our prosperity and success is. Why worry? Luke 9:62. The goad is needed in
the East because oxen go around.
Acts 9:5; 26:14. An ox is paired with another under the yoke. One ox wants to be a little naughty,
does not want to go straight, so as he tries to turn, the man pricks. When you prick, the ox kicks back.
Why? Because he kicks back to the prick again because the man leaves the prick down there. Paul, it's
hard to kick against the pricks—you cannot fight God and His truth. The more you fight it, the more you
kick against the prick.
The goad is needed in the East because oxen go around.
Put hand to plow. "Is not fit" should be "is not in accord." To say that someone is "not fit" would
mean there was no chance for him. But to say he is "not in accord with the kingdom of God" gives him a
chance to change tomorrow.
The Eastern plow is a small wooden plow with a piece of metal attached to it which cuts the ground.
It cuts an inch at a time and may take ten days or more to plow an acre of land. The plow is pulled by
oxen, cow or buffalo. The law is that two animals must be used under the wooden yoke which goes
across their necks and is fixed by a leather strap. Only one hand can be placed on the plow. The animals
pulling must be of the same kind: cannot use heifer (young cow) with cow, buffalo with ox, etc. That is
why Paul says, "Be ye not unequally yoked together" (II Corinthians 6:14). They would not pull together
the same way. Heifer would backslide if put under the yoke with a cow (Hosea 4:16). Easterners marry
relatives so that they are equally yoked together and have not so many problems. The plowman puts his
left hand to the plow and in his right hand holds a goad (stick) about 2' long with a nail at the end. He
pricks the thighs of the animals if they do not go the right way. If the animal kicks back, he "kicks
against the pricks" (Acts 9:5) because the plowman holds the goad there. The animals, therefore, pricks
himself by kicking. If the plowman looks away or backward, the animals stray and the furrow becomes
crooked. When a man in Christ Jesus, who is walking with Christ, looks away and back at the world,
there is crookedness in his life and he does not go ahead.
"Kingdom of God"—kingdom ruled by God, not the one which is ruled by Christ when he comes
again. According to Oriental philosophy, the foundation of the kingdom of God is that God made man in
His likeness and image, so man is spiritual, perfect and complete. Man lives, moves and has his being in
God and is inseparable from God unless the man wills to separate himself from God. Man has dominion
over all of God's creation. We have all sufficiency in all things in God. At that moment, he becomes
defeated, frustrated, unhappy. One cannot plow properly by looking back. Must trust in God.
Verses 1-4 Verse 4: "Salute no man (by the way—the world)"—here it is meaning #2 as given below.
(No begging from the world.)
"Scrip"—bedding rolled up (they believe they must not sleep in another's bed so they carry their own
bed with them.
"Shoes"—sandals, usually wear one pair on the road, carry another good pair. Two meanings for
salutation: (1.) "Good morning" etc., as given above (saluting); and (2.) Solicitation—begging the
people. We can tell our needs to those in the way so they may have privilege of sharing with us, but we
do not ask from those by the way, "We have no business telling people of the world our troubles. We
disgrace God when we do."
See also: II Kings 4:29.
Verses 1-11 In the way; purse, scrip, salute. Verse 4: do not carry any money (purse), or bed (scrip), or
extra sandals (shoes) and salute no man by the way.
Salute: (1.) greeting, (2.) solicitation—begging for help. Jesus did not mean for them not to speak to
anyone but rather not to solicit help. "By the way" means the people of the world. They were not to
solicit help from people of the world, but they could solicit help from people "in the way"—Christians.
Before born-again believers were called Christians, they were called "followers of the way." Christians
belong to the household of faith and that is where we go for help—within the Body. We have the
privilege of sharing with each other. Be grateful when we can help someone. Giving is a blessing both
ways. Do not depend upon the arm of flesh for support but rather on the Christ in the believers.
Everything I have and everything you have belongs to God. We are stewards only—that's within the household.
Verse 5: "Peace be on this house." When you bring a blessing on a home, the inhabitants will bless
you. In East, a person would stand outside the home and sing this blessing and the people would come
out and invite the singer in and bless him abundantly. Holy men were highly respected. It was "seeking
the kingdom of God first" to give priority to these men and bless them first and foremost in every aspect.
Verse 3 "Soliciting nothing from any man along the way." Shalom means peace. Aleckun—be unto
you. The word bye means brothers. Palestine is a Hindu word meaning "Pilestan"—brothers in front of
us. Egypt—Igupta, meaning closest relative and neighbor.
Verses 3-11 Salute. Purse has to do with money. Scrip is bed. Shoes are sandals. "Salute no man by
the way." Did Christ teach them not to be courteous? No. This has two meanings: (1.) salutation; and
(2.) solicitation.
"You are not to carry any money, bedding." Everybody in the East carries their own bedding, even if
you visit your own family. The bedding consists of a feather quilt and a couple of sheets, pillows and a
rug all rolled up together, strapped together and carried on their back. They'll spread this on the mattress
in the other people's homes. Eastern people don't believe in sleeping in other people's clothes.
Here it means solicit (1.) salvation and (2.) solicitation no man by the way. Don't scrounge on
others. Don't beg from those by the way. People by the way are of the world. People of the way are of
the Lord.
We must not depend on the arm of the flesh, but to rely on the strength of God. We shouldn't rely on
the world to support the ministry, we should be sharing with the people of God (of the way).
Our minds must be consistent with the spirit of God. This is to try the spirits (I John 4:1).
Verse 4 "Salute no man by the way." And don't carry any money with you. "Scrip" means bed. Salute
has two meanings: (1.) say good morning, good evening; and (2.) to solicit people, ask people for
support. The followers of Jesus Christ are of the way, we ask for support from people of the way, not by
the way. You don't ask unbelievers for money, only those "of the way."
Matthew 10:12. Jesus told the disciples not to accept hospitality from everybody. Go not from
house to house. There is no hostess (she is in kitchen), there is only host. Each sits at a small table with
the guest of honor seated at right of the host. Everybody has a little individual table all set together in a
line. Everyone knows what seat they should take. If one takes a lower seat, host asks him to come up and
everybody stands. Jesus Christ said if you take a lower seat, you'll receive worship of men.
Eastern bread is flat and three pieces are put on each man's plate. Host says the grace and then dips
the bread and places it in the mouth of the honored guest, then everyone eats.
See II Kings 4:24-29.
Salute no man in the way, no scrip. Incidents on trust. Matthew 6:33. When Bishop served God, he
was treated like a king. When he was serving man, he had to stand like a fool in a queue. We must love
others first before we receive love. Most people want to live contrary to the law (of giving).
Bishop's mother never ate alone at breakfast. She always had someone come to eat with her. (Mark
8:35—Jesus said this.) Christians should lack nothing. III John 2; II Corinthians 9:8. The principles
work. We (squawk in background) must operate them. Show religion not by talking but by doing. James 1:22.
Salute no man by the way. "Shoes" should be sandals. "Scrip" means bedding.
When Eastern people go on a trip, they will take an extra pair of sandals with them in their bedding.
Jesus was telling the 70 not to take an extra pair (for dress up) with them. Dress in India differs with how
you were brought up. Some people go about business in a loin cloth.
Salute—whenever a holy man smiles at someone while he is on the road, that person will come and
help him. Jesus did not want his disciples to solicit from someone by the way. Only ask for help from
those in the way. By the way—people of the world. Of the way— children of God.
See Acts 19:23.
See Mark 10:46-52.
Salute; washing of feet. Purse—money. Scrip—bedding. Shoes—sandals. (Easterners wear old
sandals when traveling and carry an extra pair of good sandals to wear when they approach the city. Jesus
was telling them not to carry extra. Why do Easterners wear sandals? (1.) The climate is very warm; and
(2.) Every time a person goes out or in, he washes his feet. Jesus spoke about it and said that he who
bathed needs not to wash again, except for his feet. The defilement of dust gets on the feet whenever a
person goes out. They feared being contaminated by dust where lepers had walked. A rich man has a
servant at the door to wash guests' feet in tub of water. The guest removes his shoes and throws them at
the servant who places them by the tub. He then washes the guest's feet and dries them with a towel. It is
a great honor for a guest. To cast the shoes out upon someone is to imply they are subjugated.
Jesus was sending these men out carrying no extras. He was saying to them that God would be their
sufficiency and provide. In the East, holy men are gladly cared for by everyone—even if they are strangers.
"Salute no man by the way"—there are two types of salutations in the East: (1.) greetings, and (2.)
solicitation. In this verse, the latter meaning is used. Jesus did not want them begging for help from
people by the way. People in the family of God share with one another. If a believer needs help, he
should ask another believer. People "of the way" or "in the way" are born-again believers, Christians.
But people "by the way" are people of the world and should not be turned to for help.
Verse 7 Judges 19:20. Hospitality, guest. Judges 19:1-9. Concubines. "Go not from house to house."
In villages in the East, there is a little park in the center. There is a well, few trees, wall around it, a few
seats of brick for travelers. Located in street, but it is not a street (Judges 19:20). It is the village
common. About 6:00 p.m., the travelers congregate there. The high cast Hindus believe that they must
not eat without treating a guest, so they go to the village common to find a traveler to bring home with
them for dinner. Treating a guest is like treating an angel. He must be fed first. It is seeking first the
kingdom of God to them. The villagers beg the travelers to come with them. So questions are asked—in
the East, one's need is his recommendation. Basis for Eastern hospitality is that giving to a stranger or
anyone is giving to God.
After dinner the stranger is constrained to stay on and on, day after day, meal after meal. (See
Judges 19:1-9 for good example of this.) A traveler can live off hospitality. Jesus was saying for them
not to continue accepting hospitality or they would have no time to preach.
Judges 19:1-9: Having concubines is an old Eastern practice. Arabs can marry five or ten wives, but
Hindus marry one wife and keep several other women also as concubines. If a woman is barren, she will
persuade her husband to marry someone else (usually her sister), but she is still head of the house. That's
the only way Hindus have more than one wife. Abraham and Jacob both had two wives—they were
Semitic people. Hindus are not Semitic but Arian. Their law says one man, one woman. But if the
woman is incapable of producing children, she will persuade her husband to take another wife and she
chooses usually her own sister. There is a special permit under these conditions. The first wife is the
head and that is why a sister is chosen—so she will be subordinate.
"Concubine" means kept woman, but she calls him "husband." Verses 2,3. Eastern custom: If you
think that a person has done you wrong, you go to him or her and speak to that person. If he doesn't
listen, take two with you and speak to that person. If he still doesn't listen, take him before the elders of
the gate (or before the Church later on). Don't talk behind his back against him.
This section of scripture is a good example of Eastern hospitality where the guest would be begged
to stay on meal after meal, night after night.
"From house to house." Eastern hospitality—they believe that God is in everyone and they receive
everyone as if he were God and they will keep him as long as they can persuade him to stay.
Verses 10 and 11 Shake off the dust of your feet. Jesus did not coin these idioms. He picked them up
from the people. He used those familiar to the people to teach them. He used idioms which existed
before him, but his message is unique.
Buddha never gave these messages. Only Christ gave life more than abundantly. Only Christ is the
life-giver. Buddha was the blind leading the blind. Christ was the light of the world.
Dust is symbolic of hatred, malice, grudge, animosity. This means leave all the negatives behind.
Shake them off. Don't carry this dust in your heart and mind—it'll ruin you. Bitterness, anger are
poisons. You may be right in carrying it, but it will ruin you.
Verse 29 "Who is my neighbor." Our neighbor is one who is in need. Any one can build a church, even
the devil can build a church. Christ demands a transformation of soul, a change of the heart of man.
The Eastern people wash their feet every time they enter a house. They wash their feet because they
believe all the dust and mud and muck gets on the feet. Two reasons for wearing sandals:
1. It is easy to throw them off to wash their feet;
2. They are afraid they might kill some insects or germs on the road.
See John 13:10.
Verses 34 and 35 Good Samaritan. "Two pence" here means some money. There was no charge at the
inn but the man left some money (extra) just to be sure that all of the person's needs are met.
Verse 35 See Joshua 2:1.
I Kings 17:12; Matthew 18:20. Two. Means "some"; a "few;" a "group." Two pence = some
money. Two sticks—some sticks. Two or three gathered together = a group. May be 200 people, not
just two or three.
Inns for travelers. In the inns in the East, the travelers do not have to pay for room and board
because the inns are supported by the village. The two pence actually means "some money." The good
Samaritan was not paying for the stay of himself and the injured man he had found on the road, but the
money was for something extra. God picked us up off the road also, and healed us and cared for us, as he
continues to do, and He is always giving us "something extra." Every believer is treated specially.
"Two pence." The inn did not charge anything for food and lodging. Here this "two" means some.
This money was to cover for something special for the man, for it did not cover the food and lodging.
"Two pence." This was not just for board and lodging. It means some pence. This was additional
money to cover any expenses which the man had. Inns don't charge anything for board and lodging. God
always does something extra for us.
Verses 35ff The Samaritan took out two pence (2¢) to pay for the keep of this injured traveler. Two
pence meant he gave them some money to care for this man in a special way—things which the inn did
not provide free of charge (room and board are always free to travelers). He said I will repay if you spend
more than this.
Verses 39-42 "One thing is needful." Jesus went to Martha and Mary's home for dinner. Martha was
cooking and Mary was sitting at Jesus' feet listening to him. Martha wanted Jesus to bid Mary to go help
Martha to serve the food. Jesus answered and said, "You are anxious and troubled about many things.
But ONLY one thing is needful..." That is a spiritual sense of existence. We exist, live and walk by the
spirit. Spirit is substance, matter is not. God is real and true. Matter is illusion, failing, not real. There is
no substance in matter. The one thing we need is a spiritual sense of existence. Material things fail.
Spiritual has substance, for it is of God: unfailing. Spiritual alone satisfies the human heart. Make
material things incidental—and not fundamental.
Verse 3 Daily bread. Lord's prayer. This bread is not for physical body. We need not ask for bread
when we know II Corinthians 9:8. In the East, it is translated, "Give us this day grace for today, to feed
our famished affections.''
Verse 4 Lead us not into temptation. Lord's prayer. "Lead us not into temptation," is not lead, it is
"let." God doesn't lead us into temptations. We lead ourselves by our lust into temptations.
Verse 5 See Matthew 7:9,10.
Verses 5-7 "Three loaves." Eastern bread is like a pancake only it is as wide as a plate and as thick.
Three pieces are placed in front of each person. A working man can eat two, regular man can only eat
one, but three are always placed before the guest.
All the boys until they are 17 sleep with grandfather, the girls likewise with the grandmother.
Grandfather teaches about God to boys. When they go to bed, he teaches them the Word and in the
morning when they get up at 5:00 he teaches them to sing praises to God. Westerners let their children
have "freedom" to "express themselves." They are given guns and other bad things. The grandfathers
stay with the boys wherever they go. They watched to see that the boys do not fall in love with the girls
in the street. There is hardly any juvenile crime in the East. The Westerners let the state correct the
children. In the East it is done by the family.
The Eastern women go to bed at 6:00 and get up at 4:00 a.m.
"Lend me three loaves." Boys are in bed with the grandfather. Door is shut, otherwise you can take
walk in week.
Lend me three loaves. Most Western people would say, "Why do you want, at midnight, three
loaves for one man?" These pancakes are not like Western loaves and the custom is to present three to a
guest. "My children are in bed with me." Most boys until 17 years sleep with the grandfather in the same
bed. All girls until 17 sleep with grandmother. The Eastern custom is for the grandfather to teach about
religion and about God to the grandson in the night. When he goes to bed, grandfather tells him about
God. At 5:30 a.m., they are awakened and taught to sing praises to God.
There is someone with the children all the time to teach them. This is why they are all so religious.
We dump our children once a week in Sunday school, where the instructor knows very little. That's all
the religion our children receive in the West. Western children run wild everywhere, because the parents
know so little about religion. Also, the Bible is never touched. They see all of the bad picture shows,
they pick up guns (that probably were given to them by their parents. Easterners give nothing harmful or
evil to their children.) Child rearing is different in the two areas—even today. In America we say, "Oh,
freedom, give them freedom to express themselves." He will express in a bad way, and there is no father
to correct him; in the East, the grandfather is always with the children. When the Eastern children go to
school, the grandfather is with them so that the children don't look at anybody and become naughty; so
that they do not fall in love with the women of the street. There is not a juvenile crime in India among
250 million people. In the United States, we don't correct our children. Therefore, we have to build
prisons and judges and ask the state to correct them and pay taxes instead of doing it ourselves.
The children sleep with their grandparents. In verse 7 when the grandfather wakes up, so do the
children. It is difficult to get them back to sleep again. Sleep is limited from 6 to 4. The children are
taught to concentrate and pray in the East. This gives them plenty of time to do many things. They
meditate rather than talk. How can Westerners expect peace and poise within themselves when they do
not have a connection with God. Isaiah 26:3. Meditation on God gives a man a sweetness, a joy, and he
becomes powerful and has an ability to face the enemy. Spiritual power comes from plugging into the
spirit of God. We must stay our minds to have peace. Westerners have not been trained to concentrate on
God and the things of God. This is shown as they talk, chew gum, etc., throughout much of a church
service. Grandfather teaches children how to keep their minds stayed on God while they are lying down
at night and at early morning.
The bread is set at the table and also a side dish is served. Everyone is seated. Suppose a person
who should take a low seat takes a higher seat. All of the guests will complain. Then the host will say,
"Jim, please come back and take your seat." If a man who should be in a higher seat should take a lower
seat, then the host goes to him, bows down to him, as low as he can and says, "Joe, will you please come
up higher?" As Joe gets up to go higher, all the guests get up too and salute him.
Lend three loaves. Lend you three loaves at midnight? Five slices of bread are plenty for any man.
"Loaves" are like large pancakes. To be hospitable, hosts in the East always give guests three of these
pancakes. Many people can eat only one of these. Many parents teach their children until they are
capable of praising God.
"Weaning a child" is not on milk but on the Word of God. Children are with the parents until they
are dedicated in the temple (around five years old). Then the grandparents take over the children. They
sleep with the grandfather and are trained by him. Grandfather keeps a cane under his pillow as
disciplinary action. He teaches at night until they fall asleep. When in verse 7 a voice says, "trouble me
not... children are in bed with me...," the grandfather has a grandson on either side of him. To get up at
midnight would surely awaken the children with him.
"...lend me three loaves...." Verse 7: "Children in bed with me." Children sleep with grandfather
and as they are going to sleep he tells them about God. In the morning, he asks them questions about
what he taught. He is the family "priest."
Children grow up with mother until they are five years old and then they are weaned. Sleep with
mother and she teaches them about God. Then at about 5 or 6 the boy is able to praise God in songs, he is
weaned. Two fold meaning: milk or the mother; milk of the Word taught by mother. Mother teaches
until 5 or so, and then grandfather.
Verse 7 Grandfather. After you're ear-marked, you're taken to your grandfather. Grandfathers among
the upper class in the East are the family priests. He teaches the children all about religion—he brings
them up. Child sleeps with his grandfather, he lives with him and goes to school with him. Child seldom
sees parents from then on except for visits. All your boyhood you spend with grandfather in his home.
Child sleeps in the same bed. He keeps a cane under his pillow. Before they go to sleep at night, he tells
him about God. He'll teach them and they're supposed to learn it from memory. This starts as early as
five years of age. The next morning, he'll wake them up and ask them to repeat what he taught them the
night before. The Hindus believe if you teach a child before he goes to sleep, he'll never forget, his
subconscious mind will remember. That's why they'll sleep with the grandfather.
Three loaves and grandfather. "In the morning," you read, "a man wanted bread, lend me three
loaves for a friend has come on a journey." He'll answer, "Trouble me not, the door is not shut, and my
children are with me in bed: I cannot rise and give them."
Three loaves—bread is like a pancake, wide as a plate. If a guest would come, we put three
pancakes on his plate—to put less than three is not etiquette—not good culture. He doesn't eat all three,
but put them there anyway.
Verse 11 The bread is like a pancake. It is brown in color. They cook about 20 or 30 and pile them up.
They put a slab underneath it—the same size, color, thickness and shape as the pancakes, then they put
the same size stone, color, shape, etc., on top.
The serpents were water serpents. They look like fish and until you catch them you won't notice the
difference until you look carefully.
Scorpions, the body is the shape of an egg. If you crush the body, white and yellow will run out and
it looks like an egg.
Ask. Bread made of wheat and baked like pancake big as plate. Cooked on thin slabs of stone that
look much like the bread itself. Hence, "if son asks bread would you give him a stone?"
There are serpents in the water also. Some of the fish look much like serpents. Also, the body of a
scorpion is shaped much like an egg and when cut open is white and yellow in color. These examples are
not so far-fetched after all.
Ask, holy spirit. Bread is baked on stones, flat slabs. The bread looks much like the stone in size,
thickness, color. Cooked in oil, one stone underneath and one stone on top. Sort of like a pancake. Must
lift stone up to remove bread. Sometime might mistake bread for stone if do not check it. Some fish look
like serpents. Scorpion body shaped like egg. Inside is white and yellow.
Bread-stone; fish-serpent. Bread and stone are similar in the East. The pancakes were made of
wheat and soaked in oil and cooked (Ephraim). There is a stone slab the size of each piece of bread.
Because the cakes of bread are stacked on top of this stone and the oil stains the stones, sometimes they
(the stones) and the cakes, look alike. When a child asks a parent for some bread, the parent must lift up
the stone. Therefore, a stone is not some pebble off the street. The fish in the East swim in the same
waters as many serpents which look like fish.
Verses 11 and 12 Ask bread, will he give him a stone? Stone—becomes brown, because bread baked in
oil—people may take the stone thinking it is bread. Stone is just like the bread, it's likely that this mistake
could be made.
Ask fish, will he give him a serpent? Water serpents are plenteous in the sea, get into fisherman's
nets as they're cast, look like fish—fisherman can distinguish—father wouldn't give you a serpent. A
father will only give you good things. Scorpion: Two kinds. (1.) white; and (2.) black. Both have
bodies that look like an egg. If you cut them, yellow will come from it just as in the egg.
Egg and scorpion. There are several kinds of scorpions. White, black and brown. A full-grown
scorpion has a body shaped like an egg. If you break the body it comes out white and yellow on the inside.
Verse 12 See Matthew 7:9,10.
The body of a scorpion looks like the shape of an egg. When it is cut, white and yellow comes out
like an egg. This is why there is a possibility for confusion between an egg and scorpion.
Verses 27 and 28 "Blessed is the womb." This is an Eastern greeting for a wonderful, good, kind,
young man. Given by a woman, it means you get your blessings from mother. To the Hindu, the first
god is: 1. Mother; 2. Father; 3. Teacher; and 4. God. They will love and honor in this order. If they can't
or don't love their mother, then they will never love God. The mother is the agent of God through who
you came into this world. Jesus said that it was better to love God first. He didn't go along with the
woman's greeting.
Verse 44 Woe to scribes and Pharisees; grave. When you visit a grave in the East, you become defiled
and must bathe. It is a law. Relatives go and whitewash the graves and put flowers on them. If they do
not, it is available for people to walk over the grave and become defiled without knowing it. The
Pharisees look beautiful on outside with this religion, but on the inside they are rotten bones and
wretched. The Pharisees were often so subtle and deceptive that they were not recognized as hypocrites.
They are as unmarked graves and people do not realize that they are being defiled by walking near them.
A person would not bathe if he did not realize he had been defiled. Jesus compared false teaching of
Pharisees to unmarked graves.
"Ye are as graves which appear not..." Most graves in the East are white washed (they are white)
except in rainy season.
See also: Matthew 23:37.
Graves which appear not. Some graves are not taken care of because there are no relatives to keep
them up. Therefore, their graves are flat. Usually they are built up with brick and whitewashed (thus
whitewashed sepulchers). If the deceased has no one to bury them, no one to build the grave up, no one
to visit it and keep it up, they appear as "graves which appear not." You can see the white washed,
uplifted graves. These are flat ground. They are not kept up. These (graves which appear not) could not
be detected, seen because they're flat with the ground.
The scribes and Pharisees—hypocrites. They couldn't be detected by the people. "The men that
walk over them are not aware of them." If the grave is flat it doesn't appear to be a grave. These
hypocrites do not appear to be what they are. People do not see what they really are. In the East, when
one walks on a grave, he is defiled. He must wash to clean himself. The Pharisees were so deceptive in
their appearance that the people couldn't discover how crooked they were, how hypocritical in their
leadership. Everybody that comes in contact with them is spiritually defiled; spiritually misled—just as
the people who walk on the graves because they're not detectable. We're deceived by their leadership and
teaching. Therefore, not knowing, we listen to them and are defiled. These scribes and Pharisees are very
"Graves which appear not." Some of the graves in the East are not well taken care of because they
have no friends or relatives to do so. These graves are flattened in course of time and there is nothing to
indicate that it is a grave. People will then walk on these graves without knowing that it is a grave. A
person who comes in contact with a dead body or a grave, must bathe because he is unclean. Jesus is
saying to the scribes that they are misdirecting and defiling the people without the people being aware of
it. "57 varieties of Baptists."
Verse 6 You get two sparrows for a farthing and you get one more on top as usual. That makes three.
According to Oriental custom, you always get one more on top of what you buy. Even if the price goes
up, you still get one more on top.
Verse 15 Revelation 3:14-20. Laodicea; Powder; Raiment; Materialism. There were seven churches to
which God gave messages; one to each church. Laodicea was one of these churches. Laodiceans were
humble, sweet, gracious, good, lovable, loving. When they were poor, they obeyed God. They were
dependent on God, they walked on the Word of God, they were happy, powerful witnesses in the
beginning of the church. Then they "prospered overnight." They had a breed of sheep which produced
black wool, and people loved clothing made from this wool. They also made a powder called "phrygian"
powder, named after their province "Phrygia." This powder was to heal the diseases of the eye
(ophthalmia). These two things brought great wealth to the Laodiceans. These material things began to
be their dependency, rather than God. So God spoke to them in verse 17--how could people with such
riches be naked, miserable, etc.? Because of Luke 12:15. They were spiritually diseased. Verse 18, the
gold that they had was not true riches. God wanted them to buy "gold tried in the fire," meaning the faith
of God. This is "true" riches. They were clothed beautifully, yet they needed white raiment of salvation.
Also, they were to anoint their own eyes with their salve (Phrygians). They were healing others with their
salve, but they themselves were blind. They needed "eye salve" which represents the holy spirit.
Verse 28 See Psalms 119:83.
Verses 35 and 36 Loins girded, your lights burning. Loins girded means they wear a girdle to support
their loose robes. They wear the girdle so when you run or walk it will not hinder you.
Your lights burning. The wedding feast is usually one night out of the ten-day ceremony.
Otherwise, all the meals are in the morning, at noon and about 6 p.m. Sometimes they have a special
wedding feast. When you would go to this feast, you would tell your servants, "I don't know if I'll return
tonight." Then the servant will keep the lights burning all night, his loins girded, sandals on his feet,
turban on his head; he's ready, wide awake. So we have to be prepared for the Lord Jesus Christ. Keep
your house in order. Live everyday as if he's coming back. They always keep one light burning. It
stands for the presence of God.
Verses 35-37 When people go to the wedding and come back at night, they have their loins all girded
about for bed and are dressed like a servant. Shod with sandals means to have shoes on laced to the knee.
The shoes were laced with straps (leather) the whole way up to the knee. This also applies to Ephesians 6:13-15.
Verse 7 It should be "seat" instead of room. If anyone takes a seat higher than he is supposed to, the
host may tell him to move down lower and he then goes down with shame. But if you take a lower seat
when you should be up higher, the host will come down to you and bow and whisper for you to go up
higher. Then the host and the guest walk together slowly to his seat. The host leads him to his seat.
When the host is leading him to his seat, all the guests rise up, perhaps even a hundred, they all bow their
heads until the man reaches his seat. When they bow their heads, they hold up three fingers for the
trinity. The Hindus had the trinity long before we did. With the three fingers together, they first go to the
forehead, next mouth and then heart. It means in my head, in my mouth and in my heart I respect you for
humbling yourself in taking a lower seat. That is what it means in verse 10 when it says "thou have
worship." They are seated according to rank. Some of the people will put up three fingers when they are
in the street. They say something at the same time. It means in my mind, in my mouth and in my heart I
wish you peace. Even if they meet a thousand people, they will take time to say it.
Verses 7-11 "Seating at dinner tables." When the guests are seated for the meal, if a lower guest will
take the seat of a higher, then all the guests will complain and the host will ask him to take his proper
place. If a person who should take higher seat takes a lower seat, then host goes and bows down to him
and says, "Mr. so and so, will you please come up higher." As the man gets up to come up higher, all the
guests will get up and bow down to him and salute him. (Long before Christian church had trinity, the
Hindus had Brahma, Vishnu, Siva which corresponds to Father, Son, Holy Ghost—all principles of
religion come from Hindu.) The salute they give will mean, "In my mind, in my mouth, in my heart I
respect you and love you for the humility you have shown in taking a lower seat."
High seat as a guest. If invited to dinner in the East, seats are assigned. By dignity and office of
society, people know where they should sit. Nevertheless, many or some people take a seat of higher
recognition, knowing their place (want to be equal to somebody else). Host does not eat with everybody
else, but he is there to start the dinner. He looks at everybody to make sure that everyone is in their
proper seat. If not, he approaches the person privately, tells him to move up higher. Then host asks
others to take lower seat. These people moving down do so first, by touching forehead, lips and heart.
This means respect in mind, in mouth and in heart, by showing humility and taking a lower seat. Must
humble yourself and let the host pick you up.
Verse 8 "Sit not down in the highest room." In the East at a wedding feast or dinner party, no place
cards are put out, but the people just know where to sit. If someone takes a higher seat than he is entitled
to, the host will ask him to take his rightful position. If you take a lower seat, the host will ask you to go
up and take a higher seat. As you are doing this, all the guests will salute you for your humility.
Verse 10 Taught, not stated. Take a lower seat than you need to—then you'll be bidden to go up to your
proper seat. But if you sit in a higher place than you're supposed to, you'll be bidden to go down to where
you belong and shamed.
They don't have table and chairs in the East—sit on cushions. They know the order they should sit
in. When man sits in lower seat than is proper, the master will bow to him and bid him to rise to a higher
seat. Everyone at the table will rise and touch forehead, mouth and heart (it means I respect you with my
mind, mouth an heart) as the master (host) and the visitor go to the proper seat. Guest is seated and
master bows to him again. The men will salute the man by touching their fingers to their forehead, mouth
and heart as a sign of the man's humility. The host also does this as the guest is seated. This is a sign of
respect. ("Worship of men.")
Host always honors guest and walks behind him. "I must decrease, he must increase" this means.
Seating, dining, hospitality. Don't take higher seat when bidden for a feast. Take a lower one.
When the host bids you to a high seat, then everyone is worshiped (or recognized) by "shalom, alle cum"
salute. This means in my mind, in my mouth and in my heart, I wish you peace." It is said to everyone seen.
Verse 16 Three excuses. Excuse based on culture which he cannot break.
Parable of supper. Three excuses. Bidden, verse 24. These excuses are wonderful, based on God's
Word. Religion is a way of life in the East, all day, all year, always. These are religious excuses—
putting God first. Dedication of ground in the evening. They'll have a prayer meeting on the new ground
in the evening, the day before he plans to work it. He was not a Christian—got this from Eastern
philosophy. Truth has been in the world a long time, but darkly. Christ is the light of the truth—the truth
personified. People were after truth like a needle in a haystack. He wasn't afraid of offending his host,
but God was first.
Verses 16 and 17 Constraining. If anyone is going to invite someone to eat in the Orient, a written
invitation is sent first. Then nearer the date of the dinner, a reminder is sent. Then on the day of the
meal, a servant is sent to everyone invited. He will say, "Come, for all things are ready." Entering the
house, the guest will meet a servant to wash his feet. Then after entering the door, there is a man, a
servant, taking perfume and sprinkling it on the guest. In the next room the guest is greeted by the host.
There he sits down. Dinner is ready. The host must ask every guest to "come and eat." Every member of
the family of the host must ask the guest (each guest) to come along and eat. After this is completed, they
may go and eat. This is known as constraining.
Verses 16-20,24 Three excuses. When the dinner is ready, a servant is sent to tell the people who have
been invited that dinner is ready. Their feet are washed at the door and they are sprinkled with perfume in
the first room and the host comes and greets each guest with a holy kiss. Then they are escorted to sitting
room. Every member of the receiving family must each invite the guests and give a different reason why
the guest should stay and eat. This practice is called constraining. The guest must wait until all have
given their reasons. The guest must offer objections at first, but there are only three legitimate excuses.
1. Bought piece of ground and must go see it;
2. Bought yoke of oxen and must prove him; and
3. Have taken a wife.
Everything in the East has to do with religion. Religion and culture are one in the same.
In the East, the people are always conscious of seeking the kingdom of God first. Before land can be
used for anything, it must be dedicated to God. This takes place the evening before the land is used. The
owner takes a group of people with him to the land, builds an altar there and has a consecration meeting.
That is what the man was planning to do. It would have been materialistic for him to place going to
dinner above performing the dedication.
The same practice is true with newly acquired oxen. The owner blesses them and dedicates them to
God the evening before using the land. It is seeking God first.
When marriage is performed, the man and woman have never seen each other before. The couple,
by law, has a 12 month honeymoon with no work, no military service, etc. They cannot even accept a
dinner invitation during honeymoon. They travel between each of their parent's home so that no money is
needed by them. The parents support the bride and groom.
These three excuses are God-ordained excuses.
Verse 24: This supper is parable. It was a "feast of the gospel." All those people were invited to be
saved. Their excuses for not coming were good, valid, but not good enough to save them. When they
heard the gospel, they should have abandoned their religious culture and all the laws that they followed.
Christ alone can satisfy and sustain us. Religion is good but it is man-made and does not have the truth to
bring people to salvation. When Jesus Christ came, he fulfilled the old law and made the new birth
available. He came to give life.
Three excuses ordained by God. Verse 20: This man was keeping his culture mentioned in
Deuteronomy 24:5. One year honeymoon—exempt from army—cannot accept a meal outside of the
family. One month at bride's, alternate each month. No work or travel. Supported by parents. Father
then (of the bride) gives money to the groom so that he gets a good start in business. Religion and culture
are the same in the East because it is a way of life. Bishop thinks the Easterners are very much in
religious bondage.
Verse 18: Go and see the piece of ground. Everything in the East has to do with religion. If you
buy anything, it must be dedicated to God before using it. They want God's hand upon what they are
doing. Consecrate in evening; brick altar. Big rap about how we got laws from India. Pray for
abundance. 30,60,100 fold. This prayer was before the Bible was written.
Verse 19: Prove the oxen. Dedicate them when bought and also dedicate them where you plow
tomorrow, tonight. Consecrate or dedicate them to God.
These are God-ordained excuses; not lame, lazy, flippant—they are righteous, good solid excuses.
They did not try to please men—rather God.
Verse 24: Shall not taste of my supper. Why did Jesus say this? These religious people used Godsupported
reasons. Salvation is of grace. Supper—salvation. These people were in bondage to their
culture—then come to Christ.
Verses 16-24 Three excuses. In the East, a man's religion is his way of life. Everything he does has to
do with his religion which is his culture. A man may buy a piece of land and then wait until the rains
come before he goes out to work it. Before he works it he will consecrate the ground. This is done in the
evening. He cannot touch the ground unless he has sought the kingdom of God first.
Five Yoke of Oxen. In the East, the people will always bargain and argue about the price before
buying (Proverbs 20:14). The buyer will say, "It is bad, it is bad." He will do this in order to reduce the
price and once the price is reduced, he will boast of the great deal that he made.
The oxen must be dedicated before they are used to work the field.
During 12 months of honeymoon, the wife and husband will eat their meals in their parents' home.
(Deuteronomy 24:5) Eastern people don't have courting. Families support the newlyweds for the whole year.
Verse 24: "None of those men shall taste of my supper.''
Weren't the excuses good religious excuses? Yes, but Jesus is teaching parable. One great truth:
There is no excuse to not heed the call to salvation. (Pick up the context from reading all of Chapter 14.)
Verse 17 In the East, you must be asked to eat three times. First, you send a letter and ask them to come
to dinner. Second, a servant goes to your house and says they are waiting for them to come and eat. The
third time they have come everyone in the home must ask you.
Verse 18 "See it" should be dedicate it. In this case maybe he bought the ground ten weeks ago. The
first rain that comes is the former rain. Then they plow. The next is called latter rain. This comes about
two or three months after the first rain. When the former rain comes, this man must plow the land. If he
is going to plow the land tomorrow, the previous evening he goes to the land and says, "Lord, I am going
to till this land, I am going to sow this land, and bless it and increase it." He has a whole prayer. They
build an altar of bricks to pray at. This is part of the evening sacrifice. Mass means sacrifice. The bread
and wine is called in their church the elements of the Lord. It is carried from one place to the other, from
holy place to a holier place. He has been taught from a child that unless they dedicate it to the Lord, they
will not prosper. That is why they dedicate everything. They kill a chicken and sprinkle the blood on the
four wheels of the car and then they think they will face no danger because the blood is on there.
Verses 18-20 Three excuses. "I have bought a piece of ground"—Before a man can work a piece of
ground he has just bought, he must go to the land and put up an altar of brick and call upon God to bless
the land so it will give forth abundantly.
"See it" means to go and dedicate the land. This is done in the evening on the day before they begin
to till the land. They are seeking the Kingdom of God first, according to the light they had.
"I have brought five oxen"—Why didn't he prove them before he bought them?
"To prove them." This means to dedicate the oxen. In the evening, the oxen which have been
bought but not used yet are taken to the land where they will be used and an altar is set up and they call
upon God to protect the animals.
"Married a wife." See Jeremiah 25:10 notes.
Although these are sincere religious excuses, in verse 24 we see that none of these will taste of
supper with Jesus. (Revelation 3:20) We must forsake all of our tradition.
"I bought a piece of ground, I must go to see it."
I bought ten acres yesterday, so I did not plow on it until the rain came. The rain came yesterday, so
I want to till it tomorrow. Tonight, before I touch the land, I go there, set up an altar of brick and call
upon God. "Lord, I bought this ground, please bless it before I touch it so that it may produce 30-60-100
fold." Going to see it means dedication of the land, "I just bought five yoke of oxen and must go prove
them." Prove them means, again, "dedicate" them. Take the oxen to the land that they are to till in the
evening, set up an altar, and call upon God. "Lord, I have bought these oxen, bless them; you have given
them to me to serve you. Keep them from the hoof and mouth disease and others, that we may serve you
and the brotherhood of mankind."
Although these are very valid religious excuses, sincere and godly, Jesus says that none of them shall
taste of his supper. Why? Because they are traditional to dedicate. The gospel here teaches that we must
forsake our man-made traditions and systems. Come to Jesus Christ and receive all of the blessings we
need when we have light, we need not follow traditions. Since we are saved and not centered on Christ,
we are serving two gods. Our eye must be single so our whole body can be light.
After finishing their honeymoon with two months of it in the bride's home where the marriage
started, the bridegroom comes to the bride. Jesus, the bridegroom to Israel, came first to the bride also.
The groom leaves the bride in the mother's home for six weeks to two months and wishes her good-bye.
This is the voice of the bridegroom which is the first time he is going to go from her for a little while.
The whole town comes to hear his voice and his tremendous statement: It is thrilling and sentimental to
the Easterner. The ten virgins (bridesmaids of the wedding party) and the best man (Bible says,
"bridegroom's friend") and the relatives are there. The groom gets the bride to stand in front of him, and
she wears her bridal gown, he his "tuxedo." Then he quotes some words recorded in John 14:1-4: "My
father's house has many mansions...." Why? In the East, every male who marries brings his wife to his
father's house to reside; they all live together.
This doesn't mean his father was dead then and there, but he would have to be available to do when
they died. Hindus wouldn't join army if they had parents alive. A son must remain with the father and
mother until they are each dead and buried. The son has a vital part in the funeral. His function is to
carry the golden bowl just in front of the bier. Inside the pot he puts a little fire. The bowl is gilded gold
(Ecclesiastes 12:6). He puts four strings on the bowl in order to hold it. (Matthew 8:21, this is the man
who wanted to bury his father first when Jesus called him.) This is a very sentimental ceremonial
practice. Easterners would not join the army if mother and dad are still alive. At the funeral, two people
must be present, the man's wife and the man's son. If he has no son at his death, one must be adopted.
This is why they believe in adoption. Golden bowl is an earthen pot, gilded gold, and the fire inside
represents glory and position you had (gilded gold), all of these are lowered into the grave. The son
comes and breaks the golden bowl over the grave. The mother comes along and puts the silver cord
(troth) on the body of her husband. Having thus done, she is free to marry anyone else she wants. (The
silver cord was given to her at the marriage ceremony under a covenant of salt with you; when you put
this silver cord around my neck. I have never broken any of the promises I made to you during our
marriage. I can stand before God without guilt, this is a "woman be loosed from her husband." Paul,
I Corinthians 7:27.)
This statement recorded in John 14:1-4 is the first public statement made by the bridegroom since his
marriage. Then he goes to his father's house to prepare the apartment with all supplies given,
compliments of his father. All children start off without debt.
Three excuses. A man who bought a piece of ground must go and see it before he works on it. He
goes in the evening around supper time to dedicate the ground. He goes to the property, sets up an altar
of bricks, takes a few people with him, calls upon God to bless the land: "Lord, I am going to sow this
land. Bless it so it will bring forth 30, 60, 100 fold." Thus, an evening prayer meeting. Easterners
believe nothing should be touched without being dedicated to God. This man sought God first and
honored his being salted.
"Five yoke of oxen...I have to go to prove them." "Proving" can mean (1.) looking over them, how
good an ox is, or how bad, before purchasing, or (2.) after bringing the oxen home, before using them for
the purpose for which they were bought, dedicating them to God. It happens on this day that the
"proving" takes place near supper time. Once the rain comes for plowing, the oxen must be put to work
the next day. Therefore, he dedicates them the night before by going to the land they will till, sets up an
altar, burns incense, breaks coconuts, and dedicates them: "Lord bless these oxen which I have bought.
Keep them from hoof and mouth disease, and all other diseases, that they and I might serve you." He was
putting God first. Easterners were salted to do the will of God first.
"I have married a wife, therefore I cannot come." He was honest; he was married and a newly
married couple must have a 12-month honeymoon period. They close the shop and do nothing but eat in
relatives homes together. No strangers should invite them to eat. Only blood relatives can. They must
eat in girl's or boy's parents' home.
These were all God-ordained excuses. Yet this is a parable of a supper. It indicates the feast of the
gospel. It is an invitation to to the gospel. Christ invites all people to come. Three excuses are good, but
they are not good enough to be saved. They should have abandoned those things, for when they heard the
gospel they should not harden their hearts. They should have turned their backs on religious customs and
traditions and turned to the living waters of Jesus Christ. (They put their religious customs before Christ.
Therefore, they could not be saved.)
Verse 19 He bought them quite a while ago and since it has rained, he is to take them to the field and
see how they fit into the yoke, etc. They build an altar of bricks, call upon God and dedicate the oxen.
Prove: To look over the oxen, check them out before you buy them.
Consecration—takes them to the land with some other people, they build an altar and pray, "Lord
bless them and keep them, I consecrate them to you—give them to you. Amen.
Had he been materialistic, he would have gone to supper first. The man was spiritually minded—
religion way of life in the East. He was an honorable man, too.
Could not accept a meal in the first year of marriage—custom—they take a 12-month vacation to
spend with the wife. Could not accept a meal outside of his family for his 12-month honeymoon. All
three excuses are based on religion and culture of the East
Why did God refuse the? This not a supper—it's a parable of supper. This is not talking of an eating
and drinking supper. He's talking about the gospel of peace.
Man is to abandon all religion—there is only one way—Jesus Christ. We must cut ourselves loose
from our tradition from our culture, from our religions and denominational barriers. We must turn our
face to the Lord Jesus Christ who saved us. The religion of people nor the law ever saved anybody. Once
Christ came, they should have abandoned the law and accepted Christ. Religion is good, but can't save
your soul.
Come to me all ye that are heavy laden—cut yourself loose and come.
Verse 20 In the East, the men don't listen to the wives. The wives listen to the men. In the East, they
have 12 months honeymoon and cannot be invited to supper outside the family.
See Deuteronomy 24:5.
"I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come." It wasn't that the wife wouldn't want to come.
It wasn't etiquette to be invited out until the 12-month period was over. After this, sons begin to get
married. A son never discussed this with his dad. The dad tells him, "Son, you must get married on such
and such a day to so and so, whom you have never seen." Son replies, "Father, that is well with me." The
father not only educates son, but also pays for half of son's wedding expenses. Doesn't cost son anything.
Son in America borrows to finish school, borrows to set up household. Son in East starts off debt free.
Then father gives son some of his land. If man has four sons, as they marry, they can ask father to divide
property. Property only divided among sons. Daughters are not given property because they will either
marry a man who has property from his father; they will go into service in the temple or they will remain
at home.
See Systems of Government of the East.
Verse 21 In the East, they have more beggars than we do because they have more people. Begging is
also one of the religious acts of the East. A lot of people in the East just put on long robes and when
mealtime comes, they take their bowl, knock on a door, ask for a bowl of rice and go sleep under a tree.
The Buddhists do this. If you want to feed the beggars, you send your servant to any street and have him
yell out that there is a free dinner—come along. They will come running by the hundreds. They also beat
a drum in the street. Someone is always giving a dinner, so the people have become lazy. Streets could be
public square or parks.
Verse 23 "Compel" is the wrong word. "Urged" is all right.
Verse 7 Christ was born in a manger, not a palace. Yet, he had all the honor of a king. The greatest
honor was the witness of the angels, for they rejoiced at the birth of Jesus. When a person is born again,
he gets the same honor.
Verses 8 and 9 Woman with ten pieces of silver. "Candle" should be lamp. Ten pieces of silver are part
of dowry bridegroom gives to the bride at the time of their marriage. Each piece is like a quarter, on one
side husband's coat of arms; other side is the date it was made. Each piece is worth 14¢ today.
Verses 8-10 "Ten pieces of silver." Each piece about the size of an American quarter. It is not money,
it is a gift which is very precious. On one side of the piece of silver is the husband's coat of arms, the
family coat of arms. On the other side is the year in which it was made. If you melted it and sold it here
in America, you would get about 14¢ for it. Women put them on their heads only on very special
occasions. They have little hooks at the top and they hook them right into their hair. They wear five on
one side of the forehead and five on the other side. They are worn only on very precious and special
occasions. If you lose one, you may be tossed out by your husband. Women get lots of jewelry at the
time of marriage, etc., in the East, and all the jewelry is her property. She has all the legal rights to it.
The husband has none. He can't take it away from her, with the exception of one. The husband has claim
to only one jewel and that jewel is called the ten pieces of silver. She must hand over to her husband's
family if her husband should die. It goes back to the husband's family.
If you lose one, you must get out of the house until you find it, because you will be expelled by your
husband, not divorced. He won't be mad at you, but you have disgraced him and his house because the
ten pieces of silver have a tremendous sentimental value, no economical value. The losing of it means the
withdrawal of God's favor. That is why she is put out of the house if she does not find it. It is looked
upon as a curse for one to loose a piece of silver. The husband has no spitefulness for her, neither do the
parents; but the girl will have no sympathy from her husband. It hardly ever happens that they lose one of
the ten coins or pieces of silver. If they do lose it, there is no amount of money which could redeem it. A
million dollars, even if it is worth only 14¢, given by the wife's family to the husband would not rectify
matters. When she finds it, it becomes the concern of the whole town, for they knew that if she had not
found it, she would have to endure the consequences of being expelled and being looked upon and
dishonored in the entire city. But now since she has found it, she is safe and she calls in the whole city
and they rejoice with her that she has found it.
Ten pieces of silver. Candle = lamp. Part of the dowry the bridegroom gives to the bride at the
marriage is the ten pieces of silver. Each piece is like an American quarter. On one side is the husband's
coat of arms. On the other side is the year in which it is made. They part the Eastern woman's hair in the
middle and then they tie them off on either side of the head. Worth is approximately $2.40. If the
husband dies, she has to return the ten pieces of silver to the husband's family. She may keep the rest of
her jewels. The silver has sentimental value. If she loses one of the pieces, the blessings of God are
withdrawn from the family. They are irreplaceable. No amount of money can replace the value of the
silver. If you lose it, you're divorced. The wife will have to leave the house. When she finds the piece of
silver she calls everyone to come and rejoice with her. She is saved from the consequences of what
would have taken place had she not found them. Jesus used this parable to show the people the
resemblance of one soul and one piece of silver.
Ten pieces of silver. It says pieces of silver—not money. Why did everyone rejoice just because she
found one piece of silver?
A dowry of jewelry is given to wife upon marriage. Included in the gift is ten pieces of silver. Each
piece is about the size of a quarter. On one side is the husband's coat of arms and on the other side is the
date it was made. Five pieces are hooked in her hair on each side of her forehead. There is no economic
value to the coins, but there is great sentimental value. Each piece is worth only about 14¢. The
sentimental value is so great that if a piece is lost, the husband will make the wife leave the home forever.
The pieces are irreplaceable. It is believed that a lost piece means that God's blessing has been
withdrawn and so the husband will not let the wife back in until it is found. When the husband dies, the
wife must return the silver pieces to his family, even though she may keep all the rest of the jewelry. The
rejoicing with her neighbors at finding the lost piece was not at finding 14¢, but rather because she was
saved from the consequences of losing it.
Verse 10, likewise there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repents.
Christians generally live on a "starvation diet." What good is having all the riches in glory by Christ
Jesus and not enjoying the spiritual life? We do not use it so we do not enjoy it. We have the knowledge,
but we do not appropriate it and enjoy it. Heaven and earth are at our disposal and we can live a liberated,
happy life all the time.
"Ten pieces of silver." Ten pieces of silver is part of the dowry. About the size of American
quarters. One side has mark of husband's family (coat of arms). Other side has the year it was made.
These are hung from the hair and fall on the forehead.
Necklace around the neck, a golden chain, is symbol of honor, of respect. (Genesis 41:41.)
Each piece is worth 14¢. If the wife loses one of the pieces, the husband will put her out of the
house. The pieces have a great sentimental value because they have been handed down in the family for
hundreds of years.
In the West, when a piece of silver, like a dime or quarter is lost, we look for it, but we rarely would
search the house diligently for it. Maybe for a one-hundred dollar bill, but not a piece of silver. And even
if we did do this, it would not be ordinary to call all our friends to tell them we found the fifty-cent piece.
It is not a community problem. Yet in the East, although the piece of silver had very little economic
value, it did have a great deal of sentimental value. This is why they rejoiced.
Among the jewels that the man gives his bride, he gives the pieces of silver that have been handed
down through the family. The rest of her jewelry is purchased. The piece is a size of a quarter. On one
side of the coin is the family coat of arms engraved. On the other side, the year in which it is made. They
then hang these ten pieces in the hair.
These pieces of silver are worth only 14¢ a piece. When a woman loses one piece of silver, she
seeks diligently to find it because of its terrific sentimental value. If she had lost a terribly expensive ring,
the Eastern attitude would be, "Don't worry, if you lost it, you lost it." The loss of one of the ten pieces
of silver is grounds for the wife to be put out because a blessing of/from God, the light will be put out.
The silver cannot be replaced.
Verses 11ff See Philippians 4:8.
Verses 11 and 12 Man had two sons. Youngest asked father to divide and give him his portion. What
about the girls? The girls in India gain more than the boys do. They have a higher position in India than
American girls. The girls get married at expense of fathers, they get jewelry given by the fathers involved
and they are loaded. When they go home with the husband, they take three months' supply of food and
clothes. And every year she returns to her father's house with her husband and children and lives there for
three months. Then when they return to husband's home, she takes food and clothing for nine months.
Girls are very wealthy. They are loaded with goods from their fathers. She doesn't ever have to work to
earn money. If the father is dead, she goes to the oldest brother for all this. There is one case in the Bible
where the father divided his property among daughters too.
Verses 11-22 Prodigal Son. As soon as Eastern boy becomes 18, he can demand of his father to divide
the land and give him his inheritance. The father must give him the portion, he cannot refuse.
"Riotous living." Any living which is not in accordance with the will of God.
The Eastern people do not want to feed the swine because once a person feeds the swine, he is
treated like a swine. The swine are kept with the lepers and the liquor shops, away from the people. Even
untouchables will not touch the man who feeds the swine. The swine feeder comes in the morning with
two buckets and calls at the door of a house (as a pig owner, he cannot touch the door of the house)
saying, "Pig man, madam; pig man, madam." A servant of the house calls out saying, "How many pigs?"
The man will answer, "Eleven pigs plus one, myself, makes twelve."
The person in the house will take twelve cakes of husks. When you take oil out of a peanut, that
which is left is called the husk. The housewife puts this into the bucket. The pig feeder will set down the
buckets and withdraw five feet from her so his shadow does riot fall on her. The Bible is facts of life of
the Eastern people.
"Shoes on his feet." Signified the transfer of land from the father to the son.
Verses 12-32 See Systems of Government of the East.
Verse 1 The stewards in the East are not servants only, but have charge of the servants. If a house has
several servants the steward tells each servant what he is to do; he fires them, he engages them, he gives
them their wages, he allots money for the master's wife, he has a power of attorney by which he can sell
or buy or appear in the court of law. The steward has got his signature which he uses for the master
whenever he has a deal, he buys and sells cattle, he does anything and everything that the master can do.
Translation: "...and the same steward was maliciously accused unto his master that he, the steward, had
wasted his (the master's) goods.
Verses 1-8 Steward. "Unjust steward" should be "alleged unjust steward." When the steward lessened
some of the debtors bills, he was making provision for himself in case he lost his job. These debtors
would help him later when he needed it. There was nothing wrong with his altering the accounts because
he had full right to run the household in whatever manner he thought was best. He had no set salary or
working hours. He became a member of the family if he was not already, and ate with them. He has the
power of his employer, having taken the covenant of salt with him. He wears the employer's signet ring
and has authority to hire or fire, lend or borrow, buy and sell, all without asking the employer. He is in
service 24-hours per day, 365 days per year. He can discipline the wife and children of the employer.
The steward in this record had the right to reduce the accounts of several people. He was not unjust. That
is why his employer commended him.
Whatever we have is God's and we are the stewards of it. We should be faithful to make it profit for God.
Verses 1-9 Unjust Steward. An Eastern steward isn't hired for a specific job—he is the employer's
right-hand man and is in a position to make decisions.
He had a right to reduce the debts. He could have wiped the debt out. Instead he only reduced it.
He didn't squander anything on himself. He did it all for his employer.
The steward made a provision for himself to take care of him until he got another job in case he was
fired. He made provision for oil and wheat so he could have bread to eat. As a steward, he had no
savings to fall back on.
(Preaching on how much of what God gives us do we use for ourselves and our greed.)
Verses 1-12 Alleged unjust steward. Steward is mostly related to employer, sometimes they are not
relatives. When he is hired, they make a covenant of salt, saying steward will never deceive lord nor let
anyone else deceive him. Steward has no pay, he becomes one of the family, he becomes a master
himself, he has full authority, he reproves wife and children, buys houses, lends money. (Joseph was a
steward in Pharaoh's household. Abraham had a steward.) Great confidence in stewards; steward saved
oil and wheat which is needed to make bread, lord wanted to prove the steward. Why did the lord
commend his steward for giving such discounts on payments? Because of the salt covenant and he could
have done anything because of his authority in the household. He was allegedly unjust.
Verse 8 The stewards in the East are quite different than the stewards in the West because stewards in
the East are not paid for the job and there is no time limit for the job. The steward spends money, buys
the clothes for the children, handles the purse for the boss, the servants are under him, etc. He eats food
and wears clothes, but he doesn't get paid. They become a part of the family. The steward lives off the
people. He gets food, clothes and pocket money. He is not a relative. They only choose a good man that
they knew before, especially a man of a good cast, similar cast to them. They are very particular about
that. They make a covenant of salt with him. Very seldom are Eastern stewards kicked out. They stay a
lifetime. In this case, there must have been a lot of spitefulness against him or jealousy. Without oil you
can't make bread because they always use it. This man did not steal any of his master's money or jewelry
and hold it up for himself, he was an honest man. But he was caught through jealousy. Any man can
save up anything from food. It is not a crime to steal food in India. He didn't steal any money, only rice.
He wanted it for his stomach, let him go. He was unjust because he was falsifying the family accounts.
He was only doing it in food. So he was forgiven because it is not wrong as long as it is in food.
"...Lord commended the unjust steward because he had done wisely." Joseph was a steward in
Pharaoh's house—all that I have in Egypt is thine—no man lift hand against thee. Only greater than you,
only on throne am I greater than you. A steward can lend money and wipe out debts. Can mortgage, sell
house without owners permission—has a signet ring. Steward in East could buy and sell.
Abraham sent steward to find a bride for Isaac. Steward took animals and jewels and didn't have to
ask permission of the owner. Steward has all power—no pay or salary. Can spank children or even the
wife of employer. He is the boss—he's got the power given to him by the covenant of salt, unbreakable.
Can only be fired, if people can prove charge against him for cheating.
In this account in Luke—he did what he had a right to do with his creditors. He wiped out the debts
of his employer. He still had the power. He thought some false witnesses might come against him and he
would be fired. He didn't have any salary—could have done things for his own gain and defrauded his
employer. But he didn't.
Oil and wheat, symbolically, go together to make bread in the East. This steward had right to
provide for himself; a little oil, a little wheat. Employer checked books and saw that he need not have
done anything at all. Had done wisely—worked within the law.
Verses 8 and 9 Mammon of unrighteousness. "Mammon of unrighteousness" means the privileges of
this world, the prerogatives and opportunities of this world that are placed at our disposal. To witness to a
natural man, to work for someone and use that service to benefit somebody, to use home, money and use
to help others, these are "mammon of unrighteousness."
"Make friends" of means make use of! The good steward did this when he thought he might be
fired. He made provision for himself by reducing his debt to the employer from 100 to 50. He saved
something for a rainy day, for his food. We must make use of all the opportunities we have for the
kingdom of God. This way, when we finish the course of life, we shall be received into "everlasting
habitation." This means our reward will be laid up there. When we appear before God, our reward is
waiting for us. We should make use of all that we have.
Verse 9 Stewardship. Better translation is "when you reach the end of your journey, you shall have
"Mammon of unrighteousness" means prerogatives, privileges and fortunes you have, all material
"Make to yourselves friends" means to make use of what you have for the movement of the Word.
"Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness." Means: Privileges of this world,
prerogatives of this world. What God has given to us—houses, money, talent—mammon of
unrighteousness. Make yourself friends—means to make use of them, so you will receive rewards in
heaven. Not saved by what you do, but what you do after you are saved gives you rewards in heaven.
Make use of those above things for rewards. All things given unto us and we are only acting as a steward
for them here, and we must be loyal and faithful in everything that we've got. We must administer these
things as unto God. The bulk must be used for God. The steward did not use things or money for himself
which was lawful, and had a perfect right to do, even if hadn't been a steward. Any man can pick up
sheath of wheat or corn in India. It's not a crime to lay aside wheat or oil for bread for yourself. With
steward, it is within his right to wipe off debts, to forgive the debt and to reduce the debt. It was not
selfish motive—had the right to have wheat and oil to make bread. We are entitled to food, clothing and
roof over our heads. No more than that.
Bishop—worse stewards are in the church. See how much money you made last year—see how
much you spent on yourself and how much for God. Bulk of money for the employer! Most of what we
have today we have stolen. Steward was a gentle man—any person who does not use stewardship in right
way or spend time in the right way for God-but wastes time in pleasure seeking and loving—they are
riotous living. Means any life that is not led in conforming with the will of God or in accordance to the
mind of Christ or time not spent for the glory of God. All of us are prodigal because we walk our own
way and live for someone or thing else, and not for Christ. Any money not spent for kingdom of God is
stolen money or that which is saved up for a rainy day. Take care of every day needs, next days will be
taken care of. Our real home is in heaven. We are in this world, but not of this world. Remain
unafflicted by this world. Then we will be free. Can't be free while encumbered and entangled with the
things of this world and not with the things of the spirit.
Everything and anything all belong to God—make sure that you use it in the right way—home, time,
money—all belong to God.
Verses 9-12 Verse 9: And I say unto you, make to yourselves friends (use wisely the things we have) of
the mammon of unrighteousness (our worldly goods); that when ye fail...habitations (when you reach the
end of your journey, you shall have rewards).
Verse 10: Least—mammon of unrighteousness, worldly goods, material possessions.
Much—things of the spirit-knowledge, wisdom, love and spiritual matters.
Verse 11: True riches—spiritual matters.
Verse 12: Compare with verse 1.
Verse 10 Faithful in least, true riches. People who say, "If I only had $100/week, I could tithe." When
we are not faithful in the least, we could certainly not handle the larger amount. If we are not faithful in
the worldly things which are given to us to steward, who will commit to you true riches, which are
spiritual. What we have is not ours, it belongs to another man (Christ Jesus). All that we have (home,
opportunities, talents and privileges) belong to him.
Luke 16:1-8: The Lord commended the just steward. We could not be commended if God checked
our books because we are not loyal and faithful in that which is another man's.
Verses 10-12 "Least" refers to mammon of unrighteousness.
"Much" refers to spiritual things, our rewards.
"Another man's"—all that we have beyond what we need, bread and water, does not belong to us but
to God; we are only stewards of that which we have—trustees. Believers should always yield of their
excess to the outreach of the Word. Indian proverb: That which you have saved for yourself is lost. That
which you have spent on others is saved.
Verse 12 "...not been faithful in that which is another man's...." Another man's is Jesus Christ. Our own
is crown of glory, incorruptible—life eternal. If not been faithful in that which is little, how can he trust
you with more. If we get $1,000 and we misuse it, how can we get more. Make use of what you have,
above and beyond needs for His work. Make use of everything you have for Him.
Verses 1 and 2 See also Mark 9:42 and Matthew 18:3.
Verses 5 and 6 "Mustard seed" and "fig tree." East = orient (where dark people are). West = occident
(where white people are).
Oriental way of answering a question—use an indirect answer.
Bishop came here to acquaint West with the Eastern way of living. Bible is an Eastern book, speaks
about Eastern people, their ways. All parables of our lord are based on Eastern thinking, Eastern way of
life. He is sharing those wonderful customs and traditions which play a great part in the Bible.
East means all the people who live across the waters, that side of Mediterranean Sea, that side of
Suez canal, Eastern world is countries on Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea.
All religions came from Eastern world. India is the mother country of Eastern world and Western
world. Bishop does not want to say "teach" but rather "share."
If you don't understand, it is hard to believe. If you understand then your heart accepts it easily to
believe. People said to Jesus, "Increase our faith." He said "if you have faith like mustard seed...."
Verse 6: "Mustard seed," smallest of all seeds. Eastern mustard seed is about 10 times smaller than
Western mustard seed. Eastern seed grows into tree the size of a plum tree, Western grows into a shrub.
Jesus said, with faith like mustard seed, you can tell Sycamine tree....
"Sycamine" tree is same as sycamore tree. It is called wild fig tree. Western sycamore is tall and
bears no fruit. Sycamine tree in East is about size of apple tree and bears fruit 6 times a years, fruit is a
red fig which humans do not eat, there are certain despised foods in the East.
1. Barley cake—to call a man barley cake is to say he is a good for nothing man—Judges 7:13,
taught but not stated, Midians called Gideon a barley cake.
2. Asses head—a kind of root which grows in the hedges, this is eaten during the famine time.
When there is no famine, it is eaten by the pigs.
3. "Doves dung" is really green peas which they feed the doves.
4. Wild figs are despised because only pigs and cows eat them. A person is ostracized for eating
them. No respectable man wants to be seen under the wild fig tree or on it for fear people will think that
he is gathering the fruit.
Mustard seed, sycamore. The disciples were asking for increased believing. Mustard seed of the
East is brown, and much smaller than the American one. So small in fact, that if it got into your eye it
would hardly phase it. The American mustard seed grows into a bush. The Eastern seed grows into a
large tree, even though its seed is very small. You can pluck a sycamore tree by its roots. Sycamore tree
is as big as an apple tree, maybe a little bigger. Yet it has enormous roots. No man can pluck it out by
the roots. Sycamore tree's roots spread so far, wide, deep, etc. Jesus said, "You can plant it in the sea."
Sycamore roots are symbolic of problems. Problems are so deep.
"Mustard seed"—smallest seed, it grows into a tree the size of a palm tree in the East and into a
shrub in the West.
It is a wild fig tree—Sycamine tree in East grows to the size of wild fig tree. In West a fig tree with
no fruit. In East, there is fruit eaten by poor people. This fruit is food for pigs and cows and it is, a
disgrace for people to eat it.
" as a grain of mustard seed...." Apostles asked Jesus to increase their faith, he did not answer
if he would increase it or not. Must know the background.
Mustard seed—smallest of ALL seeds. Black and extremely small—so small it may go in your eye
and you won't feel it. Yet, it grows into a tree.
American—larger, white or yellow and grows into a bush.
Sycamine and sycamore tree are the same. This tree produces fruit and is a wild fig tree. American
sycamore tree larger and produces nothing. Fruit is very small. It is a despised fruit and people did not
like to be seen collecting the fruit.
Grain of mustard seed, sycamine tree. The mustard seed is the smallest of all seeds. The American
and Eastern mustard seeds are different sizes. The American seed is much bigger. The seed in India and
Palestine grows into a tree as big as a palm tree. In the U.S. it's only a small shrub. Sycamine tree and
Sycamore tree in the Bible are one and the same. It is a wild fig tree, not a mulberry bush as Western
commentators say. "If you don't know anything you'll say anything without knowing." (Bishop on
Sycamore tree in East about size of our apple tree with several branches to it. This tree is plentiful in
Eastern countries. It grows wild—is not cultivated. Can't build nest in tree in West.
The cultivated figs are bigger and has more juice in it. The wild figs are very small and red in color.
They are edible, but not as juicy as cultivated figs. It is under the cultivated fig trees that the woman
would take their children when they had to work and had no one to keep their child for them. For two
reasons: (1.) for shadow; and (2.) they are taught if the children grow up under the fig tree, they'll prosper
because this tree is a symbol of prosperity. If you would say to any man, "I knew you since you were a
child," you'd say, ''I saw you under the fig tree." This is the cultivated fig tree—not the wild fig tree we're
discussing here. The figs are very much despised in the Eastern world. That is the wild figs are despised
because they are eaten by the cows and pigs. Because they are eaten by these animals, the people are
afraid to eat them for fear of being ostracized by their society. Even if a man is hungry he would dare not
to go and eat of the tree. Even if he went there for any other purpose, they would conclude he was
starving to death.
The people conclude that this man lowers himself lower than the pigs when he eats of the fruit.
There are several things despised in the East.: Barley cakes are despised because only cows eat them.
Anything the animals eat and the people would eat they despise. To call a man barley cake is to disgrace
him—insulting. The Midianites used to call Gideon a barley cake (Judges 7:13). The barley cake
defeated the proud Midianites. God hath chosen the foolish and base things of the world to confound the
wise. God chooses nobodies and makes them somebodies by the power of God and then puts them on top
of the world to speak to them.
Revival will never come through the "organized religious churches," nor the world council or any
other council of man. "It'll come through God's man as he says, 'thus saith the Lord.'" Then God only
will get the glory. Man has many degrees and dies by degrees also. It takes Christ in you—not degrees.
Degrees are incidental, not fundamental.
The famine was so acute in Samaria that they sold asses heads for so much—and so was dove's
dung. So human beings would eat under ordinary circumstances. Asses head—a kind of a root grows in
hedges. Is not asses head at all; no more so than our hot dog is a dog.
Dove's dung—a type of pea or bean. The doves are fed with these beans. (Goes back to the
sycamore tree—wild one.)
Mustard seed in America—large and white. Mustard seed in India—small and brown, four times
smaller. Smallest of all seeds in the world. So small won't sting if in eye. If you have so much faith, said
Jesus. Sycamine tree—wild fig tree, not planted. About size of an apple tree; fruit edible. (Sycamore in
America—huge but produced nothing—like Christians. Roots not widespread. Eastern Sycamine—
although small, innumerable roots, so many can't pluck without leaving some behind, roots represent
problem. It's like no other tree. Thick and thin, deep and widely spread. Never able to pluck out without
leaving some behind. Jesus Christ said if you had faith (believing) so small as mustard seed, you could
pick up Sycamine tree and all its roots, and plant in the sea. Therefore, two impossibilities made possible
by one act of faith (believing), the size of a mustard seed.
Mustard seed in India—so small grows into a tree; like palm tree.
Mustard seed in America—larger seed grows into a shrub.
Lesson learned, spiritual application—No matter how many or of what type your problems are
(problems = the roots) that you face, but if your faith is as small as a mustard seed, you can command that
the problems be plucked up—be solved, gone, plunged into the sea. Believe it shall be so. We have
Christ in us, the hope of glory, the seed of God, all power of God in us; He that is in you is greater than
all your problems. Command problems in the name of Jesus Christ to be gone and believe that it will be so.
Mustard seed. Sycamine tree. Apostles asked for more faith. Jesus did not respond about the
"faith," he only mentions mustard seed and sycamore tree. A mustard seed is the smallest of all seeds. (It
is different from the Western mustard seed.) It is black and very small. So small, if put in the eye there
would be no strain as a result of its' presence. Yet, it does grow into a tree. Our mustard seed is larger,
yet it does not grow into a tree, only a shrub. Sycamine tree—sycamore tree are the same. This is like an
American pear tree. The sycamore tree in the East produce fruits; it is a wild fig tree. The figs are very
small. Nobody in the East enjoys being seen picking this fruit.
The fruit is very much despised. Amos 7:12. The preacher is told to go back to Judah to preach.
His reply in verse 14 is that he is not a prophet; he is a collector of sycamore fruit. This is the menial of
menial tasks, like feeding the swine, a man can never be accepted back into society again. (Prodigal son.)
Collecting the sycamore fruit is the worst thing to do; this is why people are afraid to be seen under the
tree. Others might misunderstand that the person is collecting wild figs and the people will run him
down. (Also, to be seen on the top of sycamore tree is a humiliating experience.)
Zacchaeus was a short man and he got in the sycamore tree. Luke 19:1-10. It is a struggle to get up
through the branches, it is not a very tall tree, so vision is not real great. Why didn't he go upon a
housetop or on top of a camel? Why sycamore tree for Zacchaeus? Because he was a sinner, although he
was a rich man and had money. When he saw Jesus passing by, if he wanted to see Jesus he could have
gone to a housetop. He knew this. He wanted to humble himself. In order to manifest humility, in the
East, they always get in the sycamore tree. People think negatives only...for instance: "He must have
gone bankrupt overnight; he was all right last week, but he must have lost all of his money, because he
has gone there to collect fruit. They will ostracize him after that. Zacchaeus knew that.
The Easterners have a different way of calling than the Westerners. You need to see the gesture.
Jesus knew of the humility involved in this sycamore tree. He said, "Zacchaeus, make haste and
come down." Why did Jesus call only one man? There was only one man who emptied himself of all
pride, social status, standing and fear of the neighbors. We are not afraid of Christ who died for us, but
we are afraid of the other man and what he will think of us! Zacchaeus was a better man. He that
humbleth himself shall be exalted. The other people there were only onlookers like the church members
in the Western world. They were not preparing their hearts to let Jesus come in.
Jesus invited himself to Zacchaeus' home, Jesus is willing to do the same for us! We don't make
room for Christ. To busy for Jesus Christ. We must have a place for him. If anything hinders you, get
rid of it.
What "plucked up" means is that the sycamore tree has extensive roots although it has a small
stature. One cannot pluck it up without leaving any roots behind; because there are so many roots spread
far, wide and deep. The believing you have, although as small as a grain of mustard seed, you can pluck
up a sycamore tree by roots and plant it in the sea—both impossible. You need no bigger believing than
that and you should get results. (The roots stand for all the problems.) The more we dwell on these, the
lower we go. Cast our burden upon the Lord. If we want to pluck these roots out, we must have the
believing to do so.
Verse 6 "Be thou plucked up by the roots." Sycamine tree has innumerable roots, some as thick as a
man's arm, some as thin as air, spread very wide, no machine can pull it out with all of its roots.
Spiritual—two impossibilities come to pass (plucked and planted) by the one act of faith as small as
grain of mustard seed. The sycamine roots are symbolic of our problems. If you are truly saved, it's easy
to do God's will.
Background history of Bishop's life. 1932 went to England from India by inspiration—story about
his arrival in London.
Sycamore tree. Sycamine—sycamore. It is a wild fig tree. In America, it is a huge tree which
produces no fruit. In East, it is as small as the apple tree but produces wild figs six times in the year.
They are not cultivated trees. The fruit is red and edible, but no one would eat it because the cows and
pigs do. No one wanted to be seen in or under the fig tree because they feared being ostracized by the
Jews. Picking sycamore fruit was the lowliest job of all. (See Amos 7:14.)
Zacchaeus was a small man and he wanted to see Jesus pass by. He was also a very rich man in the
community. The housetops in the East are flat and that is where people stood to watch events happening
in the street. Zacchaeus could have climbed up on the rooftop or up on a camel or he could have engaged
four men to hold him up in a chair. Why did he climb up in a sycamore tree of all trees? He wanted to
empty his heart of all pride. He was a rich man and a publican. He wanted to go against public opinion
and humble himself to make room for Christ in his life. Going by public opinion is a disease of the mind.
We are too concerned about people looking at what we are doing. We keep our eyes on everybody and
that is why we remain worried and fearful. Our minds should instead be on God. Not much could be
seen from the sycamore tree because it is no bigger than an apple tree. Jesus called out only one man—
Zacchaeus. He had cast out all his pride. (Luke 19:2-5.)
Back to Luke 17:6. Why does it say "plucked up by the roots?" A sycamore has many roots which
spread far, wide and deep. They range in size from thin as a hair to thick as an arm. It is humanly
impossible, even with machines, to pluck up a sycamore tree and still have the roots all on it. One act of
believing God can get those results though. It is an insult to God to say we have problems. Problems are
created by sense-knowledge.
Verses 7 and 8 Jesus talking about relationship of master and servant. Point is—servant ate last.
Drunken in East means have finished a meal with drink of milk, coffee or tea, not liquor or drunk as in West.
Verse 35 See Ecclesiastes 12:1-14.
Verses 1-5 In the East in those days, there were no courts. Even now we don't have forceful places—
prisons. When a judge is appointed everybody goes to his house. Before you go to the judge, you must
send a present to him—a sheep, $100.00, etc. If he has not received a present from you, he will not do
anything for you. This woman did not send a present to the judge, so she continually went down there.
Verse 25 Camel's eye.
Gamla—Aramaic, Syriac. (1.) rope, (2.) camel, (3.) beam, (4.) anything larger than the given object.
Not a gate called a needle's eye in Madras. An Orientalism has to remain the same throughout the
East. It doesn't change from place to place. The same idioms everywhere. The Greeks being foreigners
knew the language, but not the usage of the language. To understand the language, you must understand
the culture of the people, which the Greeks didn't bother to learn. They were only scholars. They took
the Word from Aramaic. The Bible was translated from Aramaic to Greek (New Testament), so, they
wrote down camel here. This is correct as far as language is concerned, but wrong according to its usage.
Usage is far more important than the language. We must understand what people are trying to
communicate to you.
The rope is a very small rope. It fits through a big needle which is used to sew bags—maybe the eye
is 1/3" wide. Needle is as thick as my thumb and 4"-5" long with a big eye. If it's a big rope, you have to
twist it hard to go through. A rich man can enter the kingdom of God by twisting him a little bit. It's a
little hard for him because he has to forsake the things of the world. He doesn't need to unload his wealth,
just get his heart right. Use your wealth for the glory of God. We have to live like ambassadors for
Christ—not poverty stricken.
Verses 1-4 Sycamore tree. Zacchaeus was a short man who wanted to see Jesus pass by. He chose the
sycamore tree, although he could have gone to a housetop, or on a donkey, a camel or a chair carried by
four people. He was wealthy and could have afforded it. Why did he choose a sycamore tree? Why
didn't he go up the larger mango tree which produces fruit? Sycamore tree is a wild fig tree. In the U.S.
our sycamore or "wild fig" tree is small—about as high as a small apple tree. Very little can be seen as
compared to going up in a mango tree. Because sycamore fruit is eaten by cows and pigs, if anyone is
seen eating this fruit, or placed himself under the sycamore tree, it always is symbolic of starving, loss of
prestige and has lowered himself to the level of all pigs. (Ostracized from society, too.)
Zacchaeus knew this. He lost his human respect and became as low as a pig. Nobody would think
Zacchaeus was trying to get a better vantage point; they would think he was gathering fruit. He wanted to
knock all pride down and have humility before God (James 1:9). We are too concerned today about the
public opinion. Zacchaeus was more concerned with becoming humble than worrying about public
opinion. He was despised because he was a publican and ostracized for going in the sycamore tree. Then
Jesus invited himself (because there was room in Zacchaeus' heart for Jesus—where pride is not, there is
room for Christ). When your eye is centered on Christ, you don't care if the whole world is thinking
against you. You aren't listening; you're centered on him, engrossed in Christ.
Verses 1-5 Christ invited himself to Zacchaeus' house; sycamore and sycamine tree—one and the same.
Zacchaeus—short, couldn't see above crowds, so climbed up tree. Why not on housetop where in
the East anyone allowed to climb? Or why not camel, elephant or, he was rich, why not in a chair carried
by coolies, or another tree (mango—large in India). Why a sycamore? Wild Fig—it is despised very
much. No man likes to be seen under for FEAR of being disgraced—ostracized. Especially not to be
seen on the top. Those really hungry (starving) will eat the fruit, but do not want to be seen gathering it.
Only pigs or cows eat it. If you are seen, you'll be treated like a pig or cow. People will think you went
bankrupt. Zacchaeus was a rich man, knew about tree and what people would think—despise him and a
scandal; not care what people thought, knocked all pride out of his heart, humbled himself, not worried
about public opinion, more concerned with Christ as we should be.
Christ man follows Christ—his one concern and need. Jesus Christ knew what it meant for
Zacchaeus to be in the tree, only one man made room for Christ. Others were following the crowd.
Anyone who follows Christ empties himself from all junk in heart and mind and lets Christ come in, as
Zacchaeus did; made room in heart. Humble self to losing status, position in community and self respect.
Zacchaeus' objective was not just to see, if only wanted to see could have gone someplace else to see
better—prepared room in his heart for him.
Verses 1-9 See also Luke 17:5,6.
Reference to Zacchaeus climbing a sycamine tree to see Jesus. He was showing humility by
emptying himself of pride and care of public opinion. Sycamine tree about same size of apple tree—it
has innumerable roots. Two impossible things are made to come to pass by having faith of "mustard
seed," roots are symbolic of problems, the roots are almost impossible to uproot.
Verses 1-10 Luke 17:5,6. Mustard seed. Sycamine tree. Apostles asked for more faith. Jesus did not
respond about the "faith," he only mentions mustard seed and sycamore tree. A mustard seed is the
smallest of all seeds. (It is different from the Western mustard seed). It is black and very small. So
small, if put in the eye, there would be no strain as a result of its presence. Yet, it does grow into a tree.
Our mustard seed is larger, yet it does not grow into a tree, only a shrub. Sycamine tree—sycamore tree
are the same. This is like an American pear tree. The sycamore tree in the East produces fruit; it is a wild
fig tree. The figs are very small. Nobody in the East enjoys being seen picking this fruit.
The fruit is very much despised (Amos 7:12), the preacher is told to go back to Judah to preach. His
reply in verse 14 is that he is not a prophet; he is a collector of sycamore fruit. This is the menial of
menial tasks, like feeding the swine. As a feeder of swine, a man can never be accepted back into society
again. (Prodigal son.) Collecting the sycamore fruit is the worst thing to do; this is why people are afraid
to be seen under the tree. Others might misunderstand that the person is collecting wild figs and the
people will run him down. (Also, to be seen on the top of sycamore tree is a humiliating experience.)
Zacchaeus was a short man, and he got in the sycamore tree. Luke 19:1-10. It is a struggle to get up
through the branches, it is not a very tall tree, so vision is not real great. Why didn't he go up a housetop
or on top of a camel? Why sycamore tree for Zacchaeus? Because he was a sinner, although he was a
rich man and had money. When he saw Jesus passing by, if he wanted to see Jesus he could have gone to
a housetop. He knew this. He wanted to humble himself. In order to manifest humility, in the East, they
always get into the sycamore tree. People think negatives only, for instance: "He must have gone
bankrupt over night; he was all right last week, but he must have lost all of his money, because he has
gone there to collect fruit." They will ostracize him after that. Zacchaeus knew that. Jesus knew of the
humility involved in this sycamore tree. He said, "Zacchaeus, make haste and come down." Why did
Jesus call only one man? There was only one man who emptied himself of all pride, social status and
standing and fear of the neighbors. We are not afraid of Christ who died for us, but we are afraid of the
other man and what he will think of us! Zacchaeus was a better man. He that humbleth himself shall be
exalted. The other people there were only onlookers, like the church members in the Western world.
They were not preparing their hearts to let Jesus come in.
Jesus invited himself to Zacchaeus' home. Jesus is willing to do the same for us! We don't make
room for Christ. Too busy for Jesus Christ. We must have a place for him. If anything hinders you, get
rid of it.
Verses 1ff Sycamine tree. Zacchaeus was a short man who couldn't see over the crowds, so he ran and
got up into the sycamore tree to see Jesus pass by. You still can't see much if you go up in the top of the
tree. It's a small tree.
Why didn't he get up on the housetop? They are flat roofs open to all the public without the owners'
permission because you can enter the housetop from the outside. People will go up on camels and
elephants to see someone pass if they're rich.
(Mango is the national fruit of India.) There were plenty of trees around much bigger than the
sycamore tree.
Zacchaeus knew of the contempt he would be treated with in going near the tree. They would all
conclude he was starving. He did this to humble himself in order to make room for Jesus. You must
empty yourself of all filthiness, of all arrogance, prestige and pride. He humbled himself. He was
centered in Christ, not himself.
Usually hundreds of people follow holy men—why did Jesus only call Zacchaeus. Christ invited
himself to Zacchaeus' home even though he was the sinner that he was, because Jesus saw that Zacchaeus
didn't care for the public opinion, or fear of being ostracized—Zacchaeus was Christ-centered. Only
when we are not Christ-centered are we afraid.
We worry about public opinion and don't enjoy the peace of God. We try to serve God and
mammon. We cannot! Wherever you make room for Jesus he'll come in. The light can't share with
darkness. There must be a conviction in our life. Light and darkness cannot live together.
The Samaritan woman left the waterpot and went to tell the city, for the joy she found—she couldn't
keep the joy to herself. You must have the daily fellowship—contact—with the Lord. If you don't, you
won't tell everybody. His presence must be a reality in your life to have the joy.
If you have this little bit of faith (believing) as a grain of mustard seed, you can bring these two
impossibilities to pass—(l.) pluck up sycamore tree by its roots, and (2.) plant it in the sea.
Why the sycamore tree here? The tree has roots without number—spread very far, as thick as your
arm, as thin as your hair. It is humanly impossible to pluck up sycamore tree by its roots, even with all of
our modern machinery.
It is also impossible to plant a tree in the sea.
The roots are symbolic of man's problems. No matter how many problems you have, how big they
are, you can command them all to be rooted up and planted into the sea—be gone. We don't do it, but
Christ in us when we command in his name. He'll work for us. This is how we'll solve our problems as
"Faith without works is dead." We must demonstrate our faith. We can prove the faith by our
works. We must exercise our faith. Act on the Word of God, step out on it, and God will do the other
things. But, you have to step on the Word. Because you supply the action, the Word will become real to you.
Don't be engrossed with your problems, but be engrossed with Christ. Don't look at your problems,
but at the Word. Speak the Word and Christ will see that it's done.
Example: Bishop went to England—housing lost—"Be still and know I'm God"—trust in God—
wait on Lord—be not anxious—God makes a way where there is no way—we must exercise our faith.
Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on thee. Then you'll enjoy the peace of God.
Act on the Word and we'll be blessed. We're more than conquerors in the midst of adversity because of Christ.
Verse 2-8 Zacchaeus (from Hebrew-pure. A chief tax gatherer whom Jesus called on when passing
through Jericho. Young's Concordance.). Got up in a sycamine tree, he could have gotten in any other
tree or housetop (which are plentiful with flat roofs). It was available for anyone to go up them. Or being
a rich man, he could have gotten on a camel, elephant or had people carry him. He got up in a sycamine
tree to get rid of all pride and public opinion, he wanted to show humility. He made room for Jesus. A
sycamore tree isn't that high anyway—how much could you see from an apple tree? Preaching in here
about making room for Jesus.
Verse 7 and 8 Why did Zacchaeus make this statement? "Behold Lord, the half of my goods I give to
the poor; and if I have taken anything from any man by false accusation, I restore him four fold." Jesus
did not accuse him of obtaining wealth by false means. When in presence of Christ, in light, all the
darkness of your life has to go, as light and dark cannot be together. Conviction came to him, gave up
those things that are not to be in our lives.
We do not want to yield to the truth. We don't want to give up those areas of darkness in our lives.
Can't serve God and mammon. Zacchaeus had conviction, honest, though sinner, restored fourfold. Jesus
said salvation has come to this house.
Verse 8 Giving. Did the lord accuse Zacchaeus of being a slouch? No. Zacchaeus felt that when Christ
came into his presence, that a light came in. And immediately Zacchaeus wanted to give away half of his
goods. This is an Oriental idea to give, give, give.
Verse 12 What is a nobleman? Means wealthy man, honorable man, a respected dignified man. He is a
man who doesn't do any work, manual labor. He does not work with hands at all. Only coolies work
with their hands. Parables are based on tradition, and they bring actuality.
They appoint tetrarchs natives to rule under the emperor. Pilate and Herod were tetrarchs. These
appointments are made only by the emperor or by the governor general. The nobleman went to the
country to receive the kingdom—to the headquarters of the government ruling at that time. When this
nobleman has to be gone for a long while, he appoints a servant and gives them various jobs to perform
while he is gone.
Verses 24-26 If a man hath not the wisdom to handle his ten pounds, it shall be taken away from him.
The first half applies to ability and the second half applied to money which he uses. He lacked the ability
to manage. To receive a kingdom means to be confirmed as a ruler. Herod and Pilate were small Jewish
rulers under the Roman government. They were Jews, not Romans.
Verse 26 "Every one which hath the wisdom to use that which is given to him." If you make use of
your talents, God will prosper you. Him that hath not (the wisdom to use that which is given to him),
even that he hath (which was given to him) shall be taken away from him.
Verses 28-35 Hindus are immigrants to India. Natives are the untouchables. There are tithes to the
temple, firstfruits of grain as well as of animals, first calf, first colt. The priest ties these up at the temple.
The main temple is at the entrance to the village. There the animals wait to be taken by anybody for the
use of God—the owner of these animals is God. That is why Jesus could tell the disciples to go and get
the colt. "Whereon yet never man sat." Only Jesus had the right to sit on the colt.
"Colt tied at the temple." There is one large temple outside of the walls of the city. There are many
shelters around the temple, colts, horses, camels, elephants, calves are tied up by the hundreds inside
these shelters. The Eastern people give tithes of all that they earn in money, in produce from the land and
in the animals they have. They give their firstborn animals after they have been weaned from the parent.
The priest may sell these animals for money for the treasury, or they may be used for the service of God.
If a young man is sitting in the town and an older man walks by, then the young man will stand up
and bow to him. If two children are fighting, anyone passing by can break them up and send them home.
Verse 29 Point is: Before Jesus Christ went to Jerusalem, asked disciples to get a colt without asking
master first. How could he do that without asking; colt belongs to somebody. The temples are usually at
entrance to village. Man gives firstborn of lamb, sheep, cattle—Law that must give firstborn to God.
Gives by taking to temple to priest, who is supposed to be the priest of God, so give to God. Ties animals
around temple gate and the servants take care of them. God is the owner, and people can use for Lord's
use. No person to really ask, no permission.
We are the Lord's donkeys, belong to the Lord, have been dedicated to him, saved redeemed. If the
lord wants us to go someplace—go.
Verses 29-34 Loose colt tied at the temple. The contradiction people say: "Why does Jesus tell his
disciples to loose a colt that belongs to someone else without asking permission?" The firstborn of all
your animals is given to the temple—the Word says to do so. These animals are tied up around the
temple shelter. The temple priests take care of them. During the day, the temple servants loose them for
a walk. The cattle go all over the streets. They go to the shops and pick up anything they want.
Shopkeepers let them, because they belong to God. They sleep on streets, etc. People say they're sacred
cows. The cows are only in streets certain times—not always. The temple servant will bring them back
and tie them up. There's no private owner. The owner gave it to God. Now it's God's property to use for
His purposes.
"Whereon never a man sat," means no man had a right to sit on it because it was God's property.
There's no private owner, so he couldn't ask anybody for permission. The private owner is God. We
don't own ourselves. We're Christ's property. We were crucified with Christ to the world. We're dead to
the world; a new creation. He paid for us; we are his. There is no private owner. We're God's. (Exodus
13:2,11-13—bring firstlings to the Lord. See also Exodus 22:30.)
Verse 30 Whereon never a man sat—this colt belongs to God, Eastern colts very calm, quiet, not brutal.
People say one sat on colt because it was untamed. NO! Only God has the right to ride on it.
Verse 40 See Joshua 24:26.
Verses 9 and 10 Living near the vineyard is not always profitable. You have droughts and unseasonable
rains. The vineyard was a symbol of Jewish people. Their priests in whom they trusted were wicked.
Their rule was unjust and subtle. God is the owner of the vineyard, the priests are the servants. Prophets
are the servants of God whom the priests stoned and killed and then God's own Son was sent. The owners
of the vineyard never worked. Someone else worked for them. If they don't give fruit, battle comes, riots
happen, murders happen. These are very frequent in the Orient.
Verse 18 "Not an hair of your head perish." Not literal. Means nothing whatsoever shall happen to you.
Verse 10 See Psalm 119:83.
See also Mark 14:13. "A man bearing a pitcher of water." Christ will always tell us just exactly
what we are to do in every situation so we are not confused—only one man with pitcher of water. This
would be easily noticed by the men, because it was so unusual. Only very, very poor people have to buy
water, they are called untouchables. Live in mud huts, 10'x20', 5' high, no windows. Bring water home
and tie it to ceiling, wife cooks with thorns and thistles which crackle and smoke (no chimney) and the
smoke goes to the ceiling, and the skin bottle gets all burnt and scarred just hanging there with nothing to
say about it. They also kept their animals tied up inside.
Spiritual application: If a man is in a helpless situation, going through crisis or cares, can't defend
himself, he's boiling, burning, suffering pain and agony, disaster, then that man is a "bottle in the smoke."
But he should never forget God's statutes. That will be his only solution. Seek the Lord and He will
deliver you!
Verse 21 "With me on the tray." Is the correct translation. The tray is big enough for 12 people. We
do not eat on a table. We eat with our hands. We do not use trays when we are alone. We use a brass
vessel in India. They use trays when there are four or five relatives. The Jews use a tray of wood. The
Caucasians use a tray of silver. In the East, to become acquainted, we eat the person's bread and sit at his
table. The worst breech of friendship is if you eat with a person and at the same time think up something
terrible to do to them. To eat together is a token of loyalty. There is no love and loyalty between parents
and children because they eat at different times. Family eating, family prayers is one of the biggest
virtues of American life. In the East, no matter where you are working, you all gather together and eat
together. That is to show love, loyalty and devotion to the parents and also to one another. The parents
and children must eat together. In eating there is binding and trust because there is salt in it. Big quarrels
are settled before eating. The eating is a cementing of the friendship again established. We try to settle
arguments peacefully. We do not spend money on police stations. We settle arguments without force.
All the disciples were eating together. They did not know who Jesus meant. That is why they asked,
"Is it I, lord?" When you eat in a dish it is a smaller quantity of food, not many kinds of side dishes,
maybe rice or maybe some bread, dates and cheese. Judas reached from his side to get something to eat.
Don't eat on the table in the East. (The hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table.) He's
eating with me—idiom—he that dippeth his hand in the dish with me, betrays me. Sit on floors on
cushions. Dish in middle contains food (on tray). Pick up food with fingers. Man in East won't want to
eat with you if he's going to harm you—the food is salted. Won't shake hands with you unless they mean
it. Don't double tongue, back stab you as today in America. Clear the matter up—no animosity—than
shake hands.
Verse 25 How can they call a man who sits over them a benefactor? Benefactor is one who is good. In
our countries, kings exercise tremendous power over the subjects. Their services are more important than
their souls. Their property can be confiscated anytime, or he can order the people to be killed. The rulers
do become benefactors in time of trouble or famine. "Bene" means good. "Factor" means deed. In time
of trouble, they feed and clothe the people until the good time comes. They show them generosity and
kindness then. Then when the good time comes they work hard for the king because of all he has done
for them.
"Benefactors." How are the rulers the benefactors to the ruled? India was divided into many small
kingdoms and each was ruled by a king. The people work hard in good times for the king and the king
will open his warehouses to supply their need during a famine or hard times. The benefactor is one who
gives them food.
"Benefactors." How are the rulers a benefactor to the ruled? Why are rulers involved? There is a
king over each small kingdom. There were many small kingdoms in India before the British came.
Rajah—Sanskrit word for king. The king taxes the people and they work for him. When a draught
comes, the king will open his warehouses to them. That is how they come to be benefactors.
Most princes in East are dictators, sovereign power. India was tied into many different kingdoms
before British came. Each start was a kingdom—ruled by a king (autocracy). How can you be a
benefactor and a dictator at the same time? When the famine comes, the king has plenty of food stored
away. He'll open his barns and give to every family in the village, enough till the famine is over, until the
rainy season. Although dictator seems to be harsh (taxes, etc.), he shares with the people in time of
difficulty. In America, we have welfare.
How can somebody assume authority and be a benefactor at the same time? When assuming
authority over a person, usually rob and exploit them. This is what the kings here did. In a time of
famine in the country, the king always saves up food against the days of famine (corn, wheat, etc.). When
the people are starving, the king opens up his barns and distributes food freely. This is how they are also
benefactors to their subjects in time of need.
Lordship. Exercised by kings; autocracy. Authority—exercised by those under the king; authority
given by the king, rulers of smaller areas under the king, he speaks for the king.
Rulers of the Gentiles are called "benefactors" because after they have collected taxes, revenues, etc.,
they reserve these supplies until a drought or famine occurs, at which time they open their storehouses
and call their subjects to come and receive the necessary food until the emergency situation is over—thus,
they are called benefactors because they give aid to people when they are in need.
Verse 31 Jesus said to Simon, Satan hath desired to sift thee as wheat, but I have prayed for thee that thy
faith fail not. Satan hath the desire: Means Satan had to go to the Lord and ask permission. He would
sift Peter like wheat, but I have prayed for thee. When a believer is attacked, Satan has to go to the Lord
and get permission from the Lord, just as with Job.
Jesus is in heaven praying for those that the Father hath given him. He prays for us—we may sleep,
but he neither slumbers nor sleeps. If we stay in fellowship, the Devil will have no way of attacking us.
Verses 31 and 21 Not Orientalism—Oriental thought: maybe not applicable here. In the East, they
believe that the Devil has no power over you unless he gets the power from God. The Devil has to go to
God to get permission to attack one of His children, a human being. "Satan hath the desire." Bishop says
Devil puts thought in your head—depressing. We should keep our mind renewed so we become victors
when he attacks us.
Verses 35-38 Verse 35: told them not to take any bedding, extra sandals, not to solicit people of the
world to help.
Verse 36: making a parabolical statement concerning what would happen when Jesus left the earth.
Sword should be spear (like arrow). Not that sword is enough—parabolical statement. Means, "enough
said." He says this is what you're going to do after I'm gone. It's not right, but you're going to do it
anyway—you dumb bunnies—enough said. When the things concerning him have an end in this world,
the people will go back to their old ways of the sword, etc. This is not his sanction, but what the people
will do. Reference not stated—Jesus said, "He that taketh the sword shall perish with the sword."
(Matthew 26:52.) Win by love, not by sword.
Verses 36-38 Two swords, that's enough. Christ sent out the 70 without purse and without scrip at one
time. They came back—"we lack nothing, even the devils are subject unto us." He sent them out again
saying take it—etc. Parabolic speech, "It is enough." No, not "two swords are plenty," it should be, "you
fools, you didn't understand me, you have said enough." He meant that when he went away, they go back
to the old sword trip.
It is enough. Verse 38: "it is enough" means that Jesus wanted them to keep quiet, they had said
enough. They misunderstood what he said.
Swords, scrip. It is enough. "Swords" should read spear—or a double-edged spear! Handled like a
knife and short sword. Many things have been destroyed due to the use of these spears!
"Scrip" is a bed.
Verse 38: "It is enough" means that Jesus wanted them to keep quiet. They had said enough. They
misunderstood what he said.
Verse 38 Take purse, scrip and sword. He that hath no sword, buy one.
This is a parabolical statement concerning an alarming situation that was to come. At the first, Jesus
told them take no purse or scrip; God will take care of you. Even the devils were subject to them, not
only did they get their needs met. Now Jesus is leaving the world (verse 37). His end is soon. "Now you
are going to do just as the world is going to do," Jesus said. Verse 38, "it is enough," means "you dumb
heads, you don't understand." It wasn't a question of two swords being enough or not. They didn't
understand the situation. To think that two swords could conquer the world is not logical. Besides, God
forbade the sword. "I am the Lord, I change not."
Verses 39-45 "Sweat as drops of blood." Jesus was so centered in God, the depth of his fellowship is
communicated by this oriental idiom of sweating blood. "The depth of his communion."
Verses 26-31 Isaiah 7:15. Jeremiah 3:6-9. Green tree. Women wept because they love them. Jesus
said, "Weep for your children," because they are headed for a great sorrow. Green tree does not mean it
is "green." Should be "heavenly" tree. It is a species of banyan tree. (From each branch, another branch
comes down and roots itself in the ground and it becomes a tree—in Calcutta one of these trees is three
miles wide. In India, circumference is 1/4 mile.) "God-planted tree, coming down from heaven-tree."
You cannot plant it. Looks like a banyan tree. For people who are sleepless, doctors don't recommend
medicine. They recommend sitting under the banyan tree. They believe the air under this tree is
heavenly. Helps renew the mind. Eat the leaves and milk from leaves when they are tender. Chemicals
in the leaves are believed to aid concentration. Meditation. Thank God, pray, etc. Concentration is
harder. They start by staring at a black dot on a paper without blinking until tears come. To concentrate
on God, think on one thing about Him. Isaiah 7:15—Jesus Christ did not eat butter or honey: this is
supposed to take the place of the heavenly tree leaves and milk. Jeremiah 3:6-9—Under the green trees,
set up altars to idols—harlot to other gods. They think God is dwelling there. Has a beautiful shade. Has
a very soothing effect under this tree. Supposedly under the protection of God under these trees;
therefore, no one will steal from anyone there. Pagans are only body and soul men; they are blind and
ignorant people. They have no light—they have not Christ. (1.) Sleep there (under the green tree); (2.)
Enjoy the peace there; (3.) Learn how to concentrate there; (4.) Learn how to meditate there. Luke
23:31—green tree. Dry tree of the world. Green tree—heavenly tree. Jesus Christ came from the Father
to give shelter, joy and healing, etc., to do good. Nobody should destroy this heavenly tree with a knife.
"I came to save mankind. I came to heal mankind. I came to give peace to mankind. I came to give the
feed to mankind. I came to make mankind the children of God. Look what they are doing—they are
crucifying me, the heavenly tree; what shall be done to you dry trees?" This is the question he asked the
woman crying. This green tree has a limited shadow. The heavenly tree, Jesus Christ, has a shadow
much bigger without limitation. Shall abide in his shadow wherever you go for healing, health,
satisfaction, joy, abundance, etc. Every believer abides under the heavenly tree. So we are abiding under
his shadow, in his security and protection and power and authority and resources—everywhere Christ
does more for us than the literal, heavenly tree which has limitations; he has no limitations.
Green tree, weep not for me, milk and honey, juniper tree.
When Jesus was being escorted to be crucified, the women gathered together and were weeping for
him. The women were sensitive and cared. Verse 29 refers to the second coming: When Christ comes,
they will say "Blessed woman who never bore a son. I have quite a few and they are not saved. They are
all fear-filled. They will run to hide." "Pray and weep for them, not for me," Jesus said. When they call
on the mountains, they could not face the day of Jesus Christ.
"Green tree" is on every high hill—should be heavenly tree. One of these trees in the East is 1/2
mile in circumference—very unusual tree. This tree just continues to grow and spread. If sleep under,
the total protection of God is guaranteed. As born-again believers we abide under the shadow, protection
of God (from shore to shore, east to west, north to south) which is unlimited. If we are sleepless, we can
sleep better. If we are defenseless, we are defended; if sick, healed; if poor, made rich; if helpless, made
self-sufficient. What security! Wherever a believer, dwelling in Christ Jesus, goes, he abides constantly
under the protection of God.
"Fall on us," means that after rejecting the savior, men will run to hide from the reality of the time.
There will be nowhere to run to hide. If we dodge the salvation now, we won't have to hide from his day
which is coming. Today is the day of salvation. In that day to come, there will be nowhere to run.
During the heat of the day, people go to the "heavenly" tree to rest and cool off. The real refreshment of
body, soul and spirit, is lifting your heart to God. He refreshes us. This tree is cooler than an air
conditioner. People who have trouble staying their mind on God, leave their past. Air beneath the
"heavenly" tree helps toss out all wandering thoughts. The mind is arrested, refreshed, renewed. This
helps concentration. When hungry, the tree can be eaten. They eat the leaves of this tree. They are
tender, and able to be picked. Allow "milk" to flow in a cup and eat the leaf of the tree. All holy men
take a certain time to sit under this tree prior to taking a holy office to meditate, concentrate and get
power, ability, control over their minds. These men stay under this tree until they are perfected to teach
other people about the renewed mind and being stayed upon God."
"Butter and honey," heavenly tree's leaves taste just the same. (Isaiah 7:15.)
Jesus said, "if they do these things in a heavenly tree...look at me. I came as heavenly tree from
glory. I came to die for the sins of mankind. I came to make mankind into sons and daughters of God. I
came to give them joy, peace, security, life and liberty. I came to do these things for them, to lift them up.
I am the heavenly tree from glory, come under my shadow. I came to do all of this for them. What did I
get? Abuse. Name-calling. They spat upon me. They are crucifying me. I came to do good, not harm,
just like the heavenly tree. If they do these things to the heavenly tree, these wicked things to me who
came to give more than abundant life, what things shall happen in the dry?" Dry is the world, the devil
and the flesh. All liberty, life and truth is from the Almighty. No matter where we are or go—we are still
under the shadow of the Almighty. As long as you are under the shadow of the almighty, we are not
afraid of thieves, robbers, disease, or anything else. The saved people have this comfort. "Juniper" tree is
the sign of fear, gloom, complaint, etc. Change trees!
Verses 27-29 When Jesus Christ being escorted to be crucified. Women more loving, sincere for Christ.
"I wish I was never born"—wombs that never bore, paps that never sucked.
Verses 27-31 Green tree, heavenly tree. To weep for their own children, for there will be terrible things
happening to this world, in reference to his return. "Weep for those who will be left in despair, don't
weep for me," Jesus said. It is not a "green tree." It should be translated "heavenly tree," because it is not
green all year long. This distinct tree in the East is a part of the banyan tree family. It grows by the
roadside, planted, watered and grown by God. Not a "domestic" plant. The branches grow down into the
ground and sprout back up. It begins, in time, to spread out in circumference to the end of perhaps one
mile to three miles! This tree comes from heaven, planted by God, and without man's effort, it grows up.
Similar to the banyan tree. During the summer, people go and lie down under this tree. It is better than
air conditioning! It gives shelter to all who come to it and it calms and gives security to all who come to
it. No thieves will bother you as you sleep because you are under the shadow of the heavenly tree and
under God's protection. People who wish to train their minds in concentration spend time fasting under
this tree. They renewed their minds under this tree better than they could any other way. There is a
spiritual atmosphere there. They fast, because with an empty stomach, the mind becomes easier to renew.
They do eat milk from the tree by plucking the leaves, and the leaves are eaten also. Scientists went to
India and tried to transplant it in Germany. It would not. They discovered that butter diluted with honey
to equal the results of the heavenly tree. If there is a plague in the country, or a drought, the people pray
to God. They set up an altar under this tree, believing God is under the heavenly tree, for rain and healing
to come. "Thy daughters have committed adultery under every green (heavenly) tree." Adultery is not
physical adultery, rather it means worshipping any god other than the true God. This is like loving
someone other than your husband—adultery. Not actual sexual intercourse. They called upon gods other
than the true God. They must come under the tree to get all of the benefits. The tree protects every
person who comes under its shadow. Gives poise, peace, security, protection; it also heals insomnia and
sets people free from fear. The dry tree, the world, the pomp and the glory, the flesh and the devil are
dry...can't save a soul. The heavenly tree, like Jesus Christ, came from glory to this sin-stricken world, to
heal and to save all that call upon him. No weapons are allowed to be taken under the tree. The idea is
that if the tree is destroyed, God is being destroyed, and the tree symbolized God. There is no place
where we go where God is not. The fig tree is symbolic of the presence of God and sign of prosperity.
Verse 30 They couldn't face the day of the coming of Christ. Those that had rejected him—panic condition.
Verse 31 The words green tree should be translated heavenly tree. For the heavenly tree plants itself, it
is a family of small figs, red in color. Birds eat them, no human eats them. This tree plants itself.
Anybody can come under it. It is a big tree. There is a big tree at Calcutta, India that they say is three
miles wide. The leaves are always green, about four times as big as a peach leaf, but look like a peach
leaf. The passers-by may live under the tree and may camp under it all night. If doctors can't help
someone regarding their sickness, they tell them to lie under the tree. "Arison" the "sadu's," the holy men
must sit here three hours a day with legs crossed for six months in order to learn to concentrate and they
say after that period of time there is nothing that can disturb their concentration. If you take about ten
leaves and hold a glass under the place where you pick the leaves, you get milk. They eat the leaves and
they drink the milk. The German scientist, the first scientist who tried to transplant this tree in Germany
couldn't. So since the leaves tasted sweetly, they called it honey, and the milk they turned butter—that is
why the translation in II Samuel 17:29, Psalms 55:21. Wherever it is translated butter and honey should
be translated heavenly milk and heavenly leaves.
No one dare carry a knife or hammer under this tree. If you destroy the tree, God will destroy you.
This isn't true of the entire fig family. Yet Jesus, remember, cursed the fig tree which was a terrible thing
to do in the eyes of the apostles because the apostles knew that the destroying of a tree is supposed to
mean the destruction of the one who destroys the tree, for the tree will live on and the man will die. That
is why Peter said, "Look Lord, look Lord, the fig tree which thou cursedst."
There is no thieving under such a tree either. If they have no rain or if there is a catastrophy in the
community or a plague, the women folks set up an altar under the tree and there they pray. That is why in
the Old Testament you find places where they committed whoredoms, because they set up their altars to
worship the wrong god.
Jesus likened himself to this heavenly tree. Anything that is not of Jesus is a dry tree. The Book of
Psalms says, "He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most high abideth under the shadow of the
Almighty." All diseases of the heart or mind, if you are afflicted of them, you come under this heavenly tree.
"Green tree." Should be "heavenly tree." This tree is a species of the banyan tree. No man plants
this tree, no one waters it or takes care of it. This tree spreads out widely. From each branch another
branch comes down and becomes a grove. People set up an altar under these green trees and call upon
their gods.
Green tree. This is an idiom—it should read "heavenly" instead of green. The heavenly tree is a
species of banyan trees. The leaves are tender. From each branch ten more branches come downward
and plant themselves, and come up again. They may spread over about half a mile (1/4 mile radius). The
fruit is eaten by the birds, small red fruit.
Green tree (not any green tree)—heavenly tree, species of "banyan" tree in Florida. Not always
Dry tree—those of the world. Heavenly tree—from each branch come several more branches down
and stick to the ground and they become a tree again. Can spread from 1/4 mile to 1 mile. One in
Calcutta has a three mile spread. Wide, bushy leaves all green. By roadside in India. In heat of the day,
people go to sleep under the trees—as air conditioner cool and heavenly. Nighttime, travelers cook and
sleep there. Nobody robs anybody who sleeps under this tree—they're supposed to be under the
protection of God. When people were upset they'd go sleep under the heavenly tree to ease their minds,
then they'd be healed. Holy men go and meditate and concentrate under the tree—"keep his mind stayed
on Him, keep him in perfect peace." Holy men spend weeks under this tree—drink the milk of the leaves,
eat the leaves as lettuce. They believe there is something in the leaves that give you a power of
concentration. Concentration to keep your mind stayed on God as long as you want. Discussion of
German scientists coming to find out why the holy men of India had the power of concentration—brought
a banyan tree to Germany—wouldn't grow—made the equivalent of what was in juice (milk of leaves)
and made a combination of fresh butter and honey—same chemical.
Protection from rain, sleep. If no rain, go and sit under and call upon God for rain—they believe that
God is dwelling there—set up altars of bricks. A God-sown heavenly tree. Tree is sent by God, watered
by God, planted by God, gives shelter, no thief rob you while under its shelter—under God's protection.
"Heavenly protection"—branches. So Christ said, if they do these things under a heavenly tree, I
came to do good, feed the hungry, to save—just as heavenly tree does good to everyone who comes
(protects, safety, security, healing). I came from heaven to do—look at what they do to me. What shall
be done to the world, that's the dry tree. That's the point—study and meditate on this and believe that we
are under heavenly tree all the time, and shadow of Almighty—it's everywhere.
Verse 43 Today thou shalt be with me, today, paradise. In the East, if a man commits suicide, it is
believed that he will go to hades until Christ returns to judge. Yet, it is the only place a man could go
without being followed. They assumed he would kill himself.
Verse 48 To smite the breast is symbol of bringing my heart out. In other words, my heart goes out to
you as an indication of the smiting of the breast. Refer to Luke 18:13 also.
Verse 28 It should be "whither they were going." They must have a reason to constrain anyone.
Verse 29 "Abide with us" is an invitation, "...for it is toward evening..." is the reason for constraining.
Disciples constraining Jesus. To constrain must give a reason.
"For it is toward evening." This is the reason they gave him for abiding with them.
Verse 49 See Luke 10:29.
Cooking, constraining, hospitality. When the host has towns people visit him and he has a guest
with him, the host receives them and introduces the guest. When dinner is prepared, tables are different
from ours. Their chairs are sloping downward. The highly honored guest sits on the right-hand side.
Then the next honored guest, etc. They know how to seat themselves according to their standing in social
life. There is no hostess in the East. The host does not eat with the guests, unless the guests are intimate
friends (very special, close friends). The host stands up and serves the guests while they are eating. The
wife, children and all the members of the host's family do no work that day. They stay to attend to the
guests all the time, as long as the guests are there, nobody works, they only serve the guests. When the
guest is eating, the host will come with his son.
When the eating proper begins, the food has been cooked. Each person has a small table for himself,
all arranged. The host will, accompanied by his family, approach the guest in the living room prior to
sitting down to eat and address each one thusly: "Please come along to eat, you must be hungry now."
"Must have been walking a long way," says the next person in the family.
Each person in the family (if there are 20 members in the family) each one gives a reason to the
guest as to why he should eat. This is constraining. "The apostles constrained us to abide with them."
Luke 24:49. How did they do it? "Abide with us for it is getting toward evening." Lydia, the first
European convert. Acts 16:14ff, constrained the apostles to abide with her. Constraining means asking,
pressing, persuading, begging someone to eat with you. Even if the guest is starving, he must wait until
the family is finished asking. After asking the man at the common, you must, as hosts qualify your
invitation by constraining the guest to eat with you.
As the meal begins, bread is placed on each plate. The Eastern bread is like our pancake; it is never
like our large loaves of bread. The Eastern bread is pancake style and as big and as wide as the plate, and
is thick. Each guest receives three pieces. A working man can eat two. A desk job man can eat only one.
The hospitality is to give three.