Verse 3 "The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib; but Israel doth not know, my people
doth not consider." A donkey is known as a stupid animal, but he has better sense than human beings, for
he can find his way back to his master's crib. So the donkey isn't as stupid as the people of Israel, who
doesn't come back to God—they do not understand.
Isaiah was speaking the way the Easterner speaks. He is telling the children of Israel how hard they
are. They would not come back for repentance. In the East the oxen are taken to the highlands in the
morning. Crib is a place where donkeys are kept. There are a few boys in each village that are hired to
look after all the animals. They go around to the different homes and get their animals and take them up
to the highlands. The Western people say the cows are always in the street because they happen to see
them when they are gathering the animals up in the morning and they drive them along the streets. About
six o'clock in the evening they come back. The cows are in the streets only at these two times. The boys
that are hired only bring the animals to the entrance of the village and then go home. The donkeys and
oxen find their own managers. Spiritually, the oxen and donkeys come back, but Israel does not.
Animals had enough sense to go to their cribs and stalls, but the people don't have enough sense to
go back to their God. The shepherd takes the sheep out and takes care of them, the he-goat leads the rest
of the goats by the side of the sheep—no shepherd is required for the goats. The sheep are taken care of
by the shepherd and the goats by the he-goat.
Ass knows his master's crib. Most of property of Easterners consists of cattle and farming is their
occupation. 75 - 90% live by cultivating own land. Nearly every Indian in upper classes owns his own
home and land handed down from father to son. They practice "concentrated farming"—every family
grows what it needs. They do not usually live on the farm but travel there each day to work, taking
animals and implements along.
Buffalo, oxen and cows are kept in cowshed at home in village. The actual manger itself is built of
two long slabs of stone forming a hollow deep place where the grass is spread for the animals to eat.
Many poor people work for owner of farm and live in mud huts near manger. At time of birth, the
woman sleeps in manger and gives birth there on the grass. It was a common practice among the poor.
The place where donkeys are kept is crib. Every morning a few "cowboys" hired by the community take
care of the animals. They come and loose the animals and drive them into the street, collecting from
every house—maybe 2000 animals, and graze them all day. In the evening the cowboys bring the
animals to the village gate and each animal goes to its own crib or manger. No mistakes are made. Only
people lose their way home. We should know also that our provisions and safety are in the crib of our
Master. The donkey does not stand without his crib praying, "Lord, Lord, send me something to eat out
here." Only humans do that.
It is our business to get to the crib, and God's business to take care of us there. Christ Jesus is now
the crib of the whole world. All mankind can find salvation, satisfaction, sustenance, peace, etc. in him.
Children of Israel were walking their own way again! God spoke to them by way of the prophet. In
the East there are servants for everything. (Bramma—priest, Neru) (Shetria—ruling, Pillai) (Vicia—
business, Mahatma Ghandi) (Shudra—working man)—low caste only. Does all of the labor so that the
Hindu can eat. 75% of Hindus own their own land and home. Each Hindu has his own oxen, cows,
buffalo, donkey, camel, sheep, goat, etc. Where does a man keep all of these? He builds small buildings
around his home for buffaloes, manger for oxen and cows, crib for donkeys, sheepfold for the sheep, etc.
Each shelter house has a name. A broken priest owns nothing. Receives no salary and has a house and
property assigned to him. A servant barber comes to the home and does hair cutting. The priest lives off
of the land where he lives. There is a servant assigned to the farm. Then there are cowboys who go to the
animals' bins and loose animals. They end up with thousands of catties. Tourists take a picture of this
ugly sight. These cowboys feed and graze the animals. At the end of the evening they are brought to the
edge of the city. They are wished God speed and are directed to the house where they are cared for. The
donkeys go straight to their home. Both donkey and oxen do this quickly. We need to get the sense of a
donkey and bird and to go back to that.
Manger, crib, fold. God sends a prophet to bring His people back to the family. When Israel was
going wrong, God sent Isaiah, who said Isaiah 1:3.
In the East, everything is communal. A laundress, a barber, etc., serves the whole town for free for
his services. He is given land by the town and he lives off of the produce of the land. The same is true
for the priest. He is given the temple and a certain land allotment which is his pay.
Beside each Eastern home are shelter houses for all of his animals. The farmers of the East live in
the city with their cattle and working implements. Every morning they travel to their farm outside of the
city. The oxen stay in a shelter called a manger. Cows live in a manger. Donkeys live in a crib. Sheep
live in a fold as do goats. These are adjacent to the Eastern home.
The cowboys (those in the communal who care for the animals) come in the morning and loosen the
oxen and other animals and take them to the street. Because the animals are in the street in the morning
and evening, the West thinks that the cows are sacred. They are not! The animals go outside of the town
for miles to graze. In the evening (6 p.m.) the animals come back. When they reach the gates of the city,
the cowboys depart. The cows find their own way to their manger, donkeys to their own crib, etc.
Animals do not get confused. Only humans are confused.
Christians get out of fellowship and then wander around, not returning to their cribs. The donkey
would think: If I stay in the streets, someone would whip me, if it rains I could get wet, I will have
nothing to eat, everyone who passes by will hate me, I will be like an orphan (no shelter). If I get back to
my master's house I have a shelter over my head, four walls, food for the night and water. If I do not go
back it is not my master's fault, because he has provided for me.
The Christian has been provided for in Christ Jesus. Yet, he will be way out of fellowship, out of his
shelter, praying, "Lord, Lord..." God said, "This is my beloved Son, hear him." But we listen to the U.N.
God then thinks of us as donkeys. Christ Jesus is our crib. In Him there is all provision, healing,
security, sustenance, providence, joy, peace, all our needs. And we do not have the sense of a donkey yet.
With problems, go to God, not to human beings. Jer. 17:58.
We need to keep our mind off of our disease and on God. This way our problems are solved. If we
don't take our problems to the crib, to God, our problems remain unsolved.
"Ox knoweth his owner" This verse means about the same thing as 1:8 i.e., the people of Israel were
tripped out. If a man has oxen, cows then he will build a manger for them, he builds a sheepfold for the
sheep and goats.
Isaiah 1:3.
See Also: John 10:9
"The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib." Idiom. Eastern people—agricultural.
Farmers don't live on the farm, live in the village. They take tools and cattle out to field with them and
bring them back at night.
Ass knows his master's crib. Eastern people are basically agricultural. Westerners are basically
industrial—they live by business. Easterners keep their animals for farming at their homes in the village.
In the morning, village cowboys round up all the animals and take them out for grazing. In the evening,
they bring the animals to the gate of the city and turn them loose to find their own crib (donkey), manger
(cow), or sheepfold (sheep). The animals never make a mistake in finding their way home—only people
do. The animals have sense enough to return to their master. Israel had turned away from God who
should have been their "master." They know there is protection and security there. The people were
grumbling and wandering rather than taking their burdens to God.
"The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib..." Agricultural people; concentrated
farming many different crops on small plots — to meet the needs of family. Everyone works the land, but
son still works on farm with father even after he has been educated. Have many animals, sheep, goats,
cows, donkeys, camels, buffalo — How are they kept? Farmers live in villages and go out to farm all
day...they don't live on the farm. Animals are kept near the home sheep folds—two parts—goats live up
above. Sheep on main floor. Shepherd leads sheep and calls him by name, not so with goats—a he-goat
leads them and they get their own food. Shepherd isn't responsible for feeding goats.
"ox knoweth his owner" Ass is male, donkey is female. At the end of the day the hirelings will
bring all of the animals back to town and let them go to find their own home. They will do this because
they know they will be safe there and have food and water. (NB sheep are taken care of the shepherd they
don't do this with sheep)
Ass knows master's crib. Several boys go around the village in the early morning and gather the
animals from people's yards to take them out to pasture. In the evening they do not take each animals
back to its home, but rather the boys wish them goodbye at the town gate and the donkeys, oxen, etc., find
their way home. Donkeys live in crib, oxen live in manger.
The ass represents dull headedness, but even they have enough sense to find their way home to their
master. That is what this verse is saying. Israel was being more stupid than the ass. They had strayed
away from God and did not have enough sense to return home.
Verse 8 "Cottage" should be shack or booth. It is made bull rushes and bamboo sticks. "Lodge" should
also be a shack or booth. The only difference between a cottage and a lodge is the height. A cottage may
be 10 feet high a lodge 2 or 3 feet. A cottage must be high because the people stand on top of it when
there is no rain and when there is rain they sit under it. It's roof is temporary and is easily blown off. It is
made of bull rushes, hay, or coconut leaves. The four build it. A lodge is made of the same stuff only it is
lower. A man watching cucumbers doesn't have to be up because cucumbers lay on the ground. They put
up the cottages and lodges before harvesting season and when the harvest is over they abandon them.
They watch for animals night and day when the fruit is almost ripe. After the harvest is over they don't
tear down the cottages and lodges, they just leave them, "...the daughter of Zion is abandoned as..."
Daughter of Zion; cottage, lodge. A thick hedge is built all around the vineyard to keep the animals
out. In the midst of the vineyard is a small hut about 5' x 5' built of bamboo sticks all around the sides
about 6' high. Bamboo sticks and hay form the roof. It is not a real house. Bamboo sticks also form a 2'
high structure within the hut to stand on and peer out over the vineyard. It is so frail that it costs only 50
or 60 cents and about 20 or 30 minutes to construct it. This is the cottage in the vineyard.
The man watches the grapes has to stand up—the man watches the cucumbers can sit down.
Cucumbers lie on ground so that the watchman of the cucumbers does not need to stand up to see. The
lodge is also a hut but it is smaller than the one in the vineyard. It is made of the same materials. The
man sits on hay in the hut and slings stones at intruding animals.
Daughter of Zion—Israel. Spiritually we are "Jews" because we are of the seed of Abraham which is
believing in Jesus Christ. All the blessings of God are ours as sons of God. We have the blessing of
Abraham. The difference is that Israel's blessing depended upon their observance of commandments and
sacrifices. Our blessing is dependent upon our believing in Jesus Christ who made the sacrifice for us
once and for all. Israel is no longer the children of God unless they are born again. What is it to be left?
After the season of grapes and cucumbers is over, there is no longer any need for the hut. Since it is
worthless, it is abandoned. When the east wind, rain, and winter comes, the hut is blown apart and left.
It's a picture of destitution. People of God are the same picture of destitution and crisis when they walk
away from God and his care and protection. The children of Israel did not die of sickness, they died of
grumbling and unbelief. In Christ we have our needs meet. Lots of preaching, God wants to meet our need.
Cottage, lodge. Cottage is not an actual house in the East. These in the Bible are temporary boothes
of bamboo 5' - 6' high covered with hay and sticks. As soon as the crops ripen, the people rush to the
cottage to watch the vineyards until harvest. This is shelter from the sun.
Cottage, lodge, vineyards, foxes.
God talked through Isaiah concerning Israel's state of fellowship. He told them that they were like a
cottage and lodge.
"Zion"—any mountain with a temple. "Daughter of Zion" - children of Judah, Jerusalem. In the
Eastern vineyard during fruit season, the people build a cottage there. It is not a house. It is four bamboo
sticks stuck vertically, covered by sticks and hay as a roof. It is 6 feet long. The sides are opened. Lodge
is similar, but it is shorter than the cottage, because lodge is built in a cucumber patch. Cucumbers grow
on the ground and do not require a tall hut. The watchman may sit down and be protected from the sun
by being under this lodge. These are only constructed during the fruit season. As soon as the grapes
come, then the cottage is constructed for the watch because tiny foxes come into the vineyard through the
hedges and spoil the vine and tender grapes by rooting out the vine. (Song of Solomon 2:15). The little
foxes are very dangerous like the false prophets who take out not only the Word of God which has been
sown, but they destroy the faith altogether. "Take care of the foxes" must be small foxes, because the
larger foxes cannot get through the hedges. They need to be removed to avoid destroying the seed that was sown.
In the cottages, the man must stand to keep watch on the vineyard. This is to keep watch on the
foxes. This is likened to our pastors. They are watchful, vigilant, sober, all the time. See who comes to
the flock of God as a wolf in sheep's clothing. Watch and pray. We are too sleepy. We need to keep an
eye all around. Look for jackals, any fox, any prophet, false or true, to destroy our grapes and vine. God
has place us in the vineyard. We are responsible for the grapes and the vine.
Then the grapes are gathered and the cottage (lodge, too) are left standing. They cost nothing to
build. In winter, the rain and wind destroy the cottage. It becomes a sad picture; the picture of
destruction, destitution, abandonment, hopelessness, chaotic.
Why was Israel referred to in this manner? Because they rejected the Fountain of Living Waters and
the Creator abandoned them, for they became destitute of their own choosing. They would not walk in
the way of their fathers (Abraham, Isaac, Jacob). Christians today have the same problem. They want to
serve both God and mammon. This is not possible (Matt. 6:24).
Vineyards; foxes. Speaks of Yoga. West Greeks and East Hindus philosophical thoughts. Also, of
Alexander the Great and his experiences with Yogis!
See also: Song of Solomon 2:15.
"cottage in a vineyard" "daughter of Zion"—Jewish people, "cottage"—10' x 10' x 8', it's built on the
vineyard and is made of bamboo sticks with hay on the roof. The watchmen stand in these to watch for
foxes who come after tender grapes (bitter taste for humans) and root up the vines. It takes no money and
little time to set up these cottages.
Cottage and lodge. During the harvest season for grapes and cucumbers, huts are placed in the
fields. When the grapes are young and tender, lodges are placed in the gardens. These are made of sticks.
Cottages and lodges are little, frail affairs. Cottage is taller than a lodge. The lodge is a small thing
where a man sits down to watch and has a roof to protect him from the sun. The cottages are higher
because the grapes are up high off the ground and the watcher must stand up to watch for foxes coming in
to eat the tender grapes. (A thief would not want tender grapes because they are bitter to human).
See Song of Solomon 2:15.
Cottage and lodge. Bible is a statement of facts, facts of life of the Eastern people. The lodge and
cottage are made from brush wood, bamboo sticks and have hay for a roof. Lodge is smaller than the
cottage. These are erected for the watch man to sit or stand in to guard grapes from foxes and thieves.
Every idiom has a background. This idiom paints a picture of destitution, crisis, chaos, condition of despair.
No one bothers to go out and take down the cottage or lodge. They are simply abandoned. It costs
no money and takes about 20 minutes to assemble.
Cottage in vineyard. Cottage built when grapes first begin to put forth. Built of some crude wood,
about 5' X 5' and 6' or 7' high. Leaf roof. Man who watches vineyard stays there. Costs nothing to build.
After harvest, does not bother to tear down, but abandons hut. Weather beats it into destitution.
Lodge—much like hut in vineyard, but only 3' high. Protector sits in it and wards off fox, those who
would harm garden. Abandons after harvest.
Spiritual application—man who forsakes God becomes destitute. Despairs over every little thing.
Cottage in vineyard. Cottage—booth or shelter in vineyard (about 5' x 3', 6' or 7' high). Little rain,
so cottage, though not very strong is still secure. Made of sticks and brush. Man stands inside and
watches vineyard to protect it. Cottage costs nothing to build, so when harvest is over, cottage is
abandoned to the mercies of the weather.
Lodge—made of same material but it is smaller (about 3' x 10', 3' high). Person sits inside and
watches for foxes, etc. It is also abandoned for destitution, after harvest.
Spiritual application—a man who forsakes God is a picture of helplessness, despair, agony, poverty,
etc., as a besieged city.
Lodge, cottage. Among the fruits and vegetables cultivated in the East are grapes, cucumbers, etc.
When the fruit season begins then shelters are built in these lands. First, at the time when the cucumbers
are small and tender, then a lodge is built. A "lodge" is four sticks in the ground, with a few across the
top. A lodge is like a small manger type idea; it is smaller than a cottage. A cottage is similar yet higher
for use in the vineyard. A lodge is a small frail affair where a man can watch the cucumbers, sitting
down, so that his head is covered and protected from the sun. Cucumbers grow on the ground, so he
wants to see just the produce and see that the foxes did not eat the produce. The cottage is higher so that a
man can stand up to watch if the foxes try to destroy the grapes. The little foxes (Song of Solomon 2:15)
only want the grapes, but they end up tearing out the roots from the ground. "Daughter of Zion" is Judah,
the people of God's are lodges and cottages.
These lodges take 10 minutes to put up and don't cost any money. The owner of these does not
bother to take them down after growing season. He leaves them as they are. They are not worth
bothering about. When the rain, snow and wind come the sticks begin to get blown all about - this is the
picture of destitution. When a man rejects God, walks in his own way, he becomes destitute of faith and
Judah represents this. Nobody wants to mess with him because he becomes despaired, worried,
miserable, oppressed, depressed; nobody wants to. Because he has become like a lodge and cottage. It is
a sorry sight because Judah forsook God.
Cottage in vineyard; lodge. In the Orient, the cottage in the vineyard is a small frail hut made of
bamboo sticks with hay on the top. A watchman stands in the hut and looks out over the vineyard before
the harvest to make sure that no thieves or animals steal the fruit.
The lodge in the garden of cucumbers is similar to the cottage, only lower to the ground because the
vines are lower. It is about 4' x 4' and is made of brushwood and hay. The watchmen sits in the lodge to
drive away animals and thieves.
The cottage and lodge cost nothing to construct as they are made from materials found in the field.
After the harvest, they are left to the mercy of the wind and weather because they have served their
purpose. They become a picture of destitution and are soon destroyed. In this verse, the daughter of Zion
(Israel), is left as a picture of desolation because they abandoned God. Whenever a believer walks away
from God and leans on his own sense knowledge, he also becomes desolate, hopeless, poverty-stricken,
etc. God does not send destitution but man brings it upon himself when he walks away from the fountain
of living waters.
The believer makes the choice to stand in the devil's territory while all along the believer has more
power than the devil. As long as the believer stands on the Word of God, he can never be abandoned or
left desolate. Whenever a thought enters which is not consistent with the Word of God the believer must
crush it out and refuse to entertain it in his mind. When a believer is constantly aware of his position with
God, nothing can touch him.
Verse 18 Wool is softness. The Bishop's translation has "cotton wool" instead of just wool. Cotton
stands for whiteness as well as softness.
Verse 25 "Purely" should be thoroughly. "Tin" should be lead.
Verse 27 Translation: "...and those that return to her..."
Verse 29 The garden here is equal to the grove. They build their graves in the East under the oak trees.
They believe that God dwells under the oak tree and that the oak tree is symbolic of God's presence.
"Garden" is another way of saying "idols."
Verse 30 This garden has a different meaning. When the leaves are faded on the oak tree God isn't
there any more to them.
Verse 31 "Tow" is called a cotton thread. Translation: "...tow, and his words as a spark,..."
Verse 6 "Ruin" should be blame.
Verse 7 "Swear" could be protest. Healer should be a binder upper.
Verse 15 "...that ye beat my people to pieces,..." means why do you rob my people. "Grind" means
expose my people.
Verse 16 Whenever a temple is built on a mountain and there are people living in it, it is called Zion.
The Eastern people are very modest looking, they are not haughty. No Easterners go walking with their
necks up they always bend them. "Wanton eyes" means deceiving with their eyes. A woman who is
looking here and there they think is a bad woman. "Mincing" means in our language walking with a
swing and a sway.
Verse 16 (I Timothy 2:9, Job 16:8) Marriage (selection of wife) Marriage is by parent-choice in the
East. When a wife is chosen, the ladies of the household go to the girl's house and ask her to walk
forward with glass of water to see how she walks. She wears many jewels on feet. Must walk with
dignity, grace, without an outstretched neck.
"Shamefaced" in I Timothy 2:9 should be "modesty with dignity and grace", making no noise with
jewels on feet. Another requirement is that she have no wrinkle on forehead. Wrinkles are sign of worry,
no trust in God. Christ presents us to God without spot or wrinkle.
Tinkling feet. Ring on each finger and toe, ankle jewels. Not supposed to make a noise when
walking. Trained. Not supposed to stretch forth necks but bend them with head down with dignity and
humility. Only those whose culture is not spiritual walk with wanton eyes, tinkling feet, and stretched
forth necks. Children follow parents. Woman accused for bad behavior of daughter, father for son.
Religion and culture go together in East, therefore culture does not change.
See Ephesians 5:25-27.
Tinkling feet; bride. They walked without modesty. They looked upward instead of downward.
Eastern women wear jewelry around their ankles and were expected to walk noiselessly. To walk in a
haughty manner would produce noise. God was saying that the women of Israel had become haughty.
When the family considers a bride for their son, the women go to see how she walks and behaves. They
tell her to come forward so they can see if she is modest, dignified, a godly woman. Whenever sin is
dominant, people lose all morals and courage and dignity. Such was the condition of Israel at this time.
Tinkling of feet, stretched neck, wanton eyes—haughty, prideful—no good for your son.
"Tinkling with the feet". There are two things that the women look for when selecting a bride: (1)
the way she walks (2) wrinkles in the forehead.
Verses 16 and 17 See Also: Job 16:8; Ephesians 5:27.
Tells how women walk wrongly "secret parts" — undignified life, hidden secrets of sinful living. To
understand Word, must know culture, knowing definitions won't do.
Verse 18 "Tinkling with their feet" means making a noise. There is a bell on there feet but they are
suppose to walk so you can't hear it. The bells are part of their jewelry. There is also a gold chain around
their feet, like an ankle bracelet. That is what a "caul" is. It should be round ropes instead of "tires." It is
made of black wool and knit like a rope. Firstly, it is put on so their headdress won't fly and secondly, it
shows humility and submission.
Tires. Ezekiel 24:17, 23. Tires. Black rope headband, crescent-shaped, showing submission and
humility before God.
Ezekiel: In funeral service did not wear tire or shoes and cried much. God told them to act against
tradition and do just the opposite. People would ask questions then.
Verse 22 The part of their dress that they put on their head has a flowered part. That is called "wimple."
"Crisping pins" are like hat pins. Used to keep the clothes tied up so it doesn't blow off. Just the high
class people wear all these jewels.
Verse 24 "Rent" should be robe. "Stomacher" means a man dressed in conspicuous clothing. Another
for stomacher is cummerbund. "Beauty" — if you are skinny you are considered beautiful.
Verse 25 "Sword" should be spear.
Verse 26 "Gates" means her city or people. Usually the people put something on the ground to sit on.
Orientals sit on something—a blanket or a mat, never directly on the ground. If anyone sits only on the
bare ground that is sign of desolation. When they pray they don't sit on the carpet, but put a deer skin on
top of the carpet.
Verse 1 It is a reproach to be a widow, or to be a woman with no children. To be unmarried is a
reproach. This is worth of all to the Oriental society. Therefore, these women don't want clothes or
support. If they are not married by the age they should be, they think God has not looked down on them.
There is no more hope for them. That is why they hurry and marry their daughters off. Finally after all
hope is gone, they go and join the temple where they can't get married.
To be unmarried women is a disgrace. Curse of God on family, they believe. The father would pay
a man to marry his daughter if she gets past a certain age.
Verse 2 The branch is the Lord Jesus Christ. The branch means vine branch and vine branch is
symbolic of God's presence and power.
Verse 8 Translation: " place for others,..." In other words they build house after house and they
buy field after field so that they leave no place for others to come and settle down. To such people God
says woe unto you. Translation: Woe unto them that build house after house, and buy field after field, till
there be no place for others, but that the others have to be places alone some other place in the earth."
They sell land or houses to family—like a closed corporation. Can walk on housetops from one end
of village to the other. The houses are so close can't get out except through the housetop.
Verse 10 Ephah—quart
24 quarts = 1 bath
12 baths = 1 homer
A bath is a basket and something made out of glass for measuring. In East, buy by measure not by
weight. God is telling them how little they'll get for disobeying God. We plant but God gives the
increase. They didn't honor God with their substance.
Verse 18 Shortcomings of persons, not on purpose—iniquities.
Transgression of law—sin
Their vanity (self-glory) defeats themselves.
They draw iniquity to themselves by the cords of their self pride.
Cart rope—to pull cart by oxen — as big as wrist.
Cords — are thin. Dragged down by yourself.
Christ will cut these ropes if you let Him!
Verse 25 Anger of the Lord. What is "anger of the Lord?" It is the manifestations of evil (or the devil)
which counterfeit divine justice. It is not a manifestation of God, but rather, it is evil manifested by the
devil. It is a sly counterfeit of God's justice. When man disobeys God and steps outside of His
jurisdiction, he is in the devil's jurisdiction. It is not God's fault but man's fault. The term "anger of the
Lord" is a figure of speech.
NOTE: The believers in the Old Testament did not have holy spirit in them so did not really
understand the spiritual warfare (I Corinthians 2:14). They could not know the devil as a personal
adversary as we do now. Jesus Christ came to manifest the work of the devil (Colossians 2:15, I John
3:8). He made a show of the devil openly. Now we know the devices of the Adversary which Old
Testament believers did not understand. For further enlightenment, check a good concordance for how
many times "devil" or "Satan" is used in Old Testament, and look up exact meaning and context. How
often did Job speak of Satan and attribute the blame to him?
Verse 26 Hiss. Hiss—whistle, when God whistles all the nations will gather together.
Verse 14 "a virgin shall conceive"
See Matthew 1:18.
Verse 15 Eating butter and honey is symbolic of prosperity. The prophets, sages, saints, and rabbis,
before they begin their ministry, they all eat butter mixed with honey. Butter and honey are the chemicals
that are equal to the heavenly tree's milk. "The Green tree" means heavenly tree. It is a heavenly tree
because it came from heaven. Nobody planted it, the seed fell and it grew. No matter who the tree
belongs to, anyone can come and lie under it. Sometimes they set up an idol under it and worship God.
The leaves are tender and they bake them and eat them. Drops of milk come where they pluck the leaves
off. If you pluck off 3-4 leaves and hold a little glass under you can get a glass of milk to drink. You
drink the milk and eat the leaves like lettuce. If you mix butter and honey you will have the same power
to concentrate, meditate, and to bring your mind into subjection that the heavenly milk and leaves have.
While they are living under the tree they are suppose to get power. There is a certain chemical in the milk
and leaves which gives you the power to concentrate. You are able to control your mind and keep on
praying as long as you want. That is what they understand. Not even thieves will rob you under the tree
because they are afraid God gave you shelter from the people. The trees are very wide. The butter in this
verse is melted butter.
See Luke 24:26-31.
See Luke 23:26-31.
Verse 20 Every morning in the East the barbers come along to the houses. They shave the men and then
go on all the other men in town. They don't get paid because he has property to live on. That is what they
called razor hired. In this case it is a conquest, and humiliation to have a hired razor. "Hair of the feet"
should be "of the legs." When they get hold of an enemy or anybody they want to humiliate, they shave
off the hair of the beard and the legs. "Consume" should be "and also the beard." "Shaving off the beard
is an unusual practice in the Orient to put them to shame; especially if you shave one part of the beard and
let it go. Nobody shaves the legs because to them it is the beautiful part.
Verse 21 Most of the people in the Orient have a couple of cows, sheep and buffalos. The Hindus in
India won't let anybody except themselves milk a cow. When they go to milk the cow they pour water on
him because they believe in washing everything. After they have washed him they put a mark on the
cows forehead. It is symbolic of God's provision of milk. They also get milk from the sheep. They give
sheep's milk to the children and goat's milk if they can get it because it is stronger than cow's milk.
Verse 22 This is prosperity here.
Verse 4 "When you break the yoke of his burden and the whip of his shoulder,..." Anybody who
oppresses people carries a rod with them all the time. A man carries a rod, whip, and yoke the three are
symbolically of oppression.
Verse 6 The marriage is a sacrament made before God and therefore there are no divorces. No groom is
entitled to lift the veil and see his bride. He places the veil on his shoulder as a symbol of his taking
responsibility of her protection on himself. The veil is the symbol of God's protection of a woman. No
veiled woman would be attacked in the East. The shoulder is where responsibility lies. In Isaiah 9:6 the
Word says that the government shall be "upon his shoulder." That is where we cast all our cares.
Son of king. Part of song sung by prophecy concerning birth of Christ about 2000 years before he
was born. The song was sung every time a monarch had a child born. If the child is a male, the midwife
hits the ceiling three times with a stick and breaks into this song. Everyone around the palace waits to
hear what child is born. When they hear the song, drums are beat and musical instruments are played and
everyone marches around the city singing it and telling the people that a prince is born. All the people
come and bring incense, frankincense, myrrh, trays, of coconuts and flowers, gold and lay it before the
newborn and bow down before him. This respect is paid only to the king's sons. That is why such gifts
were brought to baby Jesus—he was king of the Jews. This is also why Easter monarchs are so much
wealthier than Western monarchs. If 60,000,000 subjects bring even a tiny bit of gold, it amounts to a
great deal. On the king's birthday, all the subjects bring a diamond and place them on one side of a scale
while the king sits on the other side. He receives his weight in diamonds. The birth song usually goes,
"unto king so and so a son is give.... a child is born and he will be great and wonderful etc." Herein is, it
say "unto us." Government upon his shoulder (see file) shoulder is symbolic of strength—that is where
responsibility lies.
"unto us a son is given" — this is a song sung when son is born to a king. In the East no gifts are
brought when a girl is born.
See also: Jeremiah 20:14,15; John 16:20,21.
"government shall be upon his shoulder" Bridegroom places the veil of his pride upon his shoulders
signifying that he has rulership of her as his own responsibility. He does this on the 10th day of the
wedding. It is also a sign that he will protect her. The veil is looked upon as a security given by God to
the woman. In the East the woman carries the money because a thief will not attack a woman with a veil.
"Unto us a child is born, a son is given." When a son is born to a monarch in an eastern country the
servants of the priests will declare it to the people. In birth of Jesus Christ, God announced to the people
by His angels. After baby is born he is washed with salt water and wrapped for a few hours with 2" linen
cloth from head to foot. They are salted to be faithful and loyal, swaddled to be straightforward, free
from crookedness.
See Also: Matthew 2:1ff; Ezekiel 16:46.
If a king has a palace and a child is born then the midwife will take a rod and tap on the ceiling three
times saying "Unto king 'so and so' a child is born, a son is given." This is not done for everyone, only
for monarchs and nobles of the family. The people waiting outside will beat the drums and play the flute
and other musical instruments. They go around the streets of the capital city singing. The baby is washed
with salt water, wrapped in 2" linen swaddling cloth. The salt is symbolic of faithfulness and fidelity.
Swaddling clothes is for uprightness and freedom from crookedness which means you do not say with
your mouth what you do not mean in your heart.
"unto us a child is born" In the case of the birth of a king in the east the servants of the Brahman
priests will make the announcement. In the case of Jesus Christ, God Himself announced it by way of His
angels. After boy is born, he is washed in salt water and bandaged with 2" wide beautiful linen cloth all
over the body and keep like this for a few hours. The sons are salted that they may be loyal and faithful to
God, and swaddled to be straightforward, free from crookedness.
When male child is born in a palace the midwife takes rod and taps ceiling three times and sings a
song. The people hear this sound and begin rejoicing in the capital and it spreads to the whole land.
Christ was born in a manger and yet he had all the honor that was due a king. His greatest honor was to
have the angels proclaim his birth.
"Unto us a child is born" Story about birth of eastern children. One representative from each family
in the kingdom will come to the palace to bring gifts to the king's baby boy.
Veil stands for protection, safety, security (veil is a spiritual symbol). All unmarried women are
veiled. Protection given by God in the veil. Not even a thief will attack a woman with a veil on. It's as if
they were fighting against God. Groom puts the veil on his shoulder for a minute. Hereafter her security
and safety will be on his shoulder.
When Christ comes in our life (lifts the veil of our heart), we should commit our trust to Him. He's
willing to carry our burdens for us.
...For unto us a child is born.... When a boy child is born to prince's family, the midwife hits the
ceiling three times and sings a song...for unto the king (his name) ....In this scripture it's for unto us—so
Jesus Christ is for all mankind. People then bring presents of gold, incense on trays to the child—that's
why wise men brought gifts. A big revenue for king to have a son, for his subjects bring him gold—need
only be a small amount, but adds up.
...government shall be upon His shoulder... Also part of marriage ceremony. At end of 10 days
ceremony, silver cord on bride's neck and then they are husband and wife. Husband is asked to take wife,
removes her veil and places it on his shoulder and is symbolic of safety, security, protection, sustenance.
Why women carries money cause veil is symbolic of God's protection. Placing on his shoulder signifies to
everyone that the responsibility falls on his shoulder, the bride doesn't have to worry about anything
anytime—I'm all in all for you.
When we come to Jesus Christ—he lifted the veil off our hearts, he first loved us, we love him.
Commit our burdens, our responsibilities to Lord Jesus Christ. When do so, won't have a moment of fear
or worry, because when have a problem give it to Christ Jesus, whose shoulders are strong and powerful,
for he is able to bear it. Wives, in East, no worries—because they believe their husbands and that sets
them free. We are not set free until we believe, trust in God and Jesus Christ is all things at all times. He
is more willing to take our burdens than we are to commit our ways unto him.
the government shall be upon his shoulder
When you come to the Lord Jesus Christ you lift the veil of your heart to start with. We see him and
love him because He first loved us. From that time we should commit our governments, our problems,
difficulties, our all to Him. Commit thy ways unto the Lord, He shall sustain us. So it is with the bride—
she has no fear, worry nor doubt from this time on. My God shall supply all your need, He'll never leave
you, nor forsake you. He'll set you free if you believe His Word.
Verse 21 Doleful creatures are the ones that make unpleasant noises in the night. "Satyrs" are wild
goats. If any owls come to town they think the town will be under an act of God. No owl will dwell
where human beings are. When God's presence is withdrawn then owls, wild goats and doleful creatures
will be there. Where God is not, the devil is there.
Verse 23 "Besom" is a king of broom. They have several kinds of brooms. Anything that they use to
sweep out the house with is called a besom of destruction. It makes a very clean floor. This means God
will absolutely clean them out. They use a certain broom to sweep outdoors with and another one inside
and a different one in the garden, etc. This one is the one they use inside.
Verse 29 If the serpent is destroyed, out of him will come a cockatrice. This is worse than a serpent.
Verses 2 and 3 "Howl" should be weeping abundantly. The high places are where they go up to
worship. They will shave off their heads. Abundantly should be desperately. Cut off beard means shave
off beard. These verses tell what they do in times of great sorrow.
All their heads shall be bald. In time of mourning they shave off their hair. (If a man relative dies.)
This shows respect for the dead.
Verse 10 Shouting; singing. The verse is a curse here. A punishment on the people so that they won't
have anything plentiful in their field. The laborers (coolies) in the East sing while they do heavy work.
The singing seems to give them encouragement. Sometimes grapes are squeezed through a press while
horses are tied up to the press they go round and round and it is pressed that way. When the horses go
around, all the grape juice sprays. The reigns of the horses are red with wine. There's a trough built
around the winepress about 2 feet wide and 2 feet deep. They put all the grapes in the trough. This
trough is about a quarter of a mile in diameter. In the middle of it is some type of machine that crushes.
The horses walk outside the trough, pulling this thing which is crushing the grapes. As they do this, the
juice squirts out and falls on the horses reigns. Sometimes men get up in the trough barefoot and walk on
it around and around. The Bible says, "I have treaded the winepress alone." When they do this they sing.
God said to them, that they would have nothing to sing or shout about. They won't get any grapes -
nothing will grow because of their transgression against God.
Here the reference to treaders is men.
Verse 6 Olives are gotten very easily by shaking the tree. You must leave some on the tree for the poor.
The Lord will shake them like they shake the olive tree.
Verse 11 Translation: "...removed in the day of inheritance and there shall be deadly sorrow." It means
there won't be much harvesting. To plant rice they plow the field well and then put about an inch of water
on it. Then they sow their rice on the water. They put the patti in a jar, fill it with water and keep it in a
place where there is no heart. After several days the patti shoots forth in the pot. Then it is ready to be
sowed. In the day it grows and every morning they see how much it has grown. "Flourish" should be
shoot forth. After they plant it they let the water dry up. The story is that in spite of all the carefulness
with which you sow there will not be much to harvest. If God is not in it along with man, it will end up
with grief and sorrow.
Verse 2 He was walking naked because he took off the sackcloth and he was barefoot because he took
off his shoes. He was not naked in the real sense of the term. They have their underclothes on when they
say naked. There are some priests that are really naked. Maybe you will find one man in a hundred
cities; not women, but men usually. His hand and beard is shaved and there are ashes all over the body.
They do it for religion. The Bishop seen one man naked in his lifetime in India. Everybody worships the
Bishop and look upon him as God. They say you only think shame because you were taught that way.
Putting off the shoes is a sign of the presence of God.
Verse 1 In the Eastern countries, during the heat of the day, the people go up on the top of the house to
pray. If there is a plague of smallpox or something similar they all, the whole city, gets up on the
housetop and pray.
Praying on housetop. Housetops on East are flat and walled. People pray up there without sandals
on. Some Eastern diseases are smallpox, cholera, plague with fever and boils. If a disease hits a village,
the leader climbs upon a rooftop and calls to the village all to pray on their rooftops to keep the disease
away. God said, "what aileth thee now that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?" Everyone (the
nation "wholly") had come together to pray. In a village, when the leader called for everyone to get up to
pray, one could not say, "I am dying." The leader would say, "If you are dying you can die on the rooftop."
Back to Ecclesiastes 12:11—"The Words of the wise" = the Word of God. "goad"—2 or 3 foot long stick.
Housetops. What ailment have you now that takes you wholly to the housetops? In the East, when a
plague comes to a village.
Prayer. Among Hindus there is a certain festival once a year. They stay awake all night praying to
God. The men, women and children all participate. To avoid falling asleep they tie themselves to posts
and keep saying Rama, Rama, Rama... (Lord, Lord, Lord...). They believe that saying it even once gives
salvation to the speaker. As people follow the words of God or of the man of God, best results are
brought to pass. When some distressful situation hits a town, the chieftain will call everyone out to go up
on housetops at noon to pray. Shoes are never worn while praying. (God told Moses to take off his shoes
in the presence of the burning bush because it was holy ground.) The rooftops are blistering hot at noon.
See Isaiah 22:1, "Wholly gone up to housetops"—The whole town goes up to the house tops to pray
during a crisis. Easterners turn to God rather than to other people.
Whenever there is any infectious disease coming near a city then the people will all go out to their
housetops to pray for deliverance. They pray that it won't spread.
"housetops" English language is a hopeless language. Bible has two sides; literal and spiritual.
If there is a disease approaching a village, then all of the people will go to the flat housetops to call upon
God unitedly. No religions came from the Western world. "what aileth thee now"—what is troubling you?
They pray on the housetops at noon and the sun beats down on their heads and the hot roof will burn their
feet. They believe in suffering while they are praying. (Acts 10:9 Peter praying on housetop) They take
off their shoes to pray.
housetops... what aileth thee now... Great significance in East. Houses have flat roofs. In summer,
sleep on roofs at night, keep the beds up there. Also a prophet's chambers up there. Like Elijah was
given a window—which can be broken to let people out, or even in, and then put window back in again.
There is not much room from house to house. Get up to house top from stairway outside. Also can walk
from house to house on rooftops. In times of danger, don't come down, walk on the roof tops. When you
hear something about religion—it's their way of life to spread it—spreads over house tops.
When religion is way of life—it's easy. Any ground that you call upon God from, that becomes Holy Ground.
People pray at noon time there.
At time of crisis—man blows trumpet, calls the people and they all get up on house tops and he
makes his announcement. Everybody goes no matter how sick—goes. (Religion and God is real to
people in the East.)
What aileth thee now... All people pray together in time of crisis.
Housetops. When there is any disease approaching a village the chief will go up about noontime and
blow a trumpet and chants, "Come along, there is a disease coming, we must call upon God." This is
done in any crises. Then the whole village gets upon the housetop.
Wholly—means everybody. The eastern people are united. In a time of crisis we as Christian
people must get together to call upon God just as these eastern ones. But, we follow the world's method
rather than Christ.
See Matthew 24:17.
Gone up to the housetops. In the East, the villages have no walls around. Some cities do! The
houses have flat roofs. People get up at night and talk from the roofs to one another. They can walk up
and down the streets by walking on house tops (Matthew 24:17) if he comes down he might get involved
in case of fire or anything. Any announcements that need to be made in the East, are passed around on
the roof tops in the evening. No publicity needed over TV, radio or newspapers. This is how they could
"proclaim from the housetop."
Luke 12:3. Much activity takes place on the roofs. In the afternoon when the sun is hot, people go
to the housetop to pray. (Acts 10:9—noon time prayer). The feet burn and the sun burns the head at that
time of day. If an epidemic comes along toward our city, then the chief of our city gets up on the
housetop to call everybody together by blowing his trumpet and saying, "come one, everybody get up on
top of your house to call upon the Lord because this is a plague here. The Lord will keep the disease
away from us because He so promised. So let's call upon God."
All the religions, all the castes will join together in prayer at the call of one man. In the United
States it is amazing if one or two will come. Western people are not united in prayer, only in war; all are
divided in religion. In the East they are divided in eat and drink; but not in prayer. The man gets
everybody on the housetop, there is no leader. Everyone prays individually. God says here in Isaiah,
"what aileth you now, that brings you all together in prayer again?" Only done at a time of crisis.
Sleep on housetops. They pass news from housetop to housetop, when everyone's up there to go to
bed. They also talk about religion. Pray on housetops at 12:00 — whole town. Mentions everyone
praying at same time our lord is good. Bring the sick up and pray too — they all pray to himself silently.
"housetops" In time of crisis the whole village get together. Villages usually don't have walls, cities
do. Western people are united in war not in religion.
Housetops. Housetops in the East are flat. Any man can go up to another man's housetop from the
back, from the garden, without asking. Anyone is entitled to go up to someone's housetop without asking
if there is something to be seen. Usually people pray at noontime on the housetops. Once can walk from
one end of the street to the other by going from housetop to housetop without ever touching the ground.
If someone wants to make an announcement known to an entire village, he just tells the women because
they talk together every night until about midnight and sometimes even fall asleep on the housetops.
Information is passed across the housetops all over the village because women especially, are taught not
to keep quiet about any good news that they hear. Sometimes you will read in the scriptures that
something was "proclaimed from the housetops." When Easterners pray, they wear no shoes. They stand
on the hot cement housetop barefooted and with nothing covering their head. In that condition they pray.
God said, "What aileth thee now, that thou art wholly gone up to the housetops?" Whenever a plague is
coming near a village, the village as a whole goes up to the housetops to pray to God together to everyone
to go up and pray at that time, usually at noon. They call upon God with one mind and one voice. They
get results even though they are not Christians.
Verse 22 Key of David — If a man is dying, calls first born to his side tells him he will be the head of
the family — puts white coat on him. Means heirship — ex. Jacob. Reuben was legally first born. Jacob
was son of his love so: he was his first born. The father will put the keys of authority on his shoulder.
They hand thing on these pigs.
(II) Key of the house of David will I lay UPON his shoulder. This coat is wrongly translated the
coat of many colors Jacob gave to Joseph. It's a coat of heirship, that's all. (Genesis 37:3, IV). It was the
coat of heirship that caused the jealousy because he'd be the heir of the family. John 8:36. However, the
firstborn son can set any slave servant free without the Father's consent. My son can free the slave
servant who washes feet—he has the legal right from his father.
Spiritual Application: The Lord Jesus Christ is the Son of the Father. He came to set us free. We
were slaves to sin, condemned to death, guilty, lost. The Son has the right to set us free. The Son is the
only one who can set us free; not religion. He sets us free, forgives us our sin, and makes us sons and
daughters of God. From a slave to a son, only the Son of God can do this. He came to die for us to set us free.
The firstborn son in the East has the right to set their slaves free. The Lord Jesus Christ hath set us free.
See Ecclesiastes 12:7.
Son, Death. When an Easterner dies, he calls the family around, and leaning on the staff of the bed
(for authority) he places the keys of the household on the shoulder of the eldest son. The keys are
suspended from a string, some hanging in front and some behind. (God says He laid the keys of the
house of David on the shoulder of Jesus Christ. Isaiah 22:22). These are keys of heirship. The oldest son
is then asked to read a chapter from the religious book and to light a candle.
"Key of the House of David will I lay upon his shoulders." When father is dying he puts his cloke of
heirship on his firstborn son and he puts keys of the household on his shoulder and this indicates that the
son is the heir.
Keys on shoulder; robe of heirship. If father is dying, he calls his first son who will take his place
after his death. All the children gather together around the father's bed and he puts on first born son the
robe of heirship. It is a white robe with long sleeves. He also puts the household keys on the first born
son's shoulder. The number of keys, maybe 50, depends on how many doors, locked boxes, etc., are in
the house. They hang on a string, half on each end, and are draped across the shoulder of the son. Then
the father blesses him. It is the same type of robe that Jacob gave Joseph. It was not a "coat of many
colours" but a white robe. The brothers of Joseph were jealous because of what the coat meant, not
because it was a better looking coat.
This prophecy is of Jesus Christ. God laid the keys of the house of David on his shoulder. The
house of David represents all the nations of the world. Jesus Christ is King of kings and Lord of lords.
The governments will be on his shoulders.
If a man has 3 or 4 sons, the first-born becomes the heir, head of the family after the father's death
(or when is very sick). Dad puts a coat upon the first born son, which coat signifies the heirship of the
family after the father's death. It is a white coat with long sleeves (coat of many colors? Genesis 37:3).
Also, he puts a bunch of keys upon the son's shoulder; the keys to the household. This signifies that all of
the authority of the household has been delivered to the son. If the parent dies right then and there, the
first-born shuts the eyelids, (only the first-born). God told Jacob that Joseph would close his eyes, instead
of Reuben. Upon "his" shoulder is the Lord Jesus Christ has the keys to the kingdom's of this world. God
has committed to His Son the kingdoms of this world. He alone has authority as king of kings. "All
authority is given unto me hath in heaven and in earth."
"key of the house of David" If a man has three or four sons then the first born will become the head
of the house, sometimes while the father is still living. The father places a coat on the son which signifies
the heirship—"coat of many colors" should be a long white robe with long sleeves. The key is the symbol
of all authority of the family, "he shall open..."—this means complete authority, total authority.
Key of the house of David. If a father is ill or thinks he will be ill and can see by intuition that he is
going to die (Oriental people do not suffer for a long time, they spend very little time in bed), he calls the
first-born son and all the other children around him in bed. They read a chapter of the scriptures for him.
They light a lamp. They all kneel and pray. Then the father places a robe on the first-born son. This is a
white robe with long sleeves. Then the keys to the household are placed on his shoulder. This is
symbolic of the father's transfer of authority to his son. When that son walks down the street with the
keys on his shoulder, people know he is the heir of the family, the boss, the head. He gives the orders, he
looks after the debt.
Joseph's "coat of many colors" was really a coat of heirship." This is why his brothers were jealous
of him. Jacob loved Rachel not Leah. Joseph was Jacob's first son by his true love, Rachel. This is why
he received the coat of heirship. (Genesis 37:3). Jacob was worried about his death, Joseph was in
Egypt. The reason Jacob worried is that when a father died, his oldest son must be nearby him to close
the father's eyes. It is a most affectionate ceremony. God reassured Jacob that he would go to Egypt so
that Joseph could lay his hand upon his eye. If we delight ourselves in the Lord (does not say "pray"), He
shall grant you the desires of your heart. Ephesians 3:20, Philippians 4:8.
"Lay upon his shoulder" is the Son of God's shoulder. Jesus Christ is David's greatest son. All
authority in heaven and earth was given to him.
Verse 23 Wooden peg (nail) used in houses put there when built. Will remain there until house is
destroyed. We are rooted and grounded in Christ. Just as Christ established us, God has established Christ.
Verse 13 "Vintage" is the harvesting of grapes.
Verse 8 See II Samuel 13:19.
Verse 3 See Ezekiel 13:17-21.
"mind stayed on God" The eastern people take time during the day for meditation.
Verse 24 Translation: "Doth not the plowman plow all day to sow? doth he not open and break the
clod of his ground?"
Verse 25 "When he hath made plain the face thereof,..." means, after he had plowed and cut the clods it
becomes plain and even. "Plain" should be even. "Fitches" are a kind of small green pea. When the land
is plowed he scatters the fitches. "Cummin" is used for spices. In one plot of land in India they may
grow many things. First, he sows fitches and then cummin. He scatters spices over the whole field and
then the wheat. When it says "scatter the cummin" it doesn't mean sow abundantly as they do the wheat.
He just puts a little here and a little there. "Principal" means important. He sows wheat in one place and
barley in another part of the field and the fitches, cummin, and rye he scatters all over the field because he
does not want them to grow in abundance like the wheat and barley. The cummin grows up in less than a
week. And the fitches and rye take a long time. They have several kinds of rye and a name for each. In
this case it belongs to the family of corn. The ears of rye are longer than ears of corn and they have more
seeds. It is real little about like a mustard seed. In the East they grow a lot more kinds of food which are
unknown in the West. This rye is called Kambu. This is not eaten as a main food like wheat. It is used
to make special dishes of pies, etc. The wheat is bread for them and the barley is for the cows. Therefore,
they sow the wheat in an important place and the barley in a smaller place since it is for the cows.
First of all these things he gets the cummin. It's green and it is used to flavor things like spices. It is
like our green mints. Coriander seed is also used as a spice. It grows in less than three days. The
coriander seed is like our mints. It looks like a real small pea. The bottle that they use at the table has
cummin, fitches, coriander seed and red pepper in it. Also other things. A root that they dig up like
carrots is in it. Valuendhu means fitches. Seeragam means cummin.
Verse 26 His God tells him what to sow where. That is an art.
Verse 27 The fitches may be as long as a ear of corn and a little thinner than a pencil. The covering of it
is very thin. Sometimes it bursts and the fitches come out. It is not harvest time unless they have a sign
of bursting. They cut them at the bottom and tie them together in a little bundle. They must handle them
very tenderly. Another method of threshing beside using oxen is to bring a beam or log, about 30-40
inches in thickness and 10-15 feet long. It is smooth. They put two ropes on and the oxen pull it over the
corn. "Threshing instrument" should be beam or log. The wheel of a cart is not dragged upon the
cummin in order to thresh it. They have a heavy wheel 10" wide and a man pulls it around an pushes it.
Sometimes only one wheel is pushed and other times more. Sometimes they tie it to oxen. To draw a cart
the floor must be big. They use these according to size and the amount of stuff to be threshed. Cummin
is a little bigger than a mustard seed and it is long and very thin. Thinner than oats, but about that size. It
has a very good flavor. If a cart is put on it, it will crush them and you won't have any. The fitches are
beaten by a woman in the courtyard. No man will do it. The staff which is made of wood is about 2 or 3
feet long and between a 1/2 inch and an inch in thickness. A rod is even thinner, about the thickness of a pencil.
Verse 28 "Bruise" should be pounded. "Grinding" means you turn it into flour. Pounding it doesn't turn
it into flour. "Bread corn is pounded in order to make it finer..." They take an iron or steel about 20
inches high and about 10 inches in diameter and on that they put a mortar made of wood which is a little
thicker than a staff and about four feet long. At the bottom, is an iron plate. This is a woman's duty. The
women come and you put the wheat there in order to make it right for the patti. Patti is rice with a thinner
layer on top. In order to pound it they take off the layer and make the rice finer. First you thresh, then
pound and then grind. "Break" should be pound. Number 11:8. "Beat it in a mortar" should be pound it
in a mortar. Verse 28 means you can't do it any other way but pound it.
Verse 29 This is God's working.
Verse 14 "He shall break it as the breaking of the potters' vessel..." If God destroys a nation, there shall
not be anything left, as there might be left when you break a pot. Smaller pieces used to rub and scrape
body and boils. Example, Job. Pot represents body and used for good of mankind. This is like applying
healthy body to yourself.
Why stone people to death. Laws were given on tables of stone, and is way of believing that people
are not killing them but the law that they acted against is killing them. Stones are used only for people
who commit a sin against the law. They don't use stones for killing animals.
"He shall break it as the breaking of the potters' vessel..." Water pot cost about 8¢, is made of clay
by the potter, holds about 3 gallons of water, baked in a kiln and it becomes red. Tie rope to neck of pot
and lower pot into the well. The pot is a symbol of divinity. If broken all the pieces that remain tied to
the rope are brought home. They think that this is God's instrument supplying water to mankind. The pot
is a God-given agency. They attach divinity to the pot. If a woman leaves her pot at the well it is a
disgrace for she has forsaken God. When the pot is broken they use all the different sized pieces: 1. Big
piece—use to carry fire from house to house (see also Ps. 31:12). 2. A small piece—used as a drinking
dipper at a pond or pool of water. 3. Smallest piece—medicinal purposes (potsherd).
"breaking of the potters' vessels." This explains two uses for the broken water pot.
"And He shall break it as the breaking of the potters' vessel that is broken in pieces;" If God
destroys a nation will be nothing left — just completely destroyed; unlike pot—pieces left, not so with
God. Job rubs sores with potsherd.
Potsherds. When a nation is destroyed, it shall be like a pot broken. When a pot is broken you have
shards left; some big enough to carry fire, some small enough to drink water. If a nation (likened to a pot
because it is composed of people, too, which are likened to the earthen vessels) is destroyed, there shall
not be any shard left as there might be if a pot were broken. If the shard is even smaller pieces, it is used
to be rubbed into the sores of a body. Potsherd is used because he was putting the body of a human
being, to sooth his soul, figuratively Job 2:8. (He could have used stone, but he believed in the Oriental customs.)
Verse 17 Most of the hills have temples but when there is no temple they put up a post made of wood.
They put a vessel on top and burn it during certain occasions. It might be put out by the wind. The past
is symbolic of helplessness, forsakenness, and destitution. When they put the light on they feel that God
is there. The rest of the year it is a sign of destitution, because there is no temple there. Fifteen days of
the year, in January, they put the light there to feel that God is there 15 days of the year. Anybody who
has no God, no faith, no hope is like this beacon on the mountain. Ensign is a flag. It is symbolic of a
nation. Politically they may be living but spiritually they may be destitute. They put up the flag in order
to prove that it is symbolic of the nation. The flag does not mean God is there.
Verses 1 and 2 The second verse should be translated, "Speak comfort to the heart of Jerusalem, and
declare unto her, that her appointed time is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath
received of the Lord's hand a fully paid up receipt for all her sins."
In the East whenever a crime is committed among religious people especially, it is brought before the
elders of the gate. There the crime and the punishment are written out and hung on the gate on a large
piece of paper. Especially, for instance, if a man became bankrupt they will do this. The people's court is
the elders of the gate. They never charge. They never change either. The political court has no effect
upon the elders of the gate. The religious people look upon the political courts as worldly, the elders of
the gate are the spiritual body. They are the people's court.
For instance, if a bankruptcy is declared it is a political act, it must go to the political court. But
suppose in the political court they settle for 25¢ on the dollar, then the elders of the gate will say, "Well
that is all right legally. He has paid off his legal responsibility. But it is not all right spiritually or
morally until he has paid off the balance of the 75¢ on the dollar he owes every creditor. Therefore, this
man's name will be hung on the gate with the names of all the creditors, how much he paid and how much
he yet owes to each one. Like here in America we put up the criminals photos in a police station and
describe what the misdemeanor is. So they do this, only they don't put up the picture.
Now how do I go about to rectify myself? I pay the 25¢ but according to the elders of the gate I owe
75¢. So when I have more money I could go and pay it off, but I don't have more money. So a good
friend of mine comes along and he goes to the political court and pays the 75¢ on the dollar to all my
creditors and then they give him a receipt paid in full, dollar for dollar and he takes this to the elders at the
gate and he says, "Well, Mr. Smith is my friend, I went to the political court and I paid for him and I
would like for you to accept the receipt, paid in full." The elders listen to what he has to say. Then they
fold up the paper on which the creditors names are written and what he knows. They take it off the gate
and they fold it up and thus both sides are gummed up. He covered up both sides. You can see nothing
on it after it is folded up. Then they give the paper to the man who has paid it off for me and he comes to
see me and he tells me what he has done for me and then I rejoice over it very much, which is the
meaning of Romans 8:1, "There is therefore now no condemnation..." and also the scripture "...hand
writing blotted out." Colossians 2:14.
Colossians 2:14. Double for sins. II Corinthians 8:9. Matthew 8:20. Poor (Was Christ?).
(further explanation of just preceding teaching of orientalism in II Kings 3:23,24. He who calls his
brother a fool is in danger of hellfire. Fool-idiot abnormal, effeminate. Calling a brother with Christ in
him a fool is calling God a fool. Bishop not explain "hell fire".)
In the East a person going bankrupt, he goes to the court and files a list of his creditors and how
much he owes to each. Then court declares him bankrupt. In America only three are involved in such a
situation: the creditor, the judge, and the person going bankrupt. In the East, all the country knows when
a person is bankrupt. The elders at the gate hand the list of his creditors at the gate. Then everyone
knows that he is a dishonorable man. Much talk is against him and his family. Hard for his children to
marry. This disgrace is not lifted until he pays "dollar for dollar." Legally he is OK if he pays something
like 25¢ to the dollar but he is not morally OK still. His payments are recorded at the gate. Someone
could pay off his debt for him. It's as good as his own payment. This benefactor pays the court, receives
the receipt, and hands it to the elders of the gate. They read it, fold the list and glue it together and then
all that was against the man if closed in. No more condemnation. Write his name on the outside and tack
the list back up on the wall, that is being doubled.
There is now no condemnation to those in Christ Jesus (Roman 8:1). Christ blotted out the
handwriting of ordinances that was against us (Col. 2:14). New creation in Christ.
Christ paid it all for us. He who was rich became poor that we through his poverty might become
rich (II Cor. 8:9). He was not poor economically - he wore a seamless robe, his mother owned property,
every home in Palestine was open to him. He had riches in glory. "Poor" means humble. Through his
humility we inherited his riches in glory.
Matthew 8:20. (Not stated)—a male and a female fox together build a hole for home. Mated birds
build nests together. A man would say that he had nowhere to lay his head simply to say that he was
unmarried and had no home in that sense.
Jesus' parents and sisters' home were always open to him. He was not poverty stricken. Any holy
man of any religion in the East is respected and all homes are open to him.
Double for sins. The wages of sin is death. To receive double for sins, where is the comfort?
Iniquity is pardoned by receiving double for all my sins? This does not mean twice as much. In the East,
if a man goes bankrupt, he goes to the elders of the gate court (local counsel elected by the people—
original origin of democracy). The elders want to know if Mr. A is bankrupt what he owes and to whom
he owes it. Mr. A gives the information at court and the elders post this list at the gates of the city. Every
person can see it here. In the East, a man had to pay back his debts, dollar for dollar, no percentage. In
the East, a man can be legally, but nor morally free. The paper is put on the gate, although the Mr. A is
not thrown in jail. A benefactor might see this debt notice at the gate and go to settle with his creditors,
full payment. Papers of confirmation of payment are delivered to the elders. Then the elders fold the
debt notice over, doubled. This is being redeemed made whole.
Received double for all her sins. We understand double as twice as much. Double here is not twice
as much. In the east, they check each others children. Example: Man becomes bankrupt in east the
whole city knows. They hand a list of creditors they got from creditors, goes to the elders and they are
published at the gate. Everybody reads it—everyone looks down on you. This makes other people afraid
to do this. If a man steals, they cut his hand off. If they go bankrupt must pay dollar for dollar. Legality
is no criteria for deciding a man's character. Can be legally right and morally wrong (Example—if a man
pays 25¢ on every dollar). A benefactor of family win come and pay the balance to the elders of the gate.
Therefore, the man has been redeemed from his debts. As the elders receive payment by the benefactor
the debt is folded inside of the paper and doubled. This closes all that was against him. Colossians 2:14.
Receive double for sins. "Double" here does not mean twice as much. Scores of small cities and
villages comprise India and each is self-governing. The idea of democracy came from India to the
Western world. They chose their governing officials (elders) once every three years. These elders sit at
the town gate and the place where they sit is called "ponchi' at" which means "government of the people,
by the people, for the people." This idea has been in practice for thousands of years in small Indian
villages and India is now the largest democratic country in the world. (Democracy traveled from Indus
Valley civilization—became India - to Nile Valley civilization—became Egypt—to Greece, to Rome, to
Britain. Western world its civilization from Rome.)
The elders sit in an office at the gate and offenders of the law are brought before them. Small crimes
are settled there. The term "receive double for sins" originated at the gate. If a man (a) owed man (b)
some money and (a) did not pay it, (b) could take (a's) son to be a bond slave (See II Kings 4:1). The
debtor (a) must go to the court at the gate and file a petition of insolvency. The judge calls in all his
creditors and the debtor tells them that he cannot pay it all. The debtor then tells them that he can pay a
certain percentage (such as 25¢ on the dollar). The debtor is legally protected after he works out a plan of
payment. He cannot do any business until he discharges his debt. The elders of the gate keep a record of
his debts on a public bulletin board. Thousands of people go there to read the notices. No matter how
honorable a man was before, he is considered totally dishonorable when his name is placed on the board
as a debtor. His entire family is rejected and insulted. He cannot even find work. He can be legally by
filing "bankruptcy" but is still morally wrong if he does not make 100% payment to his creditors. If he
paid 25¢ on the dollar, his notice remains on the board and he is dishonored until the entire amount is paid
even though he is legally free. Perhaps someone will come along and see that he is a good man in a mess
and will pay off the balance of the debt. Then the man is fully discharged. The elders of the gate take the
notice and fold it so that no one can read the debt, then hang it back on the board so that everyone can see
that this man is no longer in any condemnation because he is fully paid. Someone set him free. He may
ask the elders for the notice to keep. The notice was doubled (folded) when the debt was paid. We have
also received double for all of our sins because Jesus Christ paid the full price for us (See Colossians 2:13-15).
Verses 30 and 31 (Hosea 4:12; II Kings 4:29). Stocks is idols made of wood. Every idol has a staff in
his hand. Staff stands for authority, e.g. II Kings 4:29. Our authority is the Word. The heathens look to
their staff for the answer. Anything that is not faith in Christ is an idol—anything that interferes with the
love of God (e.g. bad habits). Bishop says if you don't give up habits you aren't really saved. You must
abandon yourself like eagles who dive. They don't fly, they put their heads down and dive into water to
lose their feathers. Thousands do it all at one season. They must lose old feathers first, then they get new
ones and they can run and not be weary (Isaiah 40:30,31). Idol worship applies to church members too.
Verse 31 The Holy Eagles. Isaiah 40:31. But they that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength;
they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint.
In Bible days even as today in the East the Holy Eagle is respected very highly. He builds his nest
high among the rocks and mountains and in the tallest trees. Their nests are usually more than 100 feet
from the ground. The holy eagles can not stand to be dirty and they are not carrion birds as we so often
may have believed.
People who are on a religious fast, holy people, people who desire to know the great power of God
will not conclude or brake their fast until after that have seen and encountered a holy eagle.
Why are they called "holy eagles?" Once in five years these holy eagles abandon themselves from
the top of the tallest trees and the sides of the highest mountains. They put their head down straight for
the body of water below. They come down with such speed entering the water head first that when they
come up they have lost all of their old feathers. Since they can not now fly they are helpless and in left to
the mercy of man. So they crawl out of the water upon the banks of rocks near at hand the people come
and feed them rice and take care of them until their wings grow back. It takes about six weeks before the
new feathers are long enough for the eagle to again fly.
That is why Isaiah used this eagle illustration. Like as the eagle has lost his ability to fly without his
feathers, so man without God in his heart has no ability either. He must wait upon the Lord in order to
renew his strength and then they too shall mount up again even as the eagle mount up with his new wings.
Then they can again run and not be weary, they can walk and not faint. But before you get your set of
new feathers you can not do any of these things. David also said: "Who satisfieth thy mouth with good
things, so that thy youth is renewed like the eagles'."
As the eagles lose the old feathers first before they get the new ones, so we must first loose and get
rid of all the old sinful nature within us before God can use us and we can be of great service. Our lives
take on soaring heights to the extend we have gotten rid of the "old dirty feathers." The sense is that of
which Paul describes when he says, "I am crucified with Christ." You must be crucified with him before
you can rise and live with him. May we have the sense of the Holy Eagle to get rid of all of those
negatives, fears, worries and doubts that hinder us from "flying" with the power of God manifested in our lives.
"mount up with wings as eagles." In the east there are different kinds of eagles: 1. Dirty eagle who
builds its nest down low about 10 ft. up in the trees. 2. Holy eagles build their nests about 100 ft. high.
Holy eagles are respected very much in the east. People who fast for two days will not break their fast
until they see one of the holy eagles. Once in every five years or so the holy eagles will abandon
themselves, they will put their head down and feet up. From 100 ft. high they will not fly down but just
let themselves drop into a lake or pond, or body of water. You can see them drop by the thousands.
When they go into the water they have all their feathers, when they come out they have lost all their
feathers, there is not one feather left. They can't fly, they are helpless. They climb upon the rocks and the
people come and feed them rice for they are looked upon as holy eagles. The eagles are fed for about 6
weeks until they get their feathers back. This is "renew their strength." (Galatians 2:20) When we come
to God we must loose all our old dirty feathers which are dirty habits, cursing and swearing, restlessness,
tension, anger every five minutes, nervousness, selfishness. We must be willing to loose old feathers and
wait on God for the new ones. Eagles don't loose their feathers one at a time over a long period of time.
They don't give up a few and keep some others. The eagles loose all their feathers.
"with wings as eagles." Eagles in India head down feet up. Once every five years they abandon
themselves by the thousands into a body of water. No one asks them to do this they just do it. They don't
fly down but rather dive down. They are holy eagles to the Hindu and when they come up out of the
water they do not have one feather left. The feathers floating on top of the water are used for writing
materials. The eagles spend six weeks on the banks being fed rice by the people. Isaiah 40:31. They are
in helpless state for six weeks waiting for their feathers to grow. (Bishop came 12,500 miles to hear the
Word from Dr. Wierwille) Our dirty old feathers are pride, etc. Mark 10:50-52.
Renew your mind. Romans 12:2. 5 minutes of staying mind on things of God turn your failures into success.
Eagles. If you will wait on the Lord, He shall renew your strength. This will bring us victory, power
and faith (believing). If you don't wait on the Lord you'll sink. Wait on the Lord: renew your mind to
His Word and He'll renew your strength. Let old things pass away, everything become new. It's an art. If
you say you can't you'll die saying you can't. You must think positively on the Word of God.
What have eagles to do with renewal of strength? There are two kinds of eagles in the East: 1.
Vulture - goes in for all dead things. They build their nest close to the ground. These vultures are likened
to the materialistic Christian—a man who has no renewed mind. He looks to the senses; the world, to
satisfy himself with. 2. golden (holy) eagle. These are king of the birds. These are India's Holy Eagles.
They build their nest very high in the coconut palm. These are likened to born-again spiritual Christians.
These people are separated from the things of the world. They don't eat anything dead (materialism).
They feed on life—The Word. They live on very little.
Once in every 5 years they'll lose their feathers; they abandon their feathers. How? They have an
instinct at a certain time of the year every 5 years. Their feathers get old and they can't fly well. So God
has so ordained that they loose their feathers in one act of faith. They'll come down the tree head down,
wings twisted together: they dive down as a swimmer would. They hit the water, enter it (all their
feathers in tact) and come out of the water without any feathers—a miracle of God. When they come out
of the water all their feathers are floating on the top. They struggle hard and get to the shore. They will
stay there and the Hindu's will feed them until their feathers return. They're in a hopeless condition for 6
weeks. At the end of the 6 weeks, their feathers return. Then they shall run and not be weary, run and
faint. They get the new feathers only when they lost the old ones. God can't stick new feathers on top of
the old ones. They abandon their feathers and wait on God for their new ones.
I am crucified with Christ. Old things are passed away, all things are become new. (II Cor. 5:17).
We are the son of God: Son's of the King. We are what the Word says we are. Salvation is now.
Walk on it; we have to claim it. We must put off feathers of fear, depression, anxiety, materialism, "me
first, my wife and kids then Christ."
Those who carry these haven't reckoned themselves dead—crucified—yet. We must be dead to sins.
We must align our actions with our confession. People try to run and fly with a little bit of religion in it
for Sunday and keep up their tradition in the church. There is no power; no victory there. Unless you
become a new creation you cannot enjoy the peace of God. It has to be all. We have to be willing. If we
don't surrender all, then we can't receive all Christ has to give us - we hinder Him from blessing us. Ye
shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free. No longer be ruled by fear—Believe. Don't be
self-centered—Be God centered.
Wings as eagles. When do they walk not weary? They shall renew their strength. How do they
renew their strength by losing their feathers and waiting upon the Lord for new feathers? When they get
their new feathers they renew their strength. Religion has nothing to it unless God can do what He says
He can do. If He gives strength to eagles, it doesn't kill them; when they are old and tired, they make new
feathers. Their strength depends on their feathers. Our strength depends on God and His power.
Eagles, renewed mind. Two kinds of eagle: 1. Dirty Eagle—build their nest down below (about 10
feet high) in the trees. 2. Holy eagle—build their next way up high (about 100 feet high) in the trees.
Eastern people respect the holy eagle so much that they will not break a fast prior to seeing a holy eagle.
Once every five years, they abandon their nest and high places to dive straight downwards (from 100 feet
high) head down, feet up, into a body of water. They do this by the thousands. When they begin their
descent they have all of their feathers; once they resurface, they have lost all of their feathers. Now they
are helpless, they cannot fly. They crawl over to the shore and just stay there. The Eastern people come
and feed them rice because they consider this a holy eagle. While they eat here at the shore, they wait for
6 weeks while new feathers grow. These eagles lose their old feathers first. Then they wait for the new
ones. When they get the new ones, they band(?) together with new strength. Galatians 2:20. The
Christian people when they pray, they must come to the Lord and be willing to lose all their old feathers
which have been hindering their lives (Feathers of dirty habits, of cursing, swearing, of getting angry, of
restlessness, tension of nervousness and selfishness). When coming to Jesus willing to lose old feathers
and wait on God for the new ones, but we don't have time. Are we willing to lose these dirty old feathers
which have been hindering us, (our joy, life, peace) for years, yet we won't give it up? We know what is
hindering our life, yet we don't want to lost it. We can't hold on to the old habits and expect God to bless
us. We cannot lose 4 feathers and keep 8. Matthew 9:17, one cannot put new wine in old bottles. Old
things passed away. Have we lost all of our feathers? We can become as wise as the eagles if we have.
Pray to loose feather "Break me lord take feather away."
Eagles. Eagles that every five years they abandon themselves with their heads down and their feet
up, and by the thousand dive down into the water. They do this themselves. They dive down almost in
despair. As they go into the water, the religious people watch them as "holy eagles." When the eagles
come out of the water, there is not feather remaining. For six weeks they begin waiting for new feathers,
people feed them. Eagles lose all of their old feathers first. Then they wait. They do this voluntarily.
We are not saved by anything we do. We are saved by grace and faith in the finished work of Christ. (Old
feathers are like PRIDE. Bartimaeus threw off his pride as evidenced by throwing down his robe). We
are not saved by traditions or customs. Nevertheless, if you understand these customs you will see more
easily what God emphasis is. Preaching on giving up feathers.
Eagles, renewed mind. Two kinds of eagles in the East: 1. holy eagle (golden eagle). Meeting this
eagle is like meeting God. When a person fasts, he goes out to meet the holy eagle. If he does not see
one, he goes back and fasts again. If he sees one, he is cleansed, absolved. Holy eagles usually sit on the
temple domes while vultures build their nest in low trees because they are always looking for dead dirty
things. 2. vulture—eats dead things.
Vulture is symbolic of materialism and carnal Christians try to follow two ways—materialism and
spiritual things. The holy eagle builds its nest in the top of a coconut tree. They never eat anything dead.
They are symbolic of spiritual people. Once in five or six years, their feathers become old so that they
cannot fly well. They must get new feathers so they dive down from trees. As they hit the water all the
feathers are lost. After the feathers come off the eagle cannot fly until new ones grow back. They make
their way back to shore looking like little chickens. The Indians love these birds so much that they watch
over and feed them while they are helpless. It takes about 6 or 7 weeks to get their new feathers all in.
Their "strength is renewed" only after the wait. They must lose the old feathers first.
It is the same with us. God cannot cause new feathers to grow in until the old ones have dropped off.
We renew our strength as we renew our minds and put off the old mind. We were crucified and dead with
Christ, yet we live. We are new creations because old things have passed away and all things are new.
Old and new cannot dwell together. It is all or none. Old feathers are the old nature, old habits. We are
the embodiment of God's divine qualities. We reflect God's love and demonstrate it.
Verse 3 (Matthew 12:20 same passage)
1. A bruised reed shall he not break. 2. Smoking flax shall he not quench. Two idioms put together.
Bruised reed shall He not break—reed grows in the wilderness and is hollow in the middle. Species of
sugar cane family. Leaves and trunk all seem like the sugar cane. Grows 2 to 4 feet high. Sugar cane is
the thickest in the middle from the sugar. The reed is hollow in the middle—only difference is sugar cane
is cultivated—reed grows wild. Reeds grow by the thousands in Marshland during the heat of the day, the
reeds all crumple down, and almost touch the ground. In the evening they all rise up again. A beautiful
scene to watch when they all rise up again. People go to watch this.
Smoking flax shall He not quench. Where the light is in the home — there God is also (in the east).
So, every house is lit 24 hours a day. There is always one light burning in the house. Saucer about 3"
deep — the wick is made of flaw — they fill the saucer with oil and light the flax. Sometimes the light
will burn out and it's the woman's duty to pour more oil in. When the oil runs out the wick is burning by
itself — then it stinks and smokes both. The man smells the smoke and he'll yell at the woman to pour
the oil — it's her duty to pour the oil. In the East, women's work is cut out for women and men's work for
men. She takes the burnt ashes out and lights a fresh wick—doesn't put oil in it — she's lazy, tired wants
to get back to bed. It still smokes and stinks. That's quenching the flax.
Jeremiah 25:10 light of candle should be light of lamp smoking flax (594-Is. 42:3). Lamps burn
constantly in houses. "Light of the lamp," it should read. About three inches wide made of clay, 2-3
inches deep full of oil, which made of flax — when oil burns out, flax keeps burning. The wick will
stink. The woman's duty is to get up and pour oil into the vessel. The woman (at night because she's
lazy, it's late) will replace the burnt out wick and replace with a new one, then light the wick without
replacing with any oil — It'll stink and smoke — it's merely a temporary solution. "A smoking flax shall
He not quench."
"Light of the candle"—candle should be lamp; they are to burn all the time, night and day. Little
lamps burns all the time (3" wide, made of clay, 2"-3" deep, flax wick, filled with oil). When oil runs out
the flax will smoke and stink. Woman's duty to fill it, lazy woman will quench the burnt part of the wick
and relight the wick without filling it with oil again. This is only a temporary solution, "smoking flax
shall he not quench". Bad mental attitudes are as smoking flax.
Smoking flax. If you go to human beings they'll give you a temporary solution. If you turn to
Christ-no temporary solutions. As the smoking flax we the woman, not so with Christ. He fills the cup
with oil - holy spirit. We don't get tired by working hard—too much tension, high strung. No peace
because they don't start the day with God. If you start the day with God you'll abide in the abundant life
with Him. Springs of living water in you will spring forth. Man tries to live in broken cisterns. We are
dried up all the time. Plug in to the living waters, peace, power, believing, grace—triumphant. In the east
boys start the day off with their grandfather. They all sit down and bathe, read their Bible—they take a
long time before they have breakfast. They seek the kingdom of God first.
This process only takes place in the summer months. In the winter they'd freeze to death in the open
space. May, June, July, not November, October, December. You can see about this Christmas story now.
If the shepherd sat on the ground they were frozen. In the winter they kept the sheep in the fold, shelter.
Teaching cuts out.
Bruised reed and smoking flax. God gives oil, doesn't quench wick. Matthew 12:20 same idiom.
Bruised reed. Make flutes out of the reeds. Cut to desired size (usually about 10"), cut holes in reed.
Boys play and sing in market place. People in market criticized for not responding (Luke 7:32). Reeds
are handed down by shepherds from father to son. The reed may get bruised but because of sentimental
value it is not thrown away. Repairs it with wax. When we become bruised, Christ does not break us.
He is a good shepherd and repairs us lovingly. Picks us up from where we fell and puts a new song in us.
Verse 20 "He feedeth on ashes:..." The ash to the Orient is symbolic of salvation by sacrifice. The
Orientals had this idea long before we ever heard of Christianity. The ashes are put on the forehead and
all over the body. They think that the more ashes they have over their body, the more God will protect
them. The Roman Catholic Church borrowed the same idea from India. Now some of the people not
only put the ashes on the body but they also eat some. They put it in the mouth. They feel no devil will
attack them, no temptation will come near them because of the ashes. By putting ashes on inside and
outside of body he is protected inside and out. "He feedeth on ashes..." means he continuously absorbed
himself in the protection of God. He is constantly dependent on the protection of God. He does not
depend on himself for protection. No Hindu finishes a prayer unless he has ashes all over the forehead,
all over the arras and also some in his stomach. Refer to note on Psalms 102:9.
Ashes. God does what He says He will do if we let him. Take Him of His Word! Prove Him, give
Him a chance. Where there is prosperity, there is always lukewarmness. People get too much to eat, too
much security.
"feedeth on ashes"—Ashes are symbolic of salvation by sacrifice. Many Easterners put ashes on
forehead and body after bathing. They believe there is physical protection on the outside of the body in
that practice. Sometimes they put ashes on the tongue. They believe that this practice protects them on
the inside from deceitful methods of mind and heart. When someone wants deliverance, he puts ashes on
his tongue whenever he says a prayer. He says to God, "On the merit of these ashes which stand for
salvation by sacrifice, cleans me not only outside, but inside." If someone "feedeth on ashes" it means he
is ceaselessly depending on God. (He does not eat and live by ashes). He gives himself wholly to God
and fully abandons himself. Must not only say words but ACT.
Verses 1 and 2 This passage is relating God's punishment upon Babylon—they shall no longer be tender
and delicate because they have been disobedient to God; therefore, they were brought to this condition of
"millstone" means two stones, each of them 18" in diameter and 56" deep with a hole in the center
and a wooden peg in the hole which holds them together—corn or other grain is poured into this hole
around the stick and is thus ground between the two stones—only women do this task in the East—it is a
disgrace for a man to grind in this manner.
"Take the millstones"—this is accomplished by carrying these stones upon their heads from place to
place, one woman carrying each stone—only the poorest grind for hire.
"Uncover thy locks" means remove your veil which is a disgrace and a sign of total humility—the
rich wear veils covering their faces as well as their hair, but the poor only wear veils covering their hair
(locks) - to completely remove the veil is the greatest disgrace that a woman can suffer—they lose all respect.
"Make bare the leg" means to take off the long flowing robe which is a sign of poverty to not be
covered act as a "coolie."
"Uncover the thigh" means hold up the skirt so that it will not get wet as they pass through the waters
of the rivers.
Spiritual Application: This is what occurs when people are disobedient and sin against God—they
are humbled and punished—this is a picture of how God can allow us to be chastised when we have been
living in luxury and wealth and have forgotten to follow God's will.
"take the millstones and grind meal"—woman's work, the grain comes between the two stones and
falls on a clean cloth which they placed under the stones.
"no more...tender and delicate"—because God is punishing them, daughters of Babylon.
The people are poor and so the women must go and grind grain for someone else. They must pull up
their skirts in order to cross the river, "make bare the leg uncover the thigh pass over the river."
"uncover thy locks"—means to remove the veil, this is a disgrace. This is a picture of the
punishment of God upon disobedient children.
God's punishment on Babylon "no more be called tender and delicate"—this means God is punishing
them. "The millstones" — 18 inch diameter, 5 or 6 inches thick, two stones about the same size placed on
top of the other with a hole in the middle with a wooden peg in the center. The wheat, rice, corn is poured
through the hole,—here the people are very poor and they must go and grind for someone else. The
women place the millstone on their heads and pull up their garments to cross the river,—"uncover thy
locks"—they must remove the veil which covers their head.
This is concerning God's judgment of Babylon. Sitting in the dust — hopelessness. Sitting on the
ground—distress. Millstones — Women's and poor people's work. Only women do grinding only very
poor women with no place to work or stay they do the grinding for others and carry their own millstones.
Millstones—18 inches wide, 4-5 inches thick. Women turn wooden peg attached to upper stone. Carry
their own millstone on their heads when traveled and these people were for hire. Babylon carry your own
millstones and grind meal — they were to do this for other people. (For hire, done only by the poorest of
poorest in the least.)
Uncover thy locks — don't wear a veil on your head means no dignity. You don't deserve any more
respect or dignity because you lost it all by rebelling against God.
Make bare the leg — pass over the river. Make bare the leg — Kings wore long robes —take off
your robes. You've lost your position — you don't deserve it. In East, coolies women don't wear robes—
they have to go through all three of these things when going on a job —have to cross river with their
millstones on their heads—to do this they have to make bare the leg and uncover the thigh so as to be able
to cross over the river with their millstone and not get wet. Make bare the leg—flowing clothes that drag
on ground uncover the thigh—lift clothes beyond the knee to be able to walk through 2 feet deep water.
Now God has striped them of their prestige (the rulers) and they're to live as paupers because of their
disobedience to God. If we don't act on God's Word (we disobey) we are paupers—we hurt ourselves.
Our blessings are conditional upon our obedience—we have a choice to walk or not. Men love darkness
rather than light. Their own fault. NOT GOD'S! Because of the rulers disobedience to God, their level of
living was reduced to that of the coolie woman in the eastern world.
Millstones. Condemnation of princes of Babylon. Judgment for wickedness: they were princes
before, now must grind meal. Easterners carried millstones on head so must uncover locks by taking off
veil (see study on "veil"). No more protection from God. Bare the leg and thigh to walk through water.
No longer could be delicate people. This is what happens when people forsake God and His blessings
and protection are no longer with them. People's troubles are self-made, brought on own selves by
disobedience. God never leads anyone into temptation. Jeremiah 2:13. We get in trouble by walking
after the senses and not after the spirit.
Verse 16 Tattooing is engraving. The idea is, those whom you love you tattoo. Every time you see the
tattoo you are reminded of the one who loves you. The oriental way of remembering people. If you give
a present you may loose it, but if you tattoo something on an individual you will never loose it. Therefore
we always remember you. They tattoo all over the arm different places, but never in the palm. The palm
is too tender and delicate. It takes time to look for other tattoos, but here in the hand no time to look, just
as open as your palm. "Walls" is bad translation. Means people impossible to forget you. It is a
continued remembrance.
See Also: Colossians 3:3.
graven thee upon the palms of my hands.... Tatoo—is graven. Do in memory of friends or relatives
that you love. Makes you remember everything about them. All the characteristics, personality,
everything about them, everything comes to mind when you look at it.
What God has done for us. No man can engrave on palms, because the area is tender and the needle
is hot and hurts too much. God put us in His palms—we are always before Him, and knows all about us,
our beginning, what we think, our thought, and what we are going to do. We are in His love, hid in Christ
we are. Heaven and earth may pass away but His affection will not pass away from us. His love and
tender mercy will not pass away and therefore, should be bold enough to approach the throne of God,
knowing that He loves us more than we love ourselves, that He remembers no more our faults and sins.
See Leviticus 19:28.
Verse 23 "Lick up the dust of they feet" means submission and adoration—this is a figure of speech, not literal.
Lick up dust of feet. Show submission and honor. Commit enemies to God and He will take care of
everything. Kings become servants to God's people and queens become nursing mothers. Now we are
God's sons (according to Rom. 10:9,10) and should enjoy our status in God.
"lick up the dust of thy feet" This is an idiom which shows submission and adoration. It is not literal.
"bow down... and lick up the dust" "lick up the dust of thy feet"—this is an oriental figure of speech
which means submission, adoration.
Verse 6 Plucked off the hair. "Don't defend" shake the dust off your feet. Don't defend your beliefs.
"Plucked off the hair" means to "shave off the beard," which is a great disgrace and sign of shame. They
always shaved off only half of the face. Spitting is also a shame. He was persecuted but not cast down,
perplexed but not in despair. We can afford not to despair; we have Christ in us. (see Philippians 1:29)
(I John 4:4; Luke 6:26).
Verse 11 In the East they make a public fire for the whole village in the morning. Every one who
comes here sits around and warms his hands. Before he goes to work he puts a bundle of sticks on the
fire because you can't warm from the fire unless you contribute something for it. That is an Oriental
tradition. Every morning the Eastern farmers take their implements and go out in the fields and in the
evening they come back to the village. Usually they walk barefoot and they stop by the fire to warm
themselves. The roads are not good. It might just be a path big enough for one man at a time. It is still
dark when he does so he takes a rope made of coconut fiber and sets fire to the end of it and hold it. As
he goes he blows on it and it sparkles and then he holds it down to the road so he may see where he is going.
Walking in own light or sparks; believing. If we walk in the light of our own fire and kindle our own
sparks, we have sorrow. Why does it grieve God?
Every village is self-governed. The officials are elected and take care of small offenses. The
villages are also bound in a larger governing body just as the United States are. People such as launderers
and barbers go from house to house in the morning offering their services at no charge. In turn, they have
a piece of land furnished to them by the village to work. They pay no rent or taxes on it and it is worked
by them for generations. The same is true for the potter—that is what "potter's field" is. The same is true
for the priest or religious teacher. He receives no salary and asks for no tithes, but the people give
generously. There is landed property assigned by the village to the temple and the people work it for the
priest, causing it to produce whatever he needs.
The first cock crows in the village at about 4:00 a.m., the second at 4:30 third at about 5:00 a.m. The
villagers go by the crowing's rather than by watches or clocks. At the second crowing, the workers of the
land get ready to go. They go to the public fire at the center of the village which someone who got up at
first crowing started. They warm themselves and get ready to leave with their oxen and implements for
the farm. It is still dark and they must travel along narrow passages through bushes and woods where
snakes and scorpions lie about. Most people do not wear shoes. The animals follow and the workers
carry the implements on their heads. For light, they take a rope made of coconut fiber. It is as thick as
four fingers and about 7 inches long. One end of it is lit and then they blow on it to cause sparks, holding
the coconut rope in the right hand and the rope leading the oxen in the left hand, with their instruments on
their shoulders and head, they go carefully step by step in the dim light of the sparks they have kindled. It
is light gotten by own will and strength. These workmen are called "coolies." This light was all that they
could get because they did not know any better.
God is illustrating how His people try to walk in the feeble light of their own wisdom which is
foolishness. They try to use their own self-made wisdom and devices to save them from difficult
situations. They are defeated and frustrated from walking in foolishness. God has given His people the
light of His Word which is "a light unto my feet and a lamp unto my path." This is where God's people
should walk—in the light of God's truth. If they walk in their own feeble light, they lie down in sorrow,
defeat, frustration, failure. Walk in God's will, not in man's will. As you pray, believe and step out.
Bishop gives here a tremendous incident on believing from his life. Shows how he walked in God's
light. It is a teaching in itself. God is our all sufficiency—provider, healer, defender, strength. Bishop
says that every morning he takes out his wallet and lifts the money in it and asks God to show him how to
use it best that day. He gives here another incident of when he blessed a dollar which had to last for
several weeks and pay all his bills. He said he knew God could multiply it and that there was plenty more
where it came from. Do not keep eyes on the dollar (which is walking in self-made sparks) but on the
resources (which is walking in God's light). God supplies according to His riches in glory. Bishop said
he would rather die helping somebody than die eating too much. God's people receive an abundance
whenever they walk according to His Word—abundance of light, life, provision, truth, health, etc. If God
wants His child to do something, He will support him all the way in it.
Farmers don't live on a farm but rather in town. Each morning they go to the fields and take ox and
plows, etc. and then return in the evening. Eastern farmer has to go forth to the fields to do sowing.
(Psalm 126:6, stated but not fully taught), Westerner does not go forth, he lives on farm. "He leadeth me
to green pasture." They have to lead the sheep from town to where the grass is. About 4:00 in the
morning first cock crows. About 5:00 in the morning, third cock crows. At 5:00, the farmers go to work.
Between 4:00 and 5:00 someone gets up and starts a fire in center of village, workers come and warm
themselves a place bundles of sticks on the fire. They will not say "God bless you" without placing sticks
on the fire (mean what you say!) (Paul was shipwrecked (Acts 28:3), stated and taught so it should be on record).
Spiritual Application: It is our duty and privilege when you are warmed by spiritual fire to add your
contribution to the work, to sustain the work, that others may warm themselves later on.
The low cast farmers don't wear sandals and must walk on narrow path to avoid prickly pears,
thorns, thistles, only one man can walk in the path at a time, he must have light for there are scorpions and
snakes along the path. Only light he knows is rope made of coconut fiber which is lit at one end and he
blows on it and sends out sparks to light his path (miserable light). Sometimes they get thorn in foot, they
don't remove it right away but keep it for 7 days to 10 days, then cut away dead top skin to remove it.
(Old, old custom. He was thorn in the flesh idiom—people annoying someone else, not a disease but only
annoy. Thorn in the flesh doesn't kill him but only annoys him, makes him uncomfortable.)
Spiritual Application: We don't have to walk in our own light, wisdom for Jesus Christ is the light.
"Thy word is a lamp unto my feet..." Psalm 119:105. We walk in light of truth of God. If we walk in our
own light "we shall lie down in sorrow."
Walk in your sparks, lie down in sorrow. The Bible is a statement of facts, but facts in light of the
Eastern people. The culture of the Eastern people are a way of life and are true to fact in the Bible.
Talked about Hindu customs in India. Hindu villages. When he says Hindu village he means the
village in which the Indians live. Each Hindu village has another village attached to it where the Indians
live—The so called untouchables live there who are the servants to this village. One village means two
villages where the servant classes live and the other - the high class.
Every morning between 6-7 a barber goes house to house and asks men if they'd like a shave. You
don't have to pay him anything because the community gives him land to live on and support himself.
His services thus are free.
Next the wash women come along and pick up your dirty clothes. These services are also free
because they are assigned to certain land in the community and live by that land.
Most of the eating platters are brass or silver—not china as our plates and bowls. Brass vessels used
for cooking, while silver is used for drinking and eating. Women come and wash these, also. This
service is free because they get a share of your harvest every year.
Just before 5:00 a.m. the cock crowing—their crowing is always precise.
The first man up in the village will go to center of the village and start a public fire there. Then
everybody that comes and warms himself by the fire puts a bundle of sticks on the fire before he leaves.
The bundle of sticks are your share, contribution—shows your gratitude. It's bad etiquette to warm
yourself by the public fire and not make a contribution to the fire.
It's the same application spiritually. The spiritual fire warms you through the holy spirit. It's not just
enough to say thank you for warming me with your teaching pastor. Do something to show your
gratitude. (Words are cheap—deeds are the proof). You must show works of your faith first. If you
really warmed yourself by the public fire and not make a contribution to the fire.
See Acts 28:2-6.
Telling story about trip to convention in England.
The truth of God's word allows us to walk in His wisdom, His power, His victory. Walks in the light
as He is the light. The Word of God is the Will of God. Bishop started witnessing at home first.
(application of Isaiah 50:11) Take God at His Word and you'll get results. Walk on the will of God (The
Word). Step on the Word and it's come to pass. Demonstrate your salvation by acting on the Word.
Walk in the light of God's Word. The Word never faileth you.
Sparks, light. Go out about 5:00 a.m., to work on farm. Someone starts fire in center of village.
Each person can sit down and warm himself before he goes to work. Must put a bundle of sticks on the
fire if he has warmed himself. (That's what Paul was doing when the viper hung on his arm.) On the way
to work, must travel single file through bushes, dragging oxen along. No proper roads. Snakes and
scorpions lie along the paths. For light, each person carries a lighted piece of rope, blowing on it to cause
sparks to fly. He walks in his own light. The Word is a light to our paths and a lamp unto our feet. Have
sorrow if walk by our own light rather than by light of Word.
People who walk sense-knowledge-wise (by the flesh) are defeated, frustrated, worried, because they
are attempting to walk by their own light. We must walk by the spirit. God's Word is our light. Read
verse 10 for context.
Mother-in-law runs the household. All money comes into her purse and she does all of the buying.
She dictates to many servants. No cash payments for services of castes (barbers, washers, etc.) who have
been given land by the village. No collections asked by temple as priest is also given land and sustenance.
Elders of the gate take care of offenses. Anyone can discipline any of the children. Close family
atmosphere among villagers. Very little juvenile delinquency among upper classes. Quite a bit among
servant class. India has lowest crime rate in world. China second.
In small villages social activities consist of spending time together singing, talking, reading, etc.
Centered around spiritual things which comes first. If no spiritual activities are available, then they
engaged in other things.
"light of your fire". They tell time by looking at the stars. Also first cock crows about 4:00 and the
3rd cock crows at about 5:00. They had to put the plow on their shoulder and pull their ox out to the
field. When they wanted light they would blow on the rope and sparks would fly off. (Psalm 119:105
Thy word is a lamp)
Sparks, kindle a fire. In the East, the villages didn't have watches, etc. They know time by the stars
and the cock crowing (first cock crow was at 4). Somebody usually wakes up a little after the first cock
crows; somebody in the village comes to the center of the village have gathered some sticks and starts a
fire. Everybody who goes to work will start about that time and they will want to warm themselves.
They talk about the day around the fire, then, they go to the farm, although it is still dark. They have to
walk between the thorn bushes where only one man can walk at a time. Both sides of the path have
thorns and bushes. This man has to drag his oxen and implements behind because Eastern people
(farmers) lived in the village, not on the farm. The Easterners walk barefooted and therefore must know
what sort of snakes or scorpions are on the path, when dark. So he lights one end of the rope and then
with that he blows the end to get a few sparks of fire and then he walks in the spark. Every time he wants
a light, he blows and then he can see what's in the road. They walk in the sparks until they reach the
farm. That is an everyday task in the East. God is saying that people are walking in their self-made fire
spark. We as God's people should walk in God's truth not in the sparks.
Walk in light of own fire; sparks. Village life must be understood to understand the customs. Cities
change but villages do not. Villagers tell time by the crowing of the cock in the morning—first crow is at
4 a.m., second is at 4:30 a.m., third is at 5 a.m. During the day they tell time by watching own shadow.
Women get up at second crowing. They bathe, sing, wash, read scriptures, start cooking. When the men
get up they also sing and praise God so that there is rejoicing heard throughout the village. Farmers do no
live on the farm. They live in the village and go back and forth to work the farm, taking all the
implements and working animals with them.
Psalm 126:6— the sower goes forth bearing precious seed—he goes forth from the village to the
farm. He weeps as he goes because he and his family are hungry but they cannot eat this precious seed
because he would have nothing left to sow for next year's crops.
One man gets up in the morning and makes a fire in the center of the town. People go there to warm
themselves before going out to work. Anyone who warms himself by the fire must contribute a bundle of
sticks. It is not allowed to just take and not give. As they leave they light a piece of rope on one end. The
rope is about 10" long and is made of coconut fiber. The paths they walk are very narrow—room for only
single file—and are lines with many thorns and bushes. Farmers always walk barefooted. Many
scorpions and snakes lie in the bushes. The man leads his ox or other animals along behind him while
carrying the tools on his shoulder. He blows on the lighted rope as he walks to cause sparks so he can see
as it is still dark.
God speaks of people who try to walk by their own feeble light rather than by the radiant light of
God. Walking according to our own sense knowledge without God causes us to lie down in sorrow—
defeated, frustrated. Walking according to the spirit causes contentment, freedom, happiness.
Walking in light of own sparks causes a person to walk in bondage. Only the truth sets people free
(John 8:32)
Verse 12 This is an oriental statement which asks the question: "Why are we afraid of man that shall
die?"—we should not trust in the man who has the best in his nostrils (oriental statement)—we should
never trust any man who breathes through his nostrils—cursed is the man who trusts in man (Oriental
statement)—these rare statements which are merely telling us that we should trust in God—if we do not
trust in man we do not need to be afraid of him either.
"be afraid of a man that shall die". This is an idiom which means—Why are you afraid of a man that
shall die. Also used the expression—"a man with breath in his nostrils."
"be afraid of a man that shall die". This is an idiom saying why are you afraid of man who is only
here temporarily for he shall die. Why not rather be afraid of God who shall be here forever. A man who
has "breath in his nostrils" is a similar expression.
Verse 20 People are starving to death is what this verse means. Children of God prosper if they know
how rich their father is.
Verse 8 "watchmen shall lift up the voice" There are towers built on the walls. These are little booths
large enough for a person to stand in. They are named after the people who built them. There are
watchmen in the towers all night. Each family knows when it is their turn to stand watch. These watchers
watch for fires. If there is a fire the people in the towers will take up the "song of danger" which will
wake up the whole city.
We are watchmen for the Lord Jesus Christ always awake and alert looking for souls to be saved, to
warn them of the wrath to come.
"watchmen shall lift up the voice". There are towers built on the walls. These are little booths large
enough for a person to stand in. They are named after the people who built them. There are watchmen in
the towers all night. Each family knows when it is their turn to stand watch. These watchers watch for
fires. If there is a fire the people in the towers will take up the "song of danger" which will wake up the
whole city.
We are watchmen for the Lord Jesus Christ always awake and alert looking for souls to be saved, to
warn them of the wrath to come.
The watchmen shall sing. During the night, while the gates of the city are closed, on the wall where
there are towers built (small enclosures where one person stands-named after the man who built them)
people go and stand (without an order) all night. In the East, they think "God first, stomach next"; they
think of others. In the towers, they keep watch all night; if there is danger (like a fire) they would notify
people by singing the song of danger. All the people nearby pick up the song and make enough noise to
wake up the whole city.
We are watchmen for the Lord Jesus Christ should be wide awake, looking all the time for souls to
be saved, to pluck them up from the fire, free them from the wrath to come.
Verse 10 The Orientals have long robes. If you are a monarch your sleeves are longer and bigger. And
oriental monarch's sleeves touch the ground when he walks around. Whenever they want to fight
anybody or declare war against someone he takes off the robe, and brings the two sleeves together, knots
them and hold the robe behind his back. The robe goes around his neck and hangs down behind so his
hands are bare. Then he sits on his throne. That is a declaration of war. Symbolic of preparedness.
If a king wants to declare war in defense of himself or someone else he takes off his robe and ties the
sleeves together, puts it over his head and lets the robe drape over his back and sits on his throne, or a
well-known place so that everyone can recognize (this means: "The Lord hath made bare his holy arm")
his arms are free from any entanglement and he is able to fight for and defend anybody who calls upon him.
Spiritual Application: God has made bare His holy arm by sending the Lord Jesus Christ so that
those of us who believe in Him might be redeemed, might be defended and have the hope of eternal life—
this is available to the whole world (all who believe).
Bare His holy arm. Many centuries ago, tribes or countries did not war against one another with
armies as they do today. Rather the challenging king or ruler would send a note to the ruler of his
adversaries and challenge him to fight. Whichever king was killed or knocked down would by that action
give over his people and land to the winner of the fight.
The fight would take place on neutral ground. The opponents would take off their robes, tie the
sleeves about their necks, leaving the robe hanging behind their backs. The arms and hands are bare,
being unhindered and prepared to fight and defend. There is nothing to hinder God from saving those
who call upon Him.
"made bare his holy arm"—background: when a king wants to go to war with another king then the
war is decided by combat between the two kings. The longer the sleeves of the robe the higher the
position. When they remove the robe and this will make bare his arm. Spiritual application: Means God
will fight for us.
"made bare his hold arm". In old days suppose two kings are going to war or one man is going to
fight in defense of another. The man will take off his robe with long sleeves and he will tie them around
his neck and throw the robe over his back and then sits on his throne in a well known place which
everyone can recognize. His arm is free from every entanglement, he is able to fight hard and defend
anyone who calls upon him. Jesus Christ came into the world when God made bare his holy arm.
"bare his holy arm". When a king wants to declare a war, he will take off his robe and tie the sleeves
together and throw the robe behind his back and sits on his throne in a well-known place which everyone
can recognize. This arm is free from every entanglement, he is able to fight for and defend anyone who
calls upon him, nothing to hinder him from helping any and everyone who calls on him. God made bare
his holy arm by sending forth only begotten Son.
The Lord hath made bare His holy arm... In warfare in old days only between kings. One king sends
challenge to another king to fight, or else take the whole country. Two kings meet to fight in public
place, remove robes and fight. If one is knocked down, then that country is his. Simplest rules of
warfare, thousands of years ago. Western idea—the Greeks—hired soldiers and kings hid out.
Hindu—only the royalty fought. Kings send notice to all the people, the king comes to public place,
takes the royal robe (Bishop gives description of how the robe is tied out of the way) and ties it out of the
way behind his back so his arms are bare and nothing hinders him.
Lord make bare His holy arm—nothing hinders Him, robe thrown behind His back. Nothing will
hinder him to fight and to defend all those that call upon him at any time—completely willing and always ready.
Today—because of Jesus Christ's sacrifice for us, we do not sacrifice—all sacrifice done away with.
Jesus Christ became poor that through his poverty we might become rich.
"Made bare His Holy arm." When an Eastern man wants to defend in a fight for you, he'll put his
robe behind his back so his hands will be free. This is symbolic of declaring war or defending someone.
God has thrown his arm bare, and he is prepared to the fullest extent to save us, to defend us, to heal us
and to sustain us, nothing will hinder Him. How did He make His arm bare for us? He sent Christ to die
for us. He is already to save us always. (Christ completed the work of salvation.)
"Bare His holy arm." In the east men wear robes. The greater the man, the longer the sleeves. Some
men's sleeves touch" the ground. If two men should decide to fight each other they take their robes off
and tie the sleeves around the neck, allowing the robe to fall behind the back. Now there is nothing to
hinder. What might have hindered the man was thrown behind his back. God made His holy arm bare.
He is ready to protect us and fight for us, nothing hindering. When a man throws his robe behind him, he
not only throws away hindrance, but also his own prestige.
Made bare His holy arm. In the East, people wear a long robe, especially the chieftains, the rulers:
The Shah of Iran, Rajahs in India, Sheik in Egypt. When a king declared war against another country, the
prime minister verbalizes the orders. However, he does not do this with words. The long sleeves of his
robe are pushed back (which ordinarily touch the ground). He takes off his robe, symbolizing his
readiness to go fight. Then his hands are bare. He returns to his throne and says, "We are prepared to
fight." He puts his robe
Verses 11 and 12 Vessels.
Two kinds of vessels of the Lord: 1. vessels used in temples. 2. believers are vessels of the Lord
because the spirit of God dwells within.
The men who bear the temple vessels must be clean. We who are vessels must also be clean
physically and spiritually and mentally.
Verse 15 "So shall he sprinkle many nations..." comes from the background of the Orientals sprinkling
rose water on the heads, bodies and feet of every guest. On the porch their feet are put in water, when
they go to the first room there is a servant who sprinkles rose water on everybody's head, and in the third
room where you sit down the host comes and receives you. The host will not receive any guest whose
feet are not washed and upon whom rose water or some other precious ointment is not sprinkled.
Washing the feet and sprinkling not only shows hospitality but also gives the guest protection, safety and
security as long as the guest abides in the home of the host.
When you are a guest of wealthy people in the East the following customs are observed:
1. A servant washes your feet at the door
2. They sprinkle rose water on your head, body and feet.
3. You then go to the next room and the host greets you with a holy kiss and receives you. Thus,
before you are accepted by the host or hostess you are washed and sprinkled (Moab is my wash pot—
container in which the feet are washed).
Psalms 60:8 "Moab is my wash pot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, triumph thou because of me."
Psalms 108:9 "Moab is my wash pot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia will I triumph."
A defeated and discouraged person is known as a wash pot or as a servant who washes the feet of
guests - this is what Moab and Edom were because they forsook God and were defeated.
Spiritual Application: We are washed in the blood of Christ and God shall sprinkle the nations with
the holy spirit thus we become accepted guests, actually children of God, when we have been washed and
sprinkled in this manner—this custom not only makes an individual a guest in the Eastern home, but also
gives him promised protection from the host—even if it means sacrifice on the part of the host such as
Lot was willing to offer his two daughters to give this promised protection to his guests—this is the
protection which we have in Christ—He is our refuge and strength—in Him we live, move and have our
being—no sword, famine or plague can touch us because we are under His protection—we are complete
in Him as a guest is complete with his host.
(I John 4:20) (Matthew 10:42) (Mark 9:41)
Eastern people carry food and bedding when they travel and they come to eat and sleep in the village
common area where townspeople may come and find a guest for dinner. They will not eat until they find
a guest. Seek kingdom of God first by feeding guest first. They ask for the privilege of serving someone.
They think when they help someone they help God. I John 4:20
A guest must have his feet washed and be sprinkled with perfume before he is acceptable. Washing
feet - cleansing. Sprinkling perfume—anointing with oil (symbolic of holy spirit) Isaiah 52:15 "sprinkle
many nations"
They will keep begging the guest to stay on and on for meal after meal, night after night.
"sprinkle many nations." They will keep begging the guest to stay on and on for meal after meal,
night after night.
Sprinkle many nations. When guest is received in the East, his feet are washed at the door by a
servant, and when he comes to the first room, another servant sprinkles his head, body and feet with
perfume. Cannot be accepted before being washed and sprinkled. Jesus Christ washed us clean of all sin
with his blood. Sprinkled us with holy spirit. New creation complete in him. Nothing lacking, no
deficiency or limitation. We are never left defenseless and are never forsaken.
Why is it hard for some people to believe certain parts of God's Word? When you believe it
becomes yours, when do not believe it is not yours. Only by believing it becomes our experience, it
becomes applicable, we are set free. It's hard to believe a stranger. Must know God personally to believe Him.
How do you know if you believe or not? When you pray to God you are set free from worry if you believe.
"sprinkle many nations." When you go as a guest to a rich or middle class people, first they will
wash your feet, you throw your sandals to a servant and then place your feet in a tub of water, the servant
will wash and dry your feet, then a servant will take a can with a spout and sprinkle rose water on your
head, feet, body, when you go to the next room the host receives you with a holy kiss and greets you. You
are washed and sprinkled before you are received by the host.
"sprinkle many nations." When a guest arrives at an Eastern home, there are two or three things
done to him:
1. Give water to wash their feet at the door, there may be a servant there who washes your feet. The
guest will throw his sandals to a servant and then sit with feet in a tub of water.
2. Then enter next room where there is a servant with rose water in a can with holes in it to sprinkle
on the head, feet and body of guest.
3. In the next room host comes and greets you with a holy kiss.
So shall He sprinkle many nations... In the East when receiving guests, guests come in and throw
sandals at the servant, and their feet are washed. As come into next room, servant with rose water
sprinkles his head, body and feet; then next room, the host greets you with a holy kiss and takes you into
the next room. A guest must be washed and sprinkled with rose water before he is accepted as a guest.
We are royal guests—we're washed in the blood of Jesus Christ; we're sealed or sprinkled with holy spirit
and then are we acceptable.
A guest is assured of protection while under the roof of the host. Not only just saved, but we are
assured of protection, nothing will pluck us out of his hand, nothing shall destroy us. Assurances are
given us by Christ in salvation. As a child of God, hid in Christ in God, you are secure, as a guest in the
East is secure.
The spiritual application and relationship between being a guest in Eastern household and being a
child of God.
The host would not permit police to take a guest whom he had a accepted while under the shadow of
his roof. Host would lay down his life for him.
Psalm 60 8. Moab my wash pot—over Edom cast my shoe. In homes of rich people in the east on
the porch is a wash pot. There is a man servant there in the porch with the wash tub (wash pot). You
throw your sandals to the servant and then step in the tub. The servants wash the feet of the guest and
wipe them with a towel. In the first room they sprinkle rose water on your head. The guest is received
only when washed and sprinkled. That's why in Isaiah it says, "The Lord shall sprinkle many nations."
Isaiah 52:15 (reference to above). The man who washed the feet is the servant of whoever casts his
sandals. This is a figure of speech here. This man is the lowest man in the family -dirtiest job. Both
Edom and Moab are subjugated, enslaved.
The man who washes the feet is the servant of whoever casts his sandals. This is a figure of speech
here. This man is the lowest man in the family—dirtiest job. Both Edom and Moab are subjugated,
enslaved. (reference to Psalm 60:8).
Verse 2 Root out of a dry ground (see "shittim" in card file). Shittim wood used in tabernacle. The tree
grows in places that no other things will grow in. Looked upon therefore, as God-sown. Grows in dry
ground, yet brings forth the sweetest of fruits, Shitta tree is the name. Produces without man's effort.
Completely sufficient in God. Jesus Christ is likened to the shitta tree. Grew up out of nothing (as family
background) yet produced the best fruit. His resource was God.
Verse 9 Grave with the wicked. He, Jesus, died for the wicked. Anyone who died on cross could not
have a respectable burial. Buried at foot of cross. There was not violence or sin in himself, but he
became sin for the world. He had to be buried (by law) with the wicked because could not have
respectable grave. He was prepared for it but God made certain he would be buried with the rich. It takes
permission from the king to obtain the body of a criminal. Nicodemus went to Pilate, obtained the body
and layed it in his own tomb. Nicodemus was a rich man.
Burial of Jesus; Joseph of Arimathea. A person who dies a criminal death cannot be buried in the
common burial ground. Sometimes the body is burned so that no one can claim it. Those who died on
the cross are often buried at the place of crucifixion. Joseph of Arimathea went to Pilate to request body
of Jesus. It was probably an unknown occurrence for such permission to be granted. Jesus was buried
not as a criminal, but in a rich man's tomb. In the East, it is customary that there be no discrimination of
the dead. Differences of class and casts are abolished in death. All dead are treated with utmost dignity.
In life, Joseph of Arimathea would probably not have even walked with Jesus or stood next to him
because the Jews would have condemned him, but once Jesus died, Joseph came openly. The whole town
joins in the funerals even of wicked scoundrels. If Jesus had died for his own sins he would have been
buried at the cross, but because he died for others' sins, God planned that he would be buried with the
rich. It was written in the prophecy of Isaiah. In the East, the sins of a dead man are not to be
remembered. If a person speaks anything bad about a dead man, the whole society will rise up against
him. Only good is to be spoken of a dead person. For our own health, we should rid ourselves of the
venom and poison of negatives. Positive words and actions heal us and others too. Pray for the people
you have negative feelings about. It changes the situation and attitude.
"made his grave with the wicked." (those who will die on the cross) He was prepared to be buried
with the wicked — prophesy filled with the rich he was buried in His death — Joseph of Arimathaea with
the wicked He was prepared to die, God saw that He was buried with the rich because He had no deceit or
violence found in Him. There was no sin in Him. Pilate could have refused to give the body, but, it was
all in God's order and plan. Prophesy must be fulfilled. He was willing to be buried with wicked but God
ordained him to be buried with the rich because he had done no violence.
Verse 17 " weapon that is formed against thee..." "if ye be in Christ ye are the seed of Abraham"
therefore what's for Israel is for the Church. Weapon of destruction, weapon of wickedness and deception
and treachery. Anyone that goes against us in our stands, goes against God in us. Therefore, they shall
not prosper. It's time we had some confidence in the Word of God. This confidence shall set us free from
every anxiety and fear. If man stands against me, they fight against God. We are not alone. I John 4:4.
Believe the Word and you'll be set free.
We exercise the righteousness of God that is in us. When we don't exert our rights we become as
worms, instead of being bold as lions. "If God be for us, who can be against God!?" Do we really
believe God is for us? Then why fear? Everything depends on our believing God's Word. You have to
exercise your authority in the name of Jesus Christ. If we don't confess what He's made us we insult God
Verse 1 The problem of this verse is how can one buy water, wine and milk without money and without
price? In the East on special occasions it is possible for you to buy without money and without price -
during the summer pure water is sold in the East—many poor people cannot always afford the water—
merchants bring water, milk and wine (wine: freshly pressed juice of the grape) in goatskins to their
market places to sell to the people during the day—under certain conditions they change mode of selling
from "Come ye, buy and eat" to "Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price"—this latter
mode of selling is occasioned by individuals (generally among the higher caste) celebrating their
birthday—rather than receiving a gift they give one as expression of their appreciation for another year of
life—the best gift which can be given in appreciation is to quench the thirst of someone else:
Matthew 10:42
"And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name
of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward."
We have not seen God at any time; therefore, if we do not love and serve man whom we do see—the
custom is for an individual to determine how much money he desires to spend, after which he goes to the
merchant and buys as much water, milk or wine as his money will provide—whereupon the merchant
changes his sales talk from "Come ye, buy and eat" to "Come, buy wine and milk without price"—this
does not mean the merchant is giving away his products but merely that someone is celebrating a special
occasion and the merchant is distributing the gift.
Spiritual Application: The whole world is thirsty, sin sick and lost—there is no hope for us to
quench our spiritual thirst (material possessions cannot quench this thirst)—therefore, God sent His only
Son, Jesus Christ, to shed His blood and pay the debt for our sins—thus Christ invites us to come
(everyone who is burdened and heavy laden) and He will give us rest—He will quench our spiritual
thirst—He is the fountain of living waters.
In some places in the eastern market they sell water. The water is sold in bottles of skins brought
from their own homes to the markets. He doesn't bring it to give it away (without money and without
price, but rather to sell). The grape juice man will bring a 100 gallon of grape juice, the waterman the
water, the milkman the milk. They're all selling. There is a price when they start selling. They'll say,
"Come, buy water for (so much/gal)." Under certain conditions the people selling will change the mode
of selling from, "Come buy for so much a gallon," to "Come buy, without money and without price."
When there is a person celebrating his birthday, in the western world we expect people to give us
presents. In the East it's just the opposite. These people make others happy on their birthday. They do
this to show gratitude to God for sparing their life.
No one has ever seen God at anytime. So, how can we serve God who we cannot see? (Bishop
says,) By serving people who we see, whom we have been. How best can I show gratitude to God for
sparing my life this past year? Go to the market, buy some water, wine, grape juice and milk, and give to
those thirsty people who come to the market who are in the scorching sun, heavy laden. As you give to
these people, you give to God—This is what the Hindus teach as well as Jesus. Krishna taught this 500
years before Christ. There are good morals, ethics on how to live from Krishna, but not salvation.
So you'll go to the milkman, wine man, etc, and buy all that's left of his product to give away on your
birthday. Then he'll cry out, "Ho, everyone that thirsteth! Come ye to the waters, but without money and
without price." It doesn't cost the people anything because someone paid the price for them.
Why does the man still say buy? This man is still selling. The goods aren't free, they were paid for
by somebody else. The man is not giving them away. The man is still selling although he got the money
for the lot. Instead of saying he's delivering goods for which have been paid, he says, "Come buy"
because the person who gets it is still buying it. Because someone else paid for it, he gets it without
money or price. He's still buying—the oriental viewpoint. The man that bought the lot stands there until
it's all sold. Everyone fills their containers, walks to the man, bows and says, "Thank you, sir, for paying
the price."
Spiritual Application: This was a prophecy concerning Christ. Christ met the demands of God on
behalf of the sinner by dying on the cross. Thus Christ paid the price. The sinner buys salvation without
money and without price because Jesus paid it all. Costs us nothing. Cost him everything. We can
quench our spiritual thirst by drinking of the living waters of life. Living waters are salvation. (John
7:37) (also quotes Matthew 11:28).
How can anybody buy without money and without price? What was there to buy? Water, wine and
milk. If it's without price—it's not buying—that's a contradiction. It's given away. Wine here is not
fermented. Grape juice. This is the market place.
"Ho, everyone that thirsteth"—This is the call in the eastern market place. Come ye and buy. (an
Can only tell if it is talking about grape juice or wine by context. When Jesus turned water into wine
it was not fermented, John 2:39.
Buy without money or price; birthday. How can you buy without money or price? It would be a
gift, not something bought. The explanation follows. You can buy only three things without money or
price in certain conditions: water, milk, wine (grape juice). A seller will be on the street selling these
products for a price. Whenever an Easterner has a birthday, anniversary, etc., he goes to the seller and
buys his whole stock to "sell without price" to celebrate his birthday. The seller changes his tune and
starts selling without price. Blessing the thirsty people is a way of showing gratitude to God. The man
celebrating stands there to make sure that the seller sells rightly. As the people come they thank the celebrator.
Wine or grape juice must be determined by context. Jesus Christ turned water into grape juice. Paul
say to Timothy drink grape juice. Lots daughters got him drunk with wine. Jesus Christ bought our
salvation for us. It cost us nothing, but it cost him something.
Buy without price. In the Eastern markets, compound walls are built to surround the market to
protect it. The market is opened on certain days. As the gates are opened there are a few 16-18 year old
boys sitting there. One is playing a flute made of reed pipe. The boys sing to the tune, too. Those buying
and selling in the market will respond to this boy's sons, too. He will play a song of joy, then a song of
mourning. If someone fails to respond, others who had responded would approach them and say, "Are
you so materialistic that you don't have the time to respond to these spiritual songs of these boys?" Jesus
did the same in Luke 7:32 ("Piped"—song of joy; "mourning"—song of sorrow).
Just inside the first door of the compound is the market proper. At the beginning is a woman
cooking and selling bread (pancakes) and frying and selling fish. Two boys work with her with open
trays. They carry fish and bread on this open tray throughout the market to vend the product. They use a
feather to drive the flies away from the food. "Baker's lad, Baker's lad" is what the boy shouts.
The other items for sale in the market are just like in the United States. The proprietor sits down and
does not approach the customer at all. Then he bickers with his customer about the price of his
merchandise. He starts his price very high. The customer shows every little flaw in the item. Customer
begins to walk away and the proprietor begs him to come back. The proprietor begins swearing in the
name of his God, of his temple, of his whatever, that his price is 25¢. This is why Jesus says what he
does in Matt. 5:34-47. They swore by Jerusalem, their head, or by the earth. Jesus said, "have one price
(yea, yea; nay, nay)." Quakers, for this reason, initiated the one price system. The customer talks (Prov.
20:14) negatively to get the price down, but when he departs, he brags. Every seller shouts out about his
product! So there is a water stall, a stall of the calves (Amos 6:4 God says He'll give us the best calves
for eating out of the stalls—govt., inspected) too. Water is very scarce, so a man is there selling water in
goatskin bottles. I Tim. 5:23.
"Drink a little wine for stomach's sake and oft infirmities." Why should Timothy no longer drink
water? Paul tells him not to drink it in excess. The excess of water was corrupting his stomach. This
affects digestion. The milk of the Bible is buttermilk, with salt included. It is used for the covenant of
salt to seal contracts in the marketplace. These beverage vendors are in a line at the marketplace. Each is
calling out: "Ho everyone that thirsteth, come here to the waters, at so much per gallon." People buy as
much as they want, then they take it home. Sometimes he changes his call to, "Come buy without money,
without price."
In the East, on the anniversary of a marriage or of a birthday, people do not expect gifts. Instead the
people give gifts away; others expect from them. A man considers his birthday a blessing from the Lord
and gives to others as a thank offering (as showing gratitude unto the Lord by making others happy). For
it is believed that if the man can give others a happy heart, then God is happy, too. God prospers anyone
who follows the law of prosperity. Whatsoever a man sows, that he shall reap also.
The man whose birthday it is, goes to the market. He cannot afford suits of clothes for everyone but
he can afford to buy water. It is believed, in the East, that if a man can quench another's thirst, you make
God glad quicker than anything. The man buys 30 gallons of water for his birthday, as well as wine and
milk. The birthday man then stays at the stall and watches the vendor that he takes no additional monies
for the water. He is still "buying." He brings his jug, fills, and then thanks the birthday man who paid for it.
Jesus Christ came to quench the thirst of man. He paid the price so that man could have peace,
forgiveness of sin and salvation. God accepted it ONCE for ALL. Today all we need to do is go to God,
open our mouths wide and He will fill it.
"Come buy without price." "wine" means grape juice or fermented wine here it is an Eastern market
and this wine is really grape juice. "milk"—buttermilk
When water is scarce it must be bought in the market and poor people carried it in skin bottles.
Eastern celebration of a birthday is to make other people happy.
You can't warm yourself by the village fire and bless the people without putting sticks on the fire.
Eastern Market—(the sellers) They say, "Come buy for so much per gal." But they change to "come
buy without money without price" under certain conditions: If it is someone's birthday, the idea of
celebration is to make someone else happy; if you do good to other people to celebrate your birthday then
you are giving to God, makes God happy. It's an expression of thanks to God for living another year.
Hindu philosophy—if you help those you see you are helping God—Jesus taught same thing. Jesus
Christ paid the price for us so we may drink freely from the fountain of living waters.
"buy without money without price." Fresh water is sold during the summer. This wine comes
straight from the winepress and is not the alcoholic variety. Bottle of skin is used to bring in the wine
water, and milk.
"buy without money without price." In the East under certain conditions the people will buy milk,
wine, and water. Water is sold in the East during the summer because fresh water cannot be obtained by
poorer people. Wine, here, comes right from the wine press and is drunken just like orange juice, it is like
grape juice. The merchants come to the market to make a profit. They will call out "Ho everyone come
to the waters, wine, milk and buy for so much" (they will quote the price like $2 per gal.) They will
change their mode of selling (under certain conditions at certain times) from "come buy for so much per
gal. " to "come buy without money without price." When an Easterner has a birthday he will buy presents
for others rather than for others to buy for him. The best way to please God is to quench the thirst of
somebody. If I can't love and serve someone I have seen, how can I serve someone I have not seen. If I
want to serve God, show gratitude to God then I must serve someone I can see and that will please God's
heart. The person with the birthday will buy all the wine, milk and water that the sellers have left. Then
the sellers will change their call. It does not mean that they are giving it away for it has been purchased
by the man who has had a birthday. The Eastern people realize that some person is celebrating when they
hear this cry. They will go to get their cans filled with water, wine and milk and the man who paid the
price is there and they will bow and thank him.
What are they going to buy? Wine, water and milk. Wine in the Bible is not fermented, it is always
grape juice. Easterners drink grape juice, pomegranate juice, orange juice but grape especially. These are
all sold in the Eastern market. In some cases, there was scarcity of water, they might have to go miles to
get water, so it was sold in the market. Milk of the Bible is buttermilk with a drop of salt in it with butter
removed. "Ho" selling exclamation! Say this is a market. You open the gate, and people are sitting
down selling everywhere. Lots of noise. As you go in, just before you enter the gate, you will see a boy
sitting there, 15 or 16 years old and several boys of the same age around you. That boy will have a flute,
made of reed pipe and he plays a tune and all the boys will sing. Not only them but also the buyers and
sellers in the marketplace will join in the song. It will be a song of joy, then a song of mourning and if a
person doesn't respond, the responders will ask the one who didn't respond "Have you become so
materialistic that you haven't got the time to respond to this song of the boy concerning spiritual things?"
"Buy...without money and without price." When tape begins, Bishop is already teaching on this
scripture, so scripture is not stated. How can one buy without money? If it is without money, then it isn't
bought; it is given away. How can you buy without money and without price. Eastern expression and
thinking is much different than Western way. The Bible is in the terms of an Eastern man's thinking. So,
in the East, is there any way to do this buying spoken of? Yes! "Ho, everyone that thirsteth, come ye to
the waters." This is an Eastern exclamation heard in a market, this is how they sold items. The Bible is
the Word of God but it is couched with the oriental way of life. Bishop interrupts teaching to give
background of Eastern way of life. In the Eastern towns there are 3 forms of government: 1. elders of
the gate (oldest system); they have a little office at the town gate. They are elected every 3 years for the
people and by the people. They sit at the gate in the mornings and hear all the quarrels of the people. 2.
Federal court in the middle of town selected by the political party of that country. 3. Daysman (most
ancient of all). Job 9:31,32 speaks of the daysman. This means Mahatma or "great soul." His work is
to the religious affairs or disputes of the people. Because in I Cor. 6:14 says if any have a dispute with
another, not to go before the court, but to settle it among themselves. So the religious people won't go
before the political government but before the daysman or the elders of the gate. Why? If they go before
the political court and one is punished and sent to jail, it won't solve anything and when he returns from
jail he will be mad and bitter. Instead man needs healing of heart. Cannot heal the wound of the heart by
putting a man in jail. The elders of the gate will pacify, swain, advise the people, plead to them and
change their hearts, reconciling them. A court won't change your heart, they will put you in jail and
embitter you.
"Ho everyone that thirsteth." Wine in the Bible should be understood in the context, it is either grape
juice or fermented wine. Wine in the market place is grape juice. Water is sold because it is scarce during
the summer. Men carry water in skins. The skins are tanned and sewn up at the legs. Water is poured in
the neck and tied off with rope and then carried on the back. No man carries water in pitcher so it didn't
go unnoticed by disciples.
Without price, without money. If it is without money and without price, it cannot be bought.
Verse 14 "Cast ye up, cast ye up,..." is an Oriental phraseology again. "Cast out" means to take away.
If the King is going to come to the city, days before the chieftain will call all the people. He says, "The
King is going to visit us, let us clean up the city." So one member from each home will come. They are
not paid for it. They come of themselves with a pick, axe and aw to clean the street. If there are any
hollow places in the street they dig them out and smooth them out. If there are any stumbling blocks in
the street, they take them away. We should take away the stumbling blocks of negativism, cast out all
those things that hinder us. Prepare the road for those who are visiting, so we should prepare our lives
also and help others get rid of their fears, negatives, etc.
Verse 21 See Psalms 129:4.
Verses 3-9 Fasting. There are two kinds of fasting.
1. Man made—no food
2. God ordained—no trip outs, doing the Will of God by walking on the Word. Isaiah 58:6-7
"Wherefore have we fasted..." Verses show the difference between God and man's fasting. No
virtue in man's and is not His will. When we do God's will which is His fasting, THEN we get prayers answered.
Fasting. Verses 6 & 7 gives God's fasting. We must demonstrate our salvation by being what the
Word says we are. If we walk on the Word, the power works in us.
Verses 5-7 "Is it such a fast that I have chosen..." v. 5—Man made fasting is not attributable to the
Lord, and is not an acceptable day to the Lord.
v. 6 and 7 — God's fasting is to do His will, to pick up man with needs and supply them, and to set
them free from trouble. Go out seeking to do good. That's the fasting of God. Going without food is
man made in order to help him pray. If walk in the Will of God you have power and with that power can
cast out the devil. The works of God that every saved person ought to be able to do are: set a man free if
loaded with cares and burdens; if hungry, feed him; if naked, clothe him; comfort and help the sick;
provide home for homeless.
This demonstrates our salvation. We are not saved by works, but should show forth good works
after we are saved. Demonstrates that we are the children of God and can do the works of God better than
before we were saved. Do the will of God—then are fasting—power will be added to us as you walk on
the Word of God.
Faith without works is DEAD. Must act on the faith. Act on faith, do His will, then more faith will
be given—then with that faith, can do the impossible.
Cannot demonstrate your love for God unless you do good for those who you see who have needs.
No way to show love for God unless you show love to fellow man! Supply others needs and then you are
doing the fasting of God. Be doers of the Word, not hearers only.
Verses 5-8 See Mark 9:29.
Verse 6 See Matthew 9:14,15.
Verse 9 "Yoke" means burden. When you put forth a finger it means you are accusing people.
Orientals always speak with signs.
He talks about the fast first — he says, it is to do the Will of the Lord, not to go without food.
Going without food merely helps your head to concentrate. Yoke — on oxen - heavy. Ox is tied to yoke
by band that goes under the neck. Jeremiah 2:20, broken thy yoke, burst the bands. If burst the band, the
yoke is thrown off and the ox goes free.
2 meanings for yoke:
1. Matthew 11:29,30—yoke is His commandments.
2. Oppression—so used here.
Putting forth of finger—accusing people—slander
Speaking vanity—I'm better than you.
Sometimes it takes time to "get through" to God in prayer because your head has negative in it.
Verse 11 "Thy gates shall be open" Many eastern towns are surrounded with walls. The gates are shut
at a certain time about 6 or 7 o'clock in the evening and they are opened in the morning. There are
watchmen that sit on the walls of the city all night. If a fire breaks out or thieves are entering, the man
who is watching and sees it will make a cry of danger, then all the other watchmen who hear the song will
take up the song and they sing together to warn the people. The watchmen actually sings the song of
danger. Our song is song of repentance. Keep your mind open like the gates but only open to the truth.
Verse 10 Gates. This is a proclamation made by a village chieftain of the East, Rajah, when the king of
a government official visits the village. The chieftain calls one male from every house to help clear the
street, brings a pick-axe. He cuts the trees, clears the road, removes the stones, digs the ditches, puts the
mud in the road, makes a straight and clean road for the coming monarch. This is for us, Christian
people, from God, because Jesus Christ, the king of kings, is coming! As His disciples, we need to
prepare the way for Him in our lives. Remove the stones of selfishness and self-centeredness. Set a good
road as example before the world. Lift up the standard of Christ before the people, that they may see you
and your good-works, and glorify the Father. They then will see a man without any thorns and thistles in
his life; no fears, worries, anxiety, or bickering in his life. People will want to be like you. We straighten
the path for Him by straightening up our own lives. (Matt. 7:20).
"go through the gates." This verse is a decree propagated by the chief of a village. If a king, prince
or government official is coming into the city, the chief will gather one man from each home and give this
decree. Then the people would go out and clean up the road to make ready for the honored person.
Spiritual application: We are to prepare for the King of Kings by lifting up a high standard of life for an
example to the people. The stones are negatives and fears. The King is coming back. Let us all have a
share in his Kingdom by preparing the way. The standard is Jesus Christ. Knowing about India teaches
us about all Eastern countries.
Go through the gates. This is a proclamation made by the chieftain of a city in the east. He tells them
to go thru the gates and prepare the roads, repair if necessary. Trim the branches of trees lining the road if
any which might hinder the road. If any monarch or other chieftain comes to visit your town, your
chieftain will ask for one member from each home to gather at a place together, go thru the gates of the
town, clear up the stones, fill up the holes in the road—repair the roads. "Lift up a standard for the
people." The Lord tells us to lift out our stumbling blocks in our lives so that others can see the Christ in
us. We draw them to Christ by our walks. Do this so God gets the glory. We're not saved by works, but
we show forth fruit after we are saved. The kingdom of God is inside you—monarchs try and clean up outside.
"Prepare ye the way of the people..." A proclamation, want people to come and prepare road for the
coming of a king or prince; chief must get things straightened up; calls the people, free labor, they must
come; clear road, clear free of stumbling blocks or holes. Road making in preparing for kingdom of God.
Spreading the Word, filling up the shallowness, stones removed—the doubts and fears in people. Let
people see the light. "Go through the gates" — don't let anything interfere with your telling and speaking
the Word. Spread word and remove stones—stumbling blocks with love and graciously.
Verse 11 "troop"—a god who grants fortune. Many idols in the East. These have something to do with
people who lived at sometime. These people become gods and are supposed to answer someone's prayers.
"number"—a goddess who grants fortune. In the east they have a man god and a woman goddess.
Some idols have a man's face and woman's clothes. Women would wear men's apparel in order to
appease these idols.
"prepare a table"—this was a table for sacrifices. They made sacrifices to the man god and a drink
offering for the goddess. These gods are supposed to grant fortunes to those who pray to them.
A drink offering—soma juice comes from a tree, it is liquor. This is offered to pagan idols.
Troop. "The troop" is god of fortune, a pagan deity. "That number" is woman goddess. They were
sacrificing to the pagan god and goddess of fortune. (Jeremiah 2:13). Even though God granted them
many miracles, they forsook Him and hewed out cisterns. We Christians were saved by the Lord Jesus
Christ and He dwells in us; He is greater than all that is in the world. In a time of crisis, nevertheless, we
never look within to Christ, we go out to the world (world council of churches, bank, lawyer, etc). Don't
go to where the crowd is — the crowd didn't save us, Christ did. Crowd, religion, philosophy, culture did
NOT save us. He saved us and is strong enough to keep us and satisfy our inner hunger. If we go to the
world and forsake our inner strength and light, we are setting a table for the troop and furnishing the drink
offering unto that number. Go to the truth, God's Word.
Isaiah 26:3, John 15:7. The Word makes us stable and strong.
Troop and number. Troop—this is a pagan deity which tells your fortune (male). Number—female
goddess of fortune. "Prepare a table"—means to make a sacrifice.
Troop, number. There are many deities in the East that are not referred to as "idols." Hindus believe
in one God who is spirit. For every deity there is always male and female (i.e., deities of water and fire,
etc.): Ganga is Hindu god of water—Ganga-devi is goddess of water. "Troop" is deity of fortune.
"Number" means goddess of fortune. Preparing the table for the deity is done by putting incense and food
and fruits and flowers out for the god of fortune. They worshipped this deity so wealth and fortune would
be sent their way. Furnishing the drink offering for the deity is done by putting out juices (tomato and
grape: 5 juices mixed together) and offer this to the goddess of fortune. God said that they forsook him
to make offering to these gods to get fortune and wealth, the true and living God. (Forsaking the fountain
of living waters and hewing out cisterns, that hold no water.) They resorted to worldly, materialistic
methods and forsook the only source of being.
We do this today, and resort to materialistic way of living. We must stay with the best, rather than
darkness of materialism. Why forsake the spiritual way of living? If we do, we end up defeated,
frustrated and unhappy.
Verse 22 "Day of a tree" means fruit bearing prosperity and success - God's people will be as such.
"Days of a tree." The days of a tree represent fruit bearing and prosperity.
Verse 3 "He cut off a dog's neck." Bishop's translation reads "he that ringeth a dog's neck (Bullinger
says breaketh for cut off). "He that killeth an ox." According to the Sanskrit, this should read "he that
persecuteth an ox." Put yoke on even when it has a boil or sore on his neck. Oblation is offering food to
an idol.