Verse 1 "How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she
that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary!"
"Become as a widow" means for an Eastern High Caste Hindu that the wife makes a covenant with
one man, her husband, and that nothing can break this covenant, not even death and she will never
remarry because she will meet; her husband.
Again in heaven—a widow holds no special significance in the Western world because she can
remarry and continue much as before—an Eastern widow, by custom, is required to do the following
things during her mourning period:
1. She must shave off all her hair—the long beautiful hair which is their glory.
2. She must take off all her beautiful and expensive sari's and must wear only plain clothes (bed sheet).
3. She must take off all her expensive rings from her fingers, ears, and nose.
4. The silver cord around her neck (a tallick) is left at the grave.
5. She sits in a solitary place.
6. She is secluded from all social engagements.
7. She becomes desolate and destitute because she will never marry again.
Spiritual Application: Jerusalem was at one time full of people and glory but now she has become as
a widow—desolate and destitute.
Translation: "Who, the city doth sit solitary, that was full of people: how is she become as a
widow." Widows in the East are not looked up to, but looked down upon in society. The widows go to
marriages and all gather together in a group apart from the other people. The widows are not permitted to
go and do any sacramental cooking or cooking any ceremonial food for the temple. They are not
supposed to touch the utensils of the Lord's house and they are not allowed to bless the bride and the
bridegroom as everybody else can do. In the East when the people get married they go to all the people in
their families and get a blessing before they go on their honeymoon. If the bride's or bridegroom's mother
is a widow they won't bow down to her because a widow's blessings are not valued. The idea is, God has
forsaken her by taking away her husband. When the husband dies they go in mourning for 21 days until
the final ceremony and when that day comes they shave off their hair. From that time on they cover their
head and don't dress properly. There is a style of dress that the widows wear in the East. They look
barren, dead, and gloomy because they are suppose to. They never let their hair grow in. If she wants to
dress up again as she did they look down upon her as a worldly person, not spiritual. The man of God
was comparing God to a widow. Widows don't eat much food. They usually eat one meal and they are
suppose to be praying and starving for the sake of their husband till they go to heaven to meet him. Now
Jerusalem has to pay tribute to others where before it was the other way around.
Eastern women are treated awful. When husband dies they shave off all her hair during the
mourning period. She can only wear a plain white cloth, can't wear her fancy sari's. Must take away her
rings, silver cord is left at the grave (Ecclesiastes 12:6), all jewelry is taken. She lives in husband's home
with servants but she does not enjoy family customs and traditions like taking part in weddings, etc. She
can't wear flowers or a mark on her forehead. She is a picture of destitution.
Verse 3 "Heathen" means "other nations." Anybody who wasn't a Jew was a heathen to the Jews.
"Barbarian" means those who speak a different language. "Straits" means a way that is very narrow. She
was taken through difficult conditions, when she was oppressed the persecutors took over.
Verse 6 A hart is a family of the deer. The hart's legs are very slim and the feet small but they are very
strong. No animal can go like the harts do. No man can catch a hart alive. They are very swift in jumping
up and you can't shoot them either because by the time you aim, they are gone. But when they can't find
pasture they are slow, they drag their feet and anyone can catch them. They can only catch a deer or hart
when there is no grass for them to eat.
Beauty lost when love of God is lost. When the believers lose confidence in God and lose the peace
of God, they become subjugated in every way. Beauty is lost when the love of God is lost. Then they run
before their pursuer.
Verse 15 In this verse the Lord didn't do it, they did it themselves.
Winepress. In a winepress, the grapes are pressed by people walking barefoot on them. The grapes
have no wav of escape. This was Judah's state, as grapes in a winepress. Judah had forsaken God and
walked in own way. Such forsakers of God are crushed by their own materialism.
Verse 17 A menstrouous woman is like a widow, but widows are forever and the menstruous woman,
only for that period. They are kept in a separate room and food is served to them. The bed they sleep on
is looked upon as being defiled. They can't touch any holy vessels and they can't worship God, they can't
take part in the ceremony, they can't touch anybody, and nobody can touch them. If they don't have any
servants the man has to cook for her. The vessels can't be touched once she has touched them, they must
be kept in that room and she must wash them. She is looked upon as a leper. But as soon as she is
through, she is dedicated to God.
Another defilement is a woman's menstrual period. She cannot eat with others during her
menstruation. She eats alone in a room prepared for her. No children are allowed to touch her. One
servant is assigned to care for her. If a man goes near her, he is defiled. She can touch no holy vessels.
Many men are trained to cook food and help their women during this time. Even the clothes that a
menstruating woman wears or sleeps on must be sterilized. At the end of this time she bathes and offers
her peace offering before the Lord. See Lamentations 1:17, Zion = Jerusalem. Jerusalem is as a
menstruous woman.
Menstrous woman. Women who are menstruating are not treated equally with rest of family at the
time. They are isolated, not allowed to cook, etc.
"menstruous woman" Eastern idiom—when women have their monthly period they are secluded
from other people, not allowed to sleep with them or to touch them, kept in a secluded place, they won't
touch her clothes or eating utensils, 5 or 6 days. After the period they bathe and take an offering to God.
After the bath and offering they are (see also Ezekiel 13:6, Isaiah 30:22) cleansed. The idiom means that
Jerusalem was cast out spiritually from God, secluded from the people. In Christ we are always cleansed
before; God. Saved person is no longer like a menstrous woman.
Jerusalem as a menstruous woman. Jerusalem (Israel, Jews) was as a woman who is secluded,
defiled and secluded away from God. Done through sin and disobedience to God—secluded from God.
Menstrual period makes a woman be separate from her entire family. Only servants serve the food. Not
allowed to mix with the family. Nobody should attempt to go near the woman, except the servants. The
servants serve the food. This is why Hindus should learn how to cook food; in case the wife has a
menstrual period, they can cook food for the wife. She cannot cook or touch any holy thing.
Culturally the Levitical Law does not apply to us today. But the spiritual truths behind those Laws
do. This phrase in verse 17 is an idiom: When if you have sinned against God, come short of the glory of
God, if you have broken fellowship with Christ, lose your status of standing as children of God, then you
are "as a menstruous woman," in the sight of God because you have gone far away from Jesus and lost the
joy of fellowship. We become secluded people by our choice.
Verse 1 "How" should be "Oh." "Footstool" means that heaven is the throne and earth is the footstool.
Symbolically, Jerusalem in His footstool, because where his people are there His footstool is.
Verse 3 "Horn" means glory, power, etc.
Verse 15 Materialism. When a new believer is first saved there is much joy in his life. Some believers
are little by little distracted by worldly things and then crushed by them. The joy is lost. Some believers
become subjugated to materialism by not continuing to follow God. God says we should be above only
and not beneath. Make your mind your friend by renewing it. The victorious life consists of having the
heart and mind synchronized on the Word.
God did not snare Jerusalem. Jerusalem walked into the net by forsaking God and walking in own
way. Discipline mind to meditate on the Word in prayer. It must be trained in obedience. In prayer
mediate on God's promises concerning what you are praying about. Talk to God but do not do all the
talking. Wait for an answer. Do not give the Devil power by confessing his power.
Verse 16 "Gnashing the teeth" means you are not going to spare anything. Also when you are sorry.
When you gnash your teeth it means you are going to kill the man.
Verse 19 Beginning or watches = the 1st watch. Different watches: First watch is 6:00-10:00 p.m.
Middle watch is 10:00-2:00 a.m. (Judges 7:19) Morning watch is 2:00 - 6:00 a.m. (Samuel 11:11) Four
hours per watch. Go by sundial in day and moonlight in night. If no moonlight, go by experience. No
watches from 6:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m.
Watches. In the beginning of the watches, means first watch. First watch from sun-set to 10:00.
10:00-2:00 is second. Third watch is 12:00 to sunrise.
"Arise, cry out in the night:" (I Timothy 2:8) "Arise, cry out in the night: in the beginning of the
watches pour out thine heart like water before the face of the Lord." Why? They pray better in the night:
your mind is calm, you are finished with all the negative thinking of the whole day, you've prayed and
committed yourself to the Lord.
The Eastern people lie down to pray, just before they fall asleep they lift up both hands as they are
stretched out on the bed, head on the pillow, and they commit themselves to God. They have already read
the Word, prayed, and have put all of the problems of the day behind, having committed them to God and
lift up their hands and fully surrender to Him. That's why you read I Timothy 2:8, "Lifting up holy hands
without wrath or doubting."
"beginning of the watches" This is the first watch—6 to 10 evening ("pour out thine heart"—means
to pray earnestly)
Verse 1 Translation: "O! the gold is become dim!" This is expressing sorrow for Jerusalem. The
sanctuary is broken down and the stones have gone everywhere.
Verses 1-4 God of Jerusalem dimmed. "How" = "oh." Jerusalem was the finest gold. How did it
become dim? Because not in touch with God. Such abominations happened in Jerusalem that the stones
of the sanctuary, comparable to fine gold, were thrown out into the streets (v.2). v. 3, sea monsters—sea
cows, noted for not taking very good care of their young, neglectful. Even they give suck to their young.
The ostrich is also neglectful of their young. Jerusalem (daughter of Zion) is like wise cruel.
Verse 2 Jerusalem was comparable to fine gold, now they are esteemed to earthen pitchers, etc. What
used to be gold pots, are now earthen pots. The poor use the earthen pots.
Verse 3 "Sea monsters" are sea cows. They are called water cows. It means these sea monsters don't
feed their young ones. They are so wild that they leave the young ones. Their natural characteristic is
this way but in spite of it they feed the young ones. The characteristic of the ostrich is when the eggs
hatch, to go away. Although the sea monsters are cruel and the ostriches don't love their young ones, yet
Jerusalem has become cruel.
Verse 5 "Scarlet" means those that were brought up in kings houses. They are Living off the dunghills.
See Mark 9:43-47.
Verse 7 The Nazarites, those that were dedicated to God were purer than snow, their character is
holiness. They were beautiful. "Sapphire" is a beautiful stone, and their body looked like a sapphire.
Verses 7 and 8 Nazarites. The Nazarites, because of the subjugation and calamity of Jerusalem, became
like anyone else. They lost their reputation as pure, clean people.
Verse 8 "now their visage is blacker than a coal;..." Their skin is withered.
Verse 20 Translation: "One whose breach was sweet, is the anointed of the Lord, under his shadow we
shall live among the heathen, is now taken in the pits.''
Breath was sweet. Literal: "The one whose breath was sweet, the anointed of the Lord, was taken in
their pits, of whom we said, "under his shadow we shall live among the heathen." "Breath was sweet" =
the praises of God will be coming out. "Under his shadow" = born again.
Verse 4 "Water for money." Water in the East is not usually sold except during a time of extreme
shortages of water. The same applies for the wood being sold.
Verse 12 "hanged up by their hand" Tying a man by the hands and hanging him from the tree was a
punishment given by the elders of the gate. Children would do this to one another when they were
playing. When the child that was hung cried and screamed enough, they would cut him down. The
princes here in verse 12 were hung by their hands until they died. It would take a long time for them to
die. Lamentations means a complaining about the conditions. They usually hang them by rope around
the neck, hanging by hands is much more cruel.
Verse 13 Grinding is no mans work (it takes two returns upper stone) very disgraceful for a man to do
woman's work; lap grinding children don't carry wood—only women—it's another disgraceful