Verse 7 See John 4:7-26.
Verse 11 "Know therefore the fear of the Lord, we try in a persuasive way to win men, so we are very
well understood by God, and trust we are also understood by you." "Maran" means "Our Lord Jesus
Verse 17 (Not Orientalism) All things become new. In East, people who become saved bring all their
old books and idols and games, pipes, liquor bottles, etc., and burn them in bonfire to signify new life
beginning. Outsiders should be able to tell a change in your life by your fruit and deeds.
Spiritualizing on Christians giving up bad habits such as drinking. Must walk as Christian spiritually
and not merely by mental assent. Shine forth light undimmed by bad habits. II Corinthians 7:1.
Verses 8-10 This is the way the apostles lived—how we should live. A pattern of life. By honor and
dishonor. When someone honors you—don't get puffed up. When someone dishonors you—don't get
depressed. In both, you must be the same, unaffected in both (poised and peaceful in any situation).
Bagavad Gitu—"work and expect no fruit." I must not expect anything back from you-if I do this I
become glad. Don't let emotions get in your head—stay poised.
Verse 11 Mouth open, heart enlarged. We have told you everything and have kept back nothing from you.
Our mouth is open unto you—"we've told you everything." Our heart is enlarged unto you—"we've
not kept back anything from you." (Verse 12—not straightened—not hampered, distressed, in a poor
condition by us. We've not caused you distress. You have come distress to yourself—you made your
own condition—we're not responsible for your misery. God didn't do this to you—all conditions of life
are self-made. You determine the outcome of your situation by your thoughts, thinking. The face is an
index of the mind—your feelings show through. Seek no reward.)
Verses 11, 12 Eastern translation: "...our mouth is open unto you" means we have told you everything.
"Our heart is enlarged" means "we are relieved." "You are not constrained by us, but are urged by your
affections." "O ye Corinthians, we have told you everything and we are relieved. You are not
constrained by us, but are urged by your affections."
Verse 14 (Hosea 4:16; Acts 26:14) A heifer is a young cow which has not been calved. Very seldom is
it put to the yoke for plowing. It is illegal to put it by the side of a bull for plowing. But if a man is poor
and only has one bull and he can't plow with just one, he will use a heifer. Even though it is still illegal.
II Corinthians 6:14, one pulls one way and one another. A Christian who is born again, lost his old
feathers and is walking, must marry a woman like that. The heifer refuses to bear the yoke and thinks,
"My neck will be broken; if I give in they'll have me for life; I better dodge it now." The farmer hooks
her up and ties a rope to her horn and stands behind her with a goad. She kicks at it and gets pricked
more. (Acts 26:14; 510). Then the heifer begins foaming and breathing heavy. It's afraid to go forward.
It gets beaten and falls down. Christians are afraid to walk with Jesus and look horrible from the beating.
Jesus Christ said my yoke is light. Israel was afraid, like they were afraid to go into the promised land.
Pagans must do horrible things—hurt their bodies, etc., in their worship. The yoke of Jesus Christ is easy.
Hosea 4:16b The lambs of the first year are fed near home. After that they go out in the wilderness
and wander here and there finding grass. There are lots of dangers, etc.
Unequally yoked. If you put two different animals together they will pull in different directions.
When you first put a heifer to the yoke it will try to escape, it will foam at the mouth and play dead. The
heifer thinks if it refuses the yoke it will never have to carry the load. The yoke is anything which your
religion tells you to do.
The leader of a family in the East will take his family (it is not real clear that he takes his family with
him) on a pilgrimage once a year. He will lock his mouth with a steel needle stuck through his cheeks.
He will not eat or drink or speak during the journey. He is suffering for the sins of his people. If the
family is righteous then the needle will come out by itself while the man is sleeping.
The shepherd will take the sheep miles from home for grazing. Lambs of the first year are not taken
with the sheep but they are fed near the home. Special grass is grown, they have special water, no thorns,
the land is cleared of stones. The Passover lamb is chosen from these first year lambs. It must be without
spot and without bruise or blemish. The other sheep go out into the wilderness where there are thorns,
wild animals, difficult to find grass and water. This wilderness is a "large place."
"Be ye not unequally yoked together..." Don't have a believer yoked with an unbeliever. If the
people do this they can be fined, punished, by the elders of the gate. It's the law. The yoke is made of
wood. It's put on the neck of the oxen and held in place by a leather strap. Here the yoke are His
commandments (His Word), His Will, He says we're to do His Will, not fearing that it is heavy. The
easiest way to bear the yoke of Christ is to do His Will! The hard thing is to do the commandments of the
Hindu religion, Buddhist religion, Jewish religion because their yoke is heavy. Their burden is very
heavy. If we do His Will, we reap the benefits of it. Our yoke is Christ in us. He says his burden is light,
yoke is easy.
Verse 9 "Poor" means meekness, not financially poor.
Christ paid it all for us. He who was rich became poor that we through his poverty might become
rich (II Corinthians 8:9). He was not poor economically—he wore a seamless robe, his mother owned
property, every home in Palestine was open to him. He had riches in glory. "Poor" means humble.
Through his humility we inherited his riches in glory.
"He became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich." Jesus Christ had all the silver and
gold; still has. All the gold and diamonds under the earth, all are his. All that is in the universe is his.
So, he was not a pauper. He had plenty of clothes to wear and food to eat. He was rich in glory and
majesty not just gold and silver. He became poor—humble. Through his humility (not poverty) by
leaving his glory and majesty, we might become rich. Through his humility, he died for me, and through
his humility, I became rich in glory, mercy, peace, joy, heir and joint heir, incorruptible, full of glory. I
received a crown through his humility that fadeth not away. I am rich now in grace, love, production,
safety, security, joy, gladness. I am a spiritual millionaire! This satisfies my soul. Material riches satisfy
the body only. Money is a servant of man—yet man usually becomes servant to the money.
...though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor....Not economic, but rich in glory, rich in
majesty, through royal robe behind his back, to make his holy arm bare—that we through his poverty—
which means his humility—we might become rich—rich in mercy, glory, rich in majesty, rich in love.
Verses 6-10 Giving. This is the reason given by Eastern people. They believe God will make it good
for you. You will have all sufficiency in all things and abound to every good work (because you give and
it comes back unto you). Give rightly and generously, it will come back for you. America is prosperous
because they know the philosophy of giving. (Example—the U.S. giving grain to other countries
together.) This law works for anybody.
Verse 8 All sufficiency. Sufficiency to support ourselves, church and those in need. No reason for us
to lack. III John 2. Things are only incidental, not fundamental. Christ is fundamental. We have ability
to abound to every good work—glorify God. Is poverty a glory to God? NO! Prosperity is not always a
sign of God's blessing. The wicked also prosper. But as we believe and follow God, prosperity is
guaranteed for us. See record on the woman with the cruse of oil. Oil stopped flowing only when there
was nothing more to hold it in. II Kings 4:1-6
"And God is able to make all grace abound toward you; that..." Unlimited supply that a believer has
got—unlimited strength to a believer. Believer must understand HOW to tap into the resources, and he
has an abundance of resources within himself in Christ Jesus. As palm tree has all the power that God
could give, which makes it stand upright, so can we—yet not we, but Christ who liveth in me. Because
by him alone we are what we are.
Verse 8 "Robbed other churches," Eastern translation: "took offering in other churches,..." In Arabic,
Sanskrit, and Indian languages the words go together. The word is "khalas" which means to take from or
deprive. But Paul meant it to mean "urge." Eastern translation: "I urged upon other churches, and took
supplies from them, in order to minister to you."
Robbed other churches. Robbed—deprived; wages—offering. Paul took offerings from other
churches to help the Corinthian church. The other churches were deprived in the sense that they had to do
without certain things for awhile.
Rob the churches. Robbed—deprived. Paul did not rob which is taking against the will of another.
He took money to meet needs in Corinthian church. The money then, of course, could not be used by the
other churches. Wages = offerings.
Verse 24 (Matthew 5:41) Go two miles. In the East, any rajah, government official, can compel
anybody walking in the street to stop his walk and carry his (rajah's) bag. The man cannot refuse. The
rajah can only compel for a mile. Refusal could result in a beating (resist not evil). This would not help.
Whipping maximum is 40 stripes. Paul got whipped 39 times. His whippers wanted to appear generous
by not giving the maximum (Deuteronomy 24:3; II Corinthians 11:24).
Verses 24, 25 Forty stripes save one; stoning. The maximum limit of punishment was by law 40 stripes
(lashes). To be sure that they did not go outside of the law, they gave only 39 lashes with the whip. V.
25, stoned—they believed that a person being stoned was being stoned by the law and not by the
individuals throwing stones. The law was given on tables of stones, and they believed that the law which
the wrongdoer broke was being thrown at him and dealing with him. It is against the law to throw a stone
at a piece of fruit in a tree or at an animal because they have not broken the law. An Easterner will not
kill a snake because it is alive. A snake is not harmful unless someone is afraid of it. That person's fear
attacks the snake and then the fear bites back. Fear is a negative attitude. If you are afraid of a person,
your fear will attack him. Both parties are affected, whether animal or human. Stoning is not used except
when God's laws are broken, not when the law of the land is broken. If a person doesn't support his
parents, he is to be stoned—but they don't do it really—they just consider him as good as dead.
Verse 7 Many of the men and women walk bare footed. Thorns get into their feet and hands. There are
no surgeons and so they suffer. The people complain more about thorns than any other injuries. "Thorn
in the flesh" is a phrase which means trouble, annoyance or worry. Thorns and thistles are talked about
referring to hardships and enemies. Paul's thorn in the flesh was the attack which was made against his
apostleship. They said he had not been with Jesus, and so they tried to belittle his work. These attacks
and doubts annoyed him. "Messengers of Satan" means false teachers who attack him.
See also Acts 23:5
(Galatians 4:15). Thorn in the flesh. They say on road to Damascus he was blinded. But he was
healed! Wrote large letters because he was blind. Need not be, doesn't mean he was blind. We read into
it. He says to the Galatians "ye would have plucked out your eyes and given them to me." Another
idiom—loved so much I'd even do this for you—an extension of their love. Galatians 4:15. Pluck out
your eyes—extension of love. Even the most precious things I have I will give unto you because I love
you so much. A figure, idiom.
Verses 7-9 A thorn in the flesh. This thorn in the flesh was not a disease. In the East, a thorn in the
flesh is common. The farmers go barefooted and in the fields often step on thorns. When this happens
they cannot remove the thorns at once, because it is very painful to remove a thorn which is deep down in
the flesh without a doctor, anesthetics, surgical instrument, etc. These conveniences are not available in
the remote places in the East. If a man does get a thorn, sometimes he will limp for an entire summer. It
is irritating, but they allow the thorn to remain until that part of the skin hardens so that the thorn can be
pulled out. Thorns can also get into the hands, because gloves are not worn. The thorn in the flesh does
not kill, but it does irritate people. Now, "thorn in the flesh" is also a figure of speech, meaning that a
man annoys and irritates me very much. A man who irritates by words and criticism is referred to as a
thorn in the flesh. (This was not a disease for Paul.)
Paul was being pricked by the people: insulted, accused, irritated. His thorn was not persecution or
disease. The thorn.
Messengers of Satan. The people who irritate you are the messengers of Satan.
Thorn in the flesh—an oriental idiom, which is hidden in oriental culture and thinking customs from
the Western mind. Western culture is foreign to the Orient, and because Bible speaks about the culture of
the Orient ONLY, remain foreigners to the Bible. The idioms, phraseology, mannerisms, customs,
traditions of the Bible are Eastern. You don't get these in books, schools. Bishop not here to preach, here
to share so can be strengthened, inspired in Word and be able to believe the Word of God.
Background: Many Easterners do not wear shoes farming. Occasionally a thorn in foot and may be
2 inches deep. They do not try and pull it out as it would hurt more, but leave it in the foot, and keep
working. They are uncomfortable and limp. After about a week or so, the top skin becomes dead, and
then they cut off the dead flesh and thorn with no pain. Why they keep it in the foot for that time.
Thorn does not kill, but annoys, irritates, makes him miserable and uncomfortable as long as thorn is
in his flesh. Gossip against you, character assassination against you; these are thorns in the flesh—the
people are who do this. Thorn is a symbol and idiom: Means anyone who upsets you or annoys you by
word of mouth, by criticism or gossip. They are thorns, it's not a disease. Allow Satan to use you to
"buffet me," annoy me. People are the thorns in the flesh. We must be careful not to misinterpret
idioms—we must understand properly.
Verse 9 "My grace is sufficient for thee..." Would not remove thorn but gave him more grace. Enemies
can see the power that you have in Christ Jesus, and how wonderful you can bear all annoying things by
grace of God. Endure as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. Spiritual application: What do we do if someone
is annoying us and speaking against us? The more we are resentful the resentment becomes as a poison in
our system—in our brains and blood. We become defeated and frustrated—and become dislodged in our
thinking and are unable to cope with it. No pills can cure—turn enemies over to Christ—he will give us
victory and we can rejoice in the midst of it. No more anger and animosity—so only joy. Has made us
more than a conqueror. We have been risen above it all, every agony, misery and distress, unless we let it
come. Christ gives us power to pray for them and be kind to those who despitefully use you. Christians
are known by their fruit, so we can be loving and a blessing to our enemies. Can never cure spiritual
sickness with physical medicine, only God's way. Settle mind by renewing and getting rid of anger.
Turn all to Christ Jesus. He will bring peace in midst of confusion. Love alone can conquer enemies
and solve problems. Must be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you are not bitter, angry
or have animosity. By changing your mind according to the Word of God, you are set free. Become
peaceful and calm and then people will know that you belong to Christ. Only way people give testimony
of Jesus Christ—no other way. By their fruit you shall know them. If people do not accept your
preaching—shake the dust off your feet-leave with no animosity. Shake the dust off your feet—old
Hindu teaching.
Verse 4 "Crucified through weakness," means crucified in the flesh. Means Jesus died as a man and not
as God. Jesus was tempted like all of us, but he overcame every temptation. His body was beat, but he
entrusted it to the Spirit. Philippians 2:8.
Verse 11 Matthew 5:44-48. Perfect. We are of good comfort because we have Christ in us. Assured
because we have power. If engrossed in troubles, no comfort. If engrossed in Christ, have comfort.
"Perfect" (see Matthew 5:48). We are to be perfect as God is perfect. "Therefore" relates back to the
preceding context. God's perfection lies in His justice toward everyone, treating with no partiality (verses
44-47). We should be kind and generous to good and bad. We are not sinless perfection in ourselves, but
we can love. We tend to help only those who we think deserve our help. Not so with God.
Verse 48 must be taken in context with preceding verses which tells in what sense here that God's
perfection is being used as an example (..."even as...").
Back to II Corinthians 13:11. If we all have the mind of Christ, we cannot help but be of one mind.
Be concerned with living in peace with people. They may not want to reciprocate but that is their
problem. If you do not like a person, start loving him. You will reap what you sow.
Verse 12 Holy kiss. Kiss on hand, cheek, forehead. Show of affection and respect. Kissing the feet of
the holy man is confessing of sin to him. When two people had a disagreement and wanted to ask
forgiveness, they would kiss each other's feet until forgiven.
Holy kiss. Given on forehead, crown of head, cheek or hand. Can kiss anyone that way.