Verses 6 and 7 You can't do much work without the thumb. When they cut off the thumb, that means
they are making him so he can't do anything. He is a memorial and a testimony to all others for what he
has received. If anybody steals anything, they cut off their hands. Not everybody does that, but there is a
practice like that. They didn't want to kill him, but just make him useless and an example to others.
Verse 12 This is in the form of a challenge. Some of the Oriental people in the by-gone days had that
sort of thing. They would call for a big meeting, especially among the rajahs and princes, and say if
anybody does such and such a thing, I will give him my daughter. This is still being done in some of the
places in the Orient. This is a very peculiar way of giving their daughters to be married. They are finding
out the ability of the people who are going to marry their daughters. That is what Caleb did.
Verse 14 This is after he gives his daughter. The daughters, although they don't get a share in the
father's property, at the time the father divides the property among sons, yet the daughters live off the
father's property the rest of their life. If the father is dead, the daughter comes to the brother's home three
months of each year. She asked for one spring of water and he gave her two. Anything that the girls ask
for, the father always gives to them first. If a father had $50 in his pocket and the son came and asked for
it, he wouldn't give it to him so fast, but give more to the daughter. The girls are much better treated in
the East than in the West. Anything they ask for they get.
Verse 16 Any city where there are a lot of palm trees is called a city of palm trees. The palm trees are a
sign of God's blessing. This could have been any city.
Verse 19 In the old days, all the chariots were made of iron, the wheels also. That was all they had.
Later they changed over to wood and other things.
Verse 24 The spies did not know the way to the city. Maybe they wanted to get to the right side of the
city. There might have been several gates and they wanted a certain one.
Verses 2 and 3 Thorns in your sides. The people were thorns here. The people were annoying,
irritating, misleading, perplexing and vexing him here.
Verse 3 Thorns in your sides.... Talking about people.
Verse 18 "Repent" implies making a mistake contrary to the will of God. No decision reached.
Verse 15 They described Ehud so they wouldn't get him mixed up with someone else.
Verses 14-21 Jael and Sisera (tent stake). War between Canaanites and Israel. Barak, captain of Israel.
Canaan put to flight. Their captain, Sisera, fled and Jael went out to meet him. Jael was queen of
Kenites, who were neutral in this war.
(5:24) Jael was blessed by God for driving stake through Sisera's head when he entered her tent.
Tents were divided into men's side and women's side, separated by tarpaulin. Absolutely no crossing over
of men and women from one side to the other. Jael wanted to give Sisera protection since she was neutral
in the war.
One: He lay down on men's side of tent and she covered him with mantle which signifies assurance
of protection.
Two: She gave him milk (which was always salted) instead of water. This salt bound her to her
word by the covenant of salt.
Three: Also, one cannot be betrayed as guest in the East.
So Jael gave him three assurances of her protection and even agreed to lie for him. But when she
went back in her side of the tent, she found him there asleep. He had not trusted her protection.
Sisera knew that no man would look for him in woman's side. Sisera broke the law, so Jael killed
him legally. Sisera brought death upon himself. Drove nail through temples: unbelief is in the mind and
that is what Jael dealt with.
We are absolutely safe when we stay in the protection of God's Word. Only our unbelief destroys us.
God has provided security for us which cannot be penetrated except by our own devices. We, like Sisera,
die only of unbelief. Must renew our minds for power and peace. Mind needs training. Must get mind in
harmony with the Word and that requires effort. What we think we become, so make it positive. When
fearful thought comes, eliminate it by the Word of God. When the Word of God instructs us to shut
ourselves in a closet to pray, it is not a literal closet, but we are to shut the door of the mind against all
intruding thoughts.
Verses 17-22 Jael and Sisera. There was a war at one time between the Israelites and the Canaanites in
which the Israelites defeated the Canaanites. The captain of the army of Canaanites was Sisera and he ran
when he saw defeat. He came to a tent where Jael lived and (1) she gave him refuge. He asked for water
and (2) she gave him milk. (3) She also covered him with a mantle. These three actions of hers were
very significant. Jael belonged to a neutral party, so Sisera was safe there. In the tents, there is one part
for men and one part for women, divided with a tarpaulin. Men could never enter the women's side and
vice versa. Only family could visit back and forth. Even military or lawmen could not go into a women's
apartment. Sisera was a stranger to Jael so why should she help him? They believed that to give a man
refuge who is running for his life is doing the work of God. Otherwise, it would have been against her
culture to speak to the man. She put him in the men's side of tent and covered him with a mantle.
A mantle is a 3-4 foot long cloth, folded in four parts and worn around the neck. The mantle
represents authority, or protection, or when it is torn in two, it signifies an outward sign of inward grief or
anger. Authority may be transferred by transferring mantle from one to another. Jael invited Sisera in.
Whenever a guest comes under the shadow of one's roof, he is treated as if he were God or an angel. The
host would rather die than allow any harm to come to the guest. He may be no one, but when serving
him, one is serving God. Receiving a guest is a religious thing and even the government would not
interfere with it.
When Jael gave Sisera milk (buttermilk) in which there is salt, she took a covenant of salt with him,
which is inviolable. She gave him three assurances of protection: 1) invited him in, 2) covered him with
mantle, and 3) took covenant of salt with him. Being an Eastern man, he should have understood the
significance of these three things. He then asked her to tell a lie. In their philosophy is an unwritten law:
one can tell a lie to save someone's life, but one can never tell a lie to profit or save oneself. The reason
that she drove a nail through his head was because he moved over into her side of the tent (verse 22). He
broke the covenant of salt by doubting her protection, so he deserved only death. She was dealing with
his unbelief by driving tent nail through his head.
Because we do not trust in God, we try to make our own securities. Because of our unbelief, we
forsake the sufficiency give to us in God. We do not believe because we do not understand. Knowing
God is different from knowing about God. We must understand our security, freedom, heritage and
rejoice in God for the rest of life.
Verse 18 Story about Sisera, Jael. No soldier, no power can enter a woman's quarters.
Eastern customs: 1) You can shelter anyone who is running for life. 2) You can talk to anyone who
needs help.
Mantle: 1) A mantle will call a man to a ministry. If he quits the ministry then he still has
protection. I Kings 19:19. 2) A mantle is for protection. Ruth 3:9—"skirt" should be mantle, stated and
taught. 3) Sign of redemption. 4) Security.
Jael and Sisera. Woman killed him because he broke the covenant of salt. Drove a nail into his
temple. Gave him milk, (salted) and covered him with her mantle.
Bishop refers back to Isaiah 52:15—"So shall He sprinkle many nations..."
As Eastern people sprinkle rose water and place guest under protection of the host, so God, through
His son, cleansed us by his precious blood of all our sins and sealed or sprinkled us with holy spirit. So
we will be sons, kings and priests unto God and kept in the hollow of His hand, under the shadow of His
roof, the shadow of His wings, so no gates of hell prevail against us. No one shall pluck us out of His
hands. We are firm, secure, rooted and grounded in His love. Placed and assured of protection of God.
All our needs are supplied. The Devil makes you think negatively.
Verses 18-21 Jael, Sisera. There was a war between the Canaanites and the Israelites. God favored the
Israelites, so that Canaanites were beaten. Canaanite captain—Sisera. He fled for his life; he saw a
woman at her tent door who desired to give him asylum. He entered in and wanted water. She gave him
milk. He wanted her to lie for him—if anyone asked if he were there, he wanted her to say, "No." He
went and fell asleep. She stayed at the door of the tent awhile. Then she entered into the tent later and
took a stake and drove it through his head. He died.
Jael, the woman, Kenite, was neutral. In the Bible, Jael is not condemned yet she is blessed for this
act. In the East, people lived in tents and each tent had two portions: one for men, and the other for
women. In the middle of the tent is a tarpaulin to separate these apartments, which can be lifted up if
necessary. While Jael stood at the door, Sisera went from the men's section to the woman's.
The first thing she did was cover him with a mantle. Mantle is a piece of cloth wrapped around the
neck. When a mantle is unfolded and thrown (as Elijah on Elisha) on a person, that person is called to the
ministry. If a person covers another a mantle, he is assured protection. (Jael assured Sisera—as Ruth and
Boaz on the threshing floor—of protection.)
As a guest, in the East, nobody can touch you as long as you are in that home. If someone attempts to
get you, the host will lay down his life for you, his guests. (Genesis 19:8)
She further assured Sisera by giving him milk, which is buttermilk, which has been salted. This is a
symbol of loyalty to confirm a deal—the covenant of salt.
Jael, Sisera, Mantle, Salt Covenant. She was offering to Sisera God's assurance for protection. She
would lay down her life for him (indicated by her standing in the doorway for him), rather than betray
him. Later on, she comes inside from standing in the doorway and found him fast asleep. She took a nail
of the tent and drove this nail through his temple and he died. Why? She had no animosity, she was not
his enemy. She covered him with the mantle, exchanged the covenant of salt and she called him inside.
Was she a murderer? Premeditated? SO! He killed himself because he "asked" for it. If a person makes
the covenant of salt with another person and one of the two breaks this covenant, the punishment is death.
Lot's wife showed disobedience to God by looking back when God said, "Don't look back." She became
a pillar of salt by breaking the covenant with God. She died as a monument of failure and disobedience
which became death. Judas Iscariot betrayed Christ. He ate with Christ, salted food. His punishment was
death. True, he hanged himself because he knew what punishment was due him. He just didn't wait for
someone else to kill him.
Sisera had three assurances, but he snuck into the woman's apartment. He did not stay where he was
put. Any man can come into a man's side of the tent. So Sisera began thinking, "maybe they will chase
her away and come into the tent—although she means well, she could not defend me if men walked in.
But if I get into a woman's tent, no men, no power, no army can come in. I will be safer here." So his
unbelief in the three "securities" or assurances, led him to break the law of tent dwellers and womanhood
and her integrity drew him into her apartment of the tent. His unbelief killed him. The woman found him
in her apartment and carried out her part of the contract. Otherwise, if she hadn't been working with his
unbelief, she would have had him killed or captured by some other means! The woman was only an
instrument for the hand of God. Judges 4:22. Whatsoever is not of faith is sin. And the wages of sin is
death. He died of sin—unbelief. Romans 6:23.
Verses 18-22 Guests in the East are considered to be representatives of God, angels unaware.
Verse 19: In the East, they keep a bottle of milk with some salt in it to use when someone comes to
trade or do business. Used only for this.
His unbelief sent him into woman's apartment.
To break covenant of salt is to get death penalty. Judas hanged himself because he broke the
covenant of salt.
She drove a stake through the temple because Sisera's unbelief was in his head. Unbelief is first sin
believer commits.
Covenant of salt. Jael (woman) and Sisera (man) took the milk together—the covenant of salt, she
covered him with the mantle which means assurance of protection, and she called him under a tent which
means further assurance. She put him in the men's apartment... he himself moved to the woman's
apartment. She delivered the judgment; he broke the law. Wherever Christ put us in him, Christ in us,
that is our security. Trying to make your own security is denying what God says.
Jael, Sisera. Mantle. Jael Canaanites was a neutral in the war between the Israelites and Canaanites
in this chapter. Sisera was put to flight by the Israelites. So, he was running for life. Jael saw him and
called him to give him refuge, asylum. She was not interested in the war of Sisera. Sisera was not even
her enemy. Because he had confidence in her, at Jael's invitation he got into the tent. A little later he
wanted water to drink. He received milk and she covered him with a mantle. Then he asked her to turn
away all those pursuing him. She came back in and drove a stake through him. The tent has two
partitions. Man goes to man, women to woman. The mixed relationship was not supposed to happen
unless related (i.e., except husband, son, uncle, grandfather and grandmother). No strangers of opposite
sex allowed. The mantle is a silk cloth, folded in four fourths. It is usually 5" wide, 4' long. They wore
these around their neck and down to the knee. In times of sorrow, anger, etc. The man rips the mantle in
two pieces as an outward sign of an inner grief. Rending the mantle.
Salt covenant, Jael, Sisera, mantle. To be covered with the mantle means assurance of protection.
When a Hindu is 12, he is expected to know all about his religion. Then he is called to the ministry.
Then the priest comes to spread his mantle over the candidate: this is the calling. He may whisper the
commission in his ear, then he is commissioned to preach his own religion to other people. Jael called
Sisera, she put him in the men's section and spread the mantle over him. (This was no blanket. He was
running for his life.) This mantle showed that Jael assured Sisera of protection.
First, he came under the shadow of her roof (just like Genesis 19, Lot. Lot protected his guests).
The host lays down his own life rather than allow guests to be harmed. It is believed that when a guest is
received, it is like serving God Almighty. They believe that God dwells in everybody. If you let the man
down, you let God down. Second assurance is the mantle of protection. Third, he wanted only water, she
gave him milk. Why? Buttermilk always has a little bit of salt in it. Anybody who makes a contract in
the marketplace takes the covenant of salt and milk is the salt. It is a foregoing conclusion that milk in the
Bible is used for making contracts. Food always implies salt. If the salt covenant is broken, the penalty is
death. Contracts are sealed by salt most of the time in the Bible. (Judas Iscariot, eating food with Jesus
Christ, betrayed the Lord for money. Judas' conscience bothered him because he broke the salt covenant.)
This woman was not a treacherous murderess. Her intent was not to kill him. Why did she kill him?
He broke the covenant (verse 22); he went in her tent. Known criminals go and hide in the woman's side
and the men military people could not discover his presence. He was not confident in the woman's
integrity. His fear needed the further confidence of her room's protection. See God's appreciation of Jael
in Judges 5:24.
Verse 10 Translation: "Consider ye that ride on white asses." Usually princes ride on white asses in the
East. She was addressing the princes and judges. "Judgment, and ye that walk by the way." She was
also addressing all that walk by the way.
Verse 24 Jael. God blessed her because she was guiltless. She only punished a man for his unbelief.
He asked for it. He died by his unbelief. God made a way out for mankind to enjoy the peace of God the
rest of his life. God's provision for the needs of men was Christ. Once you have accepted Christ, you
have the God-given refuge. Psalm 61:3. We come to Him, stay with Him and enjoy salvation. When
you walk away from Christ and God, you are leaving God's faith to self-protection. If Sisera had stayed
in the three God-given securities, he would have been safe.
Verse 15 This is Oriental, showing humility. He meant he was not one of the older ones, he had no
Verse 19 Gideon didn't want to get something for nothing out of God's servant. He wanted to do his
part. A kid is expensive. He sacrificed a kid.
Verse 5 Take the dog out.
Verse 6 Those people that kneel down to drink water shows laziness. They are not quick to do the job.
The people that kneel down are used to worshipping idols. Any man who worships idols has to
kneel down before he receives anything. God did it to find out who was an idol worshipper and who was
a God worshipper. The idol worshipper always kneels down to do anything. The Mohammadens won't
have anything to do with the Indians who kneel down to worship idols. They cannot have any fellowship
with them because they worship two different gods.
Verse 7 If the people of the East run out of water while on a journey, they bow down beside a stream or
sit if there is a stone, and fill their hands up and lap the water. Do not lap like a dog, but fill their hands.
They make a vessel like out of their hands. Their hands are their glass.
Verse 13 Barley cake. To call a man barley cake is to say he is good for nothing. Midians called
Gideons a barley cake.
Barley cake. Barley cake is another insulting phrase in the East. Barley is a despised article of food
that only cows eat in the East. The Midianites called Gideon a "barley cake." Even though Gideon was
despised by the Midianites, a barley cake, the same was going to knock the tent down. God shows here
that He has chosen the meek, base and weak things (the barley cakes) such as Gideon, to win battles.
"Almond tree" is an insult meaning that someone is weak and old—gray headed.
Verses 13-18 Barley cake. Gideon was only a barley cake. A despised person means the same thing.
Now Philistia fought the battle in cooperation with the Israelites
Verse 19 Second watch. "Middle watch" —10 p.m. to 2 a.m.
Verse 26 You know a person who is riding on a camel by his dress. Also, by seeing the necks of the
camels because the royalty's chains are put about the necks of the camels. It shows a royal person is riding
on it. The chains are all diamonds, rubies and precious things. Chains around the neck of anybody is
exultation. The camel is exulted too because it is a king's camel. Some people, the Arabs especially, put a
robe around the camel's neck of various colors of linen. This way you can tell he is a poor fellow.
Verse 45 "...sowed it with salt" means in that city nothing may grow anymore. Wherever salt is sown, it
is symbolic that nothing will grow there anymore. Salt and brimstone go together. That salt is thrown on
the way to the temple so that when people walk barefoot they will tread on it, and it is symbolic of the
people who have religion only on Sunday.
Verse 4 White is not mentioned here, but it is implied. The sons of kings ride on white asses because
their fathers ride on white horses. White asses are the nobility of the family. You can tell a man riding on
a white ass is either royalty or a forgiven sinner. You can tell by the clothes he wears, the way he looks,
Verse 30 Rent mantle, bewail virginity, burnt sacrifices, vow, lament, serving in the temple.
Jephthah went to war against the Ammonites. He made a vow to God: "Lord, if you give me victory
over the Amnonites, when I come home as a victorious man, anything that comes out of my house to
greet me, that shall I give to the Lord." Then God gave him the victory. He returned home and his only
child, his daughter, came out to meet him.
Verse 25: renting clothes is not the practice. He rent his mantle, a piece of clothing worn about the
neck, falling down to the knees which has four folds in it. When the mantle is rent, it is unfolded and torn
into two pieces. It is an outward sign of inner anger or sorrow.
Verses 35-38: Jephthah was not going to kill his daughter and offer a burnt sacrifice. Any virgin who
knew no man who was not married, when she decides to go to the temple and serve the Lord, she has to
go for two months to the mountains with her girlfriends to bewail her virginity (consisting of prayer
meetings, consecration meetings, visiting relatives and friends, saying "goodbye"). Once having served in
the temple, they lived and died there—and never left. The father followed through with his pledge to God.
Now there are two kinds of burnt sacrifices: 1) kill the person, and 2) give the person as a living,
burnt sacrifice to serve the temple for the rest of her life. No joy, no marriage, no pleasures of the world,
nothing; all is forsaken. They just live for God day after day, without any outward connections. Here,
she was a king's daughter, could have married a wealthy man and had a life of abundance. She wanted to
see her father keep his promise instead, so she was willing to sacrifice all else. Jephthah could not go
back on his vow to God, because the vow to God is salted. If something is said to God, it cannot be
broken. The daughter was brought up to be obedient and treated her parents as unto God.
Verse 39,40: "Lament" should be "talk with." She was not dead. She was a living sacrifice, so that
she might serve God, forsaking and suffering in agony. The biggest insult in the Orient is for a girl not to
be married after a certain age. The parents are despised if their daughter is not married. "There must
have been something wrong with the family, they couldn't find a groom for this girl: they must have
sinned." It is a crime, a form of curse (Psalm 78:63). The girls begin thinking of marriage from 14 years
on. Nobody will marry her if she is over 30—the oldest acceptable marriageable age. She is considered
cursed, if not married by then.
Then the father took her to the temple. She had her head shaved at the entrance to the temple. She
took off all of her clothes and jewelry (as a princess in this case) and puts on a long white robe which
covers her head, and she began to serve God from there on. If at any time such a woman should want to
marry and live in the world (change her mind), this is not allowable by the father. The father must give
the consent in the East for his daughter's marriage, regardless of her age (see I Corinthians 7:36). As
Jephthah gave her as a living sacrifice, she served God, as well as suffered terrific humiliation and shame.
Verse 40: When the women go to visit her in the temple, they would say, "How wonderful you are,
we wish we were like you! You don't have the sins or pleasures of the world to bother you. You, by
choice, are separated from the things of this world. God must be loving and honoring you for the
sacrifice you have made and the humiliation you go through." Thereby, they comfort her by praising her
for the decision she made.
Verses 30-40 Rent his clothes, burnt sacrifice, two months, marriage, suffer it.
There had been a war between the Israelites and Ammonites at one time. The leader of the Israelites,
Jephthah, went, to God in the beginning of that war and vowed a vow to the Lord, (stated in verse 30). If
God would give him a victory, he vowed to offer as a burnt sacrifice anybody who came out of his home
to greet him. His daughter, only child, came outside. He "rent" his clothes. They only rent one piece of
clothing; the mantle.
A mantle is a piece of cloth 4-5' long, with any color desired. It is folded in quarters and hung
around the neck. The ends fall all the way down to the knees. The significance of a mantle is protection.
If a mantle is thrown on a person, that person has been called to or for the ministry. This person is called
and protected. Ruth went to Boaz and said, "spread thy skirt upon thy handmaiden." (Ruth 3:9). It
should be "mantle." This spreading is a call and a protection. Elijah threw his mantle on Elisha; Elisha
immediately left his plowing and followed Elijah. He was called to the ministry. I Kings 19:19. When a
Hindu child is 12, the priest throws a mantle on a child. That child is called to the Hindu ministry to
preach. If a man hears any bad news, he grabs his mantle, tears it in two pieces, and throws it away.
Renting his mantle is the "authority" for the preaching of the gospel of God in the church of God.
(Lutheran's call it a "stole.") God says to rent our hearts—not our garments. They were rending their
mantle. Because it is possible to outwardly rent a mantle and then not be changed in the heart. Outwardly
sorrow and anger show, but inwardly, the same man is there. God wants a contrite and broken heart, not
an outward sign of mending something.
When Jephthah saw his daughter, he rent his mantle because of the promise he had made to God
concerning the burnt sacrifice. He had no other children and felt sorry. The girl understood immediately.
This does not mean she would be killed and used in the temple, because human sacrifice has always been
forbidden. He gave her as a living sacrifice to serve God for the rest of her life. He gave her to the
temple to serve there. This is a burnt offering... suffering humiliation, disgrace, insult to serve in the
temple forever.
In East, culture is the same as religion, religion is the same as the culture. Courting is unnecessary in
the East because the man already knows the girl's background culturally, etc. In the West, because we
marry anybody, we need to court to get to know whom we marry. If a man has two sons and two
daughters, he must get the girls married. If the girls do not get married by 30 years, the belief is that
God's curse is not only upon the girl, but also on the family. Psalm 78:63. They are not this concerned
with the men getting married. Quite often parents lie about their daughters, the oldest gets married first.
Genesis 29:16ff. Jacob loved Rachel, the second oldest yet married Leah, because Leah was older.
If one girl decides she doesn't want to marry, but rather serve God and then want to change it later,
the father will not support it. The children always consult the father and obtain his permission. People
criticize a girl who has made a decision to serve God in the temple. "Because she couldn't get a husband,
she took up the work in the temple." They talk about, humiliate and persecute these women. "I am
willing to suffer humiliation for God," is the reply. This is the burnt sacrifice.
Before she works in the temple, she takes two months. She goes to the mountains to bewail her
virginity with her girlfriend. There they have prayer meetings, consecration meetings, seeing and visiting
relatives and friends, says "goodbye" to the things of the world, the pleasures of the world, etc. They
come back forsaking the world and enter the temple, shaving their hair at the temple door and donning a
white robe and a veil on her head. (Nun's come from Eastern background.) In time, she may fall in love.
This becomes a scandal in the city. Everybody comes to the father and asks him what he will do. The
father goes to the daughter and says, "I told you to think it through. You have brought disgrace on God,
the family, yourself and the community. I will have nothing to do with your marriage and will never give
you permission." (For if he did, he would be aiding and abiding her to disobey her vow to God.)
There was a war between Ammorites and Israelites at one time. The leader for Israel was Jephthah.
Before he went to battle, he made a vow to God. "Lord, if you give me victory, whatsoever will come to
meet me I will give as a burnt sacrifice." God granted him victory. On the way home, his only daughter
went to meet him on the road. He rent his mantle. Whenever you read rent clothes is always mantle.
Why? Outside sign of inward anger or sorrow. He had vowed that whosoever came to meet him he would
give as a burnt sacrifice—his daughter came to meet him. Sorrow here.
Verse 35 Did not go back on his promise to God because he was salted and swaddled being a king.
Christ is not real to us. If he was, we would act on the Word.
World has much preaching, but little practice. (Talk—go home tonight and search your soul for
when you didn't walk on the Word. Then ask God for cleansing and salt in you, from now on, do what
you say.)
Swaddling clothes. Covenant of salt. When a child is born among the high castes in the East, a little
bit of salt is rubbed on the child and then the baby is bandaged with small pieces of cloth, about 2" wide,
beginning with the forehead, around, around, around. The bandages remain on for about 2 hours. Then
they are removed and regular clothes are put on. Swaddling clothes are not a poor man's substitute for
clothes. They are a symbol of uprighteousness, free from crookedness; taught to grow up to say what is
meant and mean what is said when grown up. Salted to be truthful, unbreakable. Never break that word
or covenant. Jephthah was salted to be truthful and he could never break it. Mark 9:50. Colossians 4:6.
Never go contrary to what you have promised God, regardless of the consequences. Jephthah had been
salted, regardless of the consequences.
Rent his mantle. The mantle is a cloth usually white, although sometimes black or red, 2-3' long
folded into four folds.
It hangs around the neck, down to the knees. (He talks about how they wear it when going to get
married or entering priesthood, but he demonstrates to his class and doesn't describe it with his voice.) It
means the priest is betrothed to Christ. He is now a servant, a minister to him. It is like a stole—a stole
of authority. Without this holy man could not give holy communion, marry or bury anyone. Renting the
mantle signifies the man's anger or sorrow.
If a woman has no mantle, she'll throw some dust into the air—shows her anger or sadness.
The priest rents his mantle here because the thought Jesus Christ blasphemed— a show of his anger.
This act of renting mantle has several aspects: 1) Anger or sorrow; 2) To throw a mantle to any person is
to call him to the ministry; 3) You're also protected under the mantle by God—a sign of protection.
Vow. "...I have opened my mouth unto the Lord, and I cannot go back," because he was trained
under the law that what he says he must do. There was once a war between the Israelites and Canaanites.
Jephthah won the victory. His only daughter greeted him in victory, to celebrate. He lamented because it
was his only daughter. The daughter knew what her dad had to do—but asked for permission to take two
months to bewail her virginity. If a girl is dedicated to God, she works "like a nun." She says goodbye to
the world and then after 2 months her father takes her to door of the temple to shave (like Anna, Luke
2:36) her head. Then she serves at the temple for life (a "living" sacrifice). Burnt sacrifice has two
meanings: 1) to kill a person or an animal and 2) give a person alive so that person will suffer the
consequences. Burnt sacrifice meant suffering and serving God. The suffering involved is that the
daughter could not marry. As a king's daughter, it is a disgrace to the family and the father. The reason
Jephthah gave her up was because of his vow. She can no longer wear fine clothes, use dainty dishes,
have servants, have pomp and glory of father's empire, have respect (will be constantly insulted by the
people around her), because she couldn't have a husband, she covered it up by going to the temple. It was
a constant disgrace for her and her father's throne. She submitted herself to her mom and dad because she
honored her father and mother from her training. (Father and mother were first gods to children) John 20:29.
Verses 35-40 (Read in context from verse 30.) Verse 40: "lament" should be read to talk with.
Verse 38: "Bewailed" means they forsook all worldly things for two months. They dedicated all
their life to the temple and give up world. If girl is not married by a certain age, then they are considered
cursed. John the Baptist was an Essene. He ate locust which is locust pods or locust beans because like
Hindu's, the Essenes were vegetarians. If girl is 18 and unmarried, she is acceptable to work in the
temple. See also: I Timothy 5:9; Luke 2:36,37.
Verse 37 Bewailing of her virginity. Any woman who wants to give herself up to God to serve God
before marriage. The people who serve God in the temple must be virgins. She wasn't married and
wanted to serve God. Anyone before they go serve in the temple, takes two months off and goes with
their girlfriends to the mountains and pray, say good-byes, consecrate themselves for two months—means
consecrating themselves to God. Preparation to minister in the temple. After the two months, the father
takes her to the temple and they shave off all her hair at the door of the temple. From then on the woman
wears a veil on her head. She works in the temple night and day for the priest. In Luke, Anna did this.
The covering of the head is the hair of the woman. They cannot pray without covering their heads. When
shave the head, must cover with something—the veil. (This is mentioned in I Corinthians 11:5,6—not
Burnt offering (live sacrifice). What did Jephthah do with his daughter? Two kinds of sacrifice: 1)
to kill on altar; and 2) to give girl alive to temple to serve God. Any person who serves in the temple and
suffers humiliation and disgrace at the same time—this is a burnt offering—this is bearing her cross. Any
woman who serves in temple cannot be married and to be unmarried is a disgrace in the East. Human
sacrifice is forbidden in Bible—Abraham and Isaac—God said slay not thy son. The woman who serves
in the temple will suffer shame for the rest of her life for not being married. In the East, it is a shame not
to marry. Jephthah gave his daughter as a live sacrifice to serve in the temple after her two-month wailing
of virginity period.
Verse 40 Commentators say she was killed because of this verse, not so. You can only lament for
someone who is dead. Lament is wrong translation.
Four days of the year the women go to temple and visit her—tell her how great she is to keep her
father's vow. (Culture teaches to follow mother and father as if God. How can you serve God who you
cannot see, if you don't serve parents who you can see?) That's why she went along with his vow. They
didn't kill her. They wouldn't bewail her virginity if they were going to kill her. They would go and
praise and comfort her, say how free of problems she must be, etc.
Lament. Cannot lament over someone who is living, only over the dead. The word should be "talk
to." Let the daughters of Israel go yearly to talk with the daughter of Jephthah the Gleadite four days in a
Lament—talked to. All relatives go to temple to encourage, speak kindly to, cheer her up! Lament
is wrong, she was not killed, talked to. Only "lament" someone who has died. They went to talk to
someone who had been sacrificed. (Nuns of Roman Catholic have borrowed the same ideas.)
Verse 18 "Secret" is a very silly word here. It should be athisayamanayr, meaning more than
Verse 10 When the parents go to look for a wife for their son, the son makes a feast and other people come.
Verse 11 Translation: "And it came to pass when the marriage feast took place...."
Verse 12 "Sheets" should be "blankets." Giving a change of raiment or garments is a very old Eastern
custom. Giving a change of raiment means give him another suit of clothes. Everyone that comes to stay
at a house for two or three days they give a change of clothes to them when they leave. He would like
instead of change of garments, give him clothing. It is a very ancient custom to put a riddle before a
group of people in the East.
Verses 12-18 Samson's riddle. The marriage ceremony lasts normally 10 days among the higher Indian
classes. Here in Judges, why is it only seven days? He married a Philistine woman, a group of people
who prefer shorter marriages. He cut it down in a shorter ceremony—mixed marriage! "Sheets" are worn
as a loin cloth. "Changes of garment" are your real clothing. Verse 16: The Philistine men did not have
the brains to figure out the riddle. So they went to Samson's wife for the answer. She went and cried for
the answer. The Oriental tells: 1) mother, 2) father, 3) teacher (pastor), 4) God, 5) wife. So Samson, said
here, Dad comes first, and I haven't told him and you want me to tell you??
30 sheets=30 shirts. Verse 16: First obligation is to parents and then to the wife, this is the Eastern way.
Verse 18: "Heifer" —this is what wife is called after marriage before she has the first child. It is not
"Plowed" — they hold the plow with one hand on the plow and a goad in the other, you need two ox
to do plowing. If man has only an heifer and puts it in same yoke with an ox, then heifer falls down and
plays dead. Heifer when first put to the yoke does anything to get out of it. Refuses to cooperate. Must
use the goad many times to get heifer to go. Here the men scared and pricked Samson's wife. That is
why plowed my heifer is used. Plowing has to do with pricking.
Eastern women are good at sitting down and solving riddles. Samson's riddle. The Philistines had to
get the solution to the riddle from Samson's wife (heifer is a new wife who has not had a child).
Verse 16 To the Oriental it is father and mother first, and then wife.
Verse 18 Some people in the East call a bride who is just married a heifer. It is not done by cultured
people who is a sort of slang language. It is in use among certain tribes. After she has a child, she is no
longer an heifer.
Plowed with heifer. Prick—goad, the goad or prick is held against the ox's thigh so that when he
kicks it hurts. The more he kicks, the more it hurts. When we feel convicted of disobedience, we should
not revel further. The more we revel, the more we get hurt. Instead, we should forsake the sin (Acts
Samson used the idiom, "if ye had not plowed with my heifer." Heifer—wife, when couple had just
gotten married and before first child. A heifer is a young cow that has not had a calf. One who plows
pricks. Samson's guest threatened her.
Verse 20 The bridegroom's friend is the best man in the Orient. Samson's wife was given to the best
Marriage. Samson did not behave good during that time; he burned down the barley and standing
corn of the Philistines, etc. He despised his wife because she discovered his riddle earlier.
Verse 20: The bridegroom's best man is called his "best friend." Samson's father-in-law gave
Samson's wife to their best man in the marriage, because he despised her, so best man got her. Verse 1:
Why did Samson visit with a kid? A lamb as a gift is not very special. A kid as a gift is considered
dignified as a present. When visiting a king, one would take gold, but giving a kid is better in the East.
Kids are used as gifts for brides and for those one loves very much. If a wife goes to her mother's house
for a week to visit her, at the conclusion of that week, the husband comes to get her. He always takes a
kid. This shows how much he loves her. It is respect for the wife and the in-laws.
Verse 1 A kid is given to those they love best. Lambs are given as sort of honor to a person.
Samson visited his wife with a kid. To give a kid is a great gift. It is a gift worthy of a king. It is a
symbol of respect and honor. In 14:20, "friend" is the best man at a marriage ceremony.
Marriage. Samson did not behave good during that time; he burned down the barley and standing
corn of the Philistines, etc. He despised his wife because she discovered his riddle earlier.
Chapter 14, verse 20: The bridegroom's best man is called his "best friend." Samson's father-in-law
gave Samson's wife to their best man in the marriage, because he despised her, so best man got her.
Verse 1: Why did Samson visit with a kid? A lamb as a gift is not very special. A kid as a gift is
considered dignified as a present. When visiting a king, one would take gold, but giving a kid is better in
the East. Kids are used as gifts for bribes and for those one loves very much. If a wife goes to her
mother's house for a week to visit her, at the conclusion of that week, the husband comes to get her. He
always takes a kid. This shows how much he loves her. It is respect for the wife and the in-laws.
A kid is given to those they love best. Lambs are given as sort of honor to a person.
Verse 2 "Companion" should be "best man."
Verse 7 "Green withs" is as thin as wire. It is green and grows on the ground. They tie the elephants up
in India with it. They then stand them up and they try to break it, but they can't. It is only good when
they are green and not dried up. They tie their enemies up with this. They might break a rope or anything
else, but not the green withs. The rajahs tie up the elephants and then hit him from behind to see if they
can't break it, but they can't. They do this as a sport.
Verse 19 "Knees" should be "lap." When the children are dedicated to God, they don't shave their hair
and if God has chosen this child, his hair becomes locks by nature. So many locks in the hair and you
couldn't separate them if you wanted to. They say that is the grace of God. It looks like the hair has been
gummed together. They wash the hair every week, but it still is like that. That is what Samson had. It
means his life must have been good. Anybody who has locks, the rest of the people are afraid of him.
They won't touch his hair at all.
Verse 21 The prison houses have grinding stones like the women have. It is not the kind of grinding we
have in the West. They have a huge, big stone and they build a kind of passage like round it. In the East,
grinding is the women's work. No men will do a woman's work in the East. And no woman will do a
man's work. In the East, if they put a big man in jail with a lot of influence, they won't ask him to do hard
work, but menial work—a woman's job. They want to insult him. That is why they made Samson grind.
They wanted to humiliate him.
Grind. Samson. Grinding was work of women and slaves. Not physically hard work, but degrading.
Samson grinding in prison taught, not stated. Hard labor in the prison is not always strenuous
physical labor. A man is humiliated, degraded by doing the women's work of grinding, this kind of
punishment is given to rich and eminent people. This hard labor was humility, not necessarily physical.
Grind in the prison house. This humiliated Samson. People have the wrong conception because they
don't understand Eastern culture. If nobles, royal family are captured and they're also made to hue wood
and draw water—also a menial task.
The popular saying is this. "How is John Smith doing?" "Well, not so good," is the reply, "the
grinding is low."
Grind in the prison house. Samson was being humiliated in prison by doing the millstone grinding:
millstones are about 18" wide, 10" thick, one on top of the other. Now corn is placed in the center of
them. Two women hold it and grind it. (Referred to grinding slow in Ecclesiastes 12.) To humiliate a
man in hard labor, he does the women's work—grinding is the lowest humiliation. Hard labor in prison
was not to test strength, but to humiliate.
JUDGES 19 "Constraining"
Example of begging a guest to stay in the home. As many members as there are in the home, each
must ask a person to come and sit down at a meal, each must give a reason, "dinner is ready, come and get it."
Verses 1-9 ...played the whore.... She was unfaithful to him, but he wanted to settle it in a friendly way
(verse 3). That is the Eastern attitude, not to divorce her.
This section shows constraining and how people would continue to stay longer, until man finally
"would not tarry." Why Jesus Christ said go not from house to house, accept hospitality because they
would have to time to preach.
Man would rather give own daughter or let men cut his throat than to touch a guest in his house. In
East, stick own neck out, rather than let guest be attacked.
(Luke 10:7) Concubines.
Luke 10:7—"go not from house to house." In villages in the East, there is a little park in the center,
there is a well, few trees, wall around it, a few seats of brick, for travelers. Located in street, but it is not a
street (Judges 19:20). It is the village common. About 6:00 p.m., the travelers congregate there. The
high-caste Hindus believe that they must not eat without treating a guest, so they go to the village
common to find a traveler to bring home with them for dinner. Treating a guest is like treating an angel.
He must be fed first. It is seeking first the kingdom of God to them. The villagers beg the travelers to
come with them. No questions are asked, like where you came from, who do you know—in the East,
one's need is his recommendation. Basis for Eastern hospitality is that giving to a stranger or anyone, is
giving to God.
After dinner, the stranger is constrained to stay on and on, day after day, meal after meal after meal.
(See Judges 19:1-9 for good example of this.) A traveler can live off hospitality. Jesus was saying for
them not to continue accepting hospitality or they would have no time to preach.
If a woman is barren, she will persuade her husband to marry someone else (usually her sister), but
she is still head of the house. That's the only way Hindus have more than one wife.
Verse 4 Eastern hospitality. They think that when they serve others, they are serving God.
Verses 4-9 These are in keeping with the traditions even today. When a relative goes to another
relative's house, they couldn't let him go away. You have to fight to get out of the house. It doesn't have
to be a relative, it can be anyone.
Constrain. (Luke 10:4-9) You see the custom of the Easterners to get people to stay and stay and
stay. Salutation is two meanings in the East. 1) Greeting—"good morning, good evening, how do you
do?"; and 2) Solicitation (Luke 10:4—don't take any money and do not beg, "salute").
Verses 10 Easterners always urge their guests to stay. They will constrain them to do so.
Constraining a guest—Eastern hospitality. Verse 6: "Eat and drink" means they have finished the
meal. They eat meal and then close the meal with a drink.
Verses 11 and 12 This is the caste system again. They stop in the home of their own tribe only, because
they are not supposed to eat in anyone else's house.
Verse 13 In India, Raman is the name of a king. That name has been spread all over the East. The
English put "h" on the end of it.
Verse 15 "Street" is a village square or common. Translation: "And there was no man yet that took
them into his house to lodge." He sat down in the street because that was the place to sit.
Verses 15-21 Street of the city, traveler, hospitality. This street is not just any street in the city. It's the
particular street which was provided for strangers to stay in when no one invited them into their
lodging—as yet. People go there in the evening to invite a traveler to stay in their home. They would not
ask just anyone, but only those who were in this special street. "As yet" should be added to the end of
verse 15. Nobody is ever left all night in the street. "As yet" should also be added to the end of verse 18.
In verse 19, the traveler was saying that he lacked nothing. He was not a beggar, but expected the
common courtesy of being invited in by someone.
Verses 20 and 21 apply to what Christ says to us. All things are ours, we are Christ's, Christ is
God's. All our wants and needs lie upon him and we lack nothing. We do not wander, but stay our minds
on God and abide in Him. Peace is ours. (The Bishop tells a very touching incident from his life here to
exemplify this point.) We get kicked around only when we do not trust in God. Circumstances are only
Verse 17 This is the way Orientals ask questions.
Verse 18 "...and there is no man that receiveth me to house yet." He is not complaining, he is just
making a statement.
Verse 19 Translation: "We have straw and provender for our asses; we have bread and wine for
ourselves; and for our handmaid, and for the young man which is with my servants: we have no want of
Verse 20 The old men say I will take care of all your wants. "Peace be unto thee"—Hebrew words—
"Shalom alequea." In India, the "h" is omitted. That is the only difference. You can turn it around too—
"Alequem shalom
"Lodge not in the street." This should be village common. See Job 31:32.
Hospitality, in the street. The old man of the village went to invite someone from the common to be
his guest. "Don't lodge in the street" means don't stay in the village common, come home. Job 31:32—
means the traveler was invited home from the village common. Every village man looks for a traveler
because everyone has a guest for dinner. This is why there are more beggars in the East than anywhere
else. Because if you go sit down in the village common, someone will invite you to eat. You don't have
to work at all. Once the traveler is brought to the house, he washes his feet, the guest is shown the entire
house, and then the guest is told that "all that has been shown (that guest) you, is yours as long as you stay
in my home, it is all yours." This is said to a complete stranger, without knowing any of his background.
Easterners are not suspicious of one another as Westerners. No questions are asked.
Verses 18ff "Dance in dances"; marriage (capturing a wife.) The children of Israel had declared not to
give any of their daughters to marry the Benjamites. (Read the chapter to get the whole story.) The
Benjamites did not have anyone to marry because of this declaration. In verses 19-21, a suggestion is
offered to the Benjamites. They were told to capture wives of the daughters of Shiloh.
Verse 21: "Dance in dances" is "dance with their musical instruments." There is no dancing in the
East between man and woman. Whenever there is a religious feast or festival, there is a special dance
done by the women.
Every girl comes to dance in the religious festival at a certain time. Each brings her own musical
instrument and she dances to her own tune (Jephthat's daughter did this when she met her father). These
religious dances are in praise of God (as David danced before God also). Dancing is never done for any
other reason or in any other manner. The only time that it would be legal for a man to capture a wife
would be during her dance in the religious festival.
(This custom is the way that Krishna obtained his beloved for marriage. They both wanted to marry
each other, but her family would not give her to him. She wrote him a letter and told him when she
would be dancing and he could pick her up. He was a prince and she was a king's daughter and this was
the only way they could get together legally if her family would not give her. They could not run away
together or they would be disgraced. This story is in Hindu mythology. The girl's name was Rukmuni.)
Verse 25: There was no legal law against this religious method of taking a wife. It was absolutely
Verse 20 "Lie" should be "await." "...go and await in the vineyard." They used the religious way to get
the girls because the door was closed for them to get the girls any other way. Certain religious acts that
they have a day must be legalized. This was not legalized because they didn't have a king. Taking the
girls was legalized not very long ago in India. It had nothing to do with the government before because
they said they had nothing to do with the religious matters. Now the government says anything the
Church does has our backing providing they obey the law. The temple system was not legalized until
recently. The offerings of the temple are in charge of the government now. In those days, anybody could
do anything as long as their religion allowed it. In those days, there was no law against picking their
wives in religious ceremonies as they did. In those days, there was no king in Israel heading up the
political law so every man did that which he was religiously entitled to do without the consent of the
political government.
Verse 21 And see, and behold, when the daughters of Shiloh come out with their musical instruments to
dance...." Dance in the sense we know it in is absenuous in the East. The only dance they have is when
they go to worship God. In the temple, they have temple dances. There are certain tribes of Hindus
consecrated, virgins usually, to dance before the idols before any ceremony. They dress up. Two or three
women come, or maybe four or five just according to the size of the temple. When the idol is carried by
the priests, thousands of people follow and the dances go on in front of the idol. Their dances are all
ceremonial, not like ours. Ours are for pleasure, theirs' are ceremonial. They dance according to the
religious instructions they are brought up in. The musical instruments they bring are not Western. Only
these girls are trained and know how to play them. Some play and the others dance. Western people
don't understand these girls. These girls are temple girls dedicated to the temple, serving God. They live
in their own homes with their parents and some of them are even married. Usually they are not married.
Their dance is not just steps, they also use their fingers, hands and wrists. The dancers have jewels on
their feet and in their hands some kind of cymbals and on their wrists they have jewels. Their dance is
absolutely in spiritual style, praising God and rejoicing. In the olden days, the kings chose their brides
this way. They got all the unmarried girls of royalty in a line and then they asked them to dance with
their instruments. Any girl who dances the best, shows her spiritual condition. They can find out how
spiritual a girl is by the way she uses her hands, back and toes. They also use their toes all in unison.
Some of the kings choose a girl in that way. The girl chooses her husband in the royalty by coming and
sitting down when the men are there, the royalty, of their own blood. They choose the man who dances
the best with the music the girls play. That was a tradition. These girls must have been of that kind,
because they came in a group and they brought their own instruments.
The men were hiding there because they were not permitted to join the dance. No man and woman
dance together anytime or anywhere in the East. You must say "gee" after someone's name. It is a very
affectionate term given to a gentleman and a Godly man. They always say to the ladies, "devi." It is a
thousand times better than calling them Mrs. You would say Mary devi. You would say "Scimepi." That
is the title of the ladies. For men, it is Sri Wierwille Gee. Sri Dr. Wierwille Gi. Sri is the highest title for
all the Hindus. You must use these terms whenever you are in public or write letters, etc. Naro Gi is the
correct term, but it is not in usage. For women, the whole thing would be Srimepi Mary Devi. The men
were hiding but they were not thieves. The girls were going to worship God.
Verse 22 They won't go to Benjamin and ask him why he took the girls, because he had a right to do
that. It is permitted. But, they will go to the people that put him up to the trick. When they are doing
ceremonial dances, they are allowed to come and take them for a wife. It is his birthright to come and
take someone if he wants to. He only took his right.