Verse 1 All the older religions like the Hindus, believe in the creation of the world in the same way.
The Caucasians believe in the beginning was the Word. Vivic was the name of the Caucasian religion,
before they came to India. Then they changed it to Hindu. Vivic means people who believe in God as a
spirit. Zendic means people who believe in God as a fire. The Hindu Bible is called Vada. Word means
"oam." Oam is the word that the Vivic people put in their letters. It means God's Word. From that word
comes omnipresent.
Verse 12 Translation: "As many as believed on him and received him, to them gave he power to
become the sons of God." Omit the rest. "Power"—ability; "become"—be.
Verse 13 "Not born of blood" means they were not our blood relatives. It means they were born of the
spirit. The Hindus believe that when a boy is twelve and the priest puts a few words in his ear, put a
sacred thread, then he is born again. Those that believe on God are born without any human aid, just by
faith in God.
Verse 42 "...Thou shalt be called..." means "you are called." Any Jewish child, who is born after much
prayer, is called Simon, which means he is born with keen perception. Indian children born after much
prayer are called Cephas, meaning keen perception.
Verses 45 and 46 Witnessing. People who have found the joy of salvation continue to share the
excitement of it. The best way to witness is to say, "Come and see," and not argue.
Verses 45-48 Nathanael, Jesus Christ and the fig tree. Before Philip called thee, I saw thee under the
tree. Nathanael was not under the fig tree when Philip found him.
Oriental idiom: I saw thee under the fig tree. Jesus Christ used the idiom in answer to the question
of Nathanael of "How do you know me?" Means: Women who have to work and have babies, they put
their babies under a fig tree while they work. Always a fig tree, it was the custom. Why? (1.) Shadows
of fig trees; and (2.) Will grow into prosperity as fig tree is symbol of prosperity and blessing. Means
then: I knew you since you were a child.
Saw thee under the fig tree. Nathanael was not under the fig tree when Philip called him. "I saw
thee under the fig tree" means, "I knew you when you were a child." Why the fig tree? When the mother
worked in the fields, she would put her baby under the fig tree 1) for shade, and 2) for prosperity. They
believed the fig tree was symbolic of house of Israel and, therefore, of prosperity and security. Bible says
that every man shall sit under his own fig tree and vine when Christ returns.
Verses 45-49 Landmarks. Everybody had a piece of land. Every man who sat under his own fig tree
denoted security. Every man has his own fig tree. There are no boundaries like hedges to separate one
man's land from another. The markings are made by stones placed on the ground. Encroachment is not a
problem in the East because of what God said in Proverbs 23:10, although it would be very easy to do
(move these stones). The reason they are honest there in the East is because they honor their salt agreements.
Verse 46 Anyone sitting under a fig tree is secure, well-off materially.
Verses 46 and 48 Idiom: "When thou wast under the fig tree." That means that he saw him when he
was a little boy (he knew it by revelation).
Background: Fig tree is symbolic of prosperity. Nice to be under these trees. Women going to work
in the fields will place their babies under the fig tree for (1.) shade—leaves are wide and it provided cool
shade; and (2.) prosperity—they believed if they kept their child under the fig tree that the child would
grow up in prosperity. She watches them during the day and takes them home at night. It means that I
have known him since he was a child. We would say in U.S., "I have known thee since you were knee
high to a grasshopper."
Verse 47 No guile in him. Christ admired him because when Philip called to him, "Come and see,"
Nathanael argued no more. There was no guile in him.
Verses 47 and 48 Eastern Customs—Idioms.
"Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him. Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no
guile! Nathanael saith unto him. Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him. Before
that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee."
Nathanael had not been sitting under the fig tree at the time Jesus called him; this is an Eastern
idiom. "I saw thee under the fig tree" means, "I knew you since you were a child." Women who work in
the fields often had no one to help them take care of their babies; therefore, they would put them under
the fig tree for two reasons: (1.) The shadow of the tree protected the child from the sun; and (2.) They
believe that prosperity rested upon anyone who was kept under the fig tree. We have a Western idiom
which is similar in nature to this: "I knew you since you were knee high to a grasshopper."
"Saw thee under the fig tree." Idiom—Women going out to work in the field will leave their
children under the fig tree for two reasons: (1.) Shade of the fig tree; and (2.) They believe the children
will grow up in prosperity. This idiom means, "I knew you since you were a child." We use, "Knee high
to a grasshopper."
Verse 48 "Under the fig tree..." is an Eastern term meaning, "I knew you since you were a child." When
the working woman has nowhere to keep her child while working, she ties it to a fig tree.
Testimony, under the fig tree. You can only call people when you have found Christ. If you haven't
found Christ, you cannot call. You have no conviction. This is why people in the U.S.A. do not get
enthusiastic about the salvation of others.
"Under the fig tree" is an idiom of the orient. Nathanael was not sitting under the fig tree at the time
Philip called him, but this refers to the time Nathanael was a child and his mom put him there. In the
East, if a woman has a few children and must work for a living also, she has no one to take care of the
children so she takes the children to the field where she works gleaning or something. Then she carries
her children and puts them under a fig tree. While working, she keeps her eye on them. Because the fig
tree is symbolic of prosperity, if the child grows up under the fig tree, it grows up into prosperity. The
shadow of the fig tree is also cool and nice. This is what Jesus referred to! That he knew him since he
was a child. Nathanael's mom may have never worked this.
(Not mentioned but taught.) "Saw thee when thou wast under a fig tree." This is an idiom: background—
when a woman goes to work in the field, she will leave her child under a fig tree for it is a sign
of prosperity. Spiritual application—to say this idiom is to refer to the early age of a person.
"Saw thee under a fig tree." Every man sits under his own fig tree (Micah 4:4). Sitting under a fig
tree means security. Every man has a fig tree on his own land.
"When thou was under the fig tree, I saw...." Idiom: does not mean Nathanael was sitting under the
fig tree. In East, women put child in shade of fig tree while she worked on the farm and watched them
while working. Two reasons why used: (1.) Fig tree symbolic of prosperity; and (2.) Beautiful shadow
and shade. Means: I knew you since you were a child and your mother placed you under the fig tree.
Must understand idioms to get the spiritual application which is so beautiful, dynamic, enriching to God's
people. Comparable idiom: Known you since you were knee high to a grasshopper—which Easterners
wouldn't know. Bishop's aim is sharing, so that we as Westerners will be able to understand, believe
better and teach better. Each idiom has a set of circumstances that it came from—best to know how it
came to exist and became a part of the speech of the Eastern people.
(Micah 4:4; Mark 11:12-14) Vine represents spiritual security—peace, joy, love, faith, etc. Fig tree
represents material security. Symbolic of prosperity. You can't destroy fig—it represents house of God.
They are taught that if you kill one, you will bleed in nose and die. That's why Peter marvelled in Mark
11:12-14, 20-24 with the cursing of the fig tree. In Eastern culture it should bring death to curse a fig
tree. Jesus said have faith of God. Don't think according to culture. We have absolute security as
children of God (teaching and preaching). In East, if woman has to work for a living and has young
children, you can't keep them inside the huts. They bring them and keep them under a fig tree nearby
where they work (John 1:48). Means I knew you since you were a child. People sitting under fig tree
have nothing to fear. He also could have heard about him from others and used this idiom.
Verses 1-4 "Gracious Mother, what concern of yours and mine, my turn is not yet come." There is no
drunkenness at an Eastern wedding because they believe marriage to be one of the seven sacraments
involving God. During 10 days of marriage, all the guests eat in bride's home three times a day. There is
a half-hour service each day. After service, all sit and have wine (grape juice). All the guests sit down
according to age (oldest people first) and women sit in a circle not far off. The women carry the money
(thieves will not attack a woman with a veil on), and pay the bills. Waiter comes to first man in line who
gives him an order for grape juice (wine) (two or three gallons), and the waiter will look to the wife in the
circle for the money. Grapes are symbolic of presence and prosperity of God. (Psalm 128:3 not stated,
but taught.) Mary was only reminding him of the custom for his turn.
Verses 1-10 Water to wine. Verse 10: "Well drunk," means the man finished his meal. Every oriental
meal is concluded with a drink. After the close of the meal, there is nothing drunk until after the next
meal. This encouraged people to be merry that they had been satisfied. Jesus and his mother went to a
wedding in Cana of Galilee. The marriage ceremony is ten days long. After each service, all the guests
(maybe 200) must be fed at the expense of the bride and groom. Before each meal, the people supply
grape juice, pure and simple (not alcoholic). Marriages in the East are sacraments, which means "God is
present." They drink grape juice. In the East, grapes are available year round. (Communion is different
in the East, too.) The night prior, the grapes are soaked in water. In a.m., before church, the grapes are
squeezed into the bottle. This grape juice is brought in skins and are sold. At the wedding, there are
relatives of either the bride or groom who supply the wine (maybe 5 or 6 people). These people sit down
in a line according to age. The women escorted by the donors of wine carry money with them to the
wedding (women carry money with them in the East because no one will rob a woman when she travels).
These women sit in a circle, not far from the men. A servant comes up to the oldest man, who says he
wants "two gallons of grape juice." He looks to his woman and she pays for it. Then the oldest man
serves the people. Jesus, about 30 or 31, sat in his place.
Verse 3: His mom reminded him about the wine custom at the wedding. Jesus did not simply
answer his mom in verse 4. He did say, "Gracious mother, what concern is it of yours or mine if they
have no wine? My turn has not come yet." As Jesus got his turn, he did not "order" the wine, he changed
the water to wine. It was the best because whatever Jesus touched multiplied and was blessed (just as he
touched the bier or stretcher on which the dead boy rose; the boy rose! Luke 7:14). Men were well drunk,
means they had completed their meal and had had their share of grape juice.
Verses 3 and 4 Changing water into wine. Question: Jesus' first miracle. Verse 4: "What have I to do
with thee?" should be translated, "What concern is this of yours or mine?"
Woman—term bearing much respect. Bishop translates it, "gracious mother." "Mine hour is not yet
come," should be, "My turn is not yet come." They supply the grape juice by turn, at a marriage, and it
goes according to age—the eldest being first.
Oriental marriages were a sacrament and could not have drunkenness or alcohol. Drunkenness
outside of marriage ceremony. Must read, "wine" or "grape juice" according to context. "Take a little
grape juice for thy stomach's sake."
Verses 3-9 Isaiah 55:1
Verse 4 The word is not woman. It should be an affectionate term for mother. He said, "If there is no
wine, what is it to you and me, Mother?" "Hour" should be turn. In the marriages, the women carry the
money. One reason is because when they go on long journeys, the thieves only attack the men, especially
those who have on several shirts. The thieves know that they put their money in the last shirt underneath.
That is why Jesus told the disciples to wear only one shirt, because if you have more than one shirt, you
are liable to be searched. The men that go to the wedding put on more than one shirt. That is why the
money is given to the women. When the women wear veils, it is symbolic of God's protection given to
the women. The service of a wedding only lasts half an hour each day, in the bride's home. The bride
and bridegroom sit down and throw flowers; the priests come and all the people sit all around. When the
service is over, you can see the virgin with a torch standing on the left side of the bride, and on the right
side of the bridegroom is his best man. It is a beautifully decorated place. After the service, the women
go to their department and the men to theirs and they get ready for dinner at each mealtime during the ten
days, many of the bride's and bridegroom's friends and relatives gather, and they supply wine, among
other things. Wine in the marriages always has been and still is grape juice. He is not saying there isn't
any drunkenness because there is. They go outside and drink and then come to the wedding, but they
must keep their mouths shut, because if they smell their breath, they will put them out. The people that
are going to supply the wine sit in order according to age, all the men in a line. Maybe three people that
day. They are all ready for dinner in the house. There are servants waiting in front of these men who sit
there and order wine because the servants understand that these people are going to supply the wine for
the marriage feast that day. The servant stands there, his hands folded, has loins girded, looking at the
men. The women sit in a circle not far from these men. They give order according to the age. The first
man must use all of his wine. He looks at the servant and tells him to get four bottles of wine or four
gallons of wine, etc., and then he looks at his wife or mother, who sits in the circle. Then the man takes
the money from the woman and they go and buy the wine. This is what Jesus was doing.
Verse 7 Instead of the servants going to buy the wine, Jesus was going to show his authority.
Verse 9 The ruler of the feast is the father, or any older man who is a relative of the bride or
bridegroom. He is also called the governor of the feast. He should have called the bridegroom's best
man, because the bridegroom is not supposed to talk or do any business. It should be the bridegroom's
best man because he is supposed to look after everything.
Verse 10 "Well drunk" should be well satisfied. Some places you get sweet grape juice and other places
it .has a bitter taste. When men are well satisfied, then they bring an inferior kind of wine. The best wine
is red and this must have been blue. It is inferior in taste. The first one is sweet and good and the second
is not as sweet. That which Jesus made was a better wine. "Good" should be best. The first was good;
the second, inferior; and the third, best of all.
"Well drunk" means they have finished the meal. Spiritual application: Whatever Christ touches is blessed.
Verse 15 See II Kings 2:23.
Verse 17 "The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up." This phrase means "made me courageous to
defend your house." Another Eastern term is "I have come to heal your head," which means, "I have
come to comfort you."
Verse 2 Why did Nicodemus come to Jesus by night? All philosophical discussions take place at night
in the East. The men of God—prophets, live in upper rooms. The people will go to these upper rooms to
discuss things with the great men of God. People say Nicodemus went at night because he was afraid of
the Jews—not so. If he was afraid, why did he go to Pilate and beg the body of Jesus? He went in
keeping of the culture.
Verse 16 See Matthew 22:14.
Verse 29 See Jeremiah 25:10.
Marriage, bridegroom's voice. At the end of the 12-month honeymoon period, the bridegroom says
John 14:1-4, goodbye. He goes to father's home to prepare an apartment for his wife; then he returns and
gets her.
"Friend of the bridegroom" is the best man who stands at the groom's right-hand side. John the
Baptist is Jesus Christ's best man. It is a joy to hear the bridegroom's voice—the public pronouncement,
"Let not your heart be troubled." He has delivered us from all worry and fear.
John the Baptist was the friend of the bridegroom, Jesus Christ. This verse shows people are thrilled
to hear the public announcement of the voice of the bridegroom. Voice of the bride—all that thou sayest,
I will do...Ruth said to Naomi.
See also: Jeremiah 25:10.
"Bridegroom's voice." John was bridegroom's friend. He will leave to prepare the apartment and
return in about 1-2 weeks.
Voice of the bridegroom: the best friend of the bridegroom will stand at the right hand of the
bridegroom while he of is saying what is written in John 14:1-4.
See—Systems of Government of the East.
Verse 30 See Luke 7:36-38, 44-50.
"You rightly say that you have no husband," said Jesus; "for you have had five husbands, and the
man you have at present is not your husband." Weymouth. Andra—husband; andros—husbands; aner—man.
Victor Paul Wierwille's Missionary Teaching Tour—November-April, 1955-56. To India and the
Far East. India, Egypt, Palestine, England, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Holland. "Our people in
India need this man, send him with God's blessing to us." K.C. Pillai, D.D., Archbishop of the Eastern
Orthodox Church of India.
Verses 1-19 Samaritan Woman. All Western preachers preach that this is a bad, immoral woman.
Samaritans had no dealings with the Jews, just like Hindus have no dealings with untouchables. Hindus
are not the natives of India. The forefathers of Hindus migrated to India from Persia (otherwise called
Iran. Iran means Aryan—in the Bible it is called Persia, Media). The immigration took place about 3,000
years before Christ. They came first to Indus River in the north of India—in their language is called
Syndoo River. The natives called the new immigrants Syndoos. Then they got the name Hindu. The
Negroes get their name from the River Niger. There are four races in the world: (1.) Aryan*; (2.)
Mongolian (Mongoloid); (3.) Negroid; and (4.) Semitic.
*Hitler's swastika is an Aryan word or symbol meaning "good fortune." Still found in temples in India.
A race tells you their culture, background, heritage, inheritage. Nationality doesn't tell you anything.
Color of skin is very deceiving because it changes. A man can be told by his features characteristic to his
race. The features do not change.
All Europeans—Australia, Canada, America, New Zealand and New Foundland— these are places
where Aryan (or Caucasian) people live. This is the Western (or Occidental) world. In the Eastern world
the Aryans are Armenians and Hindus in India. (We all come from the same blood in Noah.)
Aryans come from Japeth, a son of Noah.
Japanese, Chinese are Mongolians.
African people are Negroid.
All Jews and Arabs are Semitic people.
Arabs are children of Ishmael, born of the concubine of Abraham.
If the Samaritan woman had been living in sin, then Jesus would have told her. (Find example to
show he pointed out the sin.)
There are five continents—Australia, Africa, America, Asia and Europe. In Asia and Africa there is
no courting except Japan (a little since WW II), America, etc. Samaritans alone believed in courting
(can we prove this in the Word).
There are Eastern prophets who can go around telling people their whole life history. Jesus Christ
told the woman about her life in order to convince her that he was a prophet. That's why he asked her
about her husband even though he knew she didn't have one.
This woman was not a prostitute because she discussed philosophy.
The women in the East usually go in a group in the morning to draw water. But if something comes
up and they cannot go, then they will go at some other time during the day. Just because this woman was
at the well at noon does not mean that she was a prostitute.
(I Kings 17--the Easterners only ask for water from women while on the road. They can only ask
women for water, otherwise can't talk in public. The disciples marvelled that Jesus Christ talked to a
woman on the street (not that she was a prostitute 'cause he talked with sinners, etc.). Liquor shops,
lepers and prostitutes, live three miles from town and they are forbidden from using the public well.
Easterners mind their own business and others when they are wrong. If they think she's a prostitute,
anyone reproves her and/or brings her to elders.
"Don't put mud in his rice" means don't criticize the way a man earns his living. Makes him lose his
job. When she went back into the village, the men believed her so she had to have a high standing.
Christ never asks her to go tell people.
Waterpot costs about 8¢, is made of clay by the potter, holds about 3 gallons of water, baked in a kiln
and it becomes red. Tie rope to neck of pot and lower pot into the well. The pot is a symbol of divinity.
If broken, all the pieces that remain tied to the rope are brought home. They think that this is God's
instrument supplying water to mankind. The pot is a God-given agency. They attach divinity to the pot.
If a woman leaves her pot at the well, it is a disgrace for she has forsaken God. When the pot is broken,
they use all the different sized pieces:
1. Big piece—use to carry fire from house to house;
2. A small piece—used as a drinking dipper at a pond or pool of water; and
3. Smallest piece—medicinal purposes (potsherd).
Verses 7-26 Waterpot, potsherd. Samaritan woman at the well with Jesus. Jesus adopted the Oriental
method of proving he was a man of God by telling the woman that she had no husband (relating about her
past). She was not living in sin, for Jesus would have told her to repent of her sin.
Waterpot costs about 8¢ in the Orient. It is carried on the Eastern women's heads. Women carry
water in these "pitchers" while the men carry water in goatskins. (Refers to Mark 14:13.)
When a pot is broken at the well, all of the pieces must be brought home. Pots are like unto the
human body. (II Corinthians 4:7) These broken pieces are referred to as potsherd. Potsherd is used for:
small pieces—used to scrape sores on the body. It is believed that some chemicals in the potsherd seem
to cure the sores. (Job 2:8) Medium sized pieces—put near lakes and ponds and the wells. People
passing by, dip the potsherd into the water and drink from the potsherd. Larger pieces—used to carry fire
from house to house. Some of the people in the East live in mud houses. They do not have match boxes.
One woman of the community lights her fire first, and then everyone else gets their fire from her. A boy
in the community is engaged to go to this woman's home in the morning and get a certain amount of coals
of fire. The coals are put on the potsherd, and the boy carries the potsherd on his head. (He protects his
head from the heat by placing a cloth there.) He carries the coals from house to house so that each house
can be supplied with fire. (Romans 12:20—these coals warm the head and heart by carrying the coals
from house to house. So if you do good to one who has done you harm, you warm your heart. )
Isaiah 30:14—A "potter's vessel" is also a pitcher. When God destroys a nation, there will be no bits
left at all that are good enough to carry fire or drink water. Ordinarily these pieces are used, but when
God destroys something, the remains are not useable.
These pots are very valuable to the Eastern people. Every bit is useable. No Easterner ever leaves a
pot at the well, whole or broken. If a woman is informed of her husband's death while she is at the well,
she still does not leave her pot behind because leaving the pot means forsaking the human being, to the
Easterner. Even at the risk of death, the woman must bring the pot home. Yet, the Samaritan woman left
her water pot at the well. She was ready to bear all the insults of society. She forgot all traditions and
was unaffected by all humiliation which might have resulted, and forgot all manmade systems, and left
the water pot at the well and of her own will, she ran into the city.
How many times have we forsaken something to deliver the message of God to somebody else? We
make excuses because we care more about what men think than what God's Word says. When we are
centered in Christ, we no longer need to be concerned with the consequences of life. We believe in
Christ, so Christ will take our consequences.
Bishop speaks of his "burial" the day he was disinherited when he became a Christian.
Talking with a woman in a public thoroughfare. Pigs, prostitutes and liquor stores are three miles
away outside of town in Eastern cities. If the Samaritan woman was not respectable, she would have been
outside of town, not at Jacob's well, which was a respectable well. She was respectable, a great
philosopher and wonderfully dignified woman. Then she ran to town and spoke to men. They would not
have listened to, much less believed, a prostitute. She got many to see Jesus.
The woman taken in adultery, caught in the very act, should have brought the man, too. Jesus was
no authority. The priests judged these matters. John 8:4. What it really means (Eastern thought) was that
they had found this woman pregnant, yet she was unmarried. Jesus told the woman in John 8:4 to go and
sin no more (lest a worse thing come unto thee). In John 4, the Samaritan woman was not told this
because she had no sin.
Verses 16 and 17 Five husbands. If woman had been living in sin, Jesus would have said so, as he did
in past, and told her to give up her sin. Example: the woman taken in adultery and in cases where Jesus
healed, told them at the same time to go and sin no more. Woman was not living in sin with a man.
In East, only Mohammedans have more than one wife. Hindus only have one wife. In special
instances may have another wife: if his wife has leprosy, is unable to have children or incapable of being
a wife because of some disease. The man may request of his wife to marry another woman, especially
chosen by his first wife, and she usually chooses her own sister. But this is very extraordinary instance.
Only the Samaritans believe in courting.
The Bible has been made a mess because of wrong teaching (preaching). Bishop gives great
exhortation for people to come to truth as taught by Dr. Wierwille. Most people don't think for themselves.
Bishop gives reasons why people believe woman was living in sin: (1.) Time of day she drew water:
said in heat of day so no one would see her; and (2.) Disciples marvelled because Jesus talked with such a
bad woman. In East, not permitted to talk to woman on the road except you want a drink of water. All
Orientals believe if give drink of water will have a reward. Disciples marvelled that Jesus talked with woman.
Verses 16-18 Samaritan woman. Where does it say she's living with another man? If she had been,
don't you think Jesus would have told her so? Jesus never mentioned sin. Is there something wrong with
being married five times? She was going to get married. Samaritans are the smallest population group;
they worshipped in the mountains. They are like hillbillies. Courting only goes on among Samaritan
tribes in the east. In verse 18, Jesus is confirming the truthfulness of the woman. Jesus didn't criticize,
why should we? What God does not condemn, we have no business to condemn.
Samaritan woman (two fallacies in people's judgment of her). Jesus says this confirming her
truthfulness. (1.) Woman came to well at the heat of the day because she didn't want to be seen by the
other women because she was a bad woman. Bishop comes from a country where the women go to the
well to fetch water in their pitchers at all times. At public wells, there are crowds of women surrounding
it all the time. People say these things when they don't understand the culture. (2.) Only one woman
present at the heat of the day. This doesn't mean she was a prostitute; this was the only time available to her.
Bishop gives example of his sisters. They'd go to the well during the heat of the day if they needed it
or had no other time to go. Women in India go alone in the heat of the day to draw water. What
happened was this: When Jesus sat at the well, he asked for water. The disciples went to the village of
Sica (about three miles away) to buy bread. When they came back, they marvelled because he talked to
the woman. Disciples marvelled not because she was a prostitute. In the East, you cannot talk to a
woman in the street even if she's your wife or mother. If you talked to one of them, you'd have to take her
aside and whisper just a word. If you ask a person for water, only then can you talk to them. The woman
can also ask the man to go and get some water. After she brings the water, you must never continue the
conversation in the public thoroughfare. If you do, it's bad culture.
So Jesus asks water of this woman. Then he continues talking—which is just not done. That's all—
that's why the disciples marvelled. If Jesus had been talking to his own mother, they'd have still
marvelled. Reasons to prove she was a perfect lady: Had good moral character. (1.) If she'd been a
prostitute, she wouldn't have been allowed to draw water from the public well. The second you suspect a
woman to be a prostitute, you can go and check on her—go talk to her yourself. Prostitutes, untouchables
and lepers weren't allowed to draw from public well. Tell her you must avoid even the appearance of
evil. If she doesn't listen, go back with two witnesses to confirm it; if she still persists in doing evil, you
take her before the elders of the gate. The elders will tell her if she continues to do so, they'll pass
sanctions against her. In the East, they check people out to try and help them. In the West, we just bark,
bite, but don't talk to the person about it.
No one would help her then, won't sell to her, etc. They make it hard on her and run her out of the
city. Everyone checks everybody else out to make sure they're walking the way they're supposed to be,
especially the children. Very few juvenile crimes in India among the high caste which has 300 million
people in it. (450 million total population.) They nip it in the bud in India. They're spiritually oriented,
not materially oriented. Had she been a prostitute, she'd been living outside the city with: (1.) pigs; (2.)
prostitutes; (3.) lepers; and (4.) liquor shops. Have separate place to live three miles from each inhabited
village. In the big cities, things are different. This is talking of village life—culture develops.
Had she been in sin, she wouldn't have been allowed to come to the public well. Example: (I Kings
17:10, fetch me some water.) Jesus asked, "give me some water." She didn't say, "I'm busy—what do
you think I am, a slave?" Eastern hospitality to give water to everybody. In summertime, the women will
sit in booths on the street and give water to everyone passing by that's thirsty. They believe if you give to
people, you receive a reward from God. Serve others, service to God. If love God, love you "brother."
He that hateth his brother is a murderer. By their fruit you shall know them.
(2.) If Jesus knew she had no husband, why did he ask her to call thy husband? When Jesus sat at
the well, she took him as an ordinary Jew. In verse 9. Just as high-caste Hindus have no dealings with
the low class people, the untouchables. The Samaritans were as a low caste to the Jews. Jesus wanted to
prove to her he was more than a mere Jew, but a prophet. This is the Eastern way to tell the person their
life story. She wouldn't have believed him if he had merely said he was a prophet. This is the Eastern
way of themselves as prophets. Jesus told the woman her life story. Verse 19: Sir, I perceive thou art a
prophet. If you tell of future events, they won't believe, you have to tell them past events.
Verse 29, 30: She knew he was a prophet, the Christ. Verse 21 shows she was philosophical,
intelligent, religious. This wasn't the question of a prostitute, but of a dignified, moral lady.
Next, she went to the city and told men. Women can only talk to men when ask for water. Had she
been a prostitute, she's never have been allowed to come to the city, much less talk to the men in public.
Any woman of character, any man of standing, if they bring a message can talk to anyone in the street. A
preacher can talk to a woman in the street. A philosopher can talk to a man in the street and vice versa.
This is the only time you can talk in the street, other than drawing water at the well.
Verse 39: Many believed because of what the woman testified. Would the people have believed a
prostitute? No. Everyone believed her because of her character.
"Go call thy husband..." Jesus confirming that she had no husband. Westerners teach that woman
had five husbands and now living in sin with a man. That's the way they talk about her according to the
commentaries who do not understand culture and custom. No courtship in Eastern courtship. High cast
Hindu girls are not seen by boys after the age of 12. Believe strongly in the sanctity of virginity.
If woman had been living in sin, Jesus would have been the first to say it. Jesus never compromised
sin, helped people to get out of their sin, like the woman taken in adultery and those sick. Jesus never
overlooked sin. Hindus have only one wife, but other Indian groups and Mohammedans have more than
one wife. Woman never permitted to have more than one husband.
Women drawing water in East—in early morning there may be 20 or 30. But may go when they
need water at any time.
Jesus does not say she is living in sin; Jesus agrees with her, confirming her honesty, "and he whom
thou now hast is not thy husband." If she were living with another man, Jesus would have said to her,
"You are speaking lies." But Jesus never said such a thing. We only presume so.
Verses 16-18, 28 and 29 Samaritan Woman. Among high-caste Hindus in the Eastern lands, there is no
courtship. Courtship is a Western idea. They believe in the sanctity of virginity and once a girl is 12
years old, she is not seen by boys.
The Samaritans, however, were a wild bunch and they allowed courtship. The woman here had had
five husbands, all of whom we assume have died. She is presently going with a sixth man. Had she been
living in sin, Jesus would have told her so. He did not say she was living in sin because she wasn't. By
law, she could not have five husbands at one time.
Women all go together to draw water, but they will go by themselves when it is more convenient for
them to do so.
"Marvelled that he talked with the woman." In the East, men can't talk to women on the public
thoroughfare. Even a husband can't talk to his wife, he must take her aside and whisper to her. It is bad
manners to talk to a woman on the public thoroughfare. The only way to talk to a woman on the street is
to ask for water. They believe that if you give water to someone to drink, you will have a reward in
heaven. If you ask a woman for water, you are giving her the privilege of serving God and getting a
reward in heaven. (I Kings 17:10,11—"Fetch me a little water.")
It was not a good practice of Eastern etiquette to continue speaking with a woman after you had
asked for water. That is why the disciples marvelled.
Jacob's well is a public well. In the East, lepers, prostitutes, liquor shops and the pigsty are kept
away from the normal living places (about three miles). If a woman is found to be a prostitute or a man is
found to be continually drunk, they will put them out of the city and tell all of the merchants not to do any
business with the man. He can't get water from the public well. The Samaritan woman would have been
put out with the pigsty had she been living in sin. When a person gave up the sin, then she could come
back. In the East, a person is always corrected. They have less crime and disobedience due to this.
The Samaritan woman was a scholar, a philosopher (verse 19,20,25). After she spoke with Jesus,
she went to the city and talked with men, for she was looked upon as a preacher (verse 29). The men
came (verse 35) because they respected what she said. She was looked upon as a godly woman.
Preachers and philosophers could talk to men anywhere, anytime. Had she been a sinful woman, she
couldn't even have gotten into the city nor would anyone have listened to her.
Verse 35: The harvest of the grain was not for four months. The harvest of souls, however, was at
hand because the Eastern people in white robes were coming out of the city due to what the woman had
said to them about Christ.
Water pots are looked upon in the East with a sacred and sentimental value. They cost about 8¢-10¢
and are made of clay. They attach divinity to the pot because the pot is a container of water to quench the
thirst of people.
Sometimes the pots will break. It is bad culture to leave the waterpot at the well. You could be
ostracized for leaving the pot at the well. This is regarded as forsaking divinity. They will bring home all
the broken bits of a broke pot. The broken parts are all used for the service of mankind. (Isaiah 30:14—
potters vessel that is broken in pieces.) A large piece is used as a dipper to get water from a pond or well.
A smaller piece is used to carry fire from house to house. The smallest pieces are used for scraping the
sores or boils on someone's body. They believe that there are healing chemicals in the potsherd. (Job
2:8—" potsherd to scrape himself.")
There are three kinds of vessels in the Eastern home: (1.) the vessel of honor which holds water to
wash the feet of one going to pray; (2.) the clean vessel which holds drinking water; and (3.) ???? (See
Romans 9:21-23).
Verse 28: The woman was so excited that she left her waterpot. She was more concerned about
telling the good news about Christ than she was about the waterpot. Christ did not have to ask her to go
and tell others.
Verse 16: "Go call thy husband." When woman sat at the well, she first thought that she was just
speaking to another Jew (verse 9), she did not know then that it was the Christ. Jesus wanted to prove to
her that he was the Christ. Jesus was a perfect oriental in his personality because he grew up in that
culture. If you want to prove that you are a holy man in the East, you must demonstrate your wisdom.
Jesus Christ knew the answer he would get when he asked her to go and find her husband. Thus he was
able to convince her (verses 19 and 29).
Verses 16-35 Pot broken. If a pot is broken, the report to the mother-in-law should be, "I broke the pot
at the well, and I have brought back all of the bits." They can all be used for the good of mankind. If a
waterpot is left at the well, she is a tremendous disgrace in the society because it has such a sentimental,
sacramental value. It is worse than living with another man, to leave the waterpot at the well.
Also, in the East, if I want to prove I am a holy man to anyone, I walk up to a complete stranger and
tell him his entire background, his life story. This is what impressed the Samaritan woman. She was so
excited about the Messiah being there, she left the waterpot to spread the news. She forgot about the
disgrace she would face and the tradition of her time. Her joy, inspiration, which she received at the well
was great! We have known Christ for years and have forsaken nothing for him. We are not overjoyed as
this woman. We have never been in contact with him. We don't walk with him. She did this.
Verse 35: Jesus said there was something white in the fields, yet no harvest? The people were
flocking toward him to see him because the Samaritan woman had told them about Jesus. Their white
robes impressed Jesus so much that he said, the harvest in the field is in four months, yet they are white—
because of the people.
Verses 17-30 Samaritan woman, waterpot, potsherd. A Samaritan woman was drawing water from
Jacob's well. Jesus went and sat there on the wall around the well. Jesus asked for water; she said, "I'm a
Samaritan—you're a Jew, and you ask me for water?" Jesus said that the water he had and could give her
would cause her to never thirst again. She said, "Give it to me!" Suddenly Jesus said, "Go and call thy
husband." Jesus told her, her entire background. People think that this woman had five husbands and
now had a man living with her to whom she was not married—that she was a prostitute. Other people say
that she was, because she came to the well at the heat of the day; cause she was living in sin and she didn't
want the other women to see her. When the disciples came, they were amazed that Jesus talked to the
woman. The Bible does not say that she was a prostitute. Jesus said not one word to the woman about
her sin; he never compromised sin in other records in the gospels. Usually he pointed out the sins
immediately. (Like "Go and give up your sin, and follow me.")
Samaritan women believed in courting. No other Easterners believed in courting. This is why she
was dating. Coming to the well in the heat of the day is a presumption. Women went to the well any
time they needed water and could come. The disciples wondered because men and women were not to
converse on a public thoroughfare, only for a man to ask her for water was permissible. Once the water
had been given, no more talking was to take place. Even if he had been talking to his mother, they would
have marvelled. Jesus continued the conversation. She was a good woman of dignity and character. If
she had been a prostitute, she would not have been allowed to draw water from the well. Also, when she
left Jesus, she went and talked, and convinced men, who normally would not speak to a woman about
philosophy, especially if she were a prostitute. Men would only listen to a woman of character.
Why did Jesus ask her if she had a husband when he knew all the time that she was not married? In
the East, when a man of God wants to impress a person of his divinity, he tells the life story of the person
he wants to impress. The Samaritan woman just thought that Jesus was just another man, another Jew,
when she first met him at the well. So Jesus in verse 16-19 told her, her background and in verse 19, she
recognized that he was a prophet.
The waterpot, worth only 8¢ in coin, is very sentimentally and sacramentally valuable to them. In
the East, they believe it is equal to the Godhead. Just as Jesus Christ brought the living water to people,
so these people believe that these water pots bring water and quench the thirst of the people. To forsake a
waterpot at the well is considered a disgrace and that woman would have to face it the rest of her life. In
other words, she had forsaken God. If the pot breaks at the well, all bits and pieces are to be saved and
used for the good of mankind. Large pieces are left at the well to be used by strangers to drink from. The
smaller pieces are carried home. If there are medium-sized pieces, they are used to carry fire from house
to house. The smallest bits are used to scrape sores from the body. Job used a potsherd. They believe
that there is a healing chemical in it. (They attach divinity to it.) So this woman, because the news heard
by her was so good, left the pot behind to tell others about the Messiah. When Christ comes in, we
should not be concerned with the consequences of sharing it or leaving our waterpot at the well. We have
a joy in our salvation! This excels any consequences.
Verses 23-35 Leaving the waterpot at the well is significant. If a woman goes to the well and someone
runs after her and tells her that her husband is dying, she simply cannot leave her pot at the well. It is
symbolic of leaving her physical body behind her. The human body is believed to be the vessel in which
God is dwelling, spiritually. The earthen vessel is like unto the body and it is never left behind for any
reason. The pot costs 10¢, if the woman breaks a pot, the parts of the pot which go into the well cannot
be helped. But the pieces of the pot which can be salvaged, are all collected. It is called potsherd, likened
unto the human body. Every bit of the remains must be used for the good of mankind. It is used for
various things. The larger pieces are used for carrying wood around, with coals of fire, where coals are
needed in the morning.
Verse 28 Waterpot costs about eight cents in the East. Have a tremendous sentimental value in the East,
because the water brings water to quench the thirst of the people. Waterpot is an earthen vessel made of
clay. It is like ourselves, an earthen vessel. We are vessels too, but Christ dwells in us. Because of this,
there is a fountain of living waters in us. We can quench the thirst of those who are spiritually thirsty.
We do this by passing on the Word of God. Pot is like a divine power where water comes through to
quench their thirst.
You would just never leave the pot at the well—no matter what. When the pot is broken, you still
have to take every piece of the pot home. If you leave the pot at the well, you are ostracized in the
community—you are supposed to have forsaken God—the living waters. If you forsake the pot you
forsake God. Finding Christ—the consequences disappear. She forsook all for Christ. She overflowed
with joy, went to tell the others. She didn't care what anybody said when she left the pot because she'd
seen her lord face to face. When salvation and Christ is real to you, you will talk about it. God is only a
religion to us today, not a way of life. Starts talking about the Hindus living their beliefs. Hindus known
by various names: Buddhists, Theosophists—these religions are based on Hinduism. Christianity-third
largest religion after Hindus and Mohammedans. We live religious freedom (by government) not
spiritual freedom (by Christ). They believe that the smallest broken pieces of the pot can heal you if you
scrape yourself with it. The larger pieces are used as drinking cups. The smaller pieces are used in
carrying coals of fire from house to house. The pot has to do with divine authority; therefore, when not
broken, it is used to carry water. When broken it is used for these other things. Example: Job 2:8 (took
potsherd and scraped himself). Job was dependent on God alone to heal him. He judged Him faithful.
Looked only to God for His healing. He didn't depend on pills, he looked on the potsherd as God-given.
(Samaritan woman left the waterpot at the well. John 4:28.) The sacrifice of this woman is
considered much greater than all of the money sacrifices that a man could ever make. To suffer disgrace
and reputation constantly is much greater sacrifice, as a result of taking certain steps for God is much
important. More than giving away all our money, wealth, in the name of God.
"...and saith to the men...." In East, women also don't talk to the men, but this woman was a
respected woman, a philosopher. Men would not have believed her if she had not had a good character.
Why did Jesus ask her to "go call thy husband...?" Significance of waterpot, "...left her waterpot" Must
not ever leave waterpot at the well. It means forsaking the human body. If broken at well, collect all
pieces of potsherd, and use every bit of it for good of mankind. Big pieces to dip water for drinking.
Slightly smaller pieces to carry coals to light fires. Some boys carry coals on top of their head in potsherd
(Romans 12:20). When you do good to one who did evil, or harm to you or to one who doesn't deserve it,
then you warm his mind and heart by your love.
"Left her waterpot." This is a tremendous sacrifice, disgrace for the woman. If a pot breaks into two
big parts, they will take these home and use one part to put in dirt and dirty rags.
Verses 28 and 29 Left her waterpot. Samaritan woman is not understood and is given a bad character,
which is not true. (Bishop saying how most of what Western people know is not true—when read the
Bible, forget what you have heard before, keep your mind open to truth and learn. Listen so truth will
come in.)
Left her waterpot, potsherd, Samaritan woman. There seems to be a contradiction in verse 35
because they believe the harvest to be in four months. Yet, the fields are already white. This is a story of
the Samaritan woman (whose character has been blackened).
The critics say that this woman was living in sin with another man—they say that they know
because: (1.) she came to the well in the heat of the day so she would see nobody; and (2.) when the
disciples returned they marvelled because Jesus talked with such a woman.
Now, the truth is that in the East, a man cannot speak to a woman on the road, even his own wife. (If
you need to speak to her, you can pull her off the road and whisper to her.) If a man is thirsty, he can stop
anyone and ask her for a drink of water. All Orientals believe that if they give water, they will get a
reward (Matthew 10:42). A woman will go to the nearest water source and bring it to you. The
conversation cannot continue in the thoroughfare after asking for water. The disciples marvelled because
they saw Jesus ask the woman for water, and when they returned, Jesus was still talking to her. This was
a long conversation and contrary to custom—this caused the disciples to marvel.
Jesus talked with sinners all of the time. Had this woman been a sinner, it would not have surprised
the disciples to see Jesus talk to his woman. He did that all of the time.
Going to the well in the heat of the day is not a valid excuse. Unmarried women go to the well at all
times. Jacob's well was in the city. If she were a prostitute (as pigs, liquor shops and lepers live at least
two to three miles from town), she would not be able to be in town. She would be excommunicated from
the community. Part of that excommunication would have prohibited her from using the well. When she
left the well from meeting with Jesus, she went to the city and spoke to the men. She was a religious,
respected, dignified, godly woman. This is why men could believe her. Do you think they would
respond to a prostitute this way? No, they would have stoned her.
The woman left her waterpot at the well. This is the fabulous, positive way which we should
magnify and learn from. Why did Jesus ask her to "go and call her husband?" Because he saw there was a
wonderful character in this woman of Samaria. She was probably a religious philosopher because she
said, "Our fathers worship in this mountain," and "I know when the Messiah cometh." No prostitute
would have such knowledge (Romans 9:23,24).
Verses 28, 29 and 35 "Come, see a man that told me all things that ever I did."
Verse 35: Jesus confirming that there are four months for the harvest to come. Only when the
harvest is on are the fields are white. What was white on the field?
The harvest was yet four months. It doesn't say the harvest is now. This is the story of the
Samaritan woman. There are several women whose characters have been blackened by Western private
interpretation; in Joshua—Rahab the harlot; In Judges—Jael, wife of Haber.
Verses 16-18: Jesus never says she's in sin—she wasn't living with another man, only Samaritans in
East believe in courtship as we do. The commentaries say this woman is living in sin—not so. They say:
because she came to Jacob's well in the middle of the day—didn't want to be seen by others; disciples
marvelled when Jesus talked to woman because she was so bad—these aren't so! Facts about women and
men in the East: Can't speak to women in street, even if own wife, but permissible to ask any woman for
a drink of water because believe they will get a reward from God. But can't continue talking with the woman.
Verses 28-35 Samaritan Woman. Woman who leaves waterpot at well is a permanent disgrace of
society. Worse than living with man.
Jesus, in order to prove he was Son of God, told her, her own life story, of her husbands. She left for
joy which was so great when she perceived that he was Christ. Ran to tell others, joy was so great she
forgot all tradition, shame, disgrace, society life. She did it of her own free will, she was so stirred up to
give things up. Just set on fire! If woman had been living in sin, Jesus would have told her to stop living
in sin and follow him. Need more people like woman who can give up anything to follow Son of God.
Verses 31-35 "Fields...white already to harvest." It was four months until the harvest of grain. The
"white" is the people in white clothes which were coming out of the town to see Jesus because of
testimony of verse 29.
Riddle—people may have religious freedom, but not spiritual freedom. There is no liberty in
religion, liberty is only in Christ.
People say Church membership is increasing. So what? Membership in the graveyard is increasing too.
Verse 35 At the time there were yet four months until the harvest. When it is time for the harvest, the
fields are white. They wore all white garments and when they traveled in a group, it is a mass of white.
Jesus meant that the people were coming to listen to him. They were hungry and thirsty for the truth.
The harvest is ready now—harvest of souls.
"...for they are white already to harvest." Bishop says the harvest is yet four months—then questions
what was white and ready to harvest.
"...white already to harvest." Don't say there are four months and then cometh the harvest—there
was no harvest. White—the men wearing the white robes coming to see Jesus because of the woman's
Woman did all that she did without being asked to do so. People don't want to do a thing for Christ
(teach or give money), because they don't have life, or thrill that this woman had. If saved and have light
and life, will have the thrill and joy of walking with him moment by moment, and face to face. The thrill
is so remarkable that you will forget everything and anything for him.
Each day forgetting those things which are behind—and pressing forward to high calling. Each day
a new experience and growth in Lord Jesus Christ. Looking away from all else unto Jesus Christ who is
the author and finisher of our faith. Rededicate ourselves each day and put aside pride, self-sufficiency,
self-importance, denominationalism, cast, creeds, everything for the Lord Jesus Christ.
One thing we know—I was born blind and now I see. Have the zeal (depth of loyalty and sincerity
in innermost being), of the Samaritan woman—breaking all tradition—all barriers because Jesus Christ
sets us free from it all, and when he sets us free, we are free indeed!
Harvest. If four months until harvest, why are the fields already white? Jesus had been talking to
woman at well, while disciples were buying food. The Samaritan woman left her pot and went to the city
to tell the people whom she had met what he had said. These people were coming across the fields now
in their white robes to see the Christ. They were ripe for harvest.
"...for they are white already to harvest." White robes of those coming from town, because of the
woman's testimony (must have been respectable), many believed. Woman did—was so stirred—without
being asked to do so.
Verses 49-53 "Thy son liveth." The Hindus will go to a holy man and tell him about a sick person. The
holy man will take off his mantle and rent it into two pieces saying, "The person is healed, go thy way."
Verses 1-5 Water stirred, booths. Booths along the banks of the holy rivers in the East. Few are healed,
but thousands of people for thousands of years have believed this to be one of the ways to get healed. A
man waited at the pool of Bethesda for 38 years for the water to be troubled.
Verses 1-9 Waiting for the moving of the water. Certain rivers are holy in the East. In certain places in
the Ganges, people think an angel will come and trouble the water and turn the water upside down, then
anyone who gets into that spot of water is healed of whatever disease you have. It's the same throughout
the East.
In verse 6, Jesus asks if he wills to be made whole. Some people would rather stay in their misery.
The man is still centered in his reply to Jesus. Nobody to take up his bed. You must set your mind on
spiritual things—then, you get set free. Law of believing works—(don't put all the blame on the devil)
for Christian and non-Christian alike. We have to operate that faith.
Bishop's teacher would be writing on the board when someone would come in and say, "John Smith
is bitten by a serpent," that's all he'd say. The teacher would tear his mantle and say, "John Smith is
healed, go thy way." He'd throw the mantle away and the person would go and find John Smith healed.
Man at Pool of Bethesda. Three places for the infirm to sit and wait for healing: (1.) Temple gate;
(2.) Holy rivers; and 3) Highway side. They are not begging for money but healing.
Verse 2 There are many pools in the East, like the one described here. An angel is supposed to come
especially on the full-moon day. They are supposed to be cured of their disease when they jump in. He
has heard of many people that were cured, even his grandmother. Eastern people believe anything told
them by a religious man. On the banks of their pools there are shelter houses built and some of them
remain there for years. They never get a chance to get it. This man was there for 38 years.
See Mark 10:46-52.
Verses 2-9 Infirm man at pool of Bethesda. In India, the rivers Ganges and Krishna are holy rivers.
There are shelter houses built on the banks of these rivers where people will sit for years and months
waiting for healing when the waters are troubled. Only one man at a time can be healed when the waters
are troubled. In verse 8, "Take up thy bed," the bed is a quilt and a pillow which can be taken up and put
under their arm.
Verse 7 "Water is troubled." Next to certain holy waters, the beggars will sit and when an angel comes
and stirs up the water, they will jump in to be healed.
Temple gate—just past the gate is a 50 or 60 foot passage where the beggars will sit, and when an
angel comes and stirs up the water they will jump in to be healed.
Temple gate—just past the gate is a 50 or 60 foot passage where the beggars sit down waiting for
healing. They are all dressed according to their cast: (1.) Hindu—wears a turban; (2.) Jew—wears a
robe; and (3.) Mohammedan—?
Highway side is where Blind Bartimaeus was sitting for healing. Because he was wearing a robe, it
showed he was a Jew and that he was from a wealthy family. Robe signifies that he is a man of dignity,
culture. "Casting away his robe"—he was throwing away his dignity and pride, he emptied himself of all
self-righteousness. He demonstrated his humility without being told to do so.
Impotent man by the pool. The Eastern people believe there are certain pools where the angel will
come and turn the water upside down and if they jump in the water at that time, they will be cured of any
ailment. Jesus cured him without waiting for an angel to come to disturb the water.
Verse 8 The bed is made up of a quilt, a couple of sheets and a pillow. They fold it up. Under the quilt
they put a kind of small rug and fold it up so they won't get dirty. They put a leather strap on and carry it
on their back. "Bed" could be bedding. Every person, if they go from place to place, must carry their
own bed, unless they are going to stay in a good-sized hotel.
Verse 9 "Took up his bed." The bed is a quilt, strapped together with a sheet. This was an indication
that he was completely healed.
John 5:19: Sons are more important in the East than daughters, also more in the East than in West.
Verses 9-13 "Took up his bed." The bed is a quilt strapped together with a sheet. This is an indication
that he was completely healed.
Verse 18 The Hindus believe that God is everywhere, He is a spirit. They believe that every man is a
child of God; therefore, we are all brothers and sisters. But the Jewish people believe there is only one
God, and that is the God of Abraham. No man can become a child of God. That is why the Jews brought
the charge against him. Had he been in India, it would have been all right.
Verses 7-16 I am the door of the sheep. The shepherd goes back to doorway—the passage. Puts his
head on one side and his feet on the other. He lays across the passageway—"I am the door of the sheep."
The shepherd loves the sheep so much, he doesn't trust the door, for fear of the hireling, because the
hireling will run away for fear. He trusts himself only, because they're children of his own love.
Jesus is the door for those that trust him; believe His Word. We are confident in him—all things
work together for good to them who love God. For He is the door. Jesus is the door of our life. Do not
go by your senses—what you see, but go by the Word. When we look at situations we always fear.
When we look at Christ, he takes our fear away. We are content in him. He is the door of our life and we
are his sheep of the pasture.
Verse 8 See Psalms 23.
Verse 9 See also: Isaiah 1:3.
"Go in and out, and find pasture." Sometimes goats are up and sheep are down. Sheep can go up
and eat grass where goats are and goats can go down and eat grass where sheep are, but the goats don't,
they remain put where they are.
Can we as children go in and come out of the world and find pasture? No. The sheep always stay
within the fold. There is no peace and rest outside of the fold.
The asses are milked in the East and they drink the milk, especially sick people use it as a medicine.
The place where donkeys and asses are put is called the crib.
In the morning, a couple of boys come to each crib and manger in the whole village and round up all
the donkeys, oxen, cows and asses and lead them out to where they can be fed and taken care of the whole
day. In the evening, they bring them back to edge of village and let them go to find their own cribs and
mangers. They go home without being led.
Spiritual application: The animals are smarter than the children of Israel. At home, the animals have
shelter, food, water, rest, security. We have our provision in God's crib, who is Christ! We should have
as much common sense as the animals and come to Christ.
Verse 13 See John 10:7.
Verse 27 Know my sheep and am known of mine. Take sheep to graze—each sheep has its own
name—call them by name and sight. The sheep recognize the shepherd's voice. Jesus said so, too. Jesus
used these words because they were familiar to the people. We must understand the culture to understand
the words.
Verse 28 See also: Psalm 129:3; Colossians 3:3; Isaiah 49:16.
"...pluck them out of my hand." Talking about game played as boys try to take money from another
boy's fist. Must be a boy of your own age. Never bigger.
Jesus is talking and we can see how Jesus grew up in the wisdom of man and law of the land. Our
names are engraved in the palms of God's hands and we are rooted and grounded in His love—firm and
deep. His hand is strongest. Nothing ever able to pluck us out of His hand. We are the Mt. Zion that
cannot be removed because Christ won't let anything touch you without his permission.
Devil has to ask his permission to attack us, must ask permission from God to touch us. Example of
Job—God has permitted it to come as reproval, to increase our faith or dependence upon Him. But
whatever happens to us is for our good—for all things work together for good for those who love God.
We are the apple of His eye—He paid a tremendous price to purchase us—Christ's precious blood (not
silver or gold). Christ was spotless Lamb o£ God blood. Without shedding of blood, there is no
remission of sin. He redeemed us by His grace. Walk like Mt. Zion, unafraid, undefeated or frustrated,
knowing that He that is in us is greater than all. No one can fool us or frighten us, except we are willing
to be frightened, or become unconscious of the fact that He is in us. Hindus believe that people become
unhappy because they cease to be conscious to the fact that they are God's children. When you feel
lonely, become unhappy, keep mind renewed steadfastly all the time. Then we remain peaceful as God's
children. Must be and keep mind stayed on God all the time. Can have mind stayed on God. When
someone tells you, you are going to sink—tell him "I'm not going to sink, I am as Mt. Zion." Call devil a
liar. Get your mind to obey you, which it will do in course of time. Keep putting in what the Word says,
know what God's Word says.
Harder for American people to work on their minds—they are not born that way, and not started as
children the way they are in the East.
"Pluck them out of my hand." In the East, games are played by the young men. One game involves
putting a piece of money in the palm and don't show anyone, then clinch the fist. Then another boy
would come up and attempt to open the fingers. If he could open the palms, the money he found inside
was his. Jesus grew up in the East and knew this game.
No power anywhere can pluck them out of his hands, once He has given us eternal life, despite the
entire devil spirit power. (This one scripture is one that defeats "backsliding.")
Verse 9 "There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes." Bishop shares how
many commentators believe Jesus gathered up sack lunches from everyone and that's how he got enough
food. Back to the question, "How can a person buy without money." The man selling is there to make his
living. The man selling will start out saying, "Come, buy such and such for so much a gallon." At a
certain time they will switch and say, "Come buy without money and without price." Why do they
change. In the East, when there are birthdays, anniversaries, celebrations of any kind, the people do not
expect to receive presents. If a man has a birthday, he will give presents to show thankfulness to God for
his life. He will do this by giving presents to make others glad. The Easterner will decide how much he
can spend, then he will take this money to the market and he will decide what to buy to give. He thinks if
he gives water, he will quench the thirst of people. So will wine and milk. So the man stands in the line
where these three items are sold. He will ask the seller how much he has and the man will sell him all he
has. Then the man will pay for it and the salesman will change and say, "Come buy without money and
price." So the people that receive it don't pay because the birthday man has already paid for it. Then the
birthday man will stand there to make sure the seller doesn't take money from others, he will make sure
the seller gives it all away. Spiritualization: Likewise Jesus Christ, the redeemer of man, saw the whole
world in sin, he saw the helpless condition of man everywhere, for all have sinned and come short of the
glory of God, they couldn't quench their thirst, they had anger, malice, greed, pride, these are the fruits of
sin. They could not quench their thirst in any other way, except they drank the living waters. "If any man
thirst, let him come to me," "If any man believe in me, out of his belly shall flow living waters." The only
water that will quench thirst is Jesus Christ, the waters of salvation. Jesus Christ paid for the living water
to quench the thirst of people.
Baker's lad. As we enter the market place, there is a baker's boy selling bread. He has an open
basket filled with bread that his relatives have baked there in the marketplace. Maybe he has a little fish
to go with it. He has a feather to drive the flies out. Wherever there is a congregation of people in the
East, there is always a baker's lad. "There is a lad here with five barley loaves and two fishes." John 6:9.
This was a baker's lad who was selling bread.
Water, wine and milk are sold in the markets too. Nothing is given away. When a man comes to sell
he comes to make a living. He sings his sales pitch. "Come buy so much a gallon," Isaiah 55:1. "Come
buy so much a without money and without price." He changes after a while. In the East, on
anniversaries and birthdays, people do not anticipate gifts. In fact, they give gifts on their birthdays, in
thankfulness to God for sparing their lives. By making others glad, they give so that others are glad.
My birthday comes tomorrow, so tonight I decide how much I can spend and what I shall give. If I
give water, I will quench the thirst of people. Jesus said if you give to anybody, you are giving to me.
Water, milk and wine will quench the thirst of the people who walk for miles and miles in the sun. So I
buy the water and the merchant gives it away. It has been paid for. Then I stand by the concession stand
and make sure the water isn't sold again.
Jesus Christ saw our helpless condition here on earth. We were thirsty for something. The only
thirst quencher we have is water from the fountain of living waters. He paid the price for the waters
which redeemed man from the sin of the whole world. Because he paid the price, we can live life more
than abundant. Open your mouth wide and he will fill it.
Verses 12 and 13 Feeding the five thousand. Gather fragments to waste nothing and to feed any who
have a need.
Verse 23 Circumcision effected only one part of the personality. "If you are so careful to carry out the
circumcision on the Sabbath day, in keeping with the Mosaic Law, are ye angry with me because I have
made a man every whit whole?" (Translation.) If you circumcise on the Sabbath day, which effects only
one part of the body, how much more good I have done for the whole body.
Verse 31 See Isaiah 55:1.
Verses 1-11 Woman caught in act of adultery. Taken in very act of adultery—both man and woman
under Mosaic law are liable to be punished for adultery. Why only bring the woman? Why not bring the
man too? This is not a woman taken in the very act — if had been, they'd have brought the man too. Act
of fruit of adultery. They left in order—the eldest to the last. Tremendous respect for age in the East.
(1.) Wrote on the ground; (2.) Went out one by one beginning at the eldest even unto the last; and
(3.) woman taken in the very act.
(3.) This woman was not caught in the very act. Why didn't they bring the man too? It was the law
to bring both. This woman was found pregnant with child, not taken in the very act. Fruit of the act of
adultery = in the act of adultery.
(1.) Elders of the gate will inquire a case, 20 to 30 of them. The elders will vote on the verdict and
then give their verdict, as a jury does in our court system. Then the chairman of the court, elder of the
gate, doesn't give his opinion, pass judgment on the authority of the verdict of the jury or the rest of the
elders as they usually do here. They submit their verdict to the chairman, he sees the verdict, then waits
on God. He keeps his mind open to God. He'll scribble GOD on the ground (Hindus will write Brahmin
or Deva, Jew would have written Jehovah). This shows that the man is centered in God physically as well
as mentally. Jesus Christ was the Son of God, but he waited on his Father all the time.
Example: At Lazarus' grave, garden of Gethsemane. In every issue we must believe God. The
verdict God gave him, he gave the people. The people knew when he was writing that he was waiting for
an answer from God for judgment. Because they understood that, they left him when he answered.
Verse 10: "Woman" Amma means mother just like abba means father.
Verses 3-11 Woman taken in adultery. Verse 4: According to Mosaic law, not only the woman but also
the man was accountable for the act of adultery. If the woman was taken in the act, where is the man?
"The very act" here does not mean they were caught in bed; rather it indicates that this young unmarried
woman was pregnant. Had she been caught in intercourse, both man and woman would have been
brought forth.
Verse 6: What did Jesus write on the ground? If there is a court case going on among the people,
elders of the gate, especially the head elder or judge, will listen to the verdict brought to him by the
elders. Before the president would give his own verdict, he would stoop down and write with his finger.
He would be concentrating upon God and would write the word "God." If he were a Jew, he would write,
"Jehovah," if a Hindu, he would write, "Deva" from which comes the Greek word Deos. Latin and Greek
have roots in Sanskrit language. Sanskrit is the mother language for the whole world.
The people knew that Jesus was writing the word "God." They knew he was waiting upon his Father
and that the answer he would give would be according to God's mind.
The Eastern judgment is not passed quickly and not done on the basis of the testimony of the
witnesses. The final verdict is based upon philosophy and religion, not on materialism.
Verse 4 John 4:7-26. Talking with a woman in a public thoroughfare. Pigs, prostitutes and liquor shops
are three miles away outside of town in Eastern cities. If the Samaritan woman were not respectable, she
would have been outside of town, not at Jacob's well, which was a respectable well. She was respectable,
great philosopher and wonderfully dignified woman. Then she ran to town and spoke to men. They
would not have listened to, much less believed, a prostitute. The woman taken in adultery caught in the
very act, should have brought the man, too. Jesus was no authority. The priests judged these matters.
John 8:4. What it really means (Eastern thought) was that they had found this woman pregnant, yet she
was unmarried. Jesus told the woman in John 8:4 to go and sin no more (lest a worse thing come unto
thee). In John 4, the Samaritan woman was not told this because she had no sin.
"In the very act" means she is pregnant. (Taken in adultery.) If she had been caught in bed, then
where is the man; because he is guilty also.
The elders of the gate, about 20, 30 of them with one who presides, the case is argued and the jury
gives its verdict, then leader must give his decision, judgment, but first he waits by stooping down and
writing with his finger he keeps his mind open to God for enlightenment, for revelation, he is scribbling
with his finger "God, God, God," keeps his mind on God and writes the word "God" with his finger so he
is keeping centered on God until God tells him what the score is. Judgment is never given in a hurry.
Verse 9: The people knew he was waiting for revelation and so when they heard him speak they
were "convicted by their own conscience."
Verse 8 Wrote on the ground. Wrote "God" on ground. In the East, elders of the gate are the court.
When the jury gives a verdict, the judge looks down and writes on the ground before he passes judgment,
meaning that he wants to know what God has to say about it. He keeps his thoughts open for God by
concentrating on Him while scribbling His name over and over again on the ground. That is what Jesus
was doing. First thing children learn to write is "God."
Verses 8 and 9 Wrote on the ground. Went out according to protocol—in order of age. Jesus never told
the Samaritan woman that she was living in sin, because she wasn't like this woman was—this woman
was pregnant and living in sin. He just said for her to go and sin no more. Others that he healed were
told the same thing. When a person feels guilty, he cannot pray effectually. A worse thing is liable to
come to him because of his lack of confidence to come to God. He receives according to his believing.
Verse 8: What he wrote on ground—"God." The government "of the people, by the people, for the
people" began in India. Twenty or thirty elected elders sit at gate of city and handle minor crime cases:
disobedient children, nagging wife, children outside of city too late, boys and girls who were seen
together and come home too late, drunkards, sons who do not support parents, etc. Before the judge
passes judgment, he consults with other members, then bows down and writes "God" with finger on
ground while he is waiting for God to speak to him on the matter. He writes "God" over and over. This
was a very old Eastern custom.
Verse 22 Will he kill himself. In the East if a man commits suicide, it is believed that he will go to
Hades until Christ returns to judge. Yet, it is the only place a man could go without being followed. They
assumed he would kill himself.
Verse 32 Know the truth, truth shall make you free. This is the same thing—the truth is Jesus Christ.
How does this apply to you? Example: you may be out of a job. Fact is you're out of work—no source of
income. The truth is, "my God shall supply all your need by His riches in glory." Facts change, truth doesn't.
Fact is, I have a headache; the truth is, "by His stripes I was healed." You shall know the truth and
the truth shall make you free. Facts will bind you, never make you free, only cause you to fear. Facts are
only temporary. They're not permanent. The truth is eternal!
See Ezekiel 13:17-21.
Verse 36 "Son therefore shall make you indeed." In days of slave owning, children born of
the slave parents are used to wash the feet of the people at the door. When you go to wealthy man's
home, there is a servant waiting on the porch with a tub of water, the guest throws his sandals to the slave,
then the slave washes his feet, and the guest will enter the house.
Back to John 8:36—The first born is going to be trained to be the head of the family after my death.
It is upon him before I die, or at the time of my death, I will give my son a white coat with long sleeves
and put a bunch of keys on his shoulder (keys of the household). Then he becomes heir of the family,
carrying the keys of the household.
Isaiah 22:22—Key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder. This coat is wrongly
translated the coat of many colors Jacob gave to Joseph. It's a coat of heirship, that's all (Genesis 37:3,
IV). It was the coat of heirship that caused the jealousy because he'd be the heir of the family.
However, the firstborn son can set any slave servant free without the father's consent. My son can
free the slave servant who washes feet—he has the legal right from his father.
Spiritual Application: The Lord Jesus Christ is the Son of the Father. He came to set us free. We
were slaves to sin, condemned to death, guilty, lost. The Son has the right to set us free. The Son is the
only one who can set us free; not religion. He sets us free, forgives us our sin and makes us sons and
daughters of God. From a slave to a son, only the Son of God can do this. He came to die for us to set us free.
The firstborn son in the East has the right to set their slaves free. The Lord Jesus Christ hath set us free.
Verse 6 (Mark 7:33; 8:23) Spittle. Easterners believe in healing power of spittle of holy man. It is also
a test of a man's belief in the integrity of the holy man. He will not get angry if he trusts the holy man.
Receiving the spittle shows submission and obedience to the will of God.
Verses 8, 10 and 11 Blind (from birth), spittle, marriage. Out of all the religions, Jesus was the only
one able to give sight to a man born blind. Did not restore because there was nothing there to begin with.
His sight was given fresh. This healing was prophesied of Jesus Christ. Three places that people who
want healing go: temple gate, highway, river bank. They sit there in the attitude of begging to
demonstrate humility—not that they necessarily needed money, especially people who are medically
hopeless. This man was also begging.
Clay—any holy man makes clay with dust and spittle. According to Eastern belief, there is healing
power in the spittle of a holy man because it symbolizes holy spirit. Just like they believe there is power
to heal in a broken piece of pot. On the ninth day of the Eastern marriage, some bridegrooms make clay
from dust and their spittle, and anoint the eyes of their bride. The bride then washes her eyes with holy
water brought to her. It is symbolic that the bridegroom along has the power to open the eyes of the bride
spiritually. Jesus was opening this man's eyes both physically and spiritually. The man's believing healed
him. He believed that Jesus had the power to do it. The clay is rubbed on top of the closed eyes.
Easterners believe there is a spiritual eye of understanding which sees the true light once it is opened.
There is also hearing beyond the physical ear. (Ephesians 1:18)
Verses 24,25—once "I was blind, now I see." This man then walked with Jesus and had his eyes
opened spiritually (v. 35-38).
Verse 1 Tents of robbers may have wealth but only for a short time. Those who trust in God, however,
are secure and God brings forth abundantly into their hand. A worldly man has roots in himself rather
than in God and is, therefore, unstable.
John 10:1: "He that entereth not by the door... but climbeth up some other a thief and a
robber." People who try to get to God by some way other than through Jesus Christ make God angry.
That is why Jesus ran the moneychangers out of the temple. They were actually religious men, but they
were trying to reach God by their own way and they rejected the Way, Jesus Christ.
As we trust God, He blesses us abundantly in material things.
Job 22:21-28: Acquaint self with God and be at peace. When we acquaint ourselves with God then
we lay up gold for ourselves in abundance. Then God affords us prosperity and defense.
Gold of Ophir—highest quality of valued gold. Ophir is the place where special gold is. "Thangal"
in Sanskrit.
V. 28—God honors our decrees. We can decree anything according to His promises to us (perfect
health, prosperity, etc.). God is our wealth, strength, and honors our decrees. Teaching ends in middle.
(1.) The people are selling in the porch. (2.) The people are not stationery because they walk
elsewhere. (3.) The people don't charge more than cost price because they believe they should not make
any money in the name of religion. You just don't swindle people inside the temple. (4.) They were
selling only those things used in the service of God. These people were Godly, sincere, good people,
Matthew 21:13: He calls it den of thieves. (Why?) These people believe that the time they spend
selling here in the temple porch, they'll be credited in heaven for it. And they believe they'll be saved by
these works—salvation through good works. Jesus told them that no one entered the kingdom of God but
by him.
Jesus said he was the door, if any man enters another way, he is a thief and robber. John 10:1. They
are trying to get into the kingdom of God by another way, anyway other than Jesus' way was a thief's
way. In him we are complete.
Verse 7 "Then said Jesus unto them again. Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep."
Eastern people actually become the door of their sheep. They risk their life for the sake of their
sheep. In the East, the shelter houses for the animals are around their home. Donkeys have cribs. Oxen,
cows and buffaloes have mangers. Sheep and goats have sheepfold.
Each sheep has a name and the shepherds know their sheep by name and by sight. The sheepfolds
have no doors. They are usually made of stone and brush and there is a passageway for the sheep to come
in and out. This is an open passage. The shepherd has a crook (5' long and is bent on one end with a
sharp blade on the end). He also has a rod with him about 18" long. This is made of wood and hangs on
his belt.
At night when the shepherd has all his sheep in the fold, he lays his crook across the top of the
passageway and then the shepherd lays down in the doorway to sleep. The shepherd is the door for his sheep.
His crook is also used to fight off animals. If there is no grass, the shepherd brings leaves from the
trees down so sheep can eat—this is done with his staff.
The shepherd also carries stones and a sling-shot. If a sheep goes out from the fold looking for better
grass, the shepherd calls to him to come back. He talks to his sheep like we would to our children. If the
sheep does not listen, then the shepherd uses his sling-shot, but does not hit the sheep. He sees that the
stone falls close by the sheep's side. This frightens the sheep and they come back to the fold. The slingshot
is made of reed. Also finds food for the day with this. These are smooth stones and gotten along the
When the boys take the animals out to graze in India, they leave early in the morning and return in
the evening. They bring them back to the edge of the village and from there they find their way back to
their respective cribs, mangers, etc. Each have a leader that they follow.
They let the goats go by themselves—they are of the world (like some people). They rule
themselves in their own way. The sheep represent the children of God. Goats taken care of by a "hegoat"—
a leader.
I am the door of the sheep (voice still sounds shattered). If man has a hundred sheep, oxen and
donkeys, he builds shelter houses for them around his home—place where donkeys are housed called
crib—oxen, cows, buffalo housed—called manger—sheep kept in sheepfold.
In the morning a boy will come and gather the animals to take them to graze. In the evening the boy
doesn't take them back to their stalls, but takes them to the edge of the city and lets them go, and expects
them to go to their own respective home without someone leading them.
Sheepfolds in the East have no doors, only a passageway. The shepherd himself stretches across the
opening and becomes the door. Loves his sheep as his own children. Will not trust them to a hireling. A
gate or door is not secure enough. Can be broken into easily, but the shepherd keeps the sheep safely.
Jesus Christ is our door. He is the door of our life, watching over us. We have confidence as we know
who Christ is.
Verses 7 and 8 John 21:9-17. Psalm 23. Sheep, shepherd. Eastern people's property consists of lambs,
sheep, camels, goats, buffalo, donkeys, gold, silver, lands. Largely agricultural people, not industrial.
For thousands of years have plowed the land and produced enough food for the family. Lands handed
down in family. Each household sustains itself by cultivating the land and raising animals.
Where does he keep all of these animals? Outside of home is a little hut called "crib" for the
donkeys. Cows, buffalo, oxen kept in a manger. Sheep kept in sheepfold. How does the man care for all
of these? There are a few common village servants who come around and collect the animals and take
them out for grazing. These servants are not paid but are given land on which they live and raise produce.
They do this for the whole village.
Donkeys, oxen, cows, buffaloes are trusted to a hireling—not sheep. John 10:13. Sheep are not
cared for by these hirelings but are cared for by the owner himself. The owners love their sheep as if they
were their children. If a sheep is lost or killed, it's like the son were killed. Sheep divided into three
1. male of first year;
2. female of first year; and
3. older sheep (above one year old). They all have separate folds.
The lambs of the first year are given special treatment since some will be chosen from among them
for the Passover. They are kept near home in the best grass. Stones and thistles, etc., are cleared from the
land since the Passover lamb must be unblemished. Green grass is not always available in the East—only
in the spring, none in summer. Shepherd takes the sheep off to look for grass. His children care for the
first-year lambs at home.
After Christ rose from the dead, he visited Peter and disciples and ate fish that they were roasting on
the fire (John 21:9-17). Jesus asked if he loved him more than these—not more than the disciples there,
but more than the fish (material things, pleasures of world). Jesus wanted to know if Peter put him first.
Asked him three times. Commentaries believe that Jesus asked Peter the question three times because
Peter denied him three times. Not true. The question was asked three times because he was committing,
entrusting three different flocks to his care.
Humans, as sheep, were divided into three groups:
1. Jews;
2. Gentiles; and
3. Pagans.
(Note: This part of the teaching is off according to what Dr. Wierwille has taught; groups should be
young men, young women and older people. Furthermore, Bible categorizes people into Jew, Gentile and
Church of God.) This section should read "feed my male of the first year...feed my female of the first
year...feed my sheep. Instead of "lamb, in KJV.
Back to John 10: No doors on sheepfold, only a passage in. Only shepherd can lead sheep to green
pastures. Sometimes he must go for miles before finding grass. He knows where they are and sheep do
not. Sheep cannot fight the shepherd or dictate to him. Church is not democracy but theocracy. God
rules by way of the man of God. God ordains him and he should have authority. Man of God has
authority over all of the offering received. It is his responsibility to use it wisely for his needs and the
needs of the church. It is not the responsibility of the "sheep."
Eastern shepherd usually has a beard, wears a long robe and has a crook (rod about 4' long with bend
on end and a sharp blade attached to the bend), and a staff (wood) about 18' long, and a few smooth
stones from seashore which he carries in leather bag on belt, and a flute to comfort and cheer the sheep
and a sling. Shepherd does not drag the sheep but leads them. Each has a name which shepherd
remembers, he knows them by sight. The sheep are concerned with the grass only, but the shepherd
watches out for wolves and other dangers. (The priests would take a three-prong flesh hook (trident)
when an offering is brought to the temple the priest's servant reached in with flesh hook and what he took
was his—he's responsible to God—I Samuel 2:13,14—you don't need an auditor to keep track of it.)
Analogy to the church: The pastor must ward off false doctrines, etc. The sheep are always looking
down (eating). Do not see all that is going on. If a sheep is straying into danger and will not heed the call
of the shepherd, he slings a stone which lands right by the sheep's mouth. If still does not heed, he will hit
the sheep with a smooth stone. Must be smooth so it will not harm the sheep. Chastening to bring back
to the flock and fold. Danger outside. Inside is prosperity, security and peace.
In East, sheep does not like to drink flowing water. Shepherd digs small pit and water springs up. It
is still water and sheep drink from it. (Psalm 23:2.) If they must cross a water canal, shepherd carries one
across and others follow even though they do not like to get feet wet. They won't go until he does this.
How much we follow people and not Christ!
Every Eastern monarch must go after the sheep for six months. If he can govern the sheep, can
govern the people because they are much alike. David did that.
If no grass available, there are certain leaves which sheep love. So shepherd uses crook (rod) to
bring down leaves. He prepares a "table" for them even when enemies about are starving. (Psalm 23:5.)
God can provide food for us even when it seems none is available—even if it must be brought from heaven.
The rod symbolizes authority. Rod and staff are a comfort to the sheep (Psalm 23:4). Staff defends,
rod provides. Christ is our shepherd.
If sheep does not heed shepherd and gets hurt, shepherd carries him home on his shoulders and
lectures the sheep. Soothes him with oil and bandage (Psalm 23:5). At evening when they get home each
sheep has a wooden bucket. Shepherd fills it to overflowing. We must learn to give as a shepherd. We
should give freely and abundantly. When we ask the shepherd for something, he doesn't say "I gave yesterday."
Shepherds do not trust a door or gate on the sheepfold. Someone could open it during night.
Someone that the shepherd trusts (never a stranger or hireling) lies across the opening of the fold and acts
as the door. Does not sleep (Psalm 121:3,4). Christ presents us blameless and without spot or wrinkle
before God. Shepherd gets very little sleep—God never sleeps—He is always watching us. The
shepherd's wife or son acts as the door while he goes to eat.
In East, one of the greetings is to put thumb and two fingers together and touch forehead, mouth and
heart while saying, "Peace be unto you." It means, "I wish you peace in my mind, mouth and heart—this
greeting is the people's peace (but they don't have peace), we have Christ's peace given to us.
Verses 28 and 29 Pluck out of his hand. Easterners have a game which young boys play. A coin is
placed in one boy's hand (palm) and the palms are closed together. The amount of money is unknown.
Then another boy his own age will come and try to separate the hands and get the money. There is not a
hand strong enough figuratively to take or pluck us out of the hands or palms of God. Pagans pray about
five times a day, yet the Christians today walk around dead—unconcerned and have no soul. Christians
today are attempting to satisfy their inner hunger by materialism. The Daysman can quench our thirst.
Verses 30ff "Blasphemy" was a crime equal to stoning. The lord was getting ready to be stoned (John
10:30ff) because he blasphemed. Why stones? Why not a knife? Because the people's ideas were that the
law (which was written on stone) was killing the person—that the stones represented this law.
Verse 16 "...Let us also go, that we may die with him." That is just the speech of the people. It means
the intense love that he had for him who died. The words describe the intensity of love they had in their
hearts for the man who is dead. If a man dies in India, the woman will go and try to lie down on the same
bed, in the body of the husband and it takes time for them to pull her out. In the early days, they cremated
their bodies and even today the Hindus still do. The Gatha is a place where they cremate the bodies. The
wife is permitted to go there. Not all the Hindus cremate, but the majority do. The woman will go and
when her husband's body is put in the fire, she will fall into the fire unless someone prevents her. This is
the kind of love Thomas had for him.
Verse 31 When someone dies in the East, so many people keep coming to the house of the people who
lost someone, even the people who didn't know them. They come and sit down with the people and weep.
This is the way of showing sympathy in the East. In India, the people go in and cook for them, cry with
them and help them here and there. The Jews comforted her when they saw Mary. They thought she was
going to the grave to weep, but she was going to see Jesus. Everyday, as many times as they want, they
go to the grave to weep. They make a terrible noise for anyone who is dead. They even cry for a bum.
Funeral, Lazarus. Mary—sister of Martha and Lazarus.
When a person dies in the East, much great noise of weeping and moaning. Sometimes even engage
"wailing women" for the funeral. The more noise, the better the funeral. Inside of the wailing women
there is no conviction, they care nothing for the dead person but outwardly they cry much because of the
money paid them. Like some theological preachers. They even look real and sincere. The people at the
funeral keep going to the grave every 20 minutes or so, crying and crying, until more people come and
pull them out. Then those people stay there crying until someone pulls them away. When Mary went
people followed her to comfort her and bring her back because they thought she was going to grave to
weep for Lazarus.
Verse 32 His translation says, "could not have died."
Verse 33 "...and was grieved," instead of troubled.
Verse 35 The Bishop's translation: "Jesus shed tears."
Verse 26 "If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall my servant be..." In the
East, the servants eat at the table with their master, unless there are guests. The master also doesn't eat
until the guests are finished. If a master and his five servants are traveling and they only have one room
provided for them, the master and all his servants sleep in the same room. If his host gives him a dish of
fruit, the master divides it among himself and his servants. When traveling, he treats his servants as equals.
Verse 27 Translation: "Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say, Father, save me from this hour?
but for this cause came I unto this hour."
Verse 40 God does not blind our eyes, we become blind ourselves. It should read, "They have become
blind," not "God hath blinded..." They have blinded themselves to spiritual light. Materialism robs
spiritual vision, blocks it. "...lead us not into temptation." God does not lead us into temptation. It
should read, "Let us not enter into temptation." We have blinded ourselves and hardened our hearts. It is
our fault these things happen to us, not God's. "They have become blind, let them return and I will heal
them." (Translation)
Verse 8 Foot washing, hospitality. Every time an Easterner comes home from walking in the streets, he
washes his feet. If he comes in and out 20 times, he washes his feet 20 times. Washing the feet is
because they want to remove all of the dust, dirt, mud and muck that gathers on the feet. Sandals are
worn for frequent trips around town. However, if a man leaves in the morning and does not return until
the evening, he would wear shoes and socks. This is because he would not have to change shoes constantly.
Sandals are worn because: (1.) It is easy to just throw the sandals off when washing the feet,
(without having to bow down, undo laces and then put it back on), and (2.) They are afraid of killing any
germs or small animals. The thin leather soles of the sandals have a lesser chance of killing an animal
than the heavier shoe.
They bathe in the morning, eat breakfast, then go out. Then each time they go in and out during the
day, they do not have to bathe. They do have to wash their feet from the dirty and defilement. So Jesus
was talking about salvation. Once we are saved, we are saved. Salvation is not every five minutes.
Salvation is once, but we need cleansing from defilement. Since we have been in this world, as pilgrims
and strangers, we have been in contact with unbelief, doubt, fear, materialism and selfishness. These are
sins of omission and commission. The believer must be washed from this. That is why the blood of Jesus
Christ, God's Son, cleanses us from all sin. We get saved once, but we need cleansing every time from
the defilement of sin through which we walk in the world.
Verse 10 "Jesus saith to him, he that is washed needeth not save to was his feet, but is clean every whit:
and ye are clean, but not all." John 13:10.
This teaching on the part of the Master is far more than that which just meets the eye of the carnal reader.
The Bible being an Eastern book, written by Eastern men of God, perhaps we from the East find it
somewhat easier to apprehend at places. To us the teaching here is very clear. So much error in Biblical
interpretation comes from taking literally what is figurative or vice versa. Figures of speech in the Word
are used for EMPHASIS.
The word "washed" in this verse should be translated "bathed." "He that is bathed needeth but to
wash his feet." The Orientals bathe the first thing in the morning. We do not sit in a tub with the dirt
from our bodies, taking a bath, but we stand and pour clean water over our heads and shoulders, allowing
it to run down our bodies and thus wash away the dirt.
Immediately after our morning bath, we have our prayers and then our breakfast. Only after this do
we go out about our daily tasks. Naturally, as we walk in the streets, our feet get dusty for we wear
sandals, so when we return home we take off our sandals and wash our feet before entering the house.
We don't bathe all over again, we simply wash our feet . If we go out ten times and come in ten times, all
ten times we wash our feet, but we bathe only once and that is in the morning.
Here is the word we believe that Jesus Christ is setting forth—the great truth of remission of sins and
forgiveness of sins. He that is saved does not need to be saved all over again, but he simply needs his sins
"He that is bathed"—the one that is saved—has received remission of sins. His sins have been
washed away.
One day's activity is typical of one lifetime. As we bathe just once a day, so in one lifetime we are
saved and receive remission of sins just once, when we repent and believe on the Lord Jesus Christ. But
as often as we go out, break fellowship with our Father, we need forgiveness of sins. "He that is bathed
needeth but to wash his feet." He has walked in sin and gotten dirty, therefore, he needs to "wash"
(forgiveness of sins) his feet and when he who has walked in sin confesses his sin, Jesus Christ is faithful
and just to forgive him of all sin and cleanse him of all unrighteousness, thus the sinner "is clean every whit."
It should be "...He that is bathed...." "...He that is bathed does not need to bathe again, but wash his
feet...." After the Orientals have had prayers, bathed, and had breakfast, they go out. When you go out
you walk with sandals on; therefore, some dust and mud will stick to your feet and when you come back
from shopping you wash your feet again. If you go out ten times, come in ten times, all ten times you
have to wash your feet. But they bathe only, once, in the morning. "...Wash his feet, for he is...." He that
is saved does not need to be saved every time. But you need your feet washed which means you need
your sins forgiven.
"Washed" means "bathed." In the East, they always bathe before their morning prayers or worship.
Also when they wear their sandals outside in the dust, they always take their sandals off outside of their
home and bathe their feet before entering their house. Doesn't make any difference how often they go
outside—they must always bathe their feet before entering their house—and they always leave their
sandals outside. A man that has a servant and has a wash tub and a towel to wipe his feet is a wealthy man.
Washed (he that is washed needeth not bathe but to wash his feet). Washed—bathed. Wash feet each
time comes in the house. Only bathed once a day in the morning. You are clean except for feet when you
walk so you wash feet when you come in and don't have to bathe again. You are saved now, only once
sin will stand between you and God—fellowship. We need to confess our sins to keep us clean, in fellowship.
Wash. "He that is washed" should be "He that is bathed." It is taken from a custom: every morning
Easterners bathe first, then say prayers, have breakfast, go for walk. When come home, must wash feet
outside of door. Must wash feet every time enter house, but bathe completely only once during the day.
Relates to salvation: A person is saved once but is often defiled by unbelief in the world. Need the total
cleansing only once, but as walk in the world and "get feet dirty" by sin and unbelief, must wash feet; ask
for forgiveness and get back in fellowship. (Note: S. Martin added the last sentence to tie in what Bishop
was trying to express.)
See Luke 10:29.
"He that is bathed." The Eastern people bathe once in the morning and then wash their feet each
time they enter the house. Bathed—remission of sins, wash—forgiveness for broken fellowship. "Save"
should be but. "Washed" should be bathed. It is not good etiquette in the Orient to ask a person's name.
When a guest comes to the house, he is shown every room, nothing is hid from him. The Eastern people
keep every room clean all the time.
When Jesus comes in as our heavenly guest to our heart, he becomes the head of the family. We
should hand over every department of our lives so that he may reign as lord of our lives. We give him our
pocketbooks and our problems. The highly honored guest will sit on the right hand of the host. The least
honored will sit on the left and the others according to rank will sit in between these two. The host does
not eat with the guests unless they are intimate friends, personal friends, very particular close friends.
If the guests are not personal friends, the host will stand and serve them while they are eating. The
whole family will attend to the needs of the guests.
Each guest has a little table to sit at. Before they come to the dining room, the guests are in the
sitting room and the host will come with his family to invite them to eat. Each person will give a reason
as to why they should come and eat, each will give a different reason, this is called constraining.
Verse 18 "He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me." In the East, once you have
eaten with someone, they are supposed to be your life-long friend. In this passage "lifted up his heal
against me" means fought me or did some other harm after eating my bread. Psalms 41:9 expresses the
same idea.
Verses 21-26 There is a place in the middle of town with a well and trees, etc.. called village common.
Travelers go there and the people of villages come and ask them to come eat at their house before they
can fix their own meals in the common. Eastern hospitality—Easterners view a house guest as angels unawares.
Sop. Sop—pancake-like bread. When all of guests have sat down for dinner, host stands, breaks the
bread, dips it in gravy and puts it by his own hand into mouth of the most-honored guest. Then everyone
begins eating. Jesus loved him even though he knew what Judas was planning. This betrayal was
prophesied of in Psalms 41:9 and quoted again by Jesus at this meal in John 13:18. Judas took the salt
covenant with Jesus by eating with him, but broke the covenant by betrayal.
Verses 24 and 30 Sop, hospitality. Now at dinner everyone is properly seated. Now the host comes and
says grace. Then the host takes a piece of bread and breaks a piece off of that and dips it in the side dish
and puts it in the right-hand guest's mouth. That is called sop. Judas Iscariot was honored guest and
received sop. He betrayed the Lord Jesus Christ, and Jesus knew it, yet he loved him with the best honor.
Although we reject him, we're indifferent to him, we don't love him, we don't give him our tithes, we
don't offer him the best, we don't give the best, yet he loves, he feeds us, he clothes us. We don't deserve
it, yet he loves us just the same. We are criminals and crooks and thieves; how many thieves are there in
the churches throughout the world? They are thieves because they have not given God His share
(Malachi 3). They have robbed God, yet come and sit down and sing songs with a long pious face, then
they continue to rob God. Yet they sit there in the name of Christ refusing to give the tithing which is due
God. If we rob our employer, we would get put in jail and lose our job. Yet Jesus doesn't fire us or put us
in jail; he gives us another day of grace to repent. He gives us sop.
Verses 25 and 26 "Sop." At a ceremonial feasting, a host will take bread and dip it in the meat and
place it in the mouth of the highly-honored guest. No hostess in the East. After putting sop in the mouth
of guest, then everyone starts eating, host does not eat with the guest unless guests are all intimate friends.
Otherwise, the hosts serve the guests.
Verse 26 Jesus made Judas a very honored guest even though he knew Judas was a scoundrel. Love the
people who have done you harm.
Verses 26-30 Judas eating the sop. When all the people are seated, the host will come and say grace.
After grace, the host will break a small piece of bread and dip it in the side dish and put it in the mouth of
his right-hand guest. Then everyone eats. This is called the "sop." The sop is always given to the very
honored guest, even though Jesus knew Judas would betray him, he made him the highly-honored guest.
See Revelation 3:20.
Verses 1-4 Honeymoon spent in parents' homes—they take care of expenses for the one-year
honeymoon. Groom can't work, be drafted or take a meal outside his family during this 12-month period.
(Luke 14:16.) Three excuses; excuse based on culture which he cannot break.
This, John 14:1-4, takes place the last month of the honeymoon as he leaves his bride's home to go to
his home to prepare a place for his bride—an apartment in his father's home or house. He brings all the
relatives and ten virgins together with best man. His bride stands in front of him and he says this that is
written in 1-4. This gives us something to live for—he's coming back! Time is no problem—God said it,
it'll come to pass. This hope purifies us—John 3:29 (relates to John 14:1). Mansion = apartment in
father's house.
John known as friend of the bridegroom—John the Baptist. The bride says, "All you say I will do!"
She won't be anxious or fearful, or let her heart be troubled—if I don't believe you, I'll let my heart be
troubled. I'm confident in you. I will do as you say. This confidence will bring us joy, victory. Hope
maketh not ashamed. If you're troubled, you doubt God's integrity. He said not to be troubled, anxious—
insulting to God.
See Jeremiah 25:10.
See John 3:29.
Marriage, good-bye speech. This speech is what the Eastern bridegroom always said to his bride
when at the end of their year-long honeymoon he left her at her father's house while he went to his father's
house to prepare a place for them to live. It was a speech of comfort to her given publicly. Jesus Christ
comforted Israel with these words which he spoke soon before his death, resurrection and ascension to the
Teaching on return of Christ—probably from John 14:1-4, but it is not stated.
"Let not your heart be troubled." This is the good-bye of the bridegroom to the bride. Marriage
ceremony takes ten days and so you need ten virgins. Each day a virgin has got a duty to do. At the end
of ten days, they go to a banquet hall to have a marriage supper. All relatives and friends come to greet
the bride and bridegroom and they can see the face of the bride—for up to this time she has worn a veil on
her face which can only be lifted by her husband. The bride and bridegroom walk to the banquet hall
under a canopy which is six yards long and 2 yards wide held by two people at the front and two people at
the back. The married couple walks hand in hand under this banner.
Groom will go to his father's home and prepare an apartment for them. All sons live at father's
house. Mother-in-law and daughter-in-law are related, so they don't argue. Before he goes to his father's
home to fix their apartment, he wishes his wife good-bye. They get the ten virgins, friends, relatives,
together and the groom faces the wife and others and says good-bye.
See Jeremiah 25:10.
See—Systems of Government of the East.
Verse 5 (Job 42:15; John 14:1-4.) Job 42:15: He had seven sons and three daughters. "And their
father gave them inheritance among their brethren." During the honeymoon period the son, say he lives
in Spencerville, Ohio and say the girl is up in Chicago. They will travel up and down, stay boy's home
for two months and two months in her home, they will only eat in their parents' home, no one invites them
for meals outside home and family. The last of honeymoon (Bishop only uses this word for our sake,
they don't call it a honeymoon in the East), they spend in girl's home, then when it is over, he wishes
good-bye to his wife and to all who were at his wedding, the ten virgins, etc., best man, all relatives. It's a
great day, very ceremonial when the bridegroom wishes good-bye to his wife for awhile. The wife stands
in front of bridegroom and his best man and all the relatives and virgins are around. Groom then makes
public statement to wife, "let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me...I go to
prepare a place for you...I will come again...that where I am, there ye may be also." John 14:1-4: Jesus
said that and the Easterners said it long before that. "And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know."
Why? Because during the honeymoon period they have traveled back and forth from her house to his
house. In John 14:5, that's why Thomas said unto the Lord, we know not whither thou goest, and how
can we know the way? In the East, the son always lives with his father, whether he is married or single.
They live in little apartments or mansions within the father's home. When the groom returns from
preparing a place, he will take the wife back to their own little mansion within his father's house.
Verse 27 "My peace give I unto you." In the East, the people will salute each other on the street saying,
"Peace be unto you." They will take the time to greet everyone in this manner. This is "as the world
giveth." It is done by touching the forehead, lips and heart meaning, "in my mind, in my mouth, in my
heart, I wish you peace.
"Not as the world giveth," peace. Jesus said this, "...My peace I give not as the world giveth." A
man could say, "Shalhom, alle cum," peace be with you, but he did not have the peace inside himself to
give. They make a public show of it, yet they do not have peace.
Verse 1 "I am the true vine." Wherever the vine is, there is the presence of God (Psalm 128:3). If you
are getting frequent diseases, cancer, heart attack, then they will always make a gold coin the size of our
quarter and engrave on it the branch of the vine, make a hole in the nose and use a ring to hold the coin in
the nose. Many men and women wear them. They wear these when going through a place where there
are snakes, robbers, thieves and they think God is with them and nothing will happen to them. If they are
sinning they think by wearing the coin in their nose, that God will not punish them for their sin.
See Song of Solomon 2:5.
See Song of Solomon 2:5.
Verses 2-6 See Ezekiel 8:12-18.
Verses 20-21 Childbirth. Christ confirmed the Eastern philosophy that a male child's birth causes great
joy. Christ likened the male child's birth to the disciples' sorrow. The disciples were sorrowful. Christ
told them that they would weep and lament at his crucifixion because they lost their savior. The world,
on the other hand, will rejoice because he died. The sorrow will be turned into joy because I will raise
from the dead and see you. Our joy is greater than the joy of the world. We know that Christ will return
for us. This hope does not make us ashamed; rather glad, makes us strong, something to live for. Our joy
is comparable to a son being born. We know he is returning. We have something to live for, even though
we are momentarily ridiculed.
For joy that a man is born into the world. See also Job 3:3.
See also: Jeremiah 20:14,15; Genesis 35:17; Isaiah 9:6.
"For the joy that a man is born into the world." The woman is joyful that she has had a boy.
"...but your sorrow shall be turned into joy." When Christ is crucified the world will rejoice, and
only disciples will be sorrowful and lament. But the disciples' sorrow will be turned into joy.
Verse 21: After childbirth of man—woman no more remembers anguish for joy that man is born
into world. When Christ rose from the grave, the disciples will be as joyful that a man-child being born.
Christ never did away with any custom. Always confirms, not to destroy the law, but to fulfill.
Talk on custom of one wife—Bishop believes came from India and Hindus. Aryans always had one
wife. Only the Semitics had two or many—the Arabs and the Jews, God never condemned. Europeans
and Hindus—same cultural background, thousands of years ago. Scholars say four races all mankind
must come under:
Aryan—European—Indians; Semitic—Arabs and Jews; Mongolian—yellow; Negroid—black.
Negroid —facial characteristic besides black skin. Aryan—straight nose (not flat) straight hair, thin lips,
shape of ears, skin color is incidental, not fundamental. The features do not change.
Verse 21 "A man is born into the world." When Jesus Christ was born, the angels proclaimed it to the
world. Man was not looking for the savior, they were tripped out on theology. The birth of a son is joy to
the father and mother. Birth of Jesus is joy to the whole world.
Christ was born in a manger not a palace, yet he had all the honor of a king. The greatest honor was
the witness of the angels for they rejoiced at the birth of Jesus. When a person is born again, he gets the
same honor. (Luke 15:7)
If a king has a palace and a child is born, then the midwife will take a rod and tap on the ceiling three
times saying, "Unto king 'so and so' a child is born, a son is given." (Isaiah 9:6) This is not done for
everyone, only for monarchs and nobles of the family. The people waiting outside will beat the drums
and play the flute and other musical instruments. They go around the streets of the capital city singing.
The baby is washed with salt water, wrapped in 2" linen swaddling cloth. The salt is symbolic of
faithfulness and fidelity. Swaddling clothes is for uprightness and freedom from crookedness which
means you do not say with your mouth what you do not mean in your heart.
"Joy that a man is born." There is more joy when a son is born than a daughter. Here Jesus says that
the joy is as great as the joy there will be at his own resurrection and return. The birth of a son is a joy to
father and mother, the birth of Jesus Christ is joy to the whole world.
Christ was born in a manger and yet he had all the honor that was due a king. His greatest honor was
to have the angels proclaim his birth. When male child is born in a palace, the midwife takes rod and taps
ceiling three times and sings a song (Isaiah 9:6). The people hear this sound and begin rejoicing in the
capital and it spread to the whole land.
See Genesis 35:17.
See Matthew 2:1.
"...for joy that a man is born into the world." All these three scriptures beautifully connected.
(Jeremiah 20:14,15.) Eastern women—two agonies when going through childbirth. First—mental (not
physical) worried as to what baby's going to be. If girl, no fanfare, joy or merrymaking. If boy, great
merrymaking, people praise the mother, because God has blessed her womb. God sanctified her so man
could be born. Sons are looked on as lamps. If woman has daughters and no sons, may be divorced
among those who believe in divorce. Hindus do not believe in divorce. They are courteous and gracious
to their wives—just never criticize or make cry. Midwives during childbirth encourage the mother by
telling her: "Fear not, thou shalt have thy son also." And if sick later, cheer her up with this.
Eastern mother in childbirth has physical and mental agony—mental because she worries about the
sex of the child. If it's male, her husband will praise her, she will be looked on like God blessed her
womb. Girls are just a mistake, boys are God's gifts. If a woman gives birth to too many girls and no
sons, she may be divorced. When woman is struggling the midwife says "you'll have a nice boy," to
cheer her up.
Verses 20 and 21 Children, childbirth, man-child born. The Eastern people prefer having sons rather
than daughters because they believe that boys are a lamp from heaven and girls are a mistake. During
labor, the midwife cheers the mother on saying that she is going to have a boy (Genesis 35:17). When a
son is born, a messenger is sent to the father wherever he is, to bear the joyful news (see Jeremiah
Verse 22 Matthew 5:39: Whosoever shall smite thee. Renewed mind. "Smite equals touch." As Jesus
stood before Pilate, somebody came along and smote Jesus on the cheek with the palm of his hand (John
18:22). Emphasis is not on physical force, it is on the humble side; it is humiliating and an insult. If
someone comes up and socks you in the jaw, it is different from the emphasis in this verse. We can be
doubly insulted, by God's grace and power, though, we are enabled to endure. By this, all men will know
we belong to Christ, because we are far more gracious and kind than any other.
Verses 22 and 23 Smite. "Struck" and "smitest" should be "touched." If a man is found guilty by the
elders at the gate, he is often touched on cheek with the palm of a hand. Highest insult and humiliation.
In sermon on the mount, Jesus said that if anyone touches you on the right cheek, show him left cheek
also. It was not forceful to cause physical harm, only hurt pride. Jesus never gave us anything hard to do.
We can afford to be insulted twice.
In Indian schools, punishment would be by touching of the cheek of the offender. First wrong is
excused. For second wrong a boy touches the offender's cheek. For third wrong, a girl touches the cheek.
This was highest insult.
Verse 37 "...Thou sayest I am a king." Meaning "You are making the assertion that I am a political
king, but I am not. What I am here for is to testify to the truth."
Verse 13 In the East, in front of every house there is a bench, 4' long and 3' high. It is used to sit and
talk on, used for discussions with town officials on business affairs. When a man is sitting on this bench
called a Gabbatha, no one may harm or hurt him. Jesus was safe from the Jews here. Only men of 30
years or over may sit on the Gabbatha. I Samuel 4:18, Eli was sitting on the Gabbatha when he fell off
backwards and broke his neck.
Verses 16 and 17 "Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and
led him away. And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of the skull, which is
called in the Hebrew Golgotha."
Jesus did not carry a large heavy cross, for Simon of Cyrene carried Jesus' heavy cross. The cross
that Jesus carried, in this verse—according to the Eastern culture—was a small cross. In the East, when a
crime was committed, the criminal is greatly despised by all and he is given a small cross to carry. This is
a badge or a symbol of shame and disgrace.
(When their sins are forgiven—their name is written on a board and they receive a white stone,
which they carry.) This stone shows that they are forgiven and set free.
The cross that Jesus carried was not a cross of weight; but a cross of shame.
Cross Jesus bore. Simon bore the cross, but here it says that Jesus bore the cross. What kind of
cross was it? The cross is a badge of shame. Everybody may despise him—disgrace him for the crime
that he has committed. (Mentions white stone in Revelation 2:17—sign of forgiveness). Here the cross is
to show the disgrace he was to bear.
"Bearing his cross." Note the difference between his and the cross. The people who were to be
crucified were made to wear a miniature cross hung around their neck which was an emblem of shame.
Verse 17 Wear the cross. See Mark 15:21 (seeming contradiction here). This verse says that Simon, a
Cyrenian, was compelled to carry the cross. (Simon was a Negro.) Any man of position can compel
anyone under him to do something. John 19:17 states that Jesus carried the cross. A miniature cross is
hung around neck of criminals going to be crucified. It is a badge of shame.
Verses 26 and 27 "Woman behold thy son, behold thy mother..." In Aramaic, word for woman here is
very gracious. He said this very respectfully.
When a man is dying in the East, people are standing around him and if he is going to leave a son
alone without his mother or anybody, he brings his son's uncle and gets hold to his hand and his son's
hand and gets them together. This is called declaration of the deathbed—makes a request on his
deathbed. When he can't speak and joins their hands, that means take care of him for me.
That commitment is never broken in Eastern society.
The man that takes his son's hand has a life or death commitment to the son. If his own family must
suffer to care for the man's son it must be—it was a deathbed promise.
Spiritual application: Bishop says here the beloved disciple is John. The disciple was told to take
care of Mary. We must be faithful to carry out Jesus' will just as the disciple did at his death. We as his
disciples must be faithful and loyal to do his will. Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel—he
committed the task unto us. "If you love me, keep my commandments." Just as the disciple was faithful
to his last words, so we should be also.
Woman behold thy son. Woman = gracious lady. (Topic: last words spoken by dying man. Jesus
spoke from the cross.) Bishop keeps mentioning the disciple whom Jesus loved as if it were John.
Everybody's mother is everybody's mother in the East. When person dies, is dying and is able to speak,
they tell them (the family) what all they should do after that person dies. The dying person (Bishop's
mother) will hold to her son's hand (a relative) together. Will ask him to promise and take care of a
certain member of the family after I'm gone, will you promise me. These words of promise are never,
never broken.
"John this is your mother just as much as she is to me. You take care of her." And he says, "Mother,
this is your son—I'm going—your son is here." In East, this promise is very binding. This is their last
will and testament. Here in America we write ours out. Speaking the words before you die have a greater
affect on the minds of the people.
Give these words only to the ones whom he loves much. Jesus' brothers were not at the cross to
assume the responsibility. He had confidence in John that he'd keep his word, and John was nearby.
Verse 38 Why should he go to Pilate, the highest authority, to ask the body of Jesus Christ? Jesus died
on a tree, "cursed is every man that hangeth on a tree." He became a curse for you and me. He died as a
criminal—a disgrace and humiliation for us. These bodies are not given to a private party. They are
buried just under the tree where they were hanged on the tree. There is no honorable grave for a criminal
buried among the wicked people. For this reason, it takes higher authority to give sanction. This is a
special case. This is why they went to Pilate. By law, the malefactors and thieves were buried under the
tree. A grave without any marking—no name whatsoever. Not to be buried with respectable people in
the grave.
Apostolic commission. Apostolic commission (Pillai says "breathed on them" is commission of Holy
Spirit) to go and preach the gospel. The twelve only can transfer the commission to someone else. They
ordained people by laying on of hands. Then those people can pass on the commission. Apostolic
succession is direct line of ordination from the apostles on down to today. Pillai says he succeeded Peter.
He says only the apostles have authority to ordain or preach the gospel according to certain
denominations. According to the Word, we all who are born again have the commission and
responsibility to preach the gospel. The word "catholic" means universal. World Council of Church is
not spiritual—only organization. They want numbers and accept anyone.
Verse 5 Little children—not literal here. Jesus said to fisherman, "Children, have you any meat?" It
was an affectionate term. "Children of Israel." Could apply to any age. These "little children" were
grown men.
"Children" were adults. These are human beings, not children. Children are not allowed near
woods, outside of gates.
Verse 7 I Samuel 19:24. Naked. This means not fully dressed. Not stark naked. Same as John 21:7.
Verses 9-17 Outside of home is a little hut called "crib" for the donkeys. Cows, buffalo, oxen kept in
manger. Sheep kept in sheep fold. How does the man care for all of these? There are a few common
village servants who come around and collect the animals and take them out for grazing. They do this for
the whole village. These servants are not paid, but are given land on which they live and raise produce.
Donkeys, oxen, cows, buffalo are trusted to an hireling, but sheep are not cared for by these
hirelings. (John 10:13) They are cared for by the owner himself. The owners love their sheep as if they
were their children. If a sheep is lost or killed, it's like his son were killed.
Sheep divided into three groups: Male of first year; female of first year; older sheep (above one year
old). They have separate folds. The lambs of the first year are given special treatment since some will be
chosen from among them for the Passover. They are kept near home in the best grass. Stones and
thistles, etc., are cleared from the land since the Passover lamb must be unblemished. Green grass is not
always available in the East, only in the spring—none in summer. Shepherd takes the sheep off to look
for grass. His children care for the first-year lambs at home.
After Christ rose from the dead, he visited Peter and disciples and ate fish that they were roasting on
the fire (John 21:9-17). Jesus asked if he loved him more than these—not more than the disciples there,
but more than the fish (material things, pleasures of world). Jesus wanted to know if Peter put him first.
Asked him three times. Commentaries believe that Jesus asked Peter the question three times because
Peter denied him three times. Not true. The question was asked three times because he was committing,
entrusting three different flocks to his care. Humans, as sheep, were divided into three groups: Jews,
Gentiles and pagans.
This section should read, "feed my male of the first year...feed my female of first year...feed my
sheep," instead of lamb, sheep, sheep, as King James Version.
Verse 15 "Do you love me more than these?" These = these material things, fish which they had just
eaten. Feed my sheep = feed my male lambs, verse 6—female lambs, verse 7—sheep. If the lambs go 5-
6 miles to find green pasture to feed in—they get bruised and can't be used for Passover lambs. Jesus
committed three flocks to Peter to feed—Jew, Gentile, pagan. Today we have men, women and children
of all nations to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ. These are our three flocks today.
1. Feed my lambs: feed my female lambs of the first year;
2. Feed my male lambs of the first year; and
3. Feed my sheep.
Told Peter to feed three different flocks, Bishop says. Jews, Gentiles and pagans (Syrians). Today
we are supposed to preach the gospel to men, women and children of all races.
"Lovest thou me more than these—was pointing to the fish they were eating talking about material
things. Do you put me before all other things? All the material things in the world can't satisfy as does
the lord. Material things are like broken cisterns (120) quotes no scripture, Jeremiah 2:13.
Broken cisterns are material things—those that drink of the fountain of living waters are truly
satisfied—inside satisfaction from the living Word—living water. April 10—Eastern, they'll take the
lambs of the first year (according to family) and keep it in the house for four days. Kill them on the
fourth day—why don't they remain in the flock and kill them the 14th day?
Jesus Christ's ministry was four years (in East), three years in our way of thinking. They say he's
one year old the day after he's born. Jesus Christ was killed on the fourteenth day according to the
Eastern calendar. One day is as our year—the first year. (In the East, a man has to go miles for green grass)
Verse 15ff Why does Jesus ask Peter the question, "Lovest thou me?" three times? Should be
translated "Lovest thou me more than these things or fish?" Three kinds of flocks in the East: male
lambs, female lambs and the sheep. From the male of the first year they pick out the Passover lamb.
Male of the first year and female of the first year are kept separate near the home on the best pastures.
That pasture is cleared out of all stones and rocks so that they do not injure their tender feet. Taken
special care of by one of the sons or daughters.
1. Male lambs, great prestige because one of those will be used for the Passover;
2. Ewe lambs; and
3. Sheep.
Jesus was trusting Peter to preach the gospel to three different kinds of flocks. He was the Chief
Shepherd. The man who takes out the sheep to the wilderness, instructs the children who are looking
after the smaller lambs nearer home how to feed them, how to water them. Peter was entrusted to preach
the gospel to the whole flock—the Jew, the Gentile and the pagan. Feed my male lambs could refer to the
Jews first. Sheep will be made up of all believers—Jews, Gentiles and pagans who are converted. "My
sheep hear my voice..." refers not only to the male sheep, the female sheep, but all—including the older
sheep. The lambs are loved by us because they are meek and gentle. "Behold the lamb of God which
taketh away the sin of the world." Lambs are given to people as presents. "Lovest thou me" was asked
three times because he had three different flocks in mind. The male lamb was the Passover lamb. After
Jesus was crucified, there was no more Passovers. Therefore, Jesus was really using a parable here.
Verses 15-17 This has nothing to do with Peter's denials. It means, "Peter do you love me more than
any material thing?" In India there are three kinds of flocks of folds: (1.) male lambs — first year; (2.)
female lambs—first year (these two are two-fold); and 3) sheep—above one year.
The children (sons) take care of all the first-year male and female lambs. Special grass is grown for
them. One of these lambs may be selected for the Passover and cannot be blemished in any way. Cannot
have any hurts or bruises on body. Must watch them carefully near their homes.
The fathers of the sons take the sheep out to pasture. The sheep is like a son to the Eastern man.
That is why the father and son take care of the lambs and sheep. Sometimes the father would be gone five
or six months.
In Jesus Christ's time there were three kinds of people (Jews, Gentiles and pagans). Jesus was
preparing Peter—knowing the responsibility would be given to him to get people saved. Today—men,
women and children of all nations are to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ.
In order for the people to understand Jesus, he used the peoples' customs and culture so he could
make them understand his truthfulness, loyalty, integrity, faithfulness—what he said to the people.
In verse 15: Jesus was telling Peter to take care of his lambs (the male and female—one year old).
Then he told Peter to feed his sheep. He was comparing the people with his lambs and sheep.
Verse 17 Should be translated, "Peter was touched in the heart because he said to him the third time,
'Lovest thou me.'" It was just too big for Peter to believe that to him was committed all the responsibility
of the flock. "And he said unto him. Lord, thou knowest all things: thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus
saith unto him. Feed my sheep.'' The entire flock-Jews, Gentiles and pagans. You feed them all.