Verses 9 "Foreheads." Eastern people believe that the wider the forehead is the stronger the person is.
He is considered strong, brilliant and intelligent; Christ is said to have had a wide and strong forehead.
(This is why they swaddle the child around the head first.) We are not to go by outward appearances.
Think good thoughts. Outward appearances are not so. Think on eternal things (II Cor. 4:13).
Verse 4 "Lie thou also upon thy left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel upon it: according
to the number of the days that thou shalt lie upon it thou shalt bear their iniquity." "Lie thou also upon
thy left side" means a bad omen or a bad sign for the people—it also means in this verse that their
iniquities would lie upon them. NOTE: (Some medical authorities in America say that a person should
sleep on his right side because the heart is on the left—sleeping on left side causes the heart extra
"lying on the left side" To lie on the left side is a bad omen, bad sign. Here Ezekiel was to lay on
his left side as an example to the people of what was. going to happen to them.
Verse 11 "smite thine hands" To clap the hands is making an oath, to clap the hands and to "stamp the
foot'' is a sign of victory. We do not have to do these things to make an oath, our word should be good
Verses 1-18 Hiding from God in temples. Putting branch to the nose. Jerusalem's temple was filled
with all kinds of idols and abominations; the people thought that God was not looking. God knew what
their thoughts were and what abominations they were doing. God sent Ezekiel there to see it for himself.
That is the picture, v.5—God told him where to look (Song of Solomon 3:6—Jealousy is cruel as the
grave.) The idol was hidden inside the temple so the heathen thought God could not know because they
had "hidden" it from God. v.11—They worshipped the burning incense which is against God's law. They
thought God was not looking; that's the key. Yet God did see, and He sent Ezekiel to see it, too. Burning
incense is not God's Will. Yet many churches burn it. Why should we support such people with our
money? That's an abomination which we support. The more we support such places of worship, the
more we grieve God and hurt ourselves. We should use our money for the places where the light of the
gospel is preached or where men and women are set free from hearing the gospel. Only the Lord Jesus
Christ can set men and women free, v.11—"the ancients of the house of Israel" means the elders of the
people among them. v.14—"weeping for Tammuz!" In the East, for everything, there is a god. For
water, field, rain, etc. , there is a deity. Tammuz is a god for pomegranate, a religious tree, an emblem of
certain religion, offered at certain religious festivals in the East. Tammuz supposedly lied (the god who
created the pomegranate). People were told in Hindu religion, Jewish, and Buddhist, not to have a prayer
meeting on the anniversary of the death of this god of pomegranate. They were told not to mourn for this
god and not to have this kind of an anniversary meeting. This Jewish woman gathered with others and
was weeping for Tammuz in the temple; they thought God was not looking. ''Faces toward the East," this
is how they worshipped the sun. They did any and every abomination.
They thought God could not see them inside the temple, therefore, He could not blame them for it,
therefore, He would not punish them for it. v. 17—"Hath thou seen this?..." They put the branch to their
nose. If anyone is ill or had frequent attacks of shock, fainting, then they stick a branch to their nose that
means they took a piece of gold or silver about the size of a nickel, they engraved the symbolic branch of
a vine on it, put a hook on it, and stick it up in their nose. Jesus said (John 15:5) "I am the vine, ye are the
branches." Their belief was that God would see the branch and save them. God would look at the branch
and honor it, and would not punish him. God says, v.18, "though they have the branch and speak in a
friendly voice, I will punish them according to their sin and will not hear them." The branch in the nose
will not save them. People put all their belief in the branch, not God. Christ took us out of heathenism,
paganism and has made us confident with joy, power, and victory. God cannot be deceived, "be not
deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth that shall he also reap." Galatians 6:7. They
do this to save themselves from robbers also. Palmists will see these branches to ward off prophecy they
make of evil things these are tied around the wrist till the day it happens.
Verses 12-18 Branch to their nose. God took Ezekiel to show him what was being done secretly. The
children of Israel thought that God was not looking. Ezekiel showed Him that these men had stopped
worshipping God and had turned to the East to worship the sun. Another is that men were burning
incense, not to believe in God. but to something else. The other is that a woman was sitting in a corner
weeping for Tammuz—the god of the pomegranates. Tammuz had died centuries before, and the pagans
used to celebrate the anniversary of his death. God told them not to do it, but, God had told them not to
do all of these things—yet they thought God was not looking.
Verse 17, they did all of these wicked things and then they put the branch to their nose. This meant
that wherever a vine—branch is found, that's where God is. They used to take a piece of gold and
engrave a branch of vine on it. They wore this as a nose ring. The people who wore these, were the
people who had spells, diseases, shadows of death. They believed that if God sees them wearing the
branch, that God will forgive them and forget. It is a charm for salvation. Their solution should have
been to forsake their wicked ways, rather than sin all day and then wear a branch in their nose. Jesus said,
''I am the true vine, ye are the branches.'' John 15:2-6. Branches cannot bear fruit alone. It must be
abiding as a branch in the vine. Take strength from the vine and bear fruit. This branch in the nose is
provocation to God.
Verse 17, deception, and an insult. Branch in the nose is not the solution. Going back to the vine
(Christ) is what the branches need to do in order to bear fruit. Similarly, the cross has no power or value.
We are saved by His death and resurrection.
"branch in the nose" Tammuz—this is the god of pomegranates—vines are planted in the court yard
of Eastern homes and these vines are a symbol of the presence of God. There are vines made of silver by
a silversmith which are placed within the holy of holies because the presence of vine is the presence of
God but this is a false vine made by man. This is why Jesus said "I am the true vine."
Psalm 128:3 says that the wife will be like a fruitful vine. If anyone is sick with an incurable disease
then a leaf of a branch is engraved on a piece of gold and this is put in the nose. This is done by people
who have committed a lot of sins or people who are going among thieves because they think if they do
this God will be with them.
Verse 14 "Tammuz'' means an idol for pomegranates, the one who gives the pomegranates. They were
weeping for him because he was supposed to have been dead. All the women gather together on a certain
day to weep for him. All the things in verses 11-17 are wrong things in the sight of the Lord.
Verse 17 The vines are symbolic of God's presence to the Orient. They had vines and vine branches
engraved and vines made of gold, silver and copper. Wherever they had a ceremony they had a vine
engraved. They believe wherever a vine is, God is, and He will not see the evil. If he does see evil he
will forgive you and will protect you.
If the Eastern person is afraid of something always make a jewel like an American quarter and
engrave a grape vine in that. Then they stick it in the nose. As long as they carry the vine branch in the
nose, they believe that God is with them. Since God is present with them, nobody can attack them.
Ezekiel 8:17. Vine branch in the nose. Jesus Christ is the "true" branch: vine.
"branch to their nose" Symbolic of the presence of God.
Verse 17,18 "commit the abominations" Jewish people thought God could not see what they were
doing. God showed to Ezekiel all that they were doing.
"lo they put the branch to their nose"—branch is another name for Jesus Christ. (Zech. 6:12).
Branch means a vine, branch of a vine.
Verse 4 Mark on the forehead. When Cain murdered Abel, God set a mark upon his forehead, so that
nobody looking at him would kill him. In Revelation you can read, "set a mark on their forehead."
Indian (Hindu) forefathers came from Greek island of Crete. Aryan people. They arrived in the Indus
River. The next group of Indians who came from Persia; they were Aryans, came to Indus valley and
drove the Greek Indians to the south. Both are called Hindu—they are both Aryan people.
There are only four races of people in the world: many nationalities, many colors, thought: (1.)
Aryan (Caucasian); (2.) Mongolian; (3.) Negroid; (4.) Semitic.
Hindus is a racial name, because they are Aryans; that Hindu given to them after the River in India.
The Indians of India are known as hillbillies of India! They are the people who were the mountain
people who were there when the Aryans arrived. These are the true "Indians." Aryans conquered India
3000 years ago. They are darker (from India) than we are because of the climate in India and the food
they eat. The religion of Aryans when they arrived in India was Vedic. They believed in God's spirit.
The Vedic changed in name to Hindu.
Every morning, each man and woman puts a mark on his forehead after they bathe and pray. This
symbolizes their being under the protection of God. Ezekiel 9:4. They are protected from punishment
and destruction. Some put ashes on their forehead. Ashes are symbolic of sacrifice. If a red heifer is
killed for sacrifice and make ashes, those ashes are symbolic of salvation through sacrifice. Hindus make
ashes from a horse. Then they put the ashes on their head and body. "Have eaten ashes like bread."
Psalm 102:9; Job 2:8. Job sat among the ashes—for protection by the sacrifice.
Verse 4 "Foxes"—The little foxes spoil the vines by uprooting them. They can easily get into the
vineyards. When the fox makes a hole in the desert, they are not able to get back in the same hole. "The
birds and foxes have holes, but the Son of Man hath no place to lay his head,'' means I have just gotten
married, I have a place to lay my head. It did not mean that Jesus had no place to stay, he had plenty of
homes. The foxes destroy confidence in God. Jeremiah 17:11, "as the partridge sitteth on eggs, and
hatcheth them not...'' Any little noise will scare them away when they are sitting on their eggs. They are
very fearful. They can't get back to eggs after he leaves because they cannot find them. He does not
remember where they are.
Verse 10 "Un-tempered mortar" is used for plastering. It doesn't have any cement in it. It is just a little
bit of mud and powder mixed together. The power is missing in it. If it doesn't have cement in it, it is untempered
mortar. "Wall" should be mud wall. In the first place, a mud wall is no good, because it will
fall down anytime. On top of that they were trying to daub it with un-tempered mortar. They were trying
to impress the people that it was okay, but it wasn't.
Verse 11 A stormy wind will blow it down.
Verse 12 Whenever there is wall used, it means a mud wall. When you plaster a stone wall or brick
wall the stones hold together because of it. But when you plaster a mud wall and then without any
cement in it, it will never hold up.
Verse 13 "Rend" should be melt. This is comparing other faiths with the mud wall. They will not last.
Verses 17-21 Handkerchief, pillow. A woman who lives by palm reading and fortune telling, usually a
beggar, goes around, door to door telling people their fortunes and scaring them. They get information
from the next door neighbor, in order to impress them. Then these "fortune" tellers offer a solution: They
sell pillows and handkerchiefs. Put the pillow in your armhole and the handkerchief on your head and
sleep a certain way—and then this which was foreseen will never happen to the person. Pillow is 2" x 2"
made of linen and some pink (like sawdust) is placed inside. They say that a "holy thing" is inside,
however. Then these fortune people seek money and/or food to live on.
God says that He is opposed to all of this stuff. Jesus Christ keeps us away from this dominion of
fear, as long as we abide in Christ. He will keep us in perfect peace when we stay our mind on Him.
Isaiah 26:3, John 8:32. Cannot trust in palms, leaves, pendants, etc., because we trust in the Lord. Don't
believe on the cross, believe in Him who died on it.
"Kerchiefs and pillows" Eastern women, who are fortune tellers and palm readers, go from house to
house gossiping and they hear something at one house and then to another house with this information
and say that God has revealed it to them. Pillow is about 2 inches long, 2 inches wide. They put some
hocus pocus stuff inside of it like a "root given by some holy man in Tibet.'' They tie the pillow on the
arm and then lie down with their head to the East and remain on left hand side. Kerchiefs are also used
like this for healing. Here God condemns these practices.
Verses 17-23 Question: Sewing pillows to armholes. Some women of tribes make living by fortune
telling. Give pillows to tie in armhole for a charm. Pillow; 2" x 2" filled with special herb. Devils will
supposedly not attack when wearing pillows. People were imprisoned by these beliefs and God said He
would free them.
Verse 21: Handkerchiefs supposedly blessed. Paul's "aprons" which went out from his body and
healed the sick were probably parts of his mantle. Mantles were often thrown over sick people. Miracles
alone do not prove connection with true God. Mantle significant in Orient. Symbol of authority.
Verses 17-21 There is no teaching on side one—the scripture is just quoted. Pillows, handkerchiefs.
Certain kind of people in the East who are like "gypsies." Eastern people—they have problems. They
call in one of these gypsy-type ladies who sizes up the situation and decides she can help for a certain
price. For that price she makes a pillow about 2" square, stuffed with what they call God's blessings; then
it is given to the daughter to be tied to her armhole. The daughter should sleep on the left hand side.
Then the gypsy leaves. The handkerchief: a person is chronically ill, the handkerchief is tied up, blessed
by God, come from heaven, then tie this on your head, headaches and fever will disappear. "Now," says a
gypsy, "give me $10 (or wheat, etc.)." Then gypsy exits. They prophesy from the wrong source.
Verse 18, "to burnt souls" means to keep them in bondage. Are we fooled and bluffed by our
enemy! Is the enemy dragging us to put confidence in some devilish work, rather than the true God? Are
you being deceived by a tealeaf reader or palm reader? People don't mind paying to be led by the
"spiritually" blind. The truth is not something that encases a man a lifetime. Our eyes have been opened,
we are the children of God Almighty. We have heavenly resources at our beckon call. Diamonds and
rubies are under our feet. Health, peace, security are assured to us: we need none of this prophecy in
Verses 18-21 False prophets, handkerchief, pillows. False prophets give fearful and false stories. For
instance, they will go yo a home and say, "madam, someone in this house shall die in 2 weeks. God tells
me so. We don't know which one of you will die, so you need to purchase a pillow. If you keep this
pillow tied on your arm hole you will not die." They are 2 inches by 2 inches square. These pillows are
said to have something blessed inside them. They cost a great deal (i.e., a handful of barley and a piece of
bread, or perhaps some money.) In the neighbor's house the false prophet will say. "You are going to get
a chronic headache, from which you will die. I'll give you a handkerchief blessed by God. Tie it to your
head and you will never get the headache, nor will you die." These people did this to every house, setting
people free who were not bound and healing people who were not sick. Anything that is not the Word of
God is a lie and a false security. God can set us free from these if we come to Him through Christ. Christ
is the truth against all illusions of materialism, etc. There is no variableness or darkness in him. He is
victory, freedom. Peace is not someone else's opinion of us or material security. Peace is Christ in you,
the hope of glory. We stay our mind on God and He will keep us in perfect peace.
Verse 4 Birth (rituals, covenants, swaddling). Expresses an abominable situation of people who did not
obey God. They forsook him. Condition of Israel. Idiomatic expression. "Thy navel was not cut"
symbolizes no one was there to take care of them. It was normally the first thing done. "Neither wast
thou washed in water..." is the same symbolism. "Thou wast not salted at all, nor swaddled at all." Rub a
little salt on body of baby and on cut navel after washed. Then a linen cloth many feet long was banded
around baby starting at top of head and wrapping entire body. Remained bound for 15 minutes to two
hours. Salted = must not break own word (taught this from a child) when salted, means fidelity, unbreakability.
Salt covenants often used between business partners, etc. Cannot break at any cost.
Swaddling means faithfulness (steadfastness), freedom from crookedness. Practiced long before Christ.
See II Chronicles 13:1-5.
Eastern idiom. "thou wast not salted at all. nor swaddled at all"—this is a very insulting thing to say
to a person, says you are not reliable, trustworthy, you are crooked you are not good, means a lot more
which he did not want to repeat.
Background: four groups of Hindus in India, three groups are called high cast Hindus:
1. Priest class
2. Ruling class
3. Merchant class
4. Working men
High cast. Brahmanic religion. The three high cast groups make up the Brahmanic religion, several
names to Hindu religion:
1. Brahmanic
2. Hindu
3. Vedic
Scholars still use the terms #1 & #3 while non-scholars will use #2.
The term Hindu brings up bad connotations because of pagan sacrifices practiced by some low cast groups.
First three groups of high cast are fighting the idol worship which has been introduced into the Hindu
religion, these three groups are the majority in India.
Low class people not permitted to learn Sanskrit or to read the Sanskrit books for fear they will
corrupt the teachings. The same thing is true in Roman Catholic church.
When child is born to a member of the ruling class a little salt is rubbed on the baby and wrapped
entire body from head to foot with a 2" linen cloth (swaddling cloths is symbolic of uprightness). They
were salted to be loyal and truthful to your religion. Every thing that is to be dedicated to God must be
salted. (Lev. 2:13). You must say what you mean in your heart if you are swaddled which means you are
not crooked. Salted stands for loyalty and faithfulness. In marriage ceremony in the 1st 3 classes
husband takes something with salt before he places silver cord around wife's neck. Wife does also. This
eliminates divorce because they bind themselves to God.
"thou wast not salted at all nor swaddled at all" This is a very derogatory remark to make about a
person; says he is a bad man, not trustworthy, not reliable.
"not salted at all nor swaddled at all" It is a very derogatory remark, it means the person is not
reliable or trustworthy, he is a very bad man.
Not salted and not swaddled. This is a very derogatory remark. This refers to an unreliable, untrustworthy,
crook, thief, when a Hindu becomes a Christian he breaks the covenant of salt which was made
for him by his parents. The Hindu family will take this picture to the cemetery and bury it when he
converts to Christianity.
Marriage is usually done with someone you have never seen. It is done on the recommendation of
the relatives. At end of 10 days ceremony, the groom places something with salt in his mouth and he
says. "In the name of this salt which binds me to God, I declare that what all I said during these last ten
days of marriage, all the promises I made I will never break them, even if I disgard my life so help me
God." The girl does the same thing. The man and woman are then bound together with God eternally.
If something is bought in the market place, a down payment may be made and a covenant of salt is
taken with buttermilk which has salt in it. This is what Jael did for Sisera (Judges 4 and 5). The covenant
of salt extends beyond death, a father will ask his son to honor his covenants if he should die before
meeting his obligations. There are certain costs in India and Arabia which live only by stealing. They
will all live in one place. In the U.S. it is hard to catch thieves because they live with everybody. The
highway robbers live in tents. If you come by some of these as you are traveling near night time and you
would like to have a place to stay you may go to the thief and ask him to make covenant of salt. He will
say "come thou blessed of the Lord." You enter the tent with the thief, sit on the floor, eat some food with
salt in it to eat. The thief will say, "I'm the name of the salt, you have come under the shadow of my roof,
I will protect you and your money." The thief may be starving to death but he will give his last bit of
bread to the visitor. He will stay up all night to guard the man. He is rendering a service to his fellowtraveler.
In the morning, he will count out the man's money and give it back to him then he will take him
on his journey as far as he can. Thief will accept no money for this service. He looks for his reward from God.
"...Thou wast not salted at all, nor swaddled it all." Oriental idiom: derogatory: meaning you are
not reliable, or trustworthy. Your words mean nothing. Would not use to someone you love.
Every idiom sprang up under certain circumstances, and must know circumstances under which the
idiom came to be, in order to get the meaning.
When child born to kings and princes and hierarchy, just a little salt rubbed on back. Wrap baby in
soft linen cloth about 2 inches wide. Keep baby in from a few minutes to a couple of hours. Begin to
wrap from head down.
Salt significance—must you say must not fail to keep Word. Fidelity and unbreakability. Swaddling
clothes—free from crookedness and straight forward in your dealings with God and brother. Salted to be
faithful and loyal to God. Both go together. Because you were not salted and swaddled you are not
trustworthy, unreliable, and crooked. Many customs in the East that have to do with salt. Contracts made
by covenant of salt. Example: buying sheep, put part down and will pay rest later. I.O.U. can be
changed, but covenant of salt will never change and break. Share food together which has salt in it make
vow to God. "In the name of the salt I am eating which binds me to God. I'll promise to pay money on
certain day—so help me God. Man makes first born son to promise that he will never break father's word
if he dies.
Marriage Ceremony: On tenth day, share salt covenant before it places the silver chord around her
neck. "In the name of salt I will never, never break what I have promised to you." Why women so
obedient to husband, as the head of the family, as Christ is head of the Church. In Western world
marriage is only ceremony and not sacrament. It is not before God, spiritual, and is without God.
Children: Salted and swaddled and brought up strictly.
Mt. People: Some people live by stealing—Live in tents. You can tell they are thieves by the way
they look. Even thieves will honor the covenant of salt. Share salted food, will let you and thief will
protect you all night, give you your money back, take you on your way. Will not accept money as the
thief considers it a service rendered, to you in the name of God. He will protect you because of covenant
of salt. He will not rob you nor will he let anyone else rob you as long as you are under the shadow of his roof.
Verses 4-6 ''Polluted in thine own blood". A figure of speech; God's children of Israel were in a mess.
Nobody was around to wash the baby, nobody to take care of the baby. Yet God did it for them. They
were in a hopeless mess in every way, yet he made them live. Children of Israel were such a mess and
God lifted them up. (Then they turned against God.) He did the same for us.
Note on Aberyer of blood—persons who run to city of refuge is free when high priest of city dies.
Verse 8 "Skirt" here is a white sheet which they cover with when they sleep. They don't need blankets
in the East. Translation: "...I spread my bed sheet over thee..." The Eastern people cover their faces
because they are afraid the moon will shine in their eyes. The moon has so much heat that some people
lose their sight by sleeping in the open air; also by sleeping in the open air in the day because the sun
strikes them. Covering with a sheet is symbolic of protection, redemption. Covering a woman with a
sheet means agreeing to redeem, willing to protect. "The time of love" is the time for intercourse.
Verse 10 "Badgers' skin" is used in the temples. Must study.
Verse 2 That's a proverb that was in common use before it was in the Word. Sour grapes symbolic of
sin if fathers sin his children have teeth on edge = suffering. God is saying why use this proverb in Israel.
It is not logical for sons to suffer from fathers' sins, they will suffer for their own.
People who are not sure of themselves are afraid to die. Hindus aren't and many die without being
sick. They believe they'll come back to this world.
Verses 5, 6 Hath not eaten on mountain = hasn't worshipped at pagan feast at mountain temple.
Verse 3 "And hath not eaten upon the mountains." means eating food offered to the idols. On the
mountains their temples are built and in the temples there are idols. The people worship the idols.
Come near to menstrous woman—she is treated like a leper for this time. To come near her is a sin.
Spiritually a menstrous woman is anyone who has been defiled by sin.
Verse 14 "Thou therefore, son of man, prophesy, and smite thine hands together, and let the sword be
doubled the third time, the sword of the slain: it is the sword of the great men that are slain, which
entereth into their privy chambers." "Smite thine hands" means an oath or a promise which is a
confirmation of the oath—people in the market after they have bargained and settled upon a price clap
their hands to confirm the transaction—it means that everything is all right and it shall be for "so
much"—they strike their hands and stamp their foot—this is also a sign of victory and a confirmation of
their word.
Christ said:
James 5:12 "But above all things, my brethren, sear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth,
neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation."
''smite thine hands" To clap the hands is making an oath; to clap the hands and to "stamp the foot" is
a sign of victory. (Ezekiel 6:11; 25 :6) We do not have to do these things to make an oath, our word
should be good enough.
Verse 21 Used divination = the cup of divination. Arrows—standing at head of two ways they shake an
arrow (not make it bright) this way or that way. God would tell him "Stop here! This is it!" Consult
images, should read consult terephim. Image means any image made of wood or stone. Terephims are
made in shape of men 10"-12" long. It represents a man in family who was spiritual—uncle, grandpa, etc.
Keep image after they die if a need come up and they have to know something they look to one of the
images and grandpa is supposed to reveal it to them. That's why Rachel when left father's home she stile
father's images so father couldn't ask it where they went. Looked in the liver—should be "and he looked
for guidance in the matter."
v. 22 is the guidance he got.
Verses 15-18 Mourning. Usually in the East a mourning man will observe 21 days of mourning. God
told Ezekiel not to mourn when his wife died. God said not to observe the mourning practices. Mourners
cry terribly, "bind the tire of thine head upon thee"—put on turban. Usually do not put on turban or shoes
during mourning. Usually cover lips with cloth so he will not speak. God said for him to do the contrary
and act like nothing happened.
"eat not the bread of men"—Family brings food to mourner for 21 days because he does not cook
any food during that time.
We kill the power of negative situations by praising God. We magnify negatives by dwelling on
them. What is the profit in crying over the death, or over the problem. Praise to God destroys the sting of
the enemy.
Verse 15 mourning for the dead. Ezekiel was a sign to the people. "Desire of thine eye"—this is
oriental expression for wife, "tire of thine head"—turban—during the time of mourning in the East the
people do not wear a turban or shoes.
When they cry they cover their lips. If a person in the immediate family dies then they will not cook
but neighbors and relatives will bring them food ("bread of men").
Verses 16,17 "Son of man. behold, I take away from thee, the desire of thine eyes with a stroke: yet
neither shalt thou mourn nor weep, neither shall thy tears run down.
"Forbear to cry, make no mourning for the dead, bind the tire of thine head upon thee, and put on thy
shoes upon they feet, and cover not thy lips, and eat not the bread of men." "Desire of thine eyes" means
the wife in the oriental language—the Eastern people make much wailing and weeping at the death of
relatives, especially if they are wealthy—they even hire women to cry and weep—some have never even
known the dead person, but nevertheless they cry and wail loudly with many tears—Ezekiel said, "Don't
cry as do these other people." "Tire of thine head" is a turban or veil affair made of two pieces of rope—
God said they were to do quite the opposite of what other people do.
"Shoes" mean "sandals"—people always take off their sandals when they go into a house. "Cover
not thy lips" is another sign of mourning.
"Eat not the bread of men" means the mourner is not to eat the food which is brought to him by
friends and relatives—sometimes food is provided for days or weeks, depending upon how many friends
a man has.
"No man shall tear himself in the day of mourning" means that he should not have others break his
bread for him as a sign of mourning.
Jeremiah 16:6, 7: "Both the great and the small shall die in this land: they shall not be buried.
neither shall men lament for them, nor cut themselves, nor make themselves bald for them:
"Neither shall men tear themselves for them in mourning, to comfort them for the dead; neither shall men
give them the cup of consolation to drink for their father or for their mother."
"Cup of consolation" is composed of five fruit juices (grapefruit, apple, orange, pineapple, etc) which
is given only to the son when he has lost his father and mother—this is especially for the son to bring him
special comfort.
Verse 16 The desire of his eyes, is his wife.
Verse 21 That is the message for Israel.
Verse 22 The people of the family of someone who has died are fed by the relatives. They wash their
dishes for them and prepare their meals. The house where a person is dead is unclean to them; therefore,
utensils are unclean, you can't cook inside anything. The people are so kind they don't want you to keep
cooking and crying at the same time so they all help. That is what is meant when it says "nor eat the
bread of men." When you are mourning the people bring the bread for you.
Verse 16 Mourning. "Desire of thine eyes"—wife; "take away with a stroke"—kill. "Tire of the
head"—turban (those who mourn for dead do not wear turban); shoes—people who mourn do not wear
shoes; "cover not thy lips"—Easterners cover the lips when weeping; "eat not the bread of man"—when
someone dies, there are 21 days of mourning during which neighbors supply all the food so that family
does not need to cook. God said for Ezekiel not to eat this food.
God was telling Ezekiel not to mourn but rather to act as though nothing happened. He was to
demonstrate before the people that he was able to contain himself even though his wife was dead. God
always supplies the power for us to carry out His commands.
"Desire of thine eye"—this is an Eastern term for a man's wife, "make no mourning for the dead"—
don't be a professional crier. At funerals a woman is hired to do some crying. They become very good at
this and do a lot of crying even when they do not know who the dead person is.
"tire of thine head"—Arabs and Jews are black, two pieces of rope put together and worn on the
head. This is a tire, it is also a turban. During the funeral the people do not wear the turban. God is
saying that Ezekiel should wear the turban and not make mourning, "put on thy shoes (sandals) upon they
feet"—the people go barefoot in the home during a funeral, "cover not thy lips" to cover the lips with the
mantle is a sign of mourning, "eat not the bread of men"—If a person is dead in a household they will not
cook food in the house for three weeks, sometimes two weeks—depends on size and dignity of the
family. During this time the relatives will bring bread. 484 Jeremiah 16:7 "tear themselves for them in
mourning" tear means "break bread for them." "Cup of consolation"—this cup of comfort is given to a
person who looses his father or mother. It has five fruit juices:
1. pineapple
2. apple
3. orange
4. grapefruit
5. ?
Verses 16,17 Mourning for the dead. "desire of thine eyes"—this is the man's wife.
"bind the tire of thine head"—means keep your turban on. People who are mourning take off their
turbans. "Put on thy shoes (sandals)" mourners will take their sandals off while they are mourning.
"bread of men"—when someone does in a family they will not cook in the house for so many days
but rather they will let the relatives bring food to them, this food is "bread of men." God told Ezekiel how
he was to act and he became an example to the people by following the will of God. When God tells you
to do something he will also give you the power to do it.
Verse 17 This is quite contrary to what you should do when you lose somebody. God tells him not to
mourn for the dead, because they usually mourn for 21 days. If anybody is dead, during the mourning,
they don't put the tire on their head; but when they go to see anybody showing humility, surrender and
submission and they put the tire on their head. For mourning they take off the tire. Here it says to put it
on. "Bind" should be put. They say to put on the shoes because in the morning they don't put the shoes
on in the house. He was commanded to do that as an example to the people, he came to carry a message.
Sometimes we must give a message even to suffering ourselves.
Verses 17, 23 Tires. Isaiah 3:18. Tires Ezekiel 24:17,23. Tires: Black rope headband, crescentshaped,
showing submission and humility before God. Ezekiel: In funeral service did not wear tire or
shoes and cried much. God told them to act against tradition and do just the opposite. People would ask
questions then.
"Feet" should be foot. "Heart" should be soul. "Despite" should be spite. If you clap your hands
and stamp your foot at the same time you are mad at something. Your heart is so wicked, you are full of
spite in your soul for the things you do. You are so glad when something terrible happens to your enemy.
To stamp the foot is to affirm. You are rejoicing because of the evil that happened to that fellow.
Verse 24 A pricking brier. Here the pricking is insult.
"...pricking brier... grieving thorn..." People. How did people annoy Paul and why? Paul established
many churches and was a great success in the ministry. Satan used false prophets and critics to buffet
Paul, they told things against Paul. Said Paul was not an apostle like Peter and the rest, as he never lived
with Jesus, so said not to believe him.
Verse 18 "Son of man. Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service
against Tyrus: every head was made bald, and every shoulder was peeled: yet had he no wages, nor his
army, for Tyrus, for the service that he had served against it."
"Every head was made bald" means that this is what occurred because they were made to carry
heavy loads on their heads in the unbearable heat; thus their heads became bald.
"Every shoulder was peeled" means that this occurred from carrying the nobility on chairs (palankin)
(Sp?)—these chairs were suspended on poles which they carried on their shoulders—sometimes the poor
coolies would put "palankin" leaves on their shoulders to keep the poles from irritating their skin.
Spiritual Application: This verse snows the terrible persecution and humiliation that they endured.
Head made bald; shoulder peeled. "Every head was made bald"—by carrying load on head. "Every
shoulder peeled"—by carrying heavy load on shoulder, i.e., master's chair. These figures of speech imply
hard labor.
"Every head was made bald," "Every shoulder was peeled"—from carrying heavy loads on the head
and shoulders the head will become bald and shoulders peeled. This shows the heavy persecution the
people were under. The shoulders were peeled by carrying a "Palankin", a wooden chair for carrying
people. The eastern coolie will cut plantin leaves to put on his shoulders.